Primate Adaptation and Evolution


Author: John G. Fleagle
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0123786339
Category: Science
Page: 464
View: 5990
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Primate Adaptation and Evolution, Third Edition, is a thorough revision of the text of choice for courses in primate evolution. The book retains its grounding in the extant primate groups as the best way to understand the fossil trail and the evolution of these modern forms. However, this coverage is now streamlined, making reference to the many new and excellent books on living primate ecology and adaptation - a field that has burgeoned since the first edition of Primate Adaptation and Evolution. By drawing out the key features of the extant families and referring to more detailed texts, the author sets the scene and also creates space for a thorough updating of the exciting developments in primate palaeontology - and the reconstruction through early hominid species - of our own human origins. This updated version covers recent developments in primate paleontology and the latest taxonomy, and includes over 200 new illustrations and revised evolutionary trees. This text is ideal for undergraduate and post-graduate students studying the evolution and functional ecology of primates and early fossil hominids. Long-awaited revision of the standard student text on primate evolution Full coverage of newly discovered fossils and the latest taxonomy Over 200 new illustrations and revised evolutionary trees

Primate Adaptation and Evolution


Author: Gerard Meurant
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 1483288501
Category: Science
Page: 540
View: 5420
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Primate Adaptation and Evolutionis the only recent text published in this rapidly progressing field. It provides you with an extensive, current survey of the order Primates, both living and fossil. By combining information on primate anatomy, ecology, and behavior with the primate fossil record, this book enables students to study primates from all epochs as a single, viable group. It surveys major primate radiations throughout 65 million years, and provides equal treatment of both living and extinct species. ï Presents a summary of the primate fossils ï Reviews primate evolution ï Provides an introduction to the primate anatomy ï Discusses the features that distinguish the living groups of primates ï Summarizes recent work on primate ecology

Primate Adaptation and Evolution


Author: John G. Fleagle
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080492131
Category: Nature
Page: 596
View: 9325
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John Fleagle has improved on his 1988 text by reconceptualizing chapters and by bringing new findings in functional and evolutionary approaches to bear on his synthesis of comparative primate data. The Second Edition provides a foundation upon which students can develop an understanding of our primate heritage. It features up-to-date information gained through academic training, laboratory experience and field research. This beautifully illustrated volume provides a comprehensive introductory text explaining the many aspects of primate biology and human evolution. Key Features * Provides up-to-date information about many aspects of primate biology and evolution * Contains a completely new chapter on primate communities * Presents totally revised chapters on primate origins, early anthropoids, and fossil platyrrhines * Includes an updated glossary, new illustrations, and a revised Classification of Order Primates * Succeeds as the best introductory text on primate evolution because it synthesizes and allows access to primary literature

Primate Origins: Adaptations and Evolution


Author: Matthew J. Ravosa,Marian Dagosto
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387335072
Category: Social Science
Page: 829
View: 5096
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This book provides a novel focus on adaptive explanations for cranial and postcranial features and functional complexes, socioecological systems, life history patterns, etc. in early primates. It further offers a detailed rendering of the phylogenetic affinities of such basal taxa to later primate clades as well as to other early/recent mammalian orders. In addition to the strictly paleontological or systemic questions regarding Primate Origins, the editors concentrate on the adaptive significance of primate characteristics. Thus, the book provides the broadest possible perspective on early primate phylogeny and the adaptive uniqueness of the Order Primates.

