Police-community Relations and the Administration of Justice

Author: Ronald D. Hunter,Pamela Douglass Mayhall,Thomas Barker
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9780130209979
Category: Criminal justice, Administration of
Page: 402
View: 6666
For one/two-semester courses on Police/Community Relations, Police and Society, Policing within American Society, or Issues in Policing in two- and four-year and proprietary schools.Substantive--yet accessible--this overview of police-community relations focuses on the importance of, and strategies for, positive interaction in dealing with the many turbulent issues which affect crime control in America today. It addresses a challenge that all criminal justice practitioners--police, courts, and corrections--must confront...the development and maintenance of meaningful relationships with one another and with the citizens they serve.

Police-community Relations and the Administration of Justice

Author: Pamela Douglass Mayhall,Thomas Barker,Ronald D. Hunter
Publisher: Pearson College Division
ISBN: 9780130977915
Category: Law
Page: 351
View: 806
Substantive--yet accessible--this overview of police-community relations focuses on the importance of, and strategies for, positive interaction in dealing with the many turbulent issues which affect crime control in America today. The book addresses a challenge that all criminal justice practitioners--police, courts, and corrections--must confront...the development and maintenance of meaningful relationships with one another and with the citizens they serve. Topics include police-community relations--an overview; public relations and community relations--a contrast; community policing; the public and the police--a consortium of communities; relations within the police organization; police role concept in a changing society; coping with the human experience of being a cop; the communication process; police discretion and community relations; the media link; special populations and the police; community relations in the context of culture; the dilemmas of dissent and political response; conflict management; and community control--a continuum of participation. For police, court, corrections, and other criminal justice professionals.

The First Civil Right

How Liberals Built Prison America
Author: Naomi Murakawa
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199380724
Category: Political Science
Page: 304
View: 2701
The explosive rise in the U.S. incarceration rate in the second half of the twentieth century, and the racial transformation of the prison population from mostly white at mid-century to sixty-five percent black and Latino in the present day, is a trend that cannot easily be ignored. Many believe that this shift began with the "tough on crime" policies advocated by Republicans and southern Democrats beginning in the late 1960s, which sought longer prison sentences, more frequent use of the death penalty, and the explicit or implicit targeting of politically marginalized people. In The First Civil Right, Naomi Murakawa inverts the conventional wisdom by arguing that the expansion of the federal carceral state-a system that disproportionately imprisons blacks and Latinos-was, in fact, rooted in the civil-rights liberalism of the 1940s and early 1960s, not in the period after. Murakawa traces the development of the modern American prison system through several presidencies, both Republican and Democrat. Responding to calls to end the lawlessness and violence against blacks at the state and local levels, the Truman administration expanded the scope of what was previously a weak federal system. Later administrations from Johnson to Clinton expanded the federal presence even more. Ironically, these steps laid the groundwork for the creation of the vast penal archipelago that now exists in the United States. What began as a liberal initiative to curb the mob violence and police brutality that had deprived racial minorities of their 'first civil right-physical safety-eventually evolved into the federal correctional system that now deprives them, in unjustly large numbers, of another important right: freedom. The First Civil Right is a groundbreaking analysis of root of the conflicts that lie at the intersection of race and the legal system in America.

Racial Profiling

They Stopped Me Because I'm ------------!
Author: Michael L. Birzer
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439872252
Category: Law
Page: 241
View: 1607
Many racial minority communities claim profiling occurs frequently in their neighborhoods. Police authorities, for the most part, deny that they engage in racially biased police tactics. A handful of books have been published on the topic, but they tend to offer only anecdotal reports offering little reliable insight. Few use a qualitative methodological lens to provide the context of how minority citizens experience racial profiling. Racial Profiling: They Stopped Me Because I’m ———! places minority citizens who believe they have been racially profiled by police authorities at the center of the data. Using primary empirical studies and extensive, in-depth interviews, the book draws on nearly two years of field research into how minorities experience racial profiling by police authorities. The author interviewed more than 100 racial and ethnic minority citizens. Citing 87 of these cases, the book examines each individual case and employs a rigorous qualitative phenomenological method to develop dominant themes and determine their associated meaning. Through an exploration of these themes, we can learn: What racial profiling is, its historical context, and how formal legal codes and public policy generally define it The best methods of data collection and the advantages of collecting racial profiling data How certain challenges can prevent data collection from properly identifying racial profiling or bias-based policing practices Data analysis and methods of determining the validity of the data The impact of pretextual stops and the effect of Whren v. United States A compelling account of how minority citizens experience racial profiling and how they ascribe and give meaning to these experiences, the book provides a candid discussion of what the findings of the research mean for the police, racial minority citizens, and future racial profiling research. Michael L. Birzer was recently interviewed on public radio about his book, Racial Profiling: They Stopped Me Because I’m ———!

