Precast Concrete Structures

This second edition of Precast Concrete Structures introduces the conceptual design ideas for the prefabrication of concrete structures and presents a number of worked examples that translate designs from BS 8110 to Eurocode EC2, before ...

Author: Kim S. Elliott

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781000725889

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 694

View: 628

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This second edition of Precast Concrete Structures introduces the conceptual design ideas for the prefabrication of concrete structures and presents a number of worked examples that translate designs from BS 8110 to Eurocode EC2, before going into the detail of the design, manufacture, and construction of precast concrete multi-storey buildings. Detailed structural analysis of precast concrete and its use is provided and some details are presented of recent precast skeletal frames of up to forty storeys. The theory is supported by numerous worked examples to Eurocodes and European Product Standards for precast reinforced and prestressed concrete elements, composite construction, joints and connections and frame stability, together with extensive specifications for precast concrete structures. The book is extensively illustrated with over 500 photographs and line drawings.
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Seismic Design of Reinforced and Precast Concrete Buildings

3.1.4 Precast Concrete Shear Walls Precast concrete wall systems are especially cost effective when they satisfy aesthetic objectives , for virtually any type of finish may be created in the plant . Figure 3.1.15 shows how precast ...

Author: Robert E. Englekirk

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471081221

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 848

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* Presents the basics of seismic-resistant design of concrete structures. * Provides a major focus on the seismic design of precast bracing systems.
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Full depth Precast Concrete Bridge Deck Panel Systems

Field assembly of prefabricated bridge systems offers one means of significantly reducing construction time. Bridge elements that can be made of precast portland cement concrete include girders, deck panels, pier columns, pier caps, ...

Author: Sameh S. Badie

Publisher: Transportation Research Board

ISBN: 9780309099141

Category: Bridges, Concrete

Page: 110

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Precast Concrete

paper presented at 7th International Congress on the chemistry of cement. Vol. III Communications. ... Precast concrete products: test method for strength retention of glass fibres in cement and concrete. 36 BS.EN.ISO.15630–3:2002.

Author: Maurice Levitt

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781498718301

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 224

View: 818

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This general treatise on precast concrete reflects Maurice Levitt's extensive experience in the construction industry and as a researcher and consultant. It gives detailed coverage of the subject from the material's properties through its manufacture and quality control, and on to specialist topics such as accelerated curing and use in hot and cold
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Precast Concrete Structures Second Edition

Research to investigate the strength of floor-to-outside wall joints in precast concrete, The Stability of Precast Concrete Structures, Department of Environment and CIRIA Seminar, London, UK, Ref. B387/73. Betongelementboken. 2005.

Author: Kim S. Elliott

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781315353579

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 732

View: 870

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This second edition of Precast Concrete Structures introduces the conceptual design ideas for the prefabrication of concrete structures and presents a number of worked examples of designs to Eurocode EC2, before going into the detail of the design, manufacture, and construction of precast concrete multi-story buildings. Detailed structural analysis of precast concrete and its use is provided and some details are presented of recent precast skeletal frames of up to forty stories. The theory is supported by numerous worked examples to Eurocodes and European Product Standards for precast reinforced and prestressed concrete elements, composite construction, joints and connections and frame stability, together with extensive specifications for precast concrete structures. The book is extensively illustrated with over 500 photographs and line drawings.
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Precast Concrete Pavement Technology

L I S T O F T E R M S A N D A B B R E V I A T I O N S CastinPlace Concrete Pavement (Traditional Use) CIP castinplace CIPPCP castinplace prestressed concrete pavement CRCP continuously reinforced concrete pavement JCP jointed concrete ...

Author: Shiraz Tayabji, Dan Ye and Neeraj Buch

Publisher: Transportation Research Board

ISBN: 9780309129794

Category:

Page:

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This report from the second Strategic Highway Research Program (SHRP 2), which is administered by the Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, provides guidance on the design, fabrication, construction, and maintenance of precast concrete pavement (PCP) systems. It includes an assessment of the state of the practice for PCP technology as well as guidelines for pavement selection, the decision-making process, and model specifications for PCP systems.
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Seismic Design of Precast Concrete Building Structures

Concrete International . Libby , James R. , 1987 , “ Elastomeric Bearing Pad Connections in Precast Parking Structures ” . Concrete International , September . Park , R. , Priestley , M.J.N. , Falconer , T.J. , and Pam Hoat Joen .