Primate Evolution and Human Origins


Author: John G. Fleagle
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 9780202368177
Category: Science
Page: 396
View: 4013
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"[C]overs the whole range of the primate order. [A] very interesting and salutary package. [I]t is valuable to have such classic articles in one easily accessible place." --Nature

Evolution und die Vielfalt des Lebens


Author: E. Mayr
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642671101
Category: Science
Page: 278
View: 2555
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Die deutsche Ausgabe meiner Aufsatze begrli~e ich mit besonderer Freude, da die Anfange meiner Gedankengange oft bis zu den Zei ten zurlickreichen, als ich noch in Berlin am Zoologischen Museum der Universitat tatig war. Die Probleme, mit denen ich mich in die ser Sammlung auseinandersetze, werden nicht nur in der wissen schaftlichen, sondern auch in der philosophischen Literatur eifrigst erortert. Besonders wichtig fUr die Behandlung dieser Probleme ist das Auftauchen v611ig neuer Denkrichtungen in der modernen Evo lutionsbiologie. In der Wissenschaftsphilosophie, und besonders bei den Po.

Angewandte Bioinformatik

Eine Einführung
Author: Paul M. Selzer,Richard J. Marhöfer,Oliver Koch
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3662541351
Category: Science
Page: 184
View: 1245
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Für Studierende und Wissenschaftler der Lebenswissenschaften schafft dieses Buch einen schnellen, strukturierten Zugang zur Angewandten Bioinformatik ohne Programmierkenntnisse oder tiefgehende Informatikkenntnisse vorauszusetzen. Es bietet eine Einführung in die tägliche Anwendung der vielfältigen bioinformatischen Werkzeuge und gibt einen ersten Überblick über das sehr komplexe Fachgebiet. Die Kontrolle des vermittelten Stoffs wird durch Übungsbeispiele mit Lösungen gewährleistet. Ein Glossar der zugrundeliegenden Fachtermini sowie ein ausführliches Sachverzeichnis runden das Buch ab. Für die 2. Auflage wurde das Werk umfassend aktualisiert.

Essentials of Physical Anthropology


Author: Robert Jurmain,Lynn Kilgore,Wenda Trevathan
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 0495509396
Category: Social Science
Page: 416
View: 695
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Concise, well-balanced, and comprehensive, ESSENTIALS OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, Seventh Edition introduces you to physical anthropology with the goal of helping you understand the big picture of human evolution. Supported by vibrant visuals that include abundant illustrations, photographs, and photo-enhanced maps, the text focuses on human evolution and biology to help you master basic biological principles of physical anthropology so you'll be able to better understand human origins and our place in the biological world. Offering balanced coverage of the topic areas you'll cover in class (heredity and evolution, primates, hominid evolution, and contemporary human evolution) this edition emphasizes the chronology of fossil finds instead of just describing the fossils and the sites where they were found. The authors also interpret each fossil within the framework of the story of human evolution. New features like Why It Matters further emphasize the fossils' evolutionary significance, and often even propose the relevance of chapter materials to our everyday lives. The seventh edition provides thorough coverage of cutting-edge advances in molecular biology and expanded coverage of population biology and human variation. It also includes powerful learning tools, including a robust text website. Altogether, ESSENTIALS OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, Seventh Edition, integrates up-to-date coverage of the latest finds and relevant technologies in a format and writing style designed to help all students master the material. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Vergleichende Primatologie


Author: Thomas Geissmann
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3642557988
Category: Science
Page: 357
View: 9999
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Das Buch ist seit 30 Jahren das einzige deutschsprachige Lehrbuch zur vergleichenden Primatologie. Es vermittelt in konzentrierter Form einen Überblick über die Biologie unserer nächsten Verwandten: die Primaten. Der Band berücksichtigt neueste Erkenntnisse und Entwicklungen auf allen wichtigen Gebieten der Primatenbiologie: Anatomie, Anthropologie, Artenschutz, Ethologie, Evolutionsbiologie, Genetik, Morphologie, Ökologie, Systematik, Taxonomie und Wissenschaftsgeschichte. Eine einführende Gesamtdarstellung der modernen Primatologie für Studenten.