Police Selection and Training

The Role of Psychology
Author: J.C. Yuille
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400944349
Category: Psychology
Page: 376
View: 8378
The New Police Officer During the past twenty years the tasks required of police officers have expanded and changed with dramatic rapidi ty. The tradi tional roles of the police had been those of law enforcement and the maintenance of public order. As a consequence police officers were typically large-bodied males, selected for their physical abilities and trained to accept orders and enforce the law. Over the past two decades, however, the industrialized nations have placed a variety of new demands on police officers. To traditional law enforcement and public order tasks have been added social work, mental health duties, and cORllluni ty relations work. For example, domestic disputes, violence between husbands and wives, lovers, relatives, etc. , have increased in frequency and severity (or at least there has been a dramatic increase in reporting the occurence of domestic violence). Our societies have no formal system to deal with domestic disputes and the responsibility to do so, in most countries, has fallen to the police. In fact, in some areas as many as 607. of calls for service to the police are related to domestic disputes (see the chapter in this text by Dutton). As a result the police officer has had to become a skilled social worker, able to intervene with sensi ti vi ty in domestic situations. Alternatively, in the case of West Germany, the officer has had to learn to work co-operatively with social workers (see the chapter by Steinhilper).

Policing Terrorism, Crime Control, and Police-Community Relations

Learning from the Israeli Experience
Author: Badi Hasisi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319081268
Category: Social Science
Page: 172
View: 912
This timely and important work takes a critical look at the shifting role of police, who are becoming increasingly responsible for handling terrorism threats on top of their regular responsibilities. With an unprecedented empirical study, the authors of this book examine whether this increased focus on security-related threats may come at the expense of addressing “classic” police responsibilities, such as fighting crime and dealing with local, day-to-day community problems. They also examine whether this shift has had a detrimental effect on police-community relationships and perceptions of police legitimacy, as their role changes from “service” to “suspicion.” Through a four-year, multi-method study specifically focused on the Israel National Police, the authors of this work have examined the effects of this shifting role on a number of key areas of policing concern, namely: police effectiveness at fighting crime and police legitimacy, drawing conclusions applicable to any democratic police force. The results of the study provide a number of concrete recommendations for maintaining effectiveness and community relationships of the police, with increasing responsibilities, challenges, and limited resources. This work will be of interest for researchers in criminology and criminal justice, particularly with a focus on police studies and counter-terrorism; police administrators; and researchers in related disciplines, such as sociology and public administration.

Policing and Society: A Global Approach

Author: Michael J. Palmiotto,N. Prabha Unnithan
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 0534623433
Category: Education
Page: 336
View: 9378
Policing and Society: A Global Approach covers a wide range of topics related to policing, with strong sociological analysis and an emphasis on global concepts and issues. This well-organized, reader-friendly book includes comprehensive coverage of important issues such as police corruption, use of excessive force, and police subculture. The book's unique international approach includes guest-written International Perspectives and various case studies, examples, and analogies illustrating policing here and in other countries. Students are able to compare and understand policing methods, challenges, and solutions across nations and cultures and develop a broader outlook on law enforcement worldwide. Policing and Society: A Global Approach reflects the current state of policing and where the forefront of policing will be in the coming years. With this book, students not only develop an understanding of law enforcement on a local, regional, and national level, but also gain a deeper appreciation of issues on a larger scale, in the international community. The text's combined global and sociological perspective provides students with the knowledge and competence to better understand global law enforcement issues in a post 9/11-era. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Field Surveys: The police and the community, by J. D. Lohman and G. E. Misner

