Lectures in Astrobiology

This is the second of a divided two-part softcover edition of the "Lectures in Astrobiology Volume I" containing the sections "General Introduction", "From Prebiotic Chemistry to the Origin of Life on Earth" and "Appendices" including an ...

Author: Bernard Barbier

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540290044

Category: Science

Page: 384

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This is the second of a divided two-part softcover edition of the "Lectures in Astrobiology Volume I" containing the sections "General Introduction", "From Prebiotic Chemistry to the Origin of Life on Earth" and "Appendices" including an extensive glossary on Astrobiology. "Lectures in Astrobiology" is the first comprehensive textbook at graduate level encompassing all aspects of the emerging field of astrobiology. Volume I of the Lectures in Astrobiology gathers a first set of extensive lectures that cover a broad range of topics, from the formation of solar systems to the quest for the most primitive life forms that emerged on the Early Earth.
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The Origin and Early Evolution of Life Prebiotic Chemistry of Biomolecules

This collection of articles offers an overview of recent discoveries in the field of prebiotic chemistry of biomolecules, their formation and selection, and the evolution of complex chemical systems.

Author: Michele Fiore

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 9783039216062

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 146

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Studying the origin of life is one of man’s greatest achievements over the last sixty years. The fields of interest encompassed by this quest are multiple and interdisciplinary: chemistry, physics, biology, biochemistry, mathematics, geology but also statistics, atmospheric science, meteorology, oceanography, and astrophysics. Recent scientific discoveries, such as water on Mars and the existence of super-Earths with atmospheres similar to primordial Earth, have pushed researchers to simulate prebiotic conditions in explaining the abiotic formation of molecules essential to life. This collection of articles offers an overview of recent discoveries in the field of prebiotic chemistry of biomolecules, their formation and selection, and the evolution of complex chemical systems.
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Prebiotic Chemistry and Life s Origin

This book provides a broad but in-depth analysis of the latest discoveries in prebiotic chemistry from the microscopic to the macroscopic scale.

Author: Michele Fiore

Publisher: ISSN

ISBN: 1788017498

Category: Science

Page: 350

View: 323

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This book provides a broad but in-depth analysis of the latest discoveries in prebiotic chemistry from the microscopic to the macroscopic scale, utilising experimental insight to provide a bottom up approach to provide a plausible explanation as to how life arose.
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Chemical Evolution and the Origin of Life

Horst Rauchfuss is comparing the different theories from the view of the latest results and is giving an exciting and easy understandable insight into the present state of research.

Author: Horst Rauchfuss

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540788232

Category: Nature

Page: 339

View: 415

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How did life begin on the early Earth? We know that life today is driven by the universal laws of chemistry and physics. By applying these laws over the past ?fty years, en- mous progress has been made in understanding the molecular mechanisms that are the foundations of the living state. For instance, just a decade ago, the ?rst human genome was published, all three billion base pairs. Using X-ray diffraction data from crystals, we can see how an enzyme molecule or a photosynthetic reaction center steps through its catalytic function. We can even visualize a ribosome, central to all life, translate - netic information into a protein. And we are just beginning to understand how molecular interactions regulate thousands of simultaneous reactions that continuously occur even in the simplest forms of life. New words have appeared that give a sense of this wealth of knowledge: The genome, the proteome, the metabolome, the interactome. But we can’t be too smug. We must avoid the mistake of the physicist who, as the twentieth century began, stated con?dently that we knew all there was to know about physics, that science just needed to clean up a few dusty corners. Then came relativity, quantum theory, the Big Bang, and now dark matter, dark energy and string theory. Similarly in the life sciences, the more we learn, the better we understand how little we really know. There remains a vast landscape to explore, with great questions remaining.
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Prebiotic Chemistry and Chemical Evolution of Nucleic Acids

This book deals with the formation and first steps of the chemical evolution of nucleic acids, including the chemical roots behind the origin of their components from the simplest sources in a geochemical context.

Author: César Menor-Salván

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319935843

Category: Science

Page: 291

View: 534

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The origin of life is one of the biggest unsolved scientific questions. This book deals with the formation and first steps of the chemical evolution of nucleic acids, including the chemical roots behind the origin of their components from the simplest sources in a geochemical context. Chemical evolution encompasses the chemical processes and interactions conducive to self-assembly and supramolecular organization, leading to an increase of complexity and the emergence of life. The book starts with a personal account of the pioneering work of Stanley Miller and Jeffrey Bada on the Chemistry of Origins of Life and how the development of organic chemistry beginning in the 19th century led to the emergence of the field of prebiotic chemistry, situated at the frontier between organic, geo- and biochemistry. It then continues reviewing in tutorial manner current central topics regarding the organization of nucleic acids: the origin of nucleobases and nucleosides, their phosphorylation and polymerization and ultimately, their self-assembly and supramolecular organization at the inception of life.
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Prebiotic chemistry and the origin of life

Nel 1953 L. S. Miller riuscì a sintetizzare, per via abiotica, diverse sostanze organiche e tra queste parecchi amminoacidi, componenti delle nostre proteine.

