Hannah Arendt and the Jewish Question

1 The Conscious Pariah as Rebel and Independent Thinker Hannah Arendt's
lack of interest in Judaism and Jewish issues ... In Hannah Arendt's coming of
age, it was German poetry, language, and philosophy that captured her

Author: Richard J. Bernstein

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780745665702

Category: Philosophy

Page: 250

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Hannah Arendt is increasingly recognised as one of the most original social and political thinkers of the twentieth century. In this important book, Richard Bernstein sets out to show that many of the most significant themes in Arendt's thinking have their origins in their confrontation with the Jewish Question. By approaching her mature work from this perspective, we can gain a richer and more subtle grasp of her main ideas. Bernstein discusses some of the key experiences and events in Arendt's life story in order to show how they shaped her thinking. He examines her distinction between the Jewish parvenu and the pariah, and shows how the conscious pariah becomes a basis for understanding the independent thinker. Arendt's deepest insights about politics emerged from her reflections on statelessness, which were based on her own experiences as a stateless person. By confronting the horrors of totalitarianism and the concentration camps, Arendt developed her own distinctive understanding of authentic politics - the politics required to express our humanity and which totalitarianism sought to destroy. Finally, Bernstein takes up Arendt's concern with the phenomenon of the banality of evil. He follows her use of Eichmann in order to explore how the failure to think and to judge is the key for grasping this new phenomenon. Hannah Arendt and the Jewish Question offers a new interpretation of Arendt and her work - one which situates her in her historical context as an engaged Jewish intellectual.
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Shylock and the Jewish Question

This question comes into clearer focus the moment we recall the moral and
philosophical dimensions of the Shakespearian solution that Bacon would have
us leave behind . As for The Merchant of Venice's philosophical dimension , we ...

Author: Martin D. Yaffe


ISBN: PSU:000044254902

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 210

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"Yaffe provides a wide-ranging and probing reflection on the portrayal of Jews and Judaism in early modern thought. His innovative approach to the problem of Shakespeare's treatment of Shylock can stand for the originality of his book as a whole... Yaffe's interpretations are likely to prove controversial, but they are always thought-provoking." -- Virginia Quarterly Review Much attention has been paid to the place of Shylock in the history of anti-Semitism. Most scholars have agreed with Harold Bloom that Shakespeare's famous villain is drawn with a "murderous anti-Semitism" and that Shakespeare uncritically mirrors the rife anti-Semitism of his times. While others see only gross caricature in The Merchant of Venice, however, Martin Yaffe finds a subtle analysis of the Jew's place in a largely Christian society. In Shylock and the Jewish Question, Yaffe challenges the widespread assumption that Shakespeare is, in the final analysis, unfriendly to Jews. He finds that Shakespeare's consideration of Judaism in The Merchant of Venice provides an important contrast to Marlowe's virulent The Jew of Malta. In many ways, he argues, Shakespeare's play is even more accepting than Francis Bacon's notably inclusive New Atlantis or the Jewish philosopher Benedict Spinoza's argument for tolerance in the Theologico-Political Treatise. "Although Yaffe focuses on the Jewish question, his study is a lead-in to a study of the rise of liberal democracy, the development of religious toleration, the relation of church and state, and the inter-relation between politics, economics and religion -- all of these being vital in history's evolution towards modernity." -- Serge Liberman, Australian JewishNews "In a critique that promises to refuel scholarly controversy over the portrait of Shylock... Yaffe's retro-prospective approach to its political philosophy suggests interesting possibilities for contrasting popular anti-Semitic culture and the more tolerant, enlightened statesmanship of the seventeenth-century." -- Frances Barasch, Shakespeare Bulletin
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A World Without Jews

Long available to the readers of Soviet Russia, here are the unexpurgated papers of Karl Marx on the so-called Jewish question, translated into English by philosopher Dagobert D. Runes.