Author: United States. President's Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Justice,United States. Office of Law Enforcement Assistance
Publisher: N.A
Category: Criminal justice, Administration of
Page: N.A
View: 2255

Criminal justice

a community relations approach
Author: Charles P. McDowell
Publisher: Anderson Pub Co
Category: Law
Page: 473
View: 2448

Law Enforcement and Justice Administration: Strategies for the 21st Century

Author: Clyde L. Cronkhite
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
ISBN: 1449641342
Category: Law
Page: 427
View: 1458
Thoroughly updated and revised to reflect the most current events and information, Law Enforcement and Justice Administration: Strategies for the 21st Century, Second Edition, provides a comprehensive examination of the prevailing criminal justice organizations present in law enforcement, courts, and correctional systems. Using a realistic, field-based approach that combines theory with application, this text explores the operations, issues, and practices that administrators within criminal justice face today. This Second Edition blends historic administrative themes and concepts with contemporary issues and future trends. Throughout the text, the Contextual Themes Model (Organization, Employee Relations, Open Systems, Social Equity, Client-oriented Service) of criminal justice administration is provided to aid the readers in connecting the concepts of administration to key terms, theories, and ultimately to the application of the concepts. Law Enforcement and Justice Administration, Second Edition is organized into three parts. Part I develops key concepts from the history of administrative practices and organizes them into the five Contextual Themes. Part II applies these administrative concepts to contemporary criminal justice administration using the Contextual Themes. Part III explores the application of the key concepts with discussions on the cutting-edge issues that face criminal justice administrators now and in the future. Every new printed copy is packaged with full student access to the companion website, which features a variety of enaging and interactive study tools! (eBook version does not include access to the student companion website. Standalone access can be purchased here http://www.jblearning.com/catalog/9781449655150/). Key Features: • Now available in paperback! • Revised figures and tables and updated statistics throughout present the most current trends and data in criminal justice administration. • Contains new Current Status sections at the conclusion of chapters in Parts II and III summarizing the latest trends discussed. • Key terms and concepts listed at the end of each chapter familiarize readers with the language they will encounter at the administrative level. A compendium listing all terms and concepts is included at the end of the text for easy reference. • End of chapter review questions and activities encourage further participation and research. Resources: • Instructor’s Manual • PowerPoint Lecture Outlines • complete Test Bank • Student Companion Website

Policing in the 21st Century

Community Policing
Author: Lee P. Brown
Publisher: AuthorHouse
ISBN: 1468540998
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Page: 618
View: 6945
Dr. Lee P. Brown, one of America's most significant and respected law enforcement practitioners, has harnessed his thirty years of experiences in police work and authored Policing in the 21st Century: Community Policing. Written for students, members of the police community, academicians, elected officials and members of the public, this work comes from the perspective of an individual who devoted his life to law enforcement. Dr. Brown began his career as a beat patrolmen who through hard work, diligence and continued education became the senior law enforcement official in three of this nation's largest cities. The book is about Community Policing, the policing style for America in the Twenty-First Century. It not only describes the concept in great detail, but it also illuminates how it evolved, and how it is being implemented in various communities throughout America. There is no other law enforcement official or academician who is as capable as Dr. Brown of masterfully presenting the concept of Community Policing, which he pioneered. As a philosophy, Community Policing encourages law enforcement officials, and the people they are sworn to serve, to cooperatively address issues such as crime, community growth, and societal development. It calls for mutual respect and understanding between the police and the community. The book is written from the perspective of someone whose peers identify as the "father" of Community Policing, and who personally implemented it in Police Departments under his command. It is a thoroughly amazing book that has been heralded as a "must read" for anyone who has an interest in law enforcement. Elected officials, academicians, leaders of the nation's police agencies and members of the public will be captivated by Dr. Brown's literary contribution.

