Principles of Planetary Climate

This book introduces the reader to all the basic physical building blocks of climate needed to understand the present and past climate of Earth, the climates of Solar System planets, and the climates of extrasolar planets.

Author: Raymond T. Pierrehumbert

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139495066

Category: Science

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This book introduces the reader to all the basic physical building blocks of climate needed to understand the present and past climate of Earth, the climates of Solar System planets, and the climates of extrasolar planets. These building blocks include thermodynamics, infrared radiative transfer, scattering, surface heat transfer and various processes governing the evolution of atmospheric composition. Nearly four hundred problems are supplied to help consolidate the reader's understanding, and to lead the reader towards original research on planetary climate. This textbook is invaluable for advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate students in atmospheric science, Earth and planetary science, astrobiology, and physics. It also provides a superb reference text for researchers in these subjects, and is very suitable for academic researchers trained in physics or chemistry who wish to rapidly gain enough background to participate in the excitement of the new research opportunities opening in planetary climate.
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Solar Variability and Planetary Climates

Since the incoming solar radiation is not equally distributed and peaks at low
latitudes the climate system is continuously transporting energy towards the polar
regions. Any variability in the Sun-Earth system may ultimately cause a climate ...

Author: Y. Calisesi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387483412

Category: Science

Page: 474

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This book provides an updated overview of the processes determining the influence of solar forcing on climate. It discusses in particular the most recent developments regarding the role of aerosols in the climate system and the new insights that could be gained from the investigation of terrestrial climate analogues. The book’s structure mirrors that of the ISSI workshop held in Bern in June 2005.
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Planetary Climates

and rotation for their effects on weather patterns (section 10.1). Neptune has the
strongest winds of any planet (section 10.2), and we speculate about why this
might be. The field of exoplanets—planets around other stars (section 10.3) is full
of ...

Author: Andrew Ingersoll

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691145051

Category: Science

Page: 288

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This concise, sophisticated introduction to planetary climates explains the global physical and chemical processes that determine climate on any planet or major planetary satellite--from Mercury to Neptune and even large moons such as Saturn's Titan. Although the climates of other worlds are extremely diverse, the chemical and physical processes that shape their dynamics are the same. As this book makes clear, the better we can understand how various planetary climates formed and evolved, the better we can understand Earth's climate history and future.
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Exploring Planetary Climate

An accessible and engaging account of the history of climate science and exploration on Earth and other planetary bodies.

Author: Ralph D. Lorenz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108471541

Category: Nature

Page: 316

View: 143

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An accessible and engaging account of the history of climate science and exploration on Earth and other planetary bodies.
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Heliophysics Active Stars their Astrospheres and Impacts on Planetary Environments

The terrestrial climate record from all of these sources suggests that Earth's
climate varies on many time scales, with ... present day climates of other
terrestrial planets too finely, and assuming only monotonic changes in planetary
climates over ...

Author: Carolus J. Schrijver

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316489789

Category: Science

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Heliophysics is a fast-developing scientific discipline that integrates studies of the Sun's variability, the surrounding heliosphere, and the environment and climate of planets. This volume, the fourth in the Heliophysics collection, explores what makes the conditions on Earth 'just right' to sustain life, by comparing Earth to other solar system planets, by comparing solar magnetic activity to that of other stars, and by looking at the properties of evolving exoplanet systems. By taking an interdisciplinary approach and using comparative heliophysics, the authors illustrate how we can learn about our local cosmos by looking beyond it, and in doing so, also enable the converse. Supplementary online resources are provided, including lecture presentations, problem sets and exercise labs, making this ideal as a textbook for advanced undergraduate- and graduate-level courses, as well as a foundational reference for researchers in the many subdisciplines of helio- and astrophysics.
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Origin and Evolution of Planetary and Satellite Atmospheres

CLIMATE EVOLUTION ON THE TERRESTRIAL PLANETS J. F. KASTING and
O. B. TOON NASA Ames Research Center The long - term climate histories of
Venus , Earth and Mars are compared and contrasted . It is argued that the
Earth's ...

Author: S. K. Atreya

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 0816511055

Category: Science

Page: 881

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An integrated discussion of the similarities and differences between the atmospheres of various bodies of the solar system, including the Earth.
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Mathematical Models and Methods for Planet Earth

Planetary. climates. The climate of our planet varies on all time and space scales,
and the Earth has undergone periods which were much warmer than today (by
10 degrees Kelvin and more), as well as times when it was definitely colder ...

