Production Chemicals for the Oil and Gas Industry, Second Edition


Author: Malcolm A. Kelland
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439873798
Category: Science
Page: 454
View: 6772
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Production chemistry issues result from changes in well stream fluids, both liquid and gaseous, during processing. Since crude oil production is characterized by variable production rates and unpredictable changes to the nature of the produced fluids, it is essential for production chemists to have a range of chemical additives available for rectifying issues that would not otherwise be fully resolved. Modern production methods, the need to upgrade crude oils of variable quality, and environmental constraints demand chemical solutions. Thus, oilfield production chemicals are necessary to overcome or minimize the effects of the production chemistry problems. Production Chemicals for the Oil and Gas Industry, Second Edition discusses a wide variety of production chemicals used by the oil and gas industry for down-hole and topside applications both onshore and offshore. Incorporating the large amount of research and applications since the first edition, this new edition reviews all past and present classes of production chemicals, providing numerous difficult-to-obtain references, especially SPE papers and patents. Unlike other texts that focus on how products perform in the field, this book focuses on the specific structures of chemicals that are known to deliver the required or desired performance—information that is very useful for research and development. Each updated chapter begins by introducing a problem, such as scale or corrosion, for which there is a production chemical. The author then briefly discusses all chemical and nonchemical methods to treat the problem and provides in-depth descriptions of the structural classes of relevant production chemicals. He also mentions, when available, the environmental properties of chemicals and whether the chemical or technique has been successfully used in the field. This edition includes two new chapters and nearly 50 percent more references.

Production Chemicals for the Oil and Gas Industry


Author: Malcolm A. Kelland
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420092974
Category: Science
Page: 400
View: 5046
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Modern production methods and environmental constraints demand chemical solutions. And as oilfields age, the need for chemicals to ensure steady production increases. Production Chemicals for the Oil and Gas Industry describes classes of production chemicals for use topside and downhole in the upstream oil and gas industry. It includes coverage of their mechanisms, deployment methods, and, where available, environmental properties. The first chapter gives a general overview of production chemistry issues, the factors that affect the choice of production chemicals, environmental regulations, suggestions for designing greener chemicals, and a brief overview of how to remove mercury and arsenic compounds from production fluids. Each of the remaining chapters begins with an introduction to a problem for which there is a production chemical. The author discusses chemical and non-chemical methods, and then thoroughly details the structural classes of production chemicals and how they can be tested. He includes information on the use of the chemical or technique in the field. References at the end of each chapter provide details on the synthesis, testing, theory, and application of each type of chemical. Unfortunately, crude oil production is characterized by variable production rates and unpredictable changes to the nature of the produced fluids. Unlike other texts that focus on how products perform in the field and how they are tested, this book focuses on the specific structures of a range of chemicals that are known to deliver the required or desired performance. It also provides an understanding of the issues involved in the use of chemicals and a range of production chemical additives that may be used to rectify issues that would not otherwise be fully resolved.

Corrosion in the Petrochemical Industry, Second Edition


Author: N.A
Publisher: ASM International
ISBN: 1627080945
Category: Petroleum chemicals industry
Page: 426
View: 9213
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Originally published in 1994, this second edition of Corrosion in the Petrochemical Industry collects peer-reviewed articles written by experts in the field of corrosion that were specifically chosen for this book because of their relevance to the petrochemical industry. This edition expands coverage of the different forms of corrosion, including the effects of metallurgical variables on the corrosion of several alloys. It discusses protection methods, including discussion of corrosion inhibitors and corrosion resistance of aluminum, magnesium, stainless steels, and nickels. It also includes a section devoted specifically to petroleum and petrochemical industry related issues.

Fundamentals of Composites Manufacturing, Second Edition

Materials, Methods and Applications
Author: A. Brent Strong
Publisher: Society of Manufacturing Engineers
ISBN: 0872638545
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 620
View: 8338
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Describes advances, key information, case studies, and examples that can broaden your knowledge of composites materials and manufacturing methods. This text deals with composites manufacturing methods, providing tips for getting the best results that weigh the required material properties against cost and production efficiency. An Instructor's Guide is also available.