Author: Karl Marx

Publisher: Open Road Media

ISBN: 9781504064408

Category: Political Science

Page: 64

View: 595

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The first English translation of Karl Marx’s anti-Semitic writings, with critical analysis by the founder of the Philosophical Library. Long available to the readers of Soviet Russia, here are the unexpurgated papers of Karl Marx on the so-called Jewish question, translated into English by philosopher Dagobert D. Runes. While most of Marx’s anti-Semitic diatribes were carefully eliminated by the translators and editors of his books, journalistic writings, and correspondence, their influence was still considerable. Readers unfamiliar with this aspect of Marx’s thought will be startled to discover how well it has served the purposes of the totalitarian regimes of our time. Runes presents this accurate and unflinching translation with the conviction that any student of Marx should be aware of this aspect of his thought. Extensive comments and critical annotations related to the material appear throughout the book.
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Jean Paul Sartre and the Jewish Question

I will never abandon this constantly threatened country [Israel] whose existence
ought not to be put into question. ... the Israeli embassy in Paris in order to accept
a degree in philosophy honoris causa from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

Author: Jonathan Judaken

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 0803205635

Category: Philosophy

Page: 409

View: 193

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Examines the image of "the Jew" in Sartre's work to rethink not only his oeuvre but also the role of the intellectual in France and the politics and ethics of existentialism. This book explores how French identity is defined through the abstraction and allegorization of "the Jew".
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Auschwitz and After

Auschwitz and After analyses for the first time how the memory of Auschwitz and the collaboration continue to haunt the French.

Author: Lawrence D. Kritzman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135231095

Category: Art

Page: 346

View: 914

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For the first time ever, managers will have a tool that will enable them to effectively grapple with the controversial, and sometimes explosive issues surrounding sexual orientation. Cultivated from Bob Power's 25 years business experience with some of the world's finest organizations, A Manager's Guide to Sexual Orientation in the Workplace provides managers with the knowledge, skills and resources to foster higher productivity and performance through an all-inclusive work environment.
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German Question Jewish Question

The prejudiced moral premise that the Jews had to redeem themselves into
humanity became the theoretical ... Hegel's explicit attitude to Judaism and the
Jewish Question is, in fact, to be found not so much in his philosophy of religion
as in ...

Author: Paul Lawrence Rose

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400861118

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 709

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In this compelling narrative of antisemitism in German thought, Paul Rose proposes a fresh view of the topic. Beginning with an examination of the attitudes of Martin Luther, he challenges distinctions between theologically derived (medieval) and secular, "racial" (modern) antisemitism, arguing that there is an unbroken chain of antisemitic feeling between the two periods. Originally published in 1990. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.
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Jews Out of the Question

Through critical readings of political philosophers such as Adorno, Horkheimer, Sartre, Arendt, Badiou, and Nancy, the book contends that by rejecting Jewish thought, the opposition to anti-Semitism comes dangerously close to anti-Semitism ...

Author: Elad Lapidot

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9781438480466

Category: Philosophy

Page: 340

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A provocative study of opposition to anti-Semitism in contemporary political philosophy. In post-Holocaust philosophy, anti-Semitism has come to be seen as a paradigmatic political and ideological evil. Jews Out of the Question examines the role that opposition to anti-Semitism has played in shaping contemporary political philosophy. Elad Lapidot argues that post-Holocaust philosophy identifies the fundamental, epistemological evil of anti-Semitic thought not in thinking against Jews, but in thinking of Jews. In other words, what philosophy denounces as anti-Semitic is the figure of “the Jew” in thought. Lapidot reveals how, paradoxically, opposition to anti-Semitism has generated a rejection of Jewish thought in post-Holocaust philosophy. Through critical readings of political philosophers such as Adorno, Horkheimer, Sartre, Arendt, Badiou, and Nancy, the book contends that by rejecting Jewish thought, the opposition to anti-Semitism comes dangerously close to anti-Semitism itself, and at work in this rejection, is a problematic understanding of the relations between politics and thought—a troubling political epistemology. Lapidot’s critique of this political epistemology is the book’s ultimate aim. Elad Lapidot is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at the University of Bern in Switzerland. He is coeditor (with Micha Brumlik) of Heidegger and Jewish Thought: Difficult Others.
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Die Judenfrage

Author: Bruno Bauer


ISBN: BL:A0018999602

Category: Jews

Page: 115

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Antisemitism and the Left

Universalism shows two faces to the world: an emancipatory face that looks to the inclusion of the other, and a repressive face that sees in the other a failure to pass some fundamental test of humanity.