Author: Alessandra Celletti

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783319026572

Category: Science

Page: 174

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In 2013 several scientific activities have been devoted to mathematical researches for the study of planet Earth. The current volume presents a selection of the highly topical issues presented at the workshop “Mathematical Models and Methods for Planet Earth”, held in Roma (Italy), in May 2013. The fields of interest span from impacts of dangerous asteroids to the safeguard from space debris, from climatic changes to monitoring geological events, from the study of tumor growth to sociological problems. In all these fields the mathematical studies play a relevant role as a tool for the analysis of specific topics and as an ingredient of multidisciplinary problems. To investigate these problems we will see many different mathematical tools at work: just to mention some, stochastic processes, PDE, normal forms, chaos theory.
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The Climate of History in a Planetary Age

The book concludes with a conversation between Chakrabarty and the French anthropologist Bruno Latour. Few works are as likely to shape our understanding of the human condition as we open ourselves to the implications of the Anthropocene"--

Author: Dipesh Chakrabarty

Publisher:

ISBN: 0226100502

Category: Civilization, Modern

Page:

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"For the past decade, no thinker has had a greater influence on debates about the meaning of climate change in the humanities than the historian Dipesh Chakrabarty. Climate change, he has argued, upends our ideas about history, modernity, and globalization, and confronts humanists with the kinds of universals that they have been long loath to consider. Here Chakrabarty elaborates this thesis for the first time in book form and extends it in important ways. "The human condition," Chakrabarty writes, "has changed." The burden of "The Climate of History in a Planetary Age" is to grapple with what this means for historical and political thought. Chakrabarty argues that our times require us to see ourselves from two perspectives at once: the planetary and the global. The global (and thus globalization) are human constructs, but the planetary Earth system de-centers the human. Chakrabarty explores the question of modern freedoms in light of this globe/planet distinction. He also considers why Marxist, postcolonial, and other progressive scholarship has failed to account for the problems of human history that anthropogenic climate change poses. The book concludes with a conversation between Chakrabarty and the French anthropologist Bruno Latour. Few works are as likely to shape our understanding of the human condition as we open ourselves to the implications of the Anthropocene"--
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Heliophysics Evolving Solar Activity and the Climates of Space and Earth

Richard L. Walterscheid Waves in planetary atmospheres are interesting in their
own right, but their importance lies mostly in the effects they have on the
background atmosphere. Gravity waves may transport momentum, heat, and
minor ...

Author: Carolus J. Schrijver

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139489751

Category: Science

Page:

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Heliophysics is a fast-developing scientific discipline that integrates studies of the Sun's variability, the surrounding heliosphere, and the environment and climate of planets. Over the past few centuries, our understanding of how the Sun drives space weather and climate on the Earth and other planets has advanced at an ever increasing rate. This 2010 volume, the last in this series of three heliophysics texts, focuses on long-term variability from the Sun's decade-long sunspot cycle and considers the evolution of the planetary system over ten billion years from a climatological perspective. Topics covered range from the dynamo action of stars and planets to processes in the Earth's troposphere, ionosphere, and magnetosphere and their effects on planetary climate and habitability. Supplemented by online teaching materials, it can be used as a textbook for courses or as a foundational reference for researchers in fields from astrophysics and plasma physics to planetary and climate science.
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Climates

New approaches to understanding climate in architecture based on research as well as the work of leading practitioners make this forward-thinking book invaluable. 0.

Author: James Graham

Publisher:

ISBN: 3037784946

Category: Architecture and climate

Page: 384

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This book is a collection of essays at the intersection of architecture and climate change. Neither a collective lament nor an inventory of architectural responses, the essays consider cultural values ascribed to climate and ask how climate reflects our conception of what architecture is and does. Which materials and conceptual infrastructures render climate legible, knowable, and actionable, and what are their spatial implications? How do these interrelated questions offer new vantage points on the architectural ramifications of climate change at the interface of resiliency, sustain- ability, and ecotechnology? Climates also contains a dossier of precedents for thinking about architecture and climate change drawn from a number of leading practitioners. New approaches to understanding climate in architecture make this book invaluable. This publication is a project by The Avery Review, a journal produced by the Office of Publications at Columbia University s Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation."
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How to Find a Habitable Planet

The stability it provided was eventually upset by the evolution of cyanobac- teria
and the subsequent rise in atmospheric O . Other aspects of planetary climates
are far less stable and life-friendly, however. Earth's climate system also contains
 ...

