Psychiatry: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Tom Burns
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191579394
Category: Medical
Page: 160
View: 3258
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Psychiatry is now a highly visible activity - care in the community, compulsion, suicide, drug and alcohol abuse mean that few people are not touched by it. Indeed one in four of us will consult a psychiatrist in our life time. This book explains what psychiatry is, and what it is not. It starts with the identification of the major mental illnesses and why they are no longer considered just variations of 'normality'. It charts the rise of the Asylum and its demise with the developments of Care in the Community, and the flourishing of psychoanalysis and its later transformation into more accessible psychotherapies. More than any other branch of medicine psychiatry has been attacked and criticised. There is a long catalogue of abuses - from mundane neglect and bizarre treatments through to political abuse by totalitarian regimes. Modern psychiatry too brings with it new controversies such as the medicalization of normal life, the power of the drug companies and the use of psychiatry as an agent of social control. The book does not shy away from outlining these issues but provides the reader with a clear understanding of what psychiatry is capable of, and what it is not capable of, so that they can draw their own conclusions. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Psychology: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Gillian Butler,Freda McManus
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199670420
Category: Psychology
Page: 148
View: 2902
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Psychology is part of everyone's experience: it influences the way we think about everything from education and intelligence, to relationships and emotions, advertising and criminality. People readily behave as amateur psychologists, offering explanations for what people think, feel, and do. But what exactly are psychologists trying to do? This Very Short Introduction explores some of psychology's leading ideas and their practical relevance. In this newedition, Gillian Butler and Freda McManus explore a variety of new topics and ways of studying the brain.Exploring some of the most important advances and developments in psychology - from evolutionarypsychology and issues surrounding adolescence and aggression to cognitive psychology - this is a stimulating introduction for anyone interested in understanding the human mind.

Depression


Author: Jan Scott,Mary Jane Tacchi
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199558655
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 144
View: 874
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What is depression? What is bipolar disorder? How are they diagnosed and how are they treated? Can/should a small child be diagnosed with depression and treated with antidepressants?Covering both depression and bipolar disorder, this Very Short Introducton will begin by giving a brief account of the history of these concepts and will then focus on the descriptions and understanding of these disorders. It will look at the introduction of modern treatments, recounting the stories behind the development and introduction of antidepressants and mood stabilizers. Symptoms and signs will be covered, as will the association between physical disorders and depression.It will explore the importance of depression and bipolar disorder in society, and will include a section on creativity and mood disorders. The book will also cover models of both disorders, and will conclude by discussing treatments and the future.

Una brevísima introducción a la psicología


Author: Gillian Butler,Freda McManus
Publisher: Océano
ISBN: 6077358460
Category: Psychology
Page: 224
View: 1532
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¿Cuáles son los mecanismos involucrados en el razonamiento, la percepción y la atención? ¿Qué es la memoria? ¿Es posible superar los traumas, las fobias y la timidez? Con un lenguaje sencillo y recurriendo a ejemplos concretos, las autoras de este libro responden a estas y otras preguntas. Su enfoque abarca no sólo las diversas escuelas y tendencias que hoy en día forman la psicología, sino que incluye también los problemas concretos que han enfrentado los psicólogos para explicar los procesos cerebrales. Gillian Butler es psiquiatra e investigadora; actualmente presta sus servicios como consejera clínica en el hospital Warneford, de Oxford. Freda McManus es catedrática de la Universidad de Oxford, especialista en terapia cognitiva y en problemas relacionados con la ansiedad.

Madness: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Andrew Scull
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199608032
Category: Psychology
Page: 134
View: 3555
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"Andrew Scull examines the social, historical, and culturally variable response to madness over the centuries, providing a provocative and entertaining examination of mental illness over more than two millennia."--P. [2] of cover.

Dreaming

A Very Short Introduction
Author: J. Allan Hobson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192802151
Category: Medical
Page: 153
View: 6642
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In this fascinating book, Harvard researcher Hobson offers an intriguing look at the nightly odyssey through the illusory world of dreams. Hobson describes how the theory of dreaming has advanced dramatically over the past 50 years, sparked by the use of EEGs in the 1950s and by recent innovations in brain imaging. 20 illustrations.