Author: Robert Fine


ISBN: 1526104962

Category: Political Science

Page: 135

View: 408

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Universalism shows two faces to the world: an emancipatory face that looks to the inclusion of the other, and a repressive face that sees in the other a failure to pass some fundamental test of humanity. Universalism can be used to demand that we treat all persons as human beings regardless of their differences, but it can also be used to represent whole categories of people as inhuman, not yet human or even enemies of humanity. The Jewish experience offers an equivocal test case. Universalism has stimulated the struggle for Jewish emancipation, but it has also helped to develop the idea that there is something peculiarly harmful to humanity about Jews - that there is a 'Jewish question' that needs to be 'solved'. This original and stimulating book traces struggles within the Enlightenment, Marxism, critical theory and the contemporary left, seeking to rescue universalism from its repressive, antisemitic undertones.
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Radical French Thought and the Return of the Jewish Question

(2) Antisemitism (old-style fascism) is by no means a present-day problem; it is
not even part of “reality,” for the sole ... exclusive use of the expression “rich Jew
as equivalent to the innocent application of the label “Jewish philosopher” to ...

Author: Eric Marty

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253016843

Category: Philosophy

Page: 154

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For English-speaking readers, this book serves as an introduction to an important French intellectual whose work, especially on the issues of antisemitism and anti-Zionism, runs counter to the hostility shown toward Jews by some representatives of contemporary critical theory. It presents for the first time in English five essays by Éric Marty, previously published in France, with a new preface by the author addressed to his American readers. The focus of these essays is the debate in France and elsewhere in Europe concerning the "Jew." The first essay on Jean Genet, one of postwar France’s most important literary figures, investigates the nature of Genet’s virulent antisemitism and hatred of Israel and its significance for an understanding of contemporary phenomena. The curious reappearance of St. Paul in theological and political discourse is discussed in another essay, which describes and analyses the interest that secular writers of the far left have shown in Paul’s "universalism" placed over and against Jewish or Israeli particularism. The remaining essays are more polemical in nature and confront the anti-Israeli attacks by Alain Badiou and Gilles Deleuze.
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Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn and the Modern Russo Jewish Question

The Jewish Question—the enigma of Jewish place in world history—finds itself at
the core of political, philosophical, and artistic questions. What is more, as Tamas
Ungvari has written, it is an historical concept used to describe circumstances ...

Author: Nathan

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9783838254838

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 172

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Will the Russian and Jewish nations ever achieve true reconciliation? Why is there such disparity in the interpretations of Russo-Jewish history? Nobel Laureate Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn has focused on these and other thorny questions surrounding Russia’s Jewish Question for the last ten years, culminating in a two-volume historical essay that is among his final literary offerings: Two Hundred Years Together. In this essay, Solzhenitsyn seeks to elucidate Judeo-Russian relations while also promoting mutual healing between the two nationalities, but the polarized reception of Solzhenitsyn's work reflects the passionate sentiments of Jews and Russians alike. Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn and the Modern Russo-Jewish Question puts Two Hundred Years Together within the context of anti-Semitism, nationalism, Russian literature, and Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn's prolific, influential life. Nathan Larson argues that as a writer, political thinker, and religious voice, Solzhenitsyn symbolizes Russia's historically ambivalent relationship vis-à-vis the Jewish nation.
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The Scientification of the Jewish Question in Nazi Germany

... (1842–1918).40 On January 26, 1939, the Tübinger Chronik dedicated half a
page to Wundt's talk on Judaism in the realm of philosophy given in the context of
the lecture series of the Research Department for the Jewish Question in Berlin.