Author: James Kasting

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691138053

Category: Science

Page: 326

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Ever since Carl Sagan first predicted that extraterrestrial civilizations must number in the millions, the search for life on other planets has gripped our imagination. Is Earth so rare that advanced life forms like us--or even the simplest biological organisms--are unique to the universe? How to Find a Habitable Planet describes how scientists are testing Sagan's prediction, and demonstrates why Earth may not be so rare after all. James Kasting has worked closely with NASA in its mission to detect habitable worlds outside our solar system, and in this book he introduces readers to the advanced methodologies being used in this extraordinary quest. He addresses the compelling questions that planetary scientists grapple with today: What exactly makes a planet habitable? What are the signatures of life astronomers should look for when they scan the heavens for habitable worlds? In providing answers, Kasting explains why Earth has remained habitable despite a substantial rise in solar luminosity over time, and why our neighbors, Venus and Mars, haven't. If other Earth-sized planets endowed with enough water and carbon are out there, he argues, chances are good that some of those planets sustain life. Kasting describes the efforts under way to find them, and predicts that future discoveries will profoundly alter our view of the universe and our place in it. This book is a must-read for anyone who has ever dreamed of finding other planets like ours--and perhaps even life like ours--in the cosmos.
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Comparative Climatology of Terrestrial Planets

Public awareness of climate change on Earth is currently very high, promoting
significant interest in atmospheric processes. We are fortunate to live in an era
where it is possible to study the climates of many planets, including our own,
using ...

Author: Stephen J. Mackwell

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816599752

Category: Science

Page: 592

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The early development of life, a fundamental question for humankind, requires the presence of a suitable planetary climate. Our understanding of how habitable planets come to be begins with the worlds closest to home. Venus, Earth, and Mars differ only modestly in their mass and distance from the Sun, yet their current climates could scarcely be more divergent. Only Earth has abundant liquid water, Venus has a runaway greenhouse, and evidence for life-supporting conditions on Mars points to a bygone era. In addition, an Earth-like hydrologic cycle has been revealed in a surprising place: Saturn’s cloud-covered satellite Titan has liquid hydrocarbon rain, lakes, and river networks. Deducing the initial conditions for these diverse worlds and unraveling how and why they diverged to their current climates is a challenge at the forefront of planetary science. Through the contributions of more than sixty leading experts in the field, Comparative Climatology of Terrestrial Planets sets forth the foundations for this emerging new science and brings the reader to the forefront of our current understanding of atmospheric formation and climate evolution. Particular emphasis is given to surface-atmosphere interactions, evolving stellar flux, mantle processes, photochemistry, and interactions with the interplanetary environment, all of which influence the climatology of terrestrial planets. From this cornerstone, both current professionals and most especially new students are brought to the threshold, enabling the next generation of new advances in our own solar system and beyond. Contents Part I: Foundations Jim Hansen Mark Bullock Scot Rafkin Caitlin Griffith Shawn Domagal-Goldman and Antigona Segura Kevin Zahnle Part II: The Greenhouse Effect and Atmospheric Dynamics Curt Covey G. Schubert and J. Mitchell Tim Dowling Francois Forget and Sebastien Lebonnois Vladimir Krasnopolsky Adam Showman Part III: Clouds, Hazes, and Precipitation Larry Esposito A. Määttänen, K. Pérot, F. Montmessin, and A. Hauchecorne Nilton Renno Zibi Turtle Mark Marley Part IV: Surface-Atmosphere Interactions Colin Goldblatt Teresa Segura et al. John Grotzinger Adrian Lenardic D. A. Brain, F. Leblanc, J. G. Luhmann, T. E. Moore, and F. Tian Part V: Solar Influences on Planetary Climate Aaron Zent Jerry Harder F. Tian, E. Chassefiere, F. Leblanc, and D. Brain David Des Marais
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Astrophysics of Life

... expected for stable planetary climates . 1. Introduction Our solar system is the
best template for understanding the properties of extrasolar planetary systems .
The interaction between the Sun and the constituents of its galactic environment
 ...

Author: Mario Livio

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139442147

Category: Science

Page:

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Astrobiology is one of the hottest areas of current research, reflecting not only impressive advances in the understanding of the origin of life but also the discovery of over 100 extrasolar planets in recent years. This volume is based on a meeting held in 2002 at the Space Telescope Science Institute, which aimed to lay the astrophysical groundwork for locating habitable places in the Universe. Written by leading scientists in the field, it covers a range of topics relevant to the search for life in the Universe, including: cosmology and its implications for the emergence of life, the habitable zone in the Milky Way Galaxy, the formation of stars and planets, the study of interstellar and interplanetary matter, searches for extrasolar planets, the synthesis of organic material in space, and spectroscopic signatures that could be used to detect life. This is an invaluable resource for both professional researchers and graduate students.
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Living with the Stars

How the Human Body is Connected to the Life Cycles of the Earth, the Planets,
and the Stars Karel Schrijver, Iris Schrijver ... For the present-day Sun, and with
our present-day understanding of planetary climates, the inner edge of the ...

