Proust and the Squid

The Story and Science of the Reading Brain
Author: Maryanne Wolf
Publisher: HarperCollins
ISBN: 0062010638
Category: Science
Page: 336
View: 7595
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"Human beings were never born to read," writes Tufts University cognitive neuroscientist and child development expert Maryanne Wolf. Reading is a human invention that reflects how the brain rearranges itself to learn something new. In this ambitious, provocative book, Wolf chronicles the remarkable journey of the reading brain not only over the past five thousand years, since writing began, but also over the course of a single child's life, showing in the process why children with dyslexia have reading difficulties and singular gifts. Lively, erudite, and rich with examples, Proust and the Squid asserts that the brain that examined the tiny clay tablets of the Sumerians was a very different brain from the one that is immersed in today's technology-driven literacy. The potential transformations in this changed reading brain, Wolf argues, have profound implications for every child and for the intellectual development of our species.

Tales of Literacy for the 21st Century

The Literary Agenda
Author: John Dibiaggio Professor of Citizenship and Public Service and Director of the Center for Reading and Language Research Maryanne Wolf
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198724179
Category:
Page: 192
View: 9746
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The Literary Agenda is a series of short polemical monographs about the importance of literature and of reading in the wider world and about the state of literary education inside schools and universities. The category of "the literary" has always been contentious. What is clear, however, is how increasingly it is dismissed or is unrecognised as a way of thinking or an arena for thought. It is sceptically challenged from within, for example, by the sometimes rival claims of cultural history, contextualized explanation, or media studies. It is shaken from without by even greater pressures: by economic exigency and the severe social attitudes that can follow from it; by technological change that may leave the traditional forms of serious human communication looking merely antiquated. For just these reasons this is the right time for renewal, to start reinvigorated work into the meaning and value of literary reading. Tales of Literacy for the 21st Century wrestles with critical, timely questions for 21st-century society. How does literacy change the human brain? What does it mean to be a literate or a non-literate person in the present digital culture: for example, what will be lost in the present reading brain, and what will be gained with different mediums than print? What are the consequences of a digital reading brain for the literary mind and for writing itself? Can knowledge about the reading brain and advances in technology offer new forms of literacy and new forms of knowledge to the peoples in remote regions of the world who would never otherwise become literate? By using both research from cognitive neuroscience, psycholinguistics, child development, and education, and considering literary examples from world literature, Maryanne Wolf plots a course that seeks to preserve the deepest forms of reading from the past, while developing the cognitive skills necessary for this century's next generation.

Story Smart: Using the Science of Story to Persuade, Influence, Inspire, and Teach


Author: Kendall Haven
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1610698126
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 174
View: 8066
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This one-of-a-kind book reveals the secrets of a story's power to persuade, inspire, influence, and to teach. • Shows how to use the power of story to get your message across in any medium or venue • Explores the convergence of the neural science of story with the art of communication to reveal the power of words • Provides tips, techniques, and strategies for structuring your stories for the most impact • Reveals the common communication pitfalls to avoid

Spiritual Intelligence and the Neuroplastic Brain

A Contextual Interpretation of Modern History
Author: Charles W. Mark Ph. D.,Charles W. Mark
Publisher: AuthorHouse
ISBN: 1449043321
Category: Philosophy
Page: 336
View: 3270
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Our brains are getting wired differently in the world of digital technology, information revolution, and in the inter-cultural world of global society. Think of the new vocabulary: Global brain, collective intelligence, global village, and cyberspace. That should tell us something about the neural rewiring that is taking place inside of our brains, whether or not we are aware of it. The fact that the human brain changes throughout a person's life in response to intellectual stimulation, physical exercise, exposure to new cultural environments, learning opportunities, and challenges is a revolutionary discovery. Till twenty years ago neuroscientists believed in the conventional theory that the brain's ability at making new neural connections stopped before a child entered adolescence. That is the old dogma. There is a "Second Copernican Revolution" taking place inside of our brains, writes the author, quoting Carl Zimmer. Some experts are suggesting that we are already living in what Richard Restack calls the "neurosociety." Ray Kurzweil, the futurist, is predicting that by 2045 A.D., human beings will be living in an era of "singularity," when non biological machines invented by human brains and human ingenuity are going to outsmart human intelligence billions of times. What is going to be the fate of the human spirit, human spirituality, the feeling of connection to a force and power that is greater than us (God), our ability to use spiritual imagination and our intelligence? Are we progressively moving away from religion and community-based spirituality into the "spirituality of different strokes for different folks?" In his groundbreaking book, Spiritual Intelligence and The Neuroplastic Brain: A Contextual Interpretation of Modern History, Charles W. Mark takes the reader on a journey through modern history and shows the glimpse of what is to come. http: //www.spirituality-intelligence.com