Psychotherapy: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Tom Burns
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191003581
Category: Psychology
Page: 144
View: 1129
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Psychotherapy and counselling are now widely available to help people overcome emotional and psychological difficulties in their lives. They involve spending time with a professional in an emotionally safe and structured relationship to explore and express the issues that cause distress and difficulty, whether long term self-doubts, relationship problems, or the impact of a trauma or crisis. As a society, we now take this focus on talking through and understanding our identity and relationships for granted, but it is hardly more than a century old. In this Very Short Introduction, Tom Burns and Eva Burns-Lundgren trace the development of psychotherapy from its origins in Freud's psychoanalysis to the range of different approaches - counselling, cognitive behaviour therapy, and other time-limited therapies, mindfulness, group and family therapies, and many more. Describing the processes central to them all and highlighting their differences, they demonstrate what problems each therapy are best suited for. They explain the principles behind the most commonly available types of psychotherapies and provide examples of what patients can expect when they seek such help. They conclude by examining the practice of psychotherapy - the types of training psychotherapists have, the safeguards that exist to keep practice reliable, and how one goes about choosing a psychotherapist. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Schizophrenia: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Chris Frith,Eve C. Johnstone
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191579238
Category: Psychology
Page: 208
View: 4462
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Schizophrenia is the archetypal form of madness. Schizophrenia is a common disorder and has a devastating effect on sufferers and their families-patients typically hear voices in their heads and hold bizarre beliefs. The schizophrenic patient presented to the public in sensational press reports and lurid films bears little resemblance to reality of the illness. This book describes what schizophrenia is really like, how the illness progresses, and the treatments that have been applied. It also summarizes the most up-to-date knowledge available about the biological bases of this disorder. Finally it attempts to give some idea of what it is like to have schizophrenia and what this disorder tells us about the relationship between mind and brain. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Clinical Psychology


Author: Susan P. Llewelyn,Katie Aafjes-Van Doorn
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198753896
Category: Psychology
Page: 144
View: 1723
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Clinical psychology makes a significant contribution to mental health care across the world. The essence of the discipline is the creative application of the knowledge base of psychology to the unique, personal experiences of individuals who are facing difficulties or changes in their lives. Rather than addressing such experiences as primarily a medical, political or legal problem, clinical psychologists approach personal distress as an unhappy outcome of certain ways of thinking, behaving and relating, often occurring within difficult social, cultural or economic circumstances. Clinical psychologists work with people to try and help them change what is distressing or concerning them, based on a belief in the value of the individual to determine what happens to them and on the importance of using approaches which have been demonstrated through research to be effective. In this Very Short Introduction Susan Llewellyn and Katie Aafjes-van Doorn provide insights into the world of clinical psychologists and their clients or patients, and cover the range of domains of practice, the difficulties tackled, and the approaches and models used. They consider the challenges and controversies facing the profession today, and also how it varies across the globe. Finally, they discuss the key questions surrounding clinical psychology, such as whether it should compete or collaborate with psychiatry, how far it is yet another instrument of social control, what new technology can offer in the future, and whether clinical psychology can ever really be considered a science. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Breve introducción a la psicología


Author: Gillian Butler,Freda McManus
Publisher: Alianza Editorial Sa
ISBN: 9788420639789
Category: Psychology
Page: 200
View: 7746
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Dirigida tanto al lector curioso como a aquellos que acaso se plantean la positibilidad de escoger esta disciplina como ámbito de estudio y, posteriormente, de actividad, estra BREVE INTRODUCCION A LA PSICOLOGIA, de Gillkian Butler y Freda McManus, procura un panorama conciso y riguroso de sus fundamentos, así como de sus principales líneas de desarrollo, y explica las diversas formas en que los psicólogos modernos abordan el estudio de la mente y el comportamiento humano. " ¿Qué es la psicología? " , " La percepción, el aprendizaje y la memoria " , " La psicología anormanl " , o cuáles son las aplicaciones prácticas de la psicología son algunos de los aspectos que trata esta inmejorable aproximación a esta área de conocimiento.