Author: Horst Junginger

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004341883

Category: Religion

Page: 468

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During the time of the Third Reich a vibrant “Jew research” arose. In its core it combined religious and racial studies to reinvigorate Christian anti-Judaism and to substantiate the political measures against the Jews on a new scientific basis.
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Jewish Philosophy as a Guide to Life

An additional presence in the book is Ludwig Wittgenstein, who, although not a practicing Jew, thought about religion in ways that Putnam juxtaposes to the views of Rosenzweig, Buber, and Levinas.

Author: Hilary Putnam

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253351333

Category: Philosophy

Page: 121

View: 441

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A distinguished philosopher's personal response to the 20th century's major Jewish thinkers
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The Jewish Question and the Mission of the Jews

Before closing this survey of their philosophical work , I must inention Isaac Ben
Moses IIalevy ( Propliat Duran ) , who subjected Christian dogmas to close
criticism in a series of letters addressed to a converted Jew . I now turn to a
special ...

Author: Sir Charles Waldstein


ISBN: STANFORD:36105004046756

Category: Jews

Page: 335

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Reading Political Philosophy

Marx's essay 'On the Jewish Question' was written in 1843 and published in the
Dcutsch-Franzosisdie Jahrbucher in ... intervention into the debates between left
and right Hegelians and his radical criticism of Hegel's political philosophy.

Author: Derek Matravers

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134692378

Category: Philosophy

Page: 432

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This clear and thorough introduction provides students with the skills necessary to understand the main thinkers, texts and arguments of political philosophy and thought. Each chapter comprises a brief overview of a major political thinker, followed by an introduction to one or more of their most influential works and an introduction to key secondary readings. Key features include: * exercises * reading notes * guides for further reading The book introduces and assesses: Machiavelli's Prince; Hobbes' Leviathan; Locke's Second Treatise on Government; Rousseau's Social Contract; Marx and Engels' German Ideology (Part 1); Mill's On Liberty and The Subjection of Women. Reading Political Philosophy requires no previous knowledge of philosophy or politics and is ideal for newcomers to political philosophy and political thought.
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Paradigms in Jewish Philosophy

This book examines the writings of several paradigms in Jewish philosophy - loyal to the teachings of Jerusalem and eager for the wisdom of Athens.

Author: Raphael Jospe

Publisher: Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press

ISBN: 0838637264

Category: Religion

Page: 290

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Jewish Philosophy is multicultural and multidisciplinary, marking the convergence of Jewish and non-Jewish cultures and the interaction of the philosophic method with Jewish thought. This book examines the writings of several paradigms in Jewish philosophy - loyal to the teachings of Jerusalem and eager for the wisdom of Athens.
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Queer Theory and the Jewish Question

30 And what is the mystery of the faith that Cardoso will reveal to Israel and
humanity? It is, in a word, that the divine Person has both a male and female
identity. This truth has been obscured, according to Cardoso, by the “turn to
philosophy” ...

Author: Daniel Boyarin

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231508957

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 464

View: 174

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The essays in this volume boldly map the historically resonant intersections between Jewishness and queerness, between homophobia and anti-Semitism, and between queer theory and theorizations of Jewishness. With important essays by such well-known figures in queer and gender studies as Judith Butler, Daniel Boyarin, Marjorie Garber, Michael Moon, and Eve Sedgwick, this book is not so much interested in revealing—outing—"queer Jews" as it is in exploring the complex social arrangements and processes through which modern Jewish and homosexual identities emerged as traces of each other during the last two hundred years.
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On the Muslim Question

INTROdUCTION On the Muslim Question: Philosophy, Politics, and the Western
Street The Jewish question was fundamental for politics and philosophy in the
Enlightenment. In our time, as the Enlightenment fades, the Muslim question has