Das Tagebuch der Menschheit

Was die Bibel über unsere Evolution verrät
Author: Carel van Schaik,Kai Michel
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 3644052816
Category: Social Science
Page: 576
View: 1955
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Gott wirft Adam und Eva aus dem Paradies, die Arche Noah übersteht die Sintflut, und Jesus von Nazareth erweckt Tote zum Leben – die faszinierenden Geschichten der Bibel sind fester Bestandteil unserer Kultur. Und doch stecken sie voller Rätsel und Widersprüche, die auch jahrhundertelange theologische Kontroversen nicht lösen konnten. Der Evolutionsbiologe Carel van Schaik und der Historiker Kai Michel legen nun erstmals eine verborgene Seite der Bibel frei. Sie lesen die Heilige Schrift nicht als Wort Gottes, sondern als Tagebuch der Menschheit, das verblüffende Einblicke in die kulturelle Evolution des Homo sapiens bietet. Und plötzlich beginnen die alten Geschichten in neuem Licht zu funkeln. Die Vertreibung aus dem Garten Eden markiert das wohl folgenreichste Ereignis der Menschheitsgeschichte: den Übergang vom Leben als Jäger und Sammler zum sesshaften Dasein mit Ackerbau und Viehzucht, das nicht nur zu Fortschritt, sondern auch zu Ungleichheit, Patriarchat und großen, anonymen Gesellschaften führte. Für die daraus resultierenden Probleme waren die Menschen aber weder biologisch noch kulturell gerüstet. Wie sie sich mühsam anpassten, wie sie versuchten, sich auf das bis dahin ungekannte Ausmaß menschlichen Leids in Gestalt von Ausbeutung, Krieg und Krankheiten einen Reim zu machen, das dokumentiert die Bibel auf erstaunliche Weise. Auch zeigt sie, woher das Bedürfnis nach Spiritualität stammt und weshalb die Menschen nicht schon immer die Angst vorm Tod umtrieb. Die Autoren nehmen uns mit auf eine Reise voller Überraschungen, die von Eden über den Exodus aus Ägypten bis nach Golgatha und zur Apokalypse führt. Dabei eröffnet sich eine neue Perspektive auf die kulturelle Evolution des Menschen und der Religion. Wir begreifen, warum viele der biblischen Probleme uns bis zum heutigen Tage beschäftigen und warum nicht wenige von uns eine Sehnsucht nach dem Paradies verspüren. Die Bibel ist tatsächlich das Buch der Bücher. Sie geht uns selbst dann etwas an, wenn wir gar nicht an Gott glauben.

The Platyrrhine Fossil Record


Author: John G. Fleagle,Alfred L. Rosenberger
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483267075
Category: Science
Page: 256
View: 1723
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The Platyrrhine Fossil Record is a compendium of papers presented in a symposium of the 12th Congress of the International Congress of Primatology held in Brazil. One paper reviews evidence from fossil platyrrhines where the author concludes new dating and environmental data where these animals lived. Another paper describes the major changes pertaining to South American mammalian fauna during the Cenozoic Era, which he relates to global and regional geotectonic changes. Other papers review the paleontology and geology of the Miocene Pintura Formation and reassess the morphological transformations traditionally assumed as having been involved in platyrrhine phylogeny. One author also proposes that a prosimian-like ancestor is probably the predecessors of anthropoids; any similarities and primitive mammals can be evolutionary reversals associated with quadrupedal movements. The text also addresses the issue whether anthropoids, including platyrrhines, evolved from a prosimian ancestor or prosimians are just a group with mammalian postcranial skeletal structure. One author also reviews fossil remains found in the Caribbean, citing seven endemic taxa of platyrrhines in Cuba, Hispaniola, and Jamaica. Anthropologists, researchers involved in anatomical sciences, academicians, and administrators whose works are connected with museums of natural history or institutes of primate research will find this collection valuable.

The Primate Fossil Record


Author: Walter Carl Hartwig
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521663151
Category: Science
Page: 530
View: 6699
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Essential volume presenting all primate fossils discovered so far in a comprehensive reference volume.