The Shallows

How the internet is changing the way we think, read and remember
Author: Nicholas Carr
Publisher: Atlantic Books Ltd
ISBN: 1848878834
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 300
View: 3235
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In this ground-breaking and compelling book, Nicholas Carr argues that not since Gutenberg invented printing has humanity been exposed to such a mind-altering technology. The Shallows draws on the latest research to show that the Net is literally re-wiring our brains inducing only superficial understanding. As a consequence there are profound changes in the way we live and communicate, remember and socialise - even in our very conception of ourselves. By moving from the depths of thought to the shallows of distraction, the web, it seems, is actually fostering ignorance. The Shallows is not a manifesto for luddites, nor does it seek to turn back the clock. Rather it is a revelatory reminder of how far the Internet has become enmeshed in our daily existence and is affecting the way we think. This landmark book compels us all to look anew at our dependence on this all-pervasive technology.

Read, Rhyme, and Romp: Early Literacy Skills and Activities for Librarians, Teachers, and Parents


Author: Heather McNeil
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1598849573
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 226
View: 4708
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Designed to promote literacy in young children and to empower parents, educators, and librarians, this guide is filled with simple strategies, creative activities, and detailed instructions that help make reading fun. • Recommended book lists for promoting reading • An overview of basic strategies and components of an early literacy program • Helpful outline of pre-literacy skills required for reading success • Detailed instructions for early literacy activities

Deleuze and the Meaning of Life


Author: Claire Colebrook
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1441121153
Category: Philosophy
Page: 208
View: 9784
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The intensification of interest in Deleuze over the last decade has coincided with the end of the linguistic paradigm in both continental and analytic philosophy. Indeed, the division between the two traditions appears to be closing and the philosophy of Gilles Deleuze seems to be crucial to this convergence, as he is both indebted to the phenomenological tradition at the same time as he operates with concepts drawn from the sciences. Claire Colebrook explores these ideas and offers a new and alternative assessment of Deleuze's contribution to philosophy. She argues that while Deleuze does draw upon sciences that explain the emergence of language, art and philosophy, his own thought is distinguished by a discontinuist thesis: systems may emerge from tendencies of life but always have the capacity to operate without reference to their original aim. Colebrook makes new claims regarding how Deleuze's philosophy might be used to read contemporary art and thus offers an original and crucial contribution to the Deleuzian debate.

The Handbook of the Neuropsychology of Language


Author: Miriam Faust
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444345885
Category: Psychology
Page: 1128
View: 5581
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This handbook provides a comprehensive review of new developments in the study of the relationship between the brain and language, from the perspectives of both basic research and clinical neuroscience. Includes contributions from an international team of leading figures in brain-language research Features a novel emphasis on state-of-the-art methodologies and their application to the central questions in the brain-language relationship Incorporates research on all parts of language, from syntax and semantics to spoken and written language Covers a wide range of issues, including basic level and high level linguistic functions, individual differences, and neurologically intact and different clinical populations