Risk Frameworks and Applications - 2nd Edition


Author: N.A
Publisher: Alchemy Technologies
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 5866
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Fermentation Microbiology and Biotechnology, Second Edition


Author: E. M. T. El-Mansi,C. F. A. Bryce,Arnold L. Demain,A.R. Allman
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849353345
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 576
View: 9028
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The pace of progress in fermentation microbiology and biotechnology is fast and furious, with new applications being implemented that are resulting in a spectrum of new products, from renewable energy to solvents and pharmaceuticals Fermentation Microbiology and Biotechnology, Second Edition builds on the foundation of the original seminal work, extending its reach to reflect the multidisciplinary and expansive nature of fermentation research and advancements. While retaining valuable information from the previous edition including a brief history of the industry, as well as an overview of instrumentation and fermentor design, fermentation kinetics, and flux control analysis, the second edition addresses numerous topics that have risen to prominence in the past few years. New chapters explore the diverse array of microbial biosynthetic pathways currently used by the fermentation and pharmaceutical industries for the production of primary and secondary metabolites such as amino acids, vitamins, antibiotics, immunosuppressants, and anti-tumor agents. The authors also examine recent advances in enzyme and co-factor engineering and cell immobilization with respect to both novel drug development and improved yields from microbial processes. Beyond pharmaceuticals, this volume considers the emerging role of fermentation in the conversion of renewable resources to fine chemicals, as well as its potential use in converting lignocellulosic waste to ethanol. In addition, readers will also discover new chapters devoted to discussions of industrial issues such as modeling and sensor technology, as well as supervision and control in the fermentation process. The text is packed with examples and case studies from the industry, carefully chosen to illuminate and reinforce principles and methodology discussed in the chapters. Organized and written in a concise and lucid manner that requires only a general background in microbiology, this volume meets the needs

Bioprocessing Technologies in Biorefinery for Sustainable Production of Fuels, Chemicals, and Polymers


Author: Shang-Tian Yang,Hesham El-Ensashy,Nuttha Thongchul
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118641949
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 488
View: 4571
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For researchers already familiar with biomass conversion technologies and for professionals in other fields, such as agriculture, food, and chemical industries, here is a comprehensive review of the emerging biorefinery industry. The book's content has been conveniently organized according to technologies (biomass feedstock and pretreatment, hydrolytic enzymes in biorefinery, and biofuels), with each chapter highlighting an important biobased industrial product. For undergraduate and graduate students, the book is a thorough introduction to biorefinery technologies.

Safety and Security Review for the Process Industries

Application of HAZOP, PHA and What-If and SVA Reviews
Author: Dennis P. Nolan
Publisher: William Andrew
ISBN: 1437735185
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 174
View: 7024
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Drawing on decades of industry experience, well-known safety author and senior Loss Prevention specialist at Saudi Aramco Dennis Nolan has distilled the essential procedures and checklists into this practical guide. As well as guiding the reader through the selection and efficient and complete execution of the alphabet soup of Hazard Analysis and Safety Reviews (HAZOP, PHA, What-IF, SVA, LOPA, Bowtie...), Nolan shares his personal experience and illustrates otherwise dry procedures with real-world examples. Written from the perspective of the author's extensive experience in loss prevention and safety engineering, this comprehensive manual is intended to provide guidance on all the qualitative hazard analyses conducted for industrial and commercial processes, specifically for Preliminary Hazard Analysis (PHA), What-If, and Hazard and Operability (HAZOP) review teams. It also demonstrates how the methodology and procedures used for these reviews can be adopted and applied to the Security Vulnerability Analysis (SVA) and Site Security Plan (SSP), requirements under the US Department of Homeland Security's Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standard (CFATS) of 2007. The book's pragmatic approach describes the responsibilities, methods, and documentation required for the performance of such procedures and demonstrates how to conduct them in a timely, effective, objective, and consistent manner as may be prescribed by a company's Process Safety Management (PSM) policy and security requirements. As well as updates throughout to reflect changing practices, the third edition incorporates a new section on cost/benefit analysis and descriptions of new qualitative and quantitative safety reviews such as LOPA (Layer of Protection Analysis) and Bow-Tie (a graphical alternative to HAZOP) and a new chapter to address revalidation of studies/reports after 5 years. As well as providing invaluable personal insights from his career in the process industries, Dennis Nolan has also added a wealth of new real-world examples, bringing the form-filling to life. And for the first time, the forms and checklists are available for purchasers of the book to download - making this a complete safety review toolkit. Helps you to achieve compliance and avoid disasters: Dennis Nolan combines his extensive personal experience with relevant industry examples to provide the checklists and best-practice guidance needed to negotiate the labyrinth of Hazard Analysis and Safety Review procedures. Keeps your knowledge up-to-date: Coverage of the latest forms of Hazard Analysis and Safety Review, including LOPA and Bowtie Saves time... and money: Demonstrates how each of the typically required reviews is related, so that information and conclusions used on one may be transferred or adapted for another. Also helps you avoid the fines associated with non-compliance, e.g. fines of up to $25k per day imposed by the Department of Homeland Security in the USA for non-compliance with the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standard (CFATS).