Author: Giovanni Occhipinti

Publisher: Lampi di stampa

ISBN: 9788848811521

Category: Science

Page: 146

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Nel 1953 L. S. Miller riuscì a sintetizzare, per via abiotica, diverse sostanze organiche e tra queste parecchi amminoacidi, componenti delle nostre proteine. Questo esperimento sembrò anche una conferma della teoria del brodo prebiotico. La scoperta sollevò un grande entusiasmo tra gli scienziati e sembrava, in quel periodo, che in poco tempo sarebbe arrivata anche la sintesi della vita in provetta. Ben presto però alcuni ostacoli risultarono insormontabili e così dopo quasi 60 anni siamo ancora all'esperienza di Miller. Partendo da questo dato sperimentale l'autore, in questo saggio, presenta il risultato di 25 anni di ricerche sulla chimica prebiotica. In particolare illustra indizi sperimentali su: la selezione degli amminoacidi naturali e la scomparsa dell'amminoacido destro, l'origine di un codice genetico rudimentale e l'interdipendenza acidi nucleici-proteine. Questi dati ci indicano, che la vita ha avuto probabilmente origine sulla terraferma, che il brodo prebiotico non è mai esistito e inoltre sollevano anche seri dubbi sull'esistenza di un progenitore comune a tutti gli organismi viventi. Infine viene presentata la teoria sull'origine della vita.
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From Suns to Life A Chronological Approach to the History of Life on Earth

This review gathers astronomers, geologists, biologists, and chemists around a common question: how did life emerge on Earth? The ultimate goal is to probe an even more demanding question: is life universal?

Author: Muriel Gargaud

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387450834

Category: Science

Page: 370

View: 707

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This review gathers astronomers, geologists, biologists, and chemists around a common question: how did life emerge on Earth? The ultimate goal is to probe an even more demanding question: is life universal? This not-so linear account highlights problems, gaps, and controversies. Discussion covers the formation of the solar system; the building of a habitable planet; prebiotic chemistry, biochemistry, and the emergence of life; the early Earth environment, and much more.
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Chemical Evolution

This remarkable new book is for everyone interested in the origin and evolution of the universe.

Author: Stephen Finney Mason

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: UCSD:31822005682331

Category: Chemical evolution

Page: 317

View: 752

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This remarkable new book is for everyone interested in the origin and evolution of the universe. It relates the history of chemicals, from the earliest generation of the light elements in the Big Bang, to their transformation into heavier atoms and their subsequent molecular evolution into myriad forms, including life on Earth. Spanning both organic and inorganic chemical combinations, the survey thus covers billions of years and involves evidence coming from the analysis of long-extinct as well as ongoing processes. The techniques used in this fascinating study are also described. They include the analysis of many sources: isotopes from ancient nuclear reactions and still-active radionuclides; molecules from space--frozen in meteorites or continuously generated in vast interstellar clouds; and the detritus of volcanic and geochemical activity. This is also the story of the origin of life, which can be biochemically detected through the modern descendants of early microbial life-forms and from laboratory experiments in prebiotic chemistry. The author also describes the history of ideas in the study of chemistry and the development of modern theories on chemical evolution. This is a highly readable account of central issues and ideas in modern science that will be read with absorbing interest by a wide range of students, researchers, and general readers.
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Lectures in Astrobiology

First comprehensive, beginning graduate level book on the emergent science of astrobiology. This book is the first comprehensive textbook at the graduate level encompassing all aspects associated with the emerging field of astrobiology.

Author: Muriel Gargaud

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540223150

Category: Science

Page: 792

View: 289

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First comprehensive, beginning graduate level book on the emergent science of astrobiology.
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Origins of Life on the Earth and in the Cosmos

-- Evol ... Praise for the First Edition "Geoffrey Zubay's Origins of Life on the Earth and in the Cosmos is the most readable and even-handed general treatment of the problem of the origins of life since Miller and Orgel's 1974 monograph.

Author: Geoffrey L. Zubay

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780127819105

Category: Science

Page: 564

View: 984

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Origins of Life on the Earth and in the Cosmos, Second Edition, suggests answers to the age-old questions of how life arose in the universe and how it might arise elsewhere. This thorough revision of a very successful text describes key events in the evolution of living systems, starting with the creation of an environment suitable for the origins of life. Whereas one may never be able to reconstruct the precise pathway that led to the origin of life on earth, one can certainly make some plausible reconstructions of it. Such discussions have greatly expanded our understanding of the principles of chemical evolution and how they compare and contrast with the principles of biological evolution. The text is strong on biochemistry and its recent applications to origins' research. Provides an excellent review of basic biochemistry an evolution Written in a clear, concise style for scientists, students, and readers interested in a scientific inquiry into the origins of life Written by an authority in the field, and brought fully up-to-date in light of new research Pulls together valuable information not found in a single source Organized and presented in a manner conductive for use in a college course Heavily illustrated to make difficult concepts concrete
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The Chemistry of Life s Origins

This volume contains the lectures presented at the second course of the International School of Space Chemistry held in Erice (Sicily) from October 20 - 30 1991 at the "E. Majorana Centre for Scientific Culture".