Author: fib Fédération internationale du béton

Publisher: fib Fédération internationale du béton

ISBN: 2883940673

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 262

View: 595

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The aim of this state-of-art report is to present current practices for use of precast and prestressed concrete in countries in seismic regions, to recommend good practice, and to discuss current developments. The report has been drafted by 30 contributors from nine different countries. This state-of-art report covers: state of the practice in various countries; advantages and disadvantages of incorporating precast reinforced and prestressed concrete in construction; lessons learned from previous earthquakes; construction concepts; design approaches; primary lateral load resisting systems (precast and prestressed concrete frame systems and structural walls including dual systems) diaphragms of precast and prestressed concrete floor units; modelling and analytical methods; gravity load resisting systems; foundations; and miscellaneous elements (shells, folded plates, stairs and architectural cladding panels). Design equations are reported where necessary, but the emphasis is on principles. Ordinary cast-in-place reinforced concrete is not considered in this report. This fib state-of-the-art report is intended to assist designers and constructors to provide safe and economical applications of structural precast concrete and at the same time to allow innovation in design and construction to continue. This Bulletin N° 27 was approved as an fib state-of-art report in autumn 2002 byfib Commission 7, Seismic design.
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Extending Span Ranges of Precast Prestressed Concrete Girders

Reflections on the Beginnings of Prestressed Concrete in America, Precast/Prestressed Concrete Institute, Chicago, IL (1981) 368 pp. 2. Dunker, Kenneth F., and Rabbat, Basile G., “Performance of Prestressed Concrete Highway Bridges in ...

Author: Reid W. Castrodale

Publisher: Transportation Research Board

ISBN: 9780309087872

Category: Transportation

Page: 65

View: 375

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Precast Concrete Structures

Inclination 63 Industrial buildings requirements Insulating materials 283, 284, 285 Intersection 123 ceiling panels beams 125 prestressed concrete hollow core slabs 128 purlin beams 124 roof beam 128 roof slabs 126 stairs beams 134 ...

Author: Alfred Steinle

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783433609033

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 272

View: 790

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Building with precast concrete elements is one of the most innovative forms of construction. This book serves as an introduction to this topic, including examples, and thus supplies all the information necessary for conceptual and detailed design.
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Structural Connections for Precast Concrete Buildings

Menegotto and Monti (2005): Menegotto, M. and Monti, G., Waved joint for seismic-resistant precast floor diaphragms. ... Odgård (1976): Odgård, A , Strength of locally damaged walls consisting of large prefabricated concrete panels.

Author: fib Fédération internationale du béton

Publisher: fib Fédération internationale du béton

ISBN: 9782883940833

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 370

View: 643

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Connections are among the most essential parts in precast structures. Their performance relates to the structural limit states, as well as to manufacture of the precast elements and erection and maintenance of the structure itself. Proper design of connections is one major key to a successful prefabrication. The principal aim of fib Bulletin 43 is to encourage good practice in the design of structural connections in precast concrete structures. This is achieved through a good understanding of structural connections as parts of the overall structural system and of basic force transferring mechanisms. The bulletin consists of two parts; the first part concerns general considerations and philosophy in the design of structural connections, and the second part deals with basic force transferring mechanisms within structural connections. The main focus is on the design of structural connections with regard to their structural function in ordinary design situations in the serviceability and ultimate limit states, and in accidental/abnormal design situations, like fire, lack of fit and impact/accidental loads. Other aspects considered include production, handling and site erection of elements, building physics, durability and maintenance. Bulletin 43 applies to structural connections for precast concrete buildings, although the information on basic force transfer mechanisms can also be applicable to other types of prefabricated structures.
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Precast Concrete in Mixed Construction

3-13 : Precast floor panels span between concrete encased steel columns . ( Courtesy of Trent Concrete Ltd. , UK ) The main technical points to consider when using precast floors in steel frames are : Bearing lengths .