Value Creation

Strategies for the Chemical Industry
Author: Florian Budde,Heiner Frankemölle
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527612254
Category: Science
Page: 501
View: 8415
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Written by a global team of top managers and senior McKinsey experts, this expanded and completely revised second edition provides a wide-ranging manual on the subject of value creation in the chemical industry. Drawing on extensive first-hand management experience, several hundred consulting engagements, and in-depth research projects, the authors outline the key ingredients for managing chemical companies successfully. The book addresses in detail key issues of strategy and industry structure, describes best practice in the core functions of the chemical business system, looks at the state of the art in organization and post-merger management, and covers a selection of the most important current topics such as industrial biotechnology, the role of private equity, and the chemical landscape in China. Although mainly directed at executives and managers in the chemical industry, the knowledge contained in this comprehensive overview will also benefit scientists, engineers, investors, students, and anyone else dealing with management issues in this sector.

18th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering


Author: Bertrand Braunschweig,Xavier Joulia
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444532277
Category: Computers
Page: 1205
View: 5628
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The 18th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering contains papers presented at the 18th European Symposium of Computer Aided Process Engineering (ESCAPE 18) held in Lyon, France, from 1-4 June 2008. The ESCAPE series brings the latest innovations and achievements by leading professionals from the industrial and academic communities. The series serves as a forum for engineers, scientists, researchers, managers and students from academia and industry to: - present new computer aided methods, algorithms, techniques related to process and product engineering, - discuss innovative concepts, new challenges, needs and trends in the area of CAPE. This research area bridges fundamental sciences (physics, chemistry, thermodynamics, applied mathematics and computer sciences) with the various aspects of process and product engineering. The special theme for ESCAPE-18 is CAPE for the Users! CAPE systems are to be put in the hands of end users who need functionality and assistance beyond the scientific and technological capacities which are at the core of the systems. The four main topics are: - off-line systems for synthesis and design, - on-line systems for control and operation, - computational and numerical solutions strategies, - integrated and multi-scale modelling and simulation, Two general topics address the impact of CAPE tools and methods on Society and Education. * CD-ROM that accompanies the book contains all research papers and contributions * International in scope with guest speeches and keynote talks from leaders in science and industry * Presents papers covering the latest research, key top areas and developments in Computer Aided Process Engineering

Beyond Oil and Gas

The Methanol Economy
Author: George A. Olah,Alain Goeppert,G. K. Surya Prakash
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527644636
Category: Science
Page: 350
View: 8291
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The world is currently consuming about 85 million barrels of oil a day, and about two-thirds as much natural gas equivalent, both derived from non-renewable natural sources. In the foreseeable future, our energy needs will come from any available alternate source. Methanol is one such viable alternative, and also offers a convenient solution for efficient energy storage on a large scale. In this updated and enlarged edition, renowned chemists discuss in a clear and readily accessible manner the pros and cons of humankind's current main energy sources, while providing new ways to overcome obstacles. Following an introduction, the authors look at the interrelationship of fuels and energy, and at the extent of our non-renewable fossil fuels. They also discuss the hydrogen economy and its significant shortcomings. The main focus is on the conversion of CO2 from industrial as well as natural sources into liquid methanol and related DME, a diesel fuel substitute that can replace LNG and LPG. The book is rounded off with an optimistic look at future possibilities. A forward-looking and inspiring work that vividly illustrates potential solutions to our energy and environmental problems.