Medical Ethics: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Tony Hope
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191577715
Category: Medical
Page: 168
View: 2434
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Issues in medical ethics are rarely out of the media and it is an area of ethics that has particular interest for the general public as well as the medical practitioner. This short and accessible introduction provides an invaluable tool with which to think about the ethical values that lie at the heart of medicine. Tony Hope deals with the thorny moral questions such as euthanasia and the morality of killing, and also explores political questions such as: how should health care resources be distributed fairly? Each chapter in this book considers a different issue: genetics, modern reproductive technologies, resource allocation, mental health, medical research, and discusses controversial questions such as: · Who should have access to reproductive technology? Who should pay? · Is it right to fund expensive drug treatment for individuals? · Should active euthanasia be legalized? · Should treatment for mental illness be imposed on patients without their consent? · Who should have access to information from genetic testing? · Should we require consent for the use of dead bodies or organs in medical research? ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Freud: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Anthony Storr
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191606650
Category: Psychology
Page: 176
View: 1147
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Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) revolutionized the way in which we think about ourselves. From its beginnings as a theory of neurosis, Freud developed psycho-analysis into a general psychology which became widely accepted as the predominant mode of discussing personality and interpersonal relationships. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Jung: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Anthony Stevens
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191606687
Category: Psychology
Page: 192
View: 1086
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Though he was a prolific writer and an original thinker of vast erudition, Jung lacked a gift for clear exposition and his ideas are less widely appreciated than they deserve. In this concise introduction, Anthony Stevens explains clearly the basic concepts of Jungian psychology: the collective unconscious, complex, archetype, shadow, persona, anima, animus, and the individuation of the Self. He examines Jung's views on such disparate subjects as myth, religion, alchemy, `sychronicity', and the psychology of gender differences, and he devotes separate chapters to the stages of life, Jung's theory of psychological types, the interpretation of dreams, the practice of Jungian analysis, and to the unjust allegation that Jung was a Nazi sympathizer. Finally, he argues that Jung's visionary powers and profound spirituality have helped many to find an alternative set of values to the arid materialism prevailing in Western society. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Anxiety: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Daniel Freeman,Jason Freeman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199567158
Category: Psychology
Page: 155
View: 8022
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Are we born with our fears or do we learn them? Why do our fears persist? What purpose does anxiety serve? In this Very Short Introduction we discover what anxiety is, what causes it, and how it can be treated. Looking at six major anxiety disorders, the authors introduce us to this most ubiquitous and essential of emotions.

Una brevísima introducción a la historia


Author: John H. Arnold
Publisher: Océano
ISBN: 607735855X
Category: History
Page: 192
View: 2920
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Alrededor de algunos rutilantes fragmentos del pasado -un asesino medieval, la pensión otorgada en el siglo XVII a una esposa abandonada, el discurso de una mujer afroamericana nacida en la esclavitud- John Arnold construye una completa sala de exhibiciones que nos presenta qué es y qué no es la historia. Con lucidez y pasión propone para su examen todas las maneras de recontar y explotar el pasado a través de la narración escrita, tal como se ha usado desde Herodoto hasta Hobsbawn. Su amplio rango de conocimientos e intereses es fenomenal, pero su nivel como divulgador hace que el sutil análisis que realiza, de la historia de la historia, tenga tanta emoción como una novela.

A Short Introduction to Psychiatry


Author: Linda Gask
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1446228525
Category: Medical
Page: 184
View: 3486
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A Short Introduction to Psychiatry is designed to give readers a clear picture of the profession of psychiatry as it is today as well as an understanding of the subject from which to develop further study. The author describes the development of the profession, the route to qualification and the scope of contemporary practice, including the work done by psychiatrists in a range of specialisms - from child psychiatry to addiction services and forensic psychiatry. Drawing on the experience of people who have been through psychiatric treatment, the book also explores what psychiatry is like from the patient's/user's perspective. Many criticisms have been levelled against the profession and the author, Linda Gask, summarizes key debates which have been and continue to be played out between psychiatry's critics and its defenders. A Short Introduction to Psychiatry is for anyone looking into psychiatry for the first time, whether with a view to training or out of more general interest.

