Psychiatry: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Tom Burns
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192807277
Category: Medical
Page: 146
View: 2271
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With diagnoses based on thoughts, behaviour, and emotions, psychiatry has always aroused strong feelings. This book explains what psychiatry is and what it does. It looks at the major illnesses and how they are treated, and outlines a brief history of the subject, focusing on the controversies that have inevitably surrounded it - from political abuse to the very existence or otherwise of both mental illness and 'normality'.

Psychiatry: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Tom Burns
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192560654
Category: Psychology
Page: 160
View: 4805
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Psychiatry is an endlessly controversial endeavour, incorporating emotively-charged questions over the reality of mental illness, the medicalization of everyday life, and the role of nature versus nurture which cause constant discussion today, and on which almost everyone has an opinion. In this Very Short Introduction Tom Burns explores the nature of psychiatry, focusing on what it can and cannot do, and discussing why its history has been beset by dramatic shifts in emphasis and types of treatment. Considering the main disorders that have shaped its practice (such as schizophrenia and manic depression), he analyses how it differs from (and overlaps with) psychology and psychotherapy. Many of the controversies arise from its dual origin 200 years ago and the separate development of psychiatry with a more 'medical' approach in the asylums, rather than the psychological approach which birthed psychoanalysis and various forms of psychotherapy. Discussing philosophical issues of psychiatry's legitimacy, Burns explores the mistakes psychiatry has made and the blind alleys in its history, before looking forward to the likely changes in its practice with the coming of artificial intelligence and virtual reality. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Depression


Author: Jan Scott,Mary Jane Tacchi
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199558655
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 144
View: 5074
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What is depression? What is bipolar disorder? How are they diagnosed and how are they treated? Can/should a small child be diagnosed with depression and treated with antidepressants?Covering both depression and bipolar disorder, this Very Short Introducton will begin by giving a brief account of the history of these concepts and will then focus on the descriptions and understanding of these disorders. It will look at the introduction of modern treatments, recounting the stories behind the development and introduction of antidepressants and mood stabilizers. Symptoms and signs will be covered, as will the association between physical disorders and depression.It will explore the importance of depression and bipolar disorder in society, and will include a section on creativity and mood disorders. The book will also cover models of both disorders, and will conclude by discussing treatments and the future.

Madness: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Andrew Scull
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199608032
Category: Psychology
Page: 134
View: 9235
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"Andrew Scull examines the social, historical, and culturally variable response to madness over the centuries, providing a provocative and entertaining examination of mental illness over more than two millennia."--P. [2] of cover.

Psychotherapy

A Very Short Introduction
Author: Tom Burns,Eva Burns-Lundgren
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199689369
Category: Psychology
Page: 127
View: 6205
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Over the last century, psychotherapy has transformed from an obscure treatment for wealthy, intellectual neurotics in fin-de-siècle Vienna to a widely used treatment for emotional and psychological difficulties. In this compendium, the authors map the development of psychotherapy, from its origins in Freud's psychoanalysis to the range of approaches available today, including counseling, cognitive behavior therapy, mindfulness, and group therapies.--From publisher description.

Schizophrenia: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Chris Frith,Eve C. Johnstone
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191579238
Category: Psychology
Page: 208
View: 3758
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Schizophrenia is the archetypal form of madness. Schizophrenia is a common disorder and has a devastating effect on sufferers and their families-patients typically hear voices in their heads and hold bizarre beliefs. The schizophrenic patient presented to the public in sensational press reports and lurid films bears little resemblance to reality of the illness. This book describes what schizophrenia is really like, how the illness progresses, and the treatments that have been applied. It also summarizes the most up-to-date knowledge available about the biological bases of this disorder. Finally it attempts to give some idea of what it is like to have schizophrenia and what this disorder tells us about the relationship between mind and brain. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Psychology: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Gillian Butler,Freda McManus
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199670420
Category: Psychology
Page: 148
View: 4498
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"Fully updated new edition"--Label on cover.