Policing in America

Author: Larry K. Gaines,Victor E. Kappeler,Joseph B. Vaughn
Publisher: Anderson Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780870847080
Category: Political Science
Page: 585
View: 6481
This text is intended to provide an overview of contemporary police work and the issues facing the police and society, as well as an assessment of recommended future directions in policing. The first chapter explains the structure of the government, the separation of powers, and the principles of Federalism; the roles and functions of police in the criminal justice system; and the nature of Federal, State, and local police agencies. A chapter on the history of policing provides an overview of policing in ancient times and traces police development in England and the United States. Police personnel systems are examined with respect to a theory of police selection; affirmative action and police selection; the selection process; basic, field, and in-service training; police officer career development; and the impact of race and gender on police careers. An analysis of police organization and management focus on principles and levels of police organization and administration, classical organizational principles, human relations organizational theory, and systems theory and policing. Further chapters discuss police operations, including patrol, investigations, traffic law enforcement, and police paramilitary units; the nature and use of police discretion and the control of police discretion; and varying perspectives on police culture, behavior, and police occupational stress. Other chapters focus on police ethics, police misconduct, and police use of force; civil liability and the police; public attitudes toward the police; police-community relations; the police role in crime prevention; and drug policies and drug law enforcement. The final chapter examines the future of policing, with emphasis on predictions regarding police roles and functions, political and legal change, and technology; the management of information and communication with enhanced technology; and technology for field operations. Tables, figures, photographs, chapter reference lists, glossary, and name and subject indexes.

Police Practices and Civil Rights in New York City

A Report of the United States Commission on Civil Rights
Author: Mary Frances Berry
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 9780756705343
Page: 198
View: 9607
On May 26, 1999, the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights conducted a hearing in New York City to examine current police practices & their impact on civil rights in the community at large. The Commission had a strong interest in studying the methods used by the city to balance crime fighting with the exercise of appropriate restraint, particularly following the highly publicized tragedies involving Abner Louima & Amadou Diallo. This report is intended to offer insights into some of the tensions that exist between the New York Police Dept. & the communities that it serves. Chapters: recruitment, selection, & training; police-community relations; & civilian complaints.

Riot in the Cities

An Analytical Symposium on the Causes and Effects
Author: Richard A. Chikota,Michael C. Moran
Publisher: Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press
ISBN: 9780838674437
Category: Social Science
Page: 411
View: 5553
This symposium is a sober, reasoned, well-documented presentation by a number of elergymen, lawyers, judges, sociologists, and political scientists who have attempted to come to grips with the problem of urban riots.

Black Police, White Society

Author: Steven Leinen,Ronald Meek
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814750176
Category: Political Science
Page: 290
View: 1188
Shares the experiences of Black police officers working in New York City, discusses discrimination, and looks at the relationships between Black officers, their white counterparts, and the community as a whole

The New Jim Crow

Masseninhaftierung und Rassismus in den USA
Author: Michelle Alexander
Publisher: Antje Kunstmann
ISBN: 3956141598
Category: Political Science
Page: 352
View: 7378
Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.

Police, Criminal Justice, and the Community

Author: Alan Edward Bent,Ralph Arthur Rossum
Publisher: HarperCollins Publishers
Category: Criminal justice, Administration of
Page: 384
View: 8847
This book focuses on the relations of the community not only with the police but also with the other components of the criminal justice system and advances a theoretical and practical justification for police-community relations. The book was written as a primary textbook for college students in courses on police-community relations. In addition to its focus on the entire criminal justice system and its sustained justification of police community relations on the basis of the political principles of majority rule and minority rights, this book also emphasizes the need for political and social realism. It stresses that police-community relations are in fact two-way communication, and that even when the police (and courts and corrections as well) fully appreciate the need for improved relations with the community, all of their insights and efforts may well be for naught if there is not a reciprocal and equal response and commitment to police-community relations on the part of the community.

Racial and Ethnic Tensions in American Communities

Poverty, Inequality and Discrimination
Author: Mary Frances Berry
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 9780788189630
Page: 468
View: 2739
Hearing held before the U.S. Comm. on Civil Rights in L.A., CA, June 15-17, 1993. Unsettling episodes beginning with & emanating from the beating of Rodney King, a black man, by several white L.A.P.D. officers in Mar. 1991, confirmed the prior opinion of the Comm. that the tensions between racial & ethnic groups in L.A. required attention. During the 1993 hearing, the Comm. concentrated on 3 areas: (a) the administration of justice -- relating to police practices & policies; (b) economic development -- pertaining to unemployment, the L.A. Transportation System, job training & small bus. initiatives; & (c) the portrayals or projections of minorities through TV in both news & entertainment production.