Introduction to Polymer Chemistry, Second Edition


Author: Charles E. Carraher Jr.
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439809542
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 534
View: 8122
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As the first polymer book to receive the CHOICE Outstanding Academic Title distinction (2007), Introduction to Polymer Chemistry provided undergraduate students with a much-needed, well-rounded presentation of the principles and applications of natural, synthetic, inorganic, and organic polymers. With an emphasis on the environment and green chemistry and materials, this second edition continues that tradition, offering detailed coverage of natural and synthetic giant molecules, inorganic and organic polymers, elastomers, adhesives, coatings, fibers, plastics, blends, caulks, composites, and ceramics. Using simple fundamentals, the author shows how the basic principles of one polymer group can be applied to all of the other groups. He covers synthesis and polymerization reactions, reactivities, techniques for characterization and analysis, energy absorption and thermal conductivity, physical and optical properties, and practical applications. This edition also addresses environmental concerns and green polymeric materials, including biodegradable polymers and microorganisms for synthesizing materials. Brief case studies are woven within the text as historical accounts to illustrate various developments and the societal and scientific contexts in which these changes occurred. Introduction to Polymer Chemistry, Second Edition remains the premier text for understanding the behavior of polymers while offering new material on environmental science. Building on undergraduate work in foundational courses, the text fulfills the American Chemical Society Committee on Professional Training (ACS CPT) in-depth course requirement. It also provides a test bank with upon qualifying course adoption.

Water Pollution Biology, Second Edition


Author: P.D. Abel
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780748406616
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 296
View: 3588
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Presents an examination of the scale of water pollution problems, and, through case studies, explores the type of investigations biologists need to undertake in solving them. The text draws comparisons between British and European practice,

Chemical Process Technology


Author: Jacob A. Moulijn,Michiel Makkee,Annelies E. van Diepen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118570758
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 580
View: 2175
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With a focus on actual industrial processes, e.g. the productionof light alkenes, synthesis gas, fine chemicals, polyethene, itencourages the reader to think “out of the box” andinvent and develop novel unit operations and processes. Reflectingtoday’s emphasis on sustainability, this edition contains newcoverage of biomass as an alternative to fossil fuels, and processintensification. The second edition includes: New chapters on Process Intensification and Processes for theConversion of Biomass Updated and expanded chapters throughout with 35% new materialoverall Text boxes containing case studies and examples from variousdifferent industries, e.g. synthesis loop designs, Sasol I Plant,Kaminsky catalysts, production of Ibuprofen, click chemistry,ammonia synthesis, fluid catalytic cracking Questions throughout to stimulate debate and keep studentsawake! Richly illustrated chapters with improved figures and flowdiagrams Chemical Process Technology, Second Edition is acomprehensive introduction, linking the fundamental theory andconcepts to the applied nature of the subject. It will beinvaluable to students of chemical engineering, biotechnology andindustrial chemistry, as well as practising chemical engineers. From reviews of the first edition: “The authors have blended process technology, chemistryand thermodynamics in an elegant manner… Overall this is awelcome addition to books on chemical technology.”– The Chemist “Impressively wide-ranging and comprehensive… anexcellent textbook for students, with a combination of fundamentalknowledge and technology.” – Chemistry in Britain(now Chemistry World)

Physical and Chemical Equilibrium for Chemical Engineers


Author: Noel de Nevers
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118135334
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 384
View: 5773
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This book concentrates on the topic of physical and chemicalequilibrium. Using the simplest mathematics along with numerousnumerical examples it accurately and rigorously covers physical andchemical equilibrium in depth and detail. It continues tocover the topics found in the first edition however numerousupdates have been made including: Changes in naming and notation(the first edition used the traditional names for the Gibbs FreeEnergy and for Partial Molal Properties, this edition uses the morepopular Gibbs Energy and Partial Molar Properties,) changes insymbols (the first edition used the Lewis-Randal fugacity rule andthe popular symbol for the same quantity, this edition only usesthe popular notation,) and new problems have been added to thetext. Finally the second edition includes an appendix about theBridgman table and its use.

Dictionary of Petroleum Exploration, Drilling & Production, 2nd Edition


Author: Norman Hyne Ph.D.
Publisher: PennWell Corporation
ISBN: 1593703139
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 769
View: 5393
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Norman Hyne's comprehensive upstream petroleum dictionary has been thoroughly updated, with more than 8,000 new definitions and entries. Covering everything in the upstream oil and gas sector, this new second edition also covers land, legal, accounting and finance terms. Written in easy-to-understand language with more than 100 illustrations, the second edition of Dr. Hyne's dictionary offers the ultimate book for everyone regardless of technical background.

The Membrane Alternative: Energy Implications for Industry

Watt Committee Report Number 21
Author: J.A. Howell
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1851664769
Category: Architecture
Page: 176
View: 836
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This book considers the uses of membrane technology in the chloralkali, water, food and biotechnology industries where the major effect of the technology is an improvement in product quality often allied to a saving in energy consumption. It also covers the implications for the power generation, oil and gas industries.