Highly Mutable Animal RNA Viruses: Adaptation and Evolution


Author: Akio Adachi,Masako Nomaguchi
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
ISBN: 2889453480
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 3934
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Viruses are widely present in nature, and numerous viral species with a variety of unique characteristics have been identified so far. Even now, new emerging or re-emerging viruses are being found or re-found as novel viral classes or as quasi-species. Indeed, viruses are everywhere. Of note, viruses are pivotal as targets and tools of basic and applied sciences. On one hand, portions of the viruses are infectious for animals including humans, and cause various diseases in infected hosts by distinct mechanisms and at a different level of severity. While many of viruses are known to co-exist quietly with their hosts, pathogenic viruses certainly affect and threaten our society as well as individuals to provoke serious medical or economic attention. We should act against certain dreadful and highly infectious viruses as a global problem. Animal RNA viruses can readily mutate to adapt themselves in their hostile environments for their survival. Resultant viruses may sometimes show essentially altered phenotypes from the original parental strains. This fundamental and general property of animal RNA viruses represents major extensive issues of scientific, medical, and/or economic importance. In this Research Topic, we have focused on the high mutability of animal RNA viruses, and selected relevant articles on animal viruses of broad-ranges such as primate lentiviruses, influenza viruses, paramyxoviruses, flaviviruses, rabies virus, norovirus, picornaviruses, and picobirnavirus. Each article has taken up intriguing aspects of the subject viruses. We are sure that readers acquire important information on virus mutation, adaptation, diversification, and evolution, and hope that researchers in the field related to virology gain some solid hints from the reported articles for further virological and /or medical studies. Finally, we thank all the contributing researchers in this Research Topic, entitled “Highly Mutable Animal RNA Viruses: Adaptation and Evolution”, for their elegant and interesting works.

Human Evolution

An Introduction to Mans Adaptations
Author: Bernard Grant Campbell
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 9780202366623
Category: Social Science
Page: 523
View: 8010
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In this new fourth edition, Campbell has revised and updated his classic introduction to the field. Human Evolution synthesizes the major findings of modern research and theory and presents a complete and integrated account of the evolution of human beings. New developments in microbiology and recent fossil records are incorporated into the enormous range of this volume, with the resulting text as lucid and comprehensive as earlier editions. The fourth edition retains the thematic structure and organization of the third, with its cogent treatment of human variability and speciation, primate locomotion, and nonverbal communication and the evolution of language, supported by more than 150 detailed illustrations and an expanded and updated glossary and bibliography. As in prior editions, the book treats evolution as a concomitant development of the main behavioral and functional complexes of the genus Homo among them motor control and locomotion, mastication and digestion, the senses and reproduction. It analyzes each complex in terms of its changing function, and continually stresses how the separate complexes evolve interdependently over the long course of the human journey. All these aspects are placed within the context of contemporary evolutionary and genetic theory, analyses of the varied extensions of the fossil record, and contemporary primatology and comparative morphology. The result is a primary text for undergraduate and graduate courses, one that will also serve as required reading for anthropologists, biologists, and nonspecialists with an interest in human evolution. "Synthesizes the conventional academic thought into a textbook or detailed account for lay readers. Along the chronological narrative are discussions of progress in homeostasis, the primate radiation, locomotion and the hindlimb, function and structure of the head, reproduction and social structure, and culture and society." Book News Bernard Campbell has been a visiting lecturer at Harvard and Cambridge, and has taught and conducted research in Eastern and Southern Africa. He was professor of anthropology at the University of California, Los Angeles, from 1970-76. Dr. Campbell is author/coauthor of Sexual Selection and the Descent of Man; Human Ecology (second edition, Aldine); Humankind Emerging and the definitive three-volume Catalogue of Fossil Hominids.