Author: fib Fédération internationale du béton

Publisher: fib Fédération internationale du béton

ISBN: 2883940592

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 68

View: 637

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The purpose of this publication is to show how precast concrete may be mixed in combination with other structural materials to maximise overall building performance. The other materials are: cast insitu concrete, reinforced and post-tensioned, structural steelwork, timber and glue-laminated timber, masonry in brickwork and blockwork, glass and glazing. The aim is to provide a companion volume to composite Floor Structures [FIP, 1998] and to show some of the many other ways that precast concrete can be used to advantage with other materials. The term mixed precast construction is used to describe these other combinations. The intention is not to discuss design calculations - that is for a future 'fib Guide to good practice'. Instead, the bulletin is meant as a 'State-of-art' publication showing photographs, sketches and details of precast concrete with other materials. There are no design equations, although some technical information on how to combine the materials, e.g. bearings, connections, tolerances, thermal and shrinkage effects, etc., is included if appropriate. Thus, the document focuses on the use of mixed construction in multistorey buildings, offices, housing, grandstands, parking garages, and industrial warehouses, etc. i. e. on precast concrete as the main construction material and looks at the manner in which other materials can be integrated. Chapter by chapter the strengths and weakness of each material studied are assessed as part of the total building design. In some cases it is obvious that the load carrying performance of one material outweighs another. In other cases aspects such as thermal, fire, vibration, fatigue, creep, acoustic, seismic and visual characteristics, and the geographical local availability of that material, may be critical. A world-wide survey, presented in Table 1.1, found that precast concrete is a universal building material, but mixed construction is limited mostly to developed countries where structural steelwork and types of timber, such as glue-laminated timber, is readily available. In addition there may be design, detailing, production, transportation, erection and maintenance limitations, which do or do not favour mixed construction.
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Applications of Precast Concrete in Repair and Replacement of Civil Works Structures

There were seven bidders on the project , and all bids were based on the precast concrete alternate . The bids ranged from $ 20,835,073 to $ 37,656,066 with four bids below the Government estimate . The low bidder's estimate for the low ...

Author: James E. McDonald

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015086524017

Category: Concrete construction

Page: 276

View: 712

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The objective of this study was to develop, review, and analyze selected case histories involving applications of precast concrete in the repair or replacement of civil works structures. Information was obtained through literature searches; discussions with designers, precasters, and contractors; visits to project sites; and discussions with project personnel. Each case history includes a description of the project, the cause and extent of the deficiency that necessitated repair or replacement, design details, descriptions of materials and precasting procedures, construction techniques, costs, and performance to date of the precast concrete. Based on a review and analysis of these case histories, recommendations for future applications of precast concrete were developed, and areas that could benefit from research were identified. (MM).
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The Art of Precast Concrete

Wet Cast Concrete Increasing mechanisation in construction, the use of the tower crane, the high cost of labour and the need to build quickly created the demand for prefabricated building components and of course large ...

Author: David Bennett

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783764376680

Category: Architecture

Page: 160

View: 676

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As a building material, precast concrete allows a wide range of sculptural forms and design options. By treating the surface in various ways, fascinating textures and fine finishes can be produced. This book provides a systematic overview of the variety of applications for such concrete elements throughout Europe. Author David Bennett provides in-depth information on newly developed, especially lightweight forms of concrete such as GRC (Glass-Fibre Reinforced Concrete), Ductal and CRC (Compact Reinforced Composite). A selection of some 24 projects which are of particular significance, are documented in detail and provide a wealth of inspiring design ideas. The appendix comprises an overview of the building practices in the individual European countries and the availability of concrete elements. Amongst the buildings documented are the Scottish Parliament Building in Edinburgh by Enric Miralles Benedetta Tagliabue, the Synagogue in Dresden by Wandel, Hoefer, Lorch + Hirsch, and the Mexican Embassy in Berlin by González de León.
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Precast Concrete Railway Track Systems

Appendix 2 : Flow chart : responsibilities of purchaser and supplier prior to commencement of mass production Railway authority Concrete sleeper supplier purchaser Provides contract document and all design data including : Design ...