Introduction to International and Global Studies, Second Edition


Author: Shawn C. Smallman,Kimberley Brown
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 1469621665
Category: Political Science
Page: 408
View: 7209
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This innovative introduction to international and global studies, updated and revised in a new edition, offers instructors in the social sciences and humanities a core textbook for teaching undergraduates in this rapidly growing field. Encompassing the latest scholarship in what is a markedly interdisciplinary endeavor, Shawn Smallman and Kimberley Brown introduce key concepts, themes, and issues and then examine each in lively chapters on essential topics that include the history of globalization; economic, political, and cultural globalization; security, energy, and development; health; agriculture and food; and the environment. Within these topics, the authors explore such timely and pressing subjects as commodity chains, labor (including present-day slavery), human rights, multinational corporations, and the connections among them. New to this edition: * The latest research on debates over privacy rights and surveillance since Edward Snowden's disclosures * Updates on significant political and economic developments throughout the world, including a new case study of European Union, Icelandic, and Greek responses to the 2008 fiscal crisis * The newest information about the rise of fracking, the Fukushima nuclear disaster, the decline of the Peak Oil movement, and climate change, including the latter's effects on the Arctic and Antarctica * A dedicated website with authors' blog and a teaching tab with syllabi, class activities, and well-designed, classroom-tested resources * An updated teacher's manual available online, including sample examination questions, additional resources for each chapter, and special assistance for teaching ESL students * Updated career advice for international studies majors

Issues in Chemical Engineering and other Chemistry Specialties: 2011 Edition


Author: N.A
Publisher: ScholarlyEditions
ISBN: 146496355X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 2996
View: 7186
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Issues in Chemical Engineering and other Chemistry Specialties: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Chemical Engineering and other Chemistry Specialties. The editors have built Issues in Chemical Engineering and other Chemistry Specialties: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Chemical Engineering and other Chemistry Specialties in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Chemical Engineering and other Chemistry Specialties: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Oil and Gas Exploration and Production

Reserves, Costs, Contracts
Author: Nadine Bret-Rouzaut,Jean-Pierre Favennec
Publisher: Editions TECHNIP
ISBN: 2710809753
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 310
View: 2943
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With contributions by D. Babusiaux (IFP Energies nouvelles), S. Barreau (IFP Energies nouvelles), P.-R. Bauquis (Total), N. Bret-Rouzaut (IFP Energies nouvelles), A. Chétrit (Total), P. Copinschi (IFP Energies nouvelles), J.-P. Favennec (IFP Energies nouvelles), R. Festor (Total), E. Feuillet-Midrier (IFP Energies nouvelles), M. Grossin (Total), D. Guirauden (Beicip), V. Lepez (Total), P. Sigonney (Total) et M. Valette (Total). The first edition of this book has been selected for inclusion in Choice’s annual Outstanding Academic titles list. It has been rewarded for its excellence in scholarship and presentation, the significance of its contribution to the field, and its value as important treatment of the subject. The steps that lead to the production of oil and gas are diverse, complex and costly. They are diverse because the detection of oil and gas involves input from many specialties, ranging from geology to reservoir engineering. They are complex, as shown by the development of the job of the petroleum architect, who coordinates all the operations. They are costly, as the investments for exploration and production represent more than half of all investments in the oil and gas sector. Moreover, exploration is a risky activity, both from the technical and financial viewpoint: only one well in five produces marketable oil. Meanwhile, the areas for exploration and production are spread throughout the world. This book provides a complete overview of the stakes and challenges involved in oil and gas exploration and production. Following a historical review and a survey of the markets, the technical phases are covered, as are the evaluation of reserves, the estimation of investments and costs, the decision-making and control processes, and the accounting, legal and contractual environment for these activities. The book concludes with a discussion of the role of safety, and of environmental and ethical issues. This work, which is designed for readers concerned with the various aspects of the oil and gas upstream sector, is accessible to all. This second edition takes into account the huge changes in the oil and gas industry, particularly the large increases in oil prices, investments and costs observed since the first edition. This book is available in French under the title "Recherche et production du pétrole et du gaz". Contents : 1. Petroleum: a strategic product. 2. Oil and gas exploration and production. 3. Hydrocarbon reserves. 4. Investments and costs. 5. Legal, fiscal and contractual framework. 6. Decision-making on exploration and production. 7. Information, accounting and competition analysis. 8. Health, safety, the environment, ethics. Bibliography. Glossary. Index.