Author: J. Mayo Greenberg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401119368

Category: Science

Page: 423

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This volume contains the lectures presented at the second course of the International School of Space Chemistry held in Erice (Sicily) from October 20 - 30 1991 at the "E. Majorana Centre for Scientific Culture". The course was attended by 58 participants from 13 countries. The Chemistry of Life's Origins is well recognized as one of the most critical subjects of modem chemistry. Much progress has been made since the amazingly perceptive contributions by Oparin some 70 years ago when he first outlined a possible series of steps starting from simple molecules to basic building blocks and ultimate assembly into simple organisms capable of replicating, catalysis and evolution to higher organisms. The pioneering experiments of Stanley Miller demonstrated already forty years ago how easy it could have been to form the amino acids which are critical to living organisms. However we have since learned and are still learning a great deal more about the primitive conditions on earth which has led us to a rethinking of where and how the condition for prebiotic chemical processes occurred. We have also learned a great deal more about the molecular basis for life. For instance, the existence of DNA was just discovered forty years ago.
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What is Life

This new edition includes an Epilogue describing developments in the concepts of fundamental forms of stability discussed in the book, and their profound implications.

Author: Addy Pross

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191650895

Category: Science

Page: 224

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Seventy years ago, Erwin Schrödinger posed a profound question: 'What is life, and how did it emerge from non-life?' This problem has puzzled biologists and physical scientists ever since. Living things are hugely complex and have unique properties, such as self-maintenance and apparently purposeful behaviour which we do not see in inert matter. So how does chemistry give rise to biology? What could have led the first replicating molecules up such a path? Now, developments in the emerging field of 'systems chemistry' are unlocking the problem. Addy Pross shows how the different kind of stability that operates among replicating molecules results in a tendency for chemical systems to become more complex and acquire the properties of life. Strikingly, he demonstrates that Darwinian evolution is the biological expression of a deeper, well-defined chemical concept: the whole story from replicating molecules to complex life is one continuous process governed by an underlying physical principle. The gulf between biology and the physical sciences is finally becoming bridged. This new edition includes an Epilogue describing developments in the concepts of fundamental forms of stability discussed in the book, and their profound implications. Oxford Landmark Science books are 'must-read' classics of modern science writing which have crystallized big ideas, and shaped the way we think.
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The Origins of Life

Providing a comprehensive account of the environment of the early Earth and descriptions of how the first self-replicating systems emerged from prebiotic chemistry and evolved into primitive cell-like entities, this book is an essential ...

Author: D. W. Deamer

Publisher:

ISBN: 193611304X

Category: Science

Page: 318

View: 480

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Providing a comprehensive account of the environment of the early Earth and descriptions of how the first self-replicating systems emerged from prebiotic chemistry and evolved into primitive cell-like entities, this book is an essential reference for those interested in the origin of life on Earth.
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The Emergence of Life

This fully updated and expanded edition addresses the origins of biological and synthetic life from a systems biology perspective.

Author: Pier Luigi Luisi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107092396

Category: Science

Page: 480

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This fully updated and expanded edition addresses the origins of biological and synthetic life from a systems biology perspective.
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Prebiotic Chemistry and the Origin of Life

This book presents an overview of current views on the origin of life and its earliest evolution.

Author: Anna Neubeck

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3030810380

Category: Science

Page:

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This book presents an overview of current views on the origin of life and its earliest evolution. Each chapter describes key processes, environments and transition on the long road from geochemistry and astrochemistry to biochemistry and finally to the ancestors of today ́s organisms. This book combines the bottom-up and the top-down approaches to life including the origin of key chemical and structural features of living cells and the nature of abiotic factors that shaped these features in primordial environments. The book provides an overview of the topic as well as its state of the art for graduate students and newcomers to the field. It also serves as a reference for researchers in origins of life on Earth and beyond.
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Life s Origin

This volume explores the historical and current theories about the origin of life, addressing in particular the three key puzzles of how and when life began on Earth and in what form.

Author: J. William Schopf

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520233913

Category: Nature

Page: 208

View: 122

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This volume explores the historical and current theories about the origin of life, addressing in particular the three key puzzles of how and when life began on Earth and in what form.
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Phosphorus Chemistry

The book is the first thorough study of the role of phosphorus chemistry in the origin of life. This book starts with depiction of the phosphorus role in life creation and evolution.

Author: Yufen Zhao

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110562552

Category: Science

Page: 182

View: 99

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The book is the first thorough study of the role of phosphorus chemistry in the origin of life. This book starts with depiction of the phosphorus role in life creation and evolution. Then it outlines in vital processes how different phosphorus-containing compounds participate as biomarker in life evolution. Written by renowned scientists, it is suitable for researchers and students in organic phosphorus chemistry, biochemistry and etc.
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