Essentials of Dyslexia Assessment and Intervention


Author: Nancy Mather,Barbara J. Wendling
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118152662
Category: Psychology
Page: 396
View: 1112
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Quickly acquire the knowledge and skills you need to effectivelyunderstand, assess, and treat individuals struggling withdyslexia Essentials of Dyslexia Assessment and Interventionprovides practical, step-by-step information on accuratelyidentifying, assessing, and using evidence-based interventions withindividuals with dyslexia. Addressing the components that need tobe considered in the assessment of dyslexia—both cognitiveand academic—this book includes descriptions of the varioustests used in a comprehensive dyslexia assessment along withdetailed, evidence-based interventions that professionals andparents can use to help individuals struggling with dyslexia. Like all the volumes in the Essentials of PsychologicalAssessment series, each concise chapter features numerous calloutboxes highlighting key concepts, bulleted points, and extensiveillustrative material, as well as test questions that help yougauge and reinforce your grasp of the information covered. Providing an in-depth look at dyslexia, this straightforwardbook presents information that will prepare school psychologists,neuropsychologists, educational diagnosticians, special educationteachers, as well as general education teachers, to recognize,assess, and provide effective treatment programs for dyslexia. Thebook is also a good resource for parents who are helping a childwith dyslexia. A practical guide to understanding, assessing, and helpingindividuals who have dyslexia Expert advice and tips throughout Conveniently formatted for rapid reference Other titles in the Essentials of Psychological Assessmentseries: Essentials of Assessment Report Writing Essentials of School Neuropsychological Assessment Essentials of Evidence-Based Academic Interventions Essentials of Response to Intervention Essentials of Processing Assessment Essentials of Conners Behavior Assessments Essentials of Cross-Battery Assessment, Second Edition Essentials of WISC-IV Assessment, Second Edition

Literacy, Power, and the Schooled Body

Learning in Time and Space
Author: Kerryn Dixon
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136969748
Category: Education
Page: 200
View: 6637
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What effects do space and time have on classroom management, discipline, and regulation? How do teachers’ practices create schooled and literate students? To explore these questions, this book looks at early childhood classrooms, charting the shifts and continuities as four-year-old children begin preschool, move from preschool into primary school, and come to the end of the first phase of schooling at nine years. The literacy classroom is used as a specific site in which to examine how children’s bodies are disciplined to become literate. This is not a book that theorizes space, time, discipline, bodies, and literacy in abstract ways. Rather, working from a Foucaultian premise that discipline is directed onto children’s bodies, it moves from theory to practice. Photographs, lesson transcripts, interviews, and children’s work show how teachers’ practices are enacted on children’s bodies in time and space. In this way, teachers are offered practical examples from which to think about their own classrooms and classroom practice, and to reflect on what works, why it works, and what can be changed.

The Mind's Eye


Author: Oliver Sacks
Publisher: Pan Macmillan
ISBN: 1447204212
Category: Literary Collections
Page: 272
View: 3907
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‘Oliver Sacks is a perfect antidote to the anaesthetic of familiarity. His writing turns brains and minds transparent’ Observer How does the brain perceive and interpret information from the eye? And what happens when the process is disrupted? In The Mind’s Eye, Oliver Sacks tells the stories of people who are able to navigate the world and communicate with others despite losing what many of us consider indispensable senses and abilities: the capacity to recognize faces, the sense of three-dimensional space, the ability to read, the sense of sight. For all of these people, the challenge is to adapt to a radically new way of being in the world – and The Mind’s Eye is testament to the myriad ways that we, as humans, are capable of rising to this challenge.

Stiegler and Technics


Author: Christina Howells
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748677046
Category: Philosophy
Page: 312
View: 9513
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These 17 essays covers all aspects of Bernard Stiegler's work, from poststructuralism, anthropology and psychoanalysis to his work on the politics of memory, 'libidinal economy', technoscience and aesthetics, keeping a focus on his key theory of technics throughout. Stiegler brings together key concepts from Plato, Freud, Derrida and Simondon to argue that the human is 'invented' through technics rather than a product of purely biological evolution. Stiegler is a thinker at the forefront of our contemporary concerns with consumerism, technology, inter-generational division, political apathy and economic crisis. His ambitious project is to go beyond these sources of social distress to uncover and examine precisely 'what makes life worth living'. Contributors include: Stephen Barker, University of California Irvine and translator of Steigler; Richard Beardsworth, American University of Paris and translator of Stiegler; Miguel de Beistegui; University of Warwick; Marc Crepon, Ecole normale superieure and co-founder of Stiegler's think tank, Ars Industrialis and Daniel Ross, co-director of 'The Ister', the award-winning film on Heidegger, and translator of Stiegler.