Anxiety: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Daniel Freeman,Jason Freeman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199567158
Category: Psychology
Page: 155
View: 2605
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Are we born with our fears or do we learn them? Why do our fears persist? What purpose does anxiety serve? In this Very Short Introduction we discover what anxiety is, what causes it, and how it can be treated. Looking at six major anxiety disorders, the authors introduce us to this most ubiquitous and essential of emotions.

Medical Ethics: A Very Short Introduction


Author: R. A. Hope
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192802828
Category: Medical
Page: 152
View: 5893
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Issues in medical ethics are rarely out of the media and it is an area of ethics that has particular interest for the general public as well as the medical practitioner. This short and accessible introduction deals with moral questions such as euthanasia as well as asking how health care resources can be distributed fairly.

Freud: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Anthony Storr
Publisher: Oxford Paperbacks
ISBN: 0192854550
Category: Psychology
Page: 167
View: 897
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Anthony Storr offers a lucid and objective look at Freud's major theories, evaluating whether they have stood the test of time, and in the process examines Freud himself in light of his own ideas.'a model exercise in synthesis, and the final essay on the 'appeal' of psychotherapy is especially neat.' -Independent

Clinical Psychology


Author: Susan P. Llewelyn,Katie Aafjes-Van Doorn
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198753896
Category: Psychology
Page: 144
View: 4922
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Clinical psychology makes a significant contribution to mental health care across the world. The essence of the discipline is the creative application of the knowledge base of psychology to the unique, personal experiences of individuals who are facing difficulties or changes in their lives. Rather than addressing such experiences as primarily a medical, political or legal problem, clinical psychologists approach personal distress as an unhappy outcome of certain ways of thinking, behaving and relating, often occurring within difficult social, cultural or economic circumstances. Clinical psychologists work with people to try and help them change what is distressing or concerning them, based on a belief in the value of the individual to determine what happens to them and on the importance of using approaches which have been demonstrated through research to be effective. In this Very Short Introduction Susan Llewellyn and Katie Aafjes-van Doorn provide insights into the world of clinical psychologists and their clients or patients, and cover the range of domains of practice, the difficulties tackled, and the approaches and models used. They consider the challenges and controversies facing the profession today, and also how it varies across the globe. Finally, they discuss the key questions surrounding clinical psychology, such as whether it should compete or collaborate with psychiatry, how far it is yet another instrument of social control, what new technology can offer in the future, and whether clinical psychology can ever really be considered a science. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Dreaming

A Very Short Introduction
Author: J. Allan Hobson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192802151
Category: Medical
Page: 153
View: 6370
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In this fascinating book, Harvard researcher Hobson offers an intriguing look at the nightly odyssey through the illusory world of dreams. Hobson describes how the theory of dreaming has advanced dramatically over the past 50 years, sparked by the use of EEGs in the 1950s and by recent innovations in brain imaging. 20 illustrations.

Jung: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Anthony Stevens
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191606687
Category: Psychology
Page: 192
View: 5970
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Though he was a prolific writer and an original thinker of vast erudition, Jung lacked a gift for clear exposition and his ideas are less widely appreciated than they deserve. In this concise introduction, Anthony Stevens explains clearly the basic concepts of Jungian psychology: the collective unconscious, complex, archetype, shadow, persona, anima, animus, and the individuation of the Self. He examines Jung's views on such disparate subjects as myth, religion, alchemy, `sychronicity', and the psychology of gender differences, and he devotes separate chapters to the stages of life, Jung's theory of psychological types, the interpretation of dreams, the practice of Jungian analysis, and to the unjust allegation that Jung was a Nazi sympathizer. Finally, he argues that Jung's visionary powers and profound spirituality have helped many to find an alternative set of values to the arid materialism prevailing in Western society. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Intelligence: a Very Short Introduction


Author: Ian J. Deary
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 019879620X
Category: Psychology
Page: 184
View: 3080
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Some people are cleverer than others. This everyday observation is the subject of an academic field that is often portrayed as confused and controversial, when in fact, the field of intelligence holds some of psychology's best-replicated findings. This Very Short Introduction describes what psychologists have discovered about how and why people differ in their thinking powers. Drawing on large scale data Ian Deary considers how many types of intelligence there are, and how intelligence changes with age. Along the way he tackles some of the most burning questions surrounding intelligence, such as whether larger brains are cleverer, and how genes and environments contribute to people's intelligence differences. He also considers the new field of cognitive epidemiology, which draws links between intelligence and better health, less illness, and longer life, and asks whether intelligence is increasing. In this new edition Deary also addresses the controversial question of whether men and women differ in intelligence. Throughout he provides a clear description of the data we can use to answer these questions and more. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