Author: fib Fédération internationale du béton

Publisher: fib Fédération internationale du béton

ISBN: 2883940770

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 40

View: 205

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In 1986, the FIP Commission on Prefabrication issued the state-of-art report "Concrete Railway Sleepers", which included design considerations, manufacturing methods, rail fastening systems and field performance. During the two decades since that report, precast concrete has gained importance in the field of railway track systems for plain track, switches and crossings, tunnels and other applications. Developments in production methods for concrete sleepers in switch and crossing layouts to cope with the complex geometry and the industry's confidence in their performance have contributed to the huge increase in the use of this type of sleeper. The use of slab track for high-speed track has also grown, particularly where either new track is built or where existing track is renewed and long periods of track possession are possible. There has also been progress in the development of plant and equipment for the installation, renewal and maintenance of concrete sleepered track. With machines now able to replace existing track at a rate of 5000 sleepers (over 3 km track) per day, choosing concrete sleepers can reduce the time on site, meaning tracks can be reopened quickly whilst reducing labour requirements and costs. Today, precast concrete is considered to be the best performing and preferred material for railway sleepers, due to the following factors: long-term durability; improved geometric retention of track and greater weight vital for high-speed and heavy freight lines; improved elasticity of track; improved ride quality; low first cost; minimum life cycle cost; low cost of maintenance; environmental friendliness - no chemical treatment required and can be recycled. As all aspects of precast concrete railway track systems, from design through manufacture to installation and maintenance, have progressed since the publication of the FIP report, an update was considered timely, in order to provide a synthesis of currently available information. This new edition covers quality, design, production, durability, maintenance and environmental considerations, and includes survey on the use of precast concrete track systems in over 30 countries.
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Precast concrete buildings in seismic areas

7-9 End detail of a monolithic connection between precastconcrete floor element and precast-concrete wall (Authorized reprint from ACI 550.1R-09, 2009) precast concrete elements Variations of splices and cast-in-situ closure placements ...

Author: FIB – Féd. Int. du Béton

Publisher: FIB - Féd. Int. du Béton

ISBN: 9782883941182

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 273

View: 724

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This document has a broad scope and is not focussed on design issues. Precast construction under seismic conditions is treated as a whole. The main principles of seismic design of different structural systems, their behavior and their construction techniques are presented through rules, construction steps and sequences, procedures, and details that should lead to precast structures built in seismic areas complying with the fundamental performance requirements of collapse prevention and life safety in major earthquakes and limited damage in more frequent earthquakes. The content of this document is largely limited to conventional precast construction and, although some information is provided on the well-known “PRESSS technology” (jointed ductile dry connections), this latter solution is not treated in detail in this document. The general overview, contained in this document, of alternative structural systems and connection solutions available to achieve desired performance levels, intends to provide engineers, architects, clients, and end-users (in general) with a better appreciation of the wide range of applications that modern precast concrete technology can have in various types of construction from industrial to commercial as well as residential. Lastly, the emphasis on practical aspects, from conceptual design to connection detailing, aims to help engineers to move away from the habit of blindly following prescriptive codes in their design, but instead go back to basic principles, in order to achieve a more robust understanding, and thus control, of the seismic behaviour of the structural system as a whole, as well as of its components and individual connections.
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Adjacent Precast Concrete Box Beam Bridges

... Department of Transportation for providing the drawings. Cover figure: Washington Street Bridge, Dayton, Ohio, precast concrete box beam bridge. CHAPTER ONE inTrodUcTion BacKGroUnd Bridges built with adjacent precast, prestressed.

Author: H. G. Russell

Publisher: Transportation Research Board

ISBN: 9780309098304

Category: Box beams

Page: 75

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At head of title: National Cooperative Highway Research Program.
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Precast Concrete

(Precast constructions in concrete and reinforced concrete.) Wilhelm Ernst & Sohn. Berlin, 1929. 3rd edition, 1949. W. Gehler and H. Amos. " Versuche mit fabrickmassig hergestellten Eisenbetonbauteilen." (Loading tests on prefabricated ...

Author: Kurt Billig

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015004533116

Category: Precast concrete construction

Page: 341

View: 235

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Prestressed Concrete Designer s Handbook

( 10 cm ) wide which allowed satisfactory vibration of the concrete , the precast members being cast at the site . Another example is shown from a publication ( 11 ) relating to a prestressed lightweight concrete beam of slightly ...

Author: P.W. Abeles

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0721012272

Category: Architecture

Page: 584

View: 133

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The third edition of this authoritative handbook provides the structural designer with comprehensive guidance on prestressed concrete and its effective use, covering materials, behaviour, analysis and design of prestressed elements. It includes numerous examples, design charts and details of post-tensioning systems.
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