Anatomía de una epidemia


Author: Robert Whitaker
Publisher: CAPITÁN SWING LIBROS
ISBN: 8494673777
Category: Medical
Page: 448
View: 1497
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Cuando el galardonado periodista científico Robert Whitaker se percató de que entre 1987 y 2007 el número de pacientes con discapacidad por enfermedad mental se había casi triplicado, en paralelo a un espectacular aumento en la producción de droga psicotrópica, comenzó a reflexionar. Parece como si estos psicofármacos fueran "balas mágicas" que dejan fuera de juego a la enfermedad mental, reinsertando a los pacientes a las filas de la ciudadanía productiva. Pero numerosos estudios clínicos publicados hace más de 50 años en prestigiosas revistas científicas, revelaban una anomalía sorprendente: en repetidas ocasiones, las drogas psiquiátricas empeoran la enfermedad mental, y disparan los riesgos de daño hepático, de aumento de peso, de colesterol, o de azúcar en la sangre. Realmente no se sabe qué causa la enfermedad mental, no hay cura o tratamiento paliativo que se encuentre en esas píldoras. Las conclusiones de Whitaker, tras examinar estos medicamentos a través del prisma de los resultados a largo plazo, exponen el brutal engaño de una industria que mueve miles de millones.

Psychology


Author: Gillian Butler,Freda McManus
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: N.A
Category: Psychology
Page: 138
View: 7267
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Psychology is part of everyone's experience: it influences the way we think about everything from education and intelligence, to relationships and emotions, advertising and criminality. People readily behave as amateur psychologists, offering explanations for what people think, feel, and do. But what exactly are psychologists trying to do? What scientific grounding do they have for their approach? This book provides an understanding of some of psychology's leading ideas and their practical relevance, making it a stimulating introduction for anyone interested in understanding the human mind

Medical Law: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Charles Foster
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191636010
Category: Law
Page: 144
View: 2751
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Medical law is concerned with our bodies, and what happens to them during and after our lives. When things go wrong with our bodies, we want to know what our rights are, and what governs the conduct of the clinicians into whose hands we put our lives and limbs. Dealing with matters of life and death, it can therefore have a fundamental impact on medical practice. Headlines in the media often involve the core issues of medical law - organ transplantation, abortion, withdrawal of treatment, euthanasia, confidentiality, research on humans - these are topics that affect us all. Headlines can misrepresent, however. In order to fully understand the issues and their relevance, we have to delve into the cases and into the principles behind them. In this highly readable Very Short Introduction, Charles Foster explores different examples to illustrate the key problems and principles of medical law. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Ancient Greece

A History in Eleven Cities
Author: Paul Cartledge
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191579608
Category: History
Page: 216
View: 2858
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The contribution of the Ancient Greeks to modern western culture is incalculable. In the worlds of art, architecture, myth, literature, and philosophy, the world we live in would be unrecognizably different without the formative influence of Ancient Greek models. Ancient Greek civilization was defined by the city - in Greek, the polis, from which we derive 'politics'. It is above all this feature of Greek civilization that has formed its most enduring legacy, spawning such key terms as aristocracy, oligarchy, tyranny and - last but by no means least - democracy. This highly stimulating introduction to Ancient Greece takes the polis as its starting point. Paul Cartledge uses the history of eleven major Greek cities to illuminate the most important and informative themes in Ancient Greek history, from the first documented use of the Greek language around 1400 BCE, through the glories of the Classical and Hellenistic periods, to the foundation of the Byzantine empire in around CE 330. Covering everything from politics, trade, and travel to slavery, gender, religion, and philosophy, it provides the ideal concise introduction to the history and culture of this remarkable civilization that helped give birth to the world as we know it.