Author: Karel Schrijver

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191040870

Category: Science

Page: 288

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Living with the Stars tells the fascinating story of what truly makes the human body. The body that is with us all our lives is always changing. We are quite literally not who we were years, weeks, or even days ago: our cells die and are replaced by new ones at an astonishing pace. The entire body continually rebuilds itself, time and again, using the food and water that flow through us as fuel and as construction material. What persists over time is not fixed but merely a pattern in flux. We rebuild using elements captured from our surroundings, and are thereby connected to animals and plants around us, and to the bacteria within us that help digest them, and to geological processes such as continental drift and volcanism here on Earth. We are also intimately linked to the Sun's nuclear furnace and to the solar wind, to collisions with asteroids and to the cycles of the birth of stars and their deaths in cataclysmic supernovae, and ultimately to the beginning of the universe. Our bodies are made of the burned out embers of stars that were released into the galaxy in massive explosions billions of years ago, mixed with atoms that formed only recently as ultrafast rays slammed into Earth's atmosphere. All of that is not just remote history but part of us now: our human body is inseparable from nature all around us and intertwined with the history of the universe.
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Climates of the British Isles

... strong control on surface weather patterns. It is of some interest that the
average position of the European trough axis, when averaged by decade, has
varied by as much as 20° longitude over the last 200 years. A planetary wave
crest (ridge) ...

Author: Elaine Barrow

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317973751

Category: Science

Page: 500

View: 245

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Our understanding of climate and its role in human affairs has changed markedly over recent years, as have climate observation systems and modelling capabilities. Reliance on recent weather statistics to provide a guide for future climate is no longer viable. Evidence of human-induced climate change has placed climate high on political and the media agendas. Climates of the British Isles provides a comprehensive account of what we know about climate and changing climates at the end of the twentieth century. Integrating the historical and geographical dimensions of climate, the crucial link between past and future climatic conditions is examined through the geographical lens of the British Isles. Climates of past ages are reconstructed and full descriptions of present climate are illustrated by a wealth of graphs, maps and images. Important climate data sets are provided. Marking the twenty-fifth anniversary of the internationally acclaimed Climatic Research Unit, this book distils much of the leading research of present and recent members of the unit and presents an authoritative, accessible view of climatic change and prospects for the next millenium and beyond.
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Weather and Climate on Planets

In connection with the development of the theory of the thermal regime of
planetary atmospheres, Kondratyev et al. (15) numerically modelled the vertical
profiles of the spectral and total fluxes of the upward, downward and net thermal
 ...

Author: K Y Kondratyev

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781483150796

Category: Science

Page: 770

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Weather and Climate on Planets discusses the problems of the meteorology of planets. Planetary meteorology is the study of the regularities of the atmospheres and their thermal regime and dynamics, specifically the properties of the planetary surfaces and the specific features of the interactions between the atmospheres and surfaces. This book contains four chapters and begins with an overview of origin and evolution of the solar system and planetary atmospheres. The introductory chapter describes some basic characteristics of planetary atmospheres, laboratory and numerical modeling of the atmospheric circulation, and the application of remote sounding. The remaining three chapters examine the weather, climate, and other meteorological aspects of planet Venus, Mars, and Jupiter. This book will be of value to meteorologists, astronomers, researchers, and students.
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Elementary Climate Physics

Climate Physics is a modern subject based on a space-era understanding of the physical properties of the atmosphere and ocean, their planetary-scale history and evolution, new global measurement systems and sophisticated computer models, ...

Author: F. W. Taylor

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198567332

Category: Science

Page: 212

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Climate Physics is a modern subject based on a space-era understanding of the physical properties of the atmosphere and ocean, their planetary-scale history and evolution, new global measurement systems and sophisticated computer models, which collectively make quantitative studies and predictions possible. At the same time, interest in understanding the climate has received an enormous boost from the concern generated by the realization that rapid climate change, much of it forced by the relentless increase in population and industrialization, is potentially a serious threat to the quality of life on Earth. Our ability to resist and overcome any such threat depends directly on our ability to understand what physical effects are involved and to predict how trends may develop. In an introductory course like that presented here, we want to clarify the basics, topic by topic, and see how far we can get by applying relatively simple Physics to the climate problem. This provides a foundation for more advanced work, which we can identify and appreciate at this level although of course a full treatment requires more advanced books, of which there are many.
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