Cognitive Neuroscience of Language


Author: David Kemmerer
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317653157
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 600
View: 6537
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Language is one of our most precious and uniquely human capacities, so it is not surprising that research on its neural substrates has been advancing quite rapidly in recent years. Until now, however, there has not been a single introductory textbook that focuses specifically on this topic. Cognitive Neuroscience of Language fills that gap by providing an up-to-date, wide-ranging, and pedagogically practical survey of the most important developments in the field. It guides students through all of the major areas of investigation, beginning with fundamental aspects of brain structure and function, and then proceeding to cover aphasia syndromes, the perception and production of speech, the processing of language in written and signed modalities, the meanings of words, and the formulation and comprehension of complex expressions, including grammatically inflected words, complete sentences, and entire stories. Drawing heavily on prominent theoretical models, the core chapters illustrate how such frameworks are supported, and sometimes challenged, by experiments employing diverse brain mapping techniques. Although much of the content is inherently challenging and intended primarily for graduate or upper-level undergraduate students, it requires no previous knowledge of either neuroscience or linguistics, defining technical terms and explaining important principles from both disciplines along the way.

Breaking Out

How to Build Influence in a World of Competing Ideas
Author: John Butman
Publisher: Harvard Business Review Press
ISBN: 1422191400
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 256
View: 9671
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How do you gain influence for an idea? In Breaking Out, idea developer and adviser John Butman shows how the methods of today’s most popular “idea entrepreneurs”—including dog psychologist Cesar Millan, French lifestyle guru Mireille Guiliano (French Women Don’t Get Fat), TOMS founder Blake Mycoskie, and many others—can help you take an idea public and build influence for it. It isn’t easy. Butman argues that the rise of the “ideaplex” (TED, Twitter, NPR, YouTube, online learning, and all the rest) has caused such an explosion in the creation and sharing of ideas that it has become much easier to go public—yet much harder to gain influence. But it can be done. Based on his own experience in advising content experts worldwide, Butman shows how the idea entrepreneur breaks out—by combining personal narrative with rich content, creating many forms of expression (from books to live events), developing real-world practices, and creating “respiration” around the idea such that other people can breathe it in and make it their own. The resulting idea platform can reach many different audience groups and continue to build influence for many years and even decades. If you have an idea and want to make a difference in your organization, build a change movement in your community, or improve the world in some way—this book will get you started on the journey to idea entrepreneurship.

Teaching Excellence in Higher Education


Author: Marshall Gregory,Melissa Valiska Gregory
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137373768
Category: Education
Page: 257
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Marshall Gregory argues that teachers at the university and high school levels can achieve teaching excellence by grounding their teaching in pedagogical theory that takes into account students' abilities and the ultimate goals of teaching: to develop students' capacities for thought, reflection, questioning, and engagement to their fullest extent.

Literacy and Power


Author: Hilary Janks
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135197830
Category: Education
Page: 250
View: 4537
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Hilary Janks addresses key questions about literacy and power in this landmark text that is both engaging and accessible. Her central argument is that competing orientations to critical literacy education − domination (power), access, diversity, design − foreground one over the other, but are crucially interdependent and need to work together to create possibilities for redesign and social action that serve a social justice agenda. She examines the theory underpinning each orientation, and develops new theory in the argument for interdependence and integration. Sitting at the interface between theory and practice, constantly moving from one to the other, the text is rich with examples of how to use these orientations in real teaching contexts, and how to use them to counterbalance one another. In the groundbreaking final chapter Janks considers how the rationalist underpinning of critical literacy tends to exclude the non-rational shows ways of working ‘beyond reason’ − pleasure and play, desire and the unconscious − and makes the case that these need to be taken seriously given their power to cut across the work of critical literacy educators working from any orientation.