21st Century Anthropology: A Reference Handbook


Author: H. James Birx
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1452266301
Category: Social Science
Page: 1144
View: 6718
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Request a free 30-day online trial at www.sagepub.com/freetrial Via 100 entries or "mini-chapters," 21st Century Anthropology: A Reference Handbook highlights the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates any student obtaining a degree in the field of anthropology ought to have mastered for effectiveness in the 21st century. This two-volume set provides undergraduate majors with an authoritative reference source that serves their research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries but in a clear, accessible style, devoid of jargon, unnecessary detail or density. Key Features- Emphasizes key curricular topics, making it useful for students researching for term papers, preparing for GREs, or considering topics for a senior thesis, graduate degree, or career.- Comprehensive, providing full coverage of key subthemes and subfields within the discipline, such as applied anthropology, archaeology and paleontology, sociocultural anthropology, evolution, linguistics, physical and biological anthropology, primate studies, and more.- Offers uniform chapter structure so students can easily locate key information, within these sections: Introduction, Theory, Methods, Applications, Comparison, Future Directions, Summary, Bibliography & Suggestions for Further Reading, and Cross References.- Available in print or electronically at SAGE Reference Online, providing students with convenient, easy access to its contents.

Out of Africa I

The First Hominin Colonization of Eurasia
Author: John G Fleagle,John J. Shea,Frederick E. Grine,Andrea L. Baden,Richard E. Leakey
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048190362
Category: Social Science
Page: 294
View: 1201
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For the first two thirds of our evolutionary history, we hominins were restricted to Africa. Dating from about two million years ago, hominin fossils first appear in Eurasia. This volume addresses many of the issues surrounding this initial hominin intercontinental dispersal. Why did hominins first leave Africa in the early Pleistocene and not earlier? What do we know about the adaptations of the hominins that dispersed - their diet, locomotor abilities, cultural abilities? Was there a single dispersal event or several? Was the hominin dispersal part of a broader faunal expansion of African mammals northward? What route or routes did dispersing populations take?

The Fruit, the Tree, and the Serpent


Author: Lynne A. Isbell
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674033019
Category: Science
Page: 207
View: 8905
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The worldwide prominence of snakes in religion, myth, and folklore underscores our deep connection to the serpent - but why, when so few of us have firsthand experience? The surprising answer, this book suggests, lies in the singular impact of snakes on primate evolution. Predation pressure from snakes, Lynne Isbell tells us, is ultimately responsible for the superior vision and large brains of primates - and for a critical aspect of human evolution.

Mammoths, Sabertooths, and Hominids

65 Million Years of Mammalian Evolution in Europe
Author: Jordi Agustí,Mauricio Antón
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231516339
Category: Science
Page: 328
View: 3619
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Mammoths, Sabertooths, and Hominids takes us on a journey through 65 million years, from the aftermath of the extinction of the dinosaurs to the glacial climax of the Pleistocene epoch; from the rain forests of the Paleocene and the Eocene, with their lemur-like primates, to the harsh landscape of the Pleistocene Steppes, home to the woolly mammoth. It is also a journey through space, following the migrations of mammal species that evolved on other continents and eventually met to compete or coexist in Cenozoic Europe. Finally, it is a journey through the complexity of mammalian evolution, a review of the changes and adaptations that have allowed mammals to flourish and become the dominant land vertebrates on Earth. With the benefit of recent advances in geological and geophysical techniques, Jordi Agustí and Mauricio Antón are able to trace the processes of mammalian evolution as never before; events that hitherto appeared synchronous or at least closely related can now be distinguished on a scale of hundreds or even dozens of thousands of years, revealing the dramatic importance of climactic changes both major and minor. Evolutionary developments are rendered in magnificent illustrations of the many extraordinary species that once inhabited Europe, detailing their osteology, functional anatomy, and inferred patterns of locomotion and behavior. Based on the latest research and field work, Mammoths, Sabertooths, and Hominids transforms our understanding of how mammals evolved and changed the face of the planet.

Primate Functional Morphology and Evolution


Author: Russell H. Tuttle
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110803801
Category: Philosophy
Page: 598
View: 1467
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