A Short Introduction to Psychiatry


Author: Linda Gask
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1446228525
Category: Medical
Page: 184
View: 5169
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A Short Introduction to Psychiatry is designed to give readers a clear picture of the profession of psychiatry as it is today as well as an understanding of the subject from which to develop further study. The author describes the development of the profession, the route to qualification and the scope of contemporary practice, including the work done by psychiatrists in a range of specialisms - from child psychiatry to addiction services and forensic psychiatry. Drawing on the experience of people who have been through psychiatric treatment, the book also explores what psychiatry is like from the patient's/user's perspective. Many criticisms have been levelled against the profession and the author, Linda Gask, summarizes key debates which have been and continue to be played out between psychiatry's critics and its defenders. A Short Introduction to Psychiatry is for anyone looking into psychiatry for the first time, whether with a view to training or out of more general interest.

Geschichte der Medizin


Author: Wolfgang U. Eckart
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3540263098
Category: Medical
Page: 325
View: 4000
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Medizingeschichte anschaulich und lebendig - von der europäischen Antike bis zum Ende des 20. Jahrhunderts - ein spannendender Einblick in die Vergangenheit der Heilkunst. Dabei werden nicht nur medizinische und historische Fakten dargestellt, sondern auch Denkhaltungen, Grundkonzepte und Leitlinien der verschiedenen Epochen vermittelt. Kompakt, lesefreundlich und mit eindrucksvollen historischen Bildern ist das Buch ein fundiertes Werk für Medizinstudenten und alle historisch Interessierten.

Medical Law: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Charles Foster
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191636010
Category: Law
Page: 144
View: 8994
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Medical law is concerned with our bodies, and what happens to them during and after our lives. When things go wrong with our bodies, we want to know what our rights are, and what governs the conduct of the clinicians into whose hands we put our lives and limbs. Dealing with matters of life and death, it can therefore have a fundamental impact on medical practice. Headlines in the media often involve the core issues of medical law - organ transplantation, abortion, withdrawal of treatment, euthanasia, confidentiality, research on humans - these are topics that affect us all. Headlines can misrepresent, however. In order to fully understand the issues and their relevance, we have to delve into the cases and into the principles behind them. In this highly readable Very Short Introduction, Charles Foster explores different examples to illustrate the key problems and principles of medical law. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

The Etruscans: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Christopher Smith
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191665029
Category: History
Page: 144
View: 3989
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From around 900 to 400 BC, the Etruscans were the most innovative, powerful, wealthy, and creative people in Italy. Their archaeological record is both substantial and fascinating, including tomb paintings, sculpture, jewellery, and art. In this Very Short Introduction, Christopher Smith explores Etruscan history, culture, language, and customs. Examining the controversial debates about their origins, he explores how they once lived, placing this within the geographical, economic, and political context of the time. Smith concludes by demonstrating how the Etruscans have been studied and perceived throughout the ages, and the impact this has had on our understanding of their place in history. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Genes: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Jonathan Slack
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191664189
Category: Science
Page: 152
View: 2541
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In this exploration of the concept of the gene, Jonathan Slack looks at the discovery, nature, and role of genes in both evolution and development. Explaining the nature of genetic variation in the human population, how hereditary factors were identified as molecules of DNA, and how certain specific mutations can lead to disease, Slack highlights how DNA variants are used to trace human ancestry and migration, and can also used by forensic scientists to identify individuals in crime. He also explores issues such as the role of genetic heritability and IQ as well as the changes that occur in the genes of populations during evolution. An ideal guide for anyone curious about what genes are and how genetics can be put to use, this Very Short Introduction demonstrates the ways in which the gene concept has been understood and used by molecular biologists, population biologists, and social scientists around the world. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.