Creativity and Learning in Secondary English

Teaching for a creative classroom
Author: Andrew McCallum
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136332901
Category: Education
Page: 176
View: 5885
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Creativity in secondary English lessons today is a democratically conceived quality that all pupils are expected to achieve and a resource on which all are entitled to draw. But what exactly is creativity? And how does it relate to English? Creativity and Learning in Secondary English answers these questions, and others, by arguing for a version of creativity that sees it as an ordinary, everyday part of successful classroom practice, central to processes of meaning-making, dialogic interaction and textual engagement. In this construction, creativity is not just linked to learning; it is the driving force behind learning itself, offering pupils the opportunity to transform their knowledge and understanding of the world around them. This book borrows from a range of theories about creativity and about learning, while remaining largely practical in focus. It contains numerous examples for teachers of how to apply ideas about creativity in the classroom. In doing so, it attempts to maintain the subject’s core identity while also keeping abreast of contemporary social, pedagogical and technological developments. The result is a refreshing challenge to some of the more mundane approaches to English teaching on offer in an age focussed excessively on standardisation and teaching to tests. Practical applications of creativity include: Using picture books and graphic novels to stimulate multimodal responses Placing pupils in the role of the teacher Devising marketing campaigns for class novels Adopting experimental approaches to redrafting Encouraging ‘extreme’ forms of re-creative writing Focusing on how to ‘listen’ to texts Creating sound-scapes for poems Thought-provoking and provocative, this textbook draws on current best practice in English teaching and will equip trainee and practising teachers with a wide range of strategies that will lead to greater creativity in the classroom.

Research Methods in Child Language

A Practical Guide
Author: Erika Hoff
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444344013
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 384
View: 527
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This is a comprehensive and accessible guide to the methods researchers use to study child language, written by experienced scholars in the study of language development. Presents a comprehensive survey of laboratory and naturalistic techniques used in the study of different domains of language, age ranges, and populations, and explains the questions addressed by each technique Presents new research methods, such as the use of functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) to study the activity of the brain Expands on more traditional research methods such as collection, transcription, and coding of speech samples that have been transformed by new hardware and software

Человек, который принял жену за шляпу, и другие истории из врачебной практики


Author: Оливер Сакс
Publisher: Litres
ISBN: 5457156575
Category: History
Page: 1875
View: 9051
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Оливер Сакс – всемирно известный британский невролог, автор десятка популярных книг, переведенных на множество языков и ставших международными бестселлерами.«Человек, который принял жену за шляпу» – книга-сенсация, написанная Оливером Саксом еще в 1971 году и выдержавшая с тех пор десятки переизданий только на английском языке, не говоря уже о многочисленных переводах. Это истории современных людей, пытающихся побороть серьезные и необычные нарушения психики и борющихся за выживание в условиях, невообразимых для здоровых людей, и о мистиках прошлого, одержимых видениями, которые современная наука диагностирует как проявление тяжелых неврозов. Странные, труднопостижимые отношения между мозгом и сознанием Сакс объясняет доступно, живо и интересно.

Изобилие


Author: Стивен Котлер,Питер Диамандис
Publisher: Litres
ISBN: 5041097941
Category: Education
Page: N.A
View: 4351
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Новейшие цифровые технологии развиваются по экспоненте, и осуществление вековой мечты человечества становится вполне реальным: авторы этой книги, известный предприниматель и инноватор Питер Диамандис и писатель Стивен Котлер, уверены, что уже совсем скоро мы сможем обеспечить всем жителям Земли доступ к чистой воде и здоровой пище, к здравоохранению и образованию. На самом деле у нас уже сегодня есть все необходимые для этого инструменты.Однако перед вами – не футурологический манифест. Эта книга – настоящая «дорожная карта» будущего, последовательный рассказ о том, как технологии помогут нам построить мир изобилия. И, конечно, об опасностях, которые встретятся нам на этом пути.