Author: Anne Norton

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691157047

Category: Political Science

Page: 265

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In the post-9/11 West, there is no shortage of strident voices telling us that Islam is a threat to the security, values, way of life, and even existence of the United States and Europe. For better or worse, "the Muslim question" has become the great question of our time. It is a question bound up with others--about freedom of speech, terror, violence, human rights, women's dress, and sexuality. Above all, it is tied to the possibility of democracy. In this fearless, original, and surprising book, Anne Norton demolishes the notion that there is a "clash of civilizations" between the West and Islam. What is really in question, she argues, is the West's commitment to its own ideals: to democracy and the Enlightenment trinity of liberty, equality, and fraternity. In the most fundamental sense, the Muslim question is about the values not of Islamic, but of Western, civilization. Moving between the United States and Europe, Norton provides a fresh perspective on iconic controversies, from the Danish cartoon of Muhammad to the murder of Theo van Gogh. She examines the arguments of a wide range of thinkers--from John Rawls to Slavoj Žižek. And she describes vivid everyday examples of ordinary Muslims and non-Muslims who have accepted each other and built a common life together. Ultimately, Norton provides a new vision of a richer and more diverse democratic life in the West, one that makes room for Muslims rather than scapegoating them for the West's own anxieties.
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The Jewish Question in German Literature 1749 1939

HOW THE ENLIGHTENMENT SAW THE JEWS Many Enlightenment thinkers
held deeply negative opinions of Jews ... Jews for massacring their enemies,
denies them any philosophy, art, 22 Enlightenment How the Enlightenment saw
the ...

Author: Ritchie Robertson

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: 9780191584312

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 544

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The Jewish Question in German Literature, 1749-1939 is an erudite and searching literary study of the uneasy position of the Jews in Germany and Austria from the first pleas for Jewish emancipation during the Enlightenment to the eve of the Holocaust. Trying to avoid hindsight, and drawing on a wide range of literary texts, Ritchie Robertson offers a close examination of attempts to construct a Jewish identity suitable for an increasingly secular world. He examines both literary portrayals of Jews by Gentile writers - whether antisemitic, friendly, or ambivalent - and efforts to reinvent Jewish identities by the Jews themselves, in response to antisemitism culminating in Zionism. No other study by a single author deals with German-Jewish relations so comprehensively and over such a long period of literary history. Robertson's new work will prove stimulating for anyone interested in the modern Jewish experience, as well as for scholars and students of German fiction, prose, and political culture.
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Heidegger s Black Notebooks

This book brings together an international group of scholars from a variety of disciplines to discuss the ramifications of the Black Notebooks for philosophy and the humanities at large.

Author: Andrew J. Mitchell

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231544382

Category: Philosophy

Page: 245

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From the 1930s through the 1970s, the philosopher Martin Heidegger kept a running series of private writings, the so-called Black Notebooks. The recent publication of the Black Notebooks volumes from the war years have sparked international controversy. While Heidegger’s engagement with National Socialism was well known, the Black Notebooks showed for the first time that this anti-Semitism was not merely a personal resentment. They contain not just anti-Semitic remarks, they show Heidegger incorporating basic tropes of anti-Semitism into his philosophical thinking. In them, Heidegger tried to assign a philosophical significance to anti-Semitism, with “the Jew” or “world Judaism” cast as antagonist in his project. How, then, are we to engage with a philosophy that, no matter how significant, seems contaminated by anti-Semitism? This book brings together an international group of scholars from a variety of disciplines to discuss the ramifications of the Black Notebooks for philosophy and the humanities at large. Bettina Bergo, Robert Bernasconi, Martin Gessmann, Sander Gilman, Peter E. Gordon, Hans Ulrich Gumbrecht, Michael Marder, Eduardo Mendieta, Richard Polt, Tom Rockmore, Peter Trawny, and Slavoj Žižek discuss issues including anti-Semitism in the Black Notebooks and Heidegger’s thought more broadly, such as German conceptions of Jews and Judaism, Heidegger’s notions of metaphysics, and anti-Semitism’s entanglement with Heidegger’s views on modernity and technology, grappling with material as provocative as it is deplorable. In contrast to both those who seek to exonerate Heidegger and those who simply condemn him, and rather than an all-or-nothing view of Heidegger’s anti-Semitism, they urge careful reading and rereading of his work to turn Heideggerian thought against itself. These measured and thoughtful responses to one of the major scandals in the history of philosophy unflinchingly take up the tangled and contested legacy of Heideggerian thought.
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