Radical Technologies

The Design of Everyday Life
Author: Adam Greenfield
Publisher: Verso
ISBN: 9781784780456
Page: 34
View: 8484
A field manual to the technologies that are transforming our lives Everywhere we turn, a startling new device promises to transfigure our lives. But at what cost? In this urgent and revelatory excavation of our Information Age, leading technology thinker Adam Greenfield forces us to reconsider our relationship with the networked objects, services and spaces that define us. It is time to re-evaluate the Silicon Valley consensus determining the future. We already depend on the smartphone to navigate every aspect of our existence. We're told that innovations--from augmented-reality interfaces and virtual assistants to autonomous delivery drones and self-driving cars--will make life easier, more convenient and more productive. 3D printing promises unprecedented control over the form and distribution of matter, while the blockchain stands to revolutionize everything from the recording and exchange of value to the way we organize the mundane realities of the day to day. And, all the while, fiendishly complex algorithms are operating quietly in the background, reshaping the economy, transforming the fundamental terms of our politics and even redefining what it means to be human. Having successfully colonized everyday life, these radical technologies are now conditioning the choices available to us in the years to come. How do they work? What challenges do they present to us, as individuals and societies? Who benefits from their adoption? In answering these questions, Greenfield's timely guide clarifies the scale and nature of the crisis we now confront --and offers ways to reclaim our stake in the future.

The Management of Technology and Innovation: A Strategic Approach

Author: Margaret A. White,Garry D. Bruton
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1133009379
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 416
View: 4816
THE MANAGEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION: A STRATEGIC APPROACH explores the fundamental connections linking core business strategy, technology, and innovation. The text illustrates how these functions intertwine to play a central role in process layout, systems, structural design, and product development, as well as supporting an organization's overall success. An integrated approach and reader-friendly style make the material accessible for students of all backgrounds, and the text strikes an ideal balance between essential business theory and extensive practical insights and real-world applications. In addition, the Second Edition has been thoroughly updated to incorporate the latest trends and research, abundant current examples and cases, and a useful set of new tools students can use to support effective strategic decision-making. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Academic Entrepreneurship

University Spinoffs and Wealth Creation
Author: Scott Andrew Shane
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1843769824
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 335
View: 8584
"Authoritative and highly readable, this volume will appeal to scholars researching the spinoff phenomenon, university technology transfer officers, inventors, policymakers, external entrepreneurs and investors."--BOOK JACKET.

Technology Choice

A Critique Of The Appropriate Technology Movement
Author: Kelvin W Willoughby
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1000314162
Category: Social Science
Page: 350
View: 1631
This book attempts to provide a theoretical framework for answering difficult questions evoked by the concept of technology choice primarily by conducting a review of the Appropriate Technology movement and its ideas and experiments.

The Management of Innovation and Technology

The Shaping of Technology and Institutions of the Market Economy
Author: John Howells
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 144622984X
Category: Computers
Page: 304
View: 1600
`The book provides a valuable resource for researchers, practitioners and policy-makers... In particular, it provides a good introduction to broader aspects of the field of innovation for researchers based within the engineering and science traditions' - Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management `Howells has synthesised a broad range of sources with considerable insight to provide the first sophisticated single volume on innovation that draws on economics, sociology, law and from the history of science and technology. By setting innovation in social and institutional context, he convincingly shows how firms and markets shape and can be shaped by the decisions of managers and entrepreneurs. I will certainly be using this book as a central text for my Masters degree teaching on innovation management, management of technology and related topics' - Jonathan Liebenau, London School of Economics and Columbia University `A great strength of the book is the extensive and detailed integration of rich case study analyses into the main flow of the argument. Many apparently well known cases are revisited and critically assessed to draw clear and often contrary to popular belief lessons. This is a highly original and commendable feature of this text. It provides an unusually strong integration between theory and examples. And there is no doubt of the relevance of the examples: they are not inserted as an afterthought, but are intrinsically part of the development of the thinking' - Professor James Fleck, Head of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Group, University of Edinburgh Management School This book analyses a range of social contexts in which human decisions shape technology in the market economy. It comprises a critical review of both a select research literature and in-depth historical studies. Material is drawn from many social science disciplines to inform the reader of the reality of taking decisions on innovation. The chapters cover: - The social context for individual acts of creative insight - The development of the technology-market relationship - The management of R&D and technological standards - Technological competition - The role of institutions of finance in innovation - The reciprocal relationship between intellectual property law and technological innovation. - The role of technological skills and regimes of technological education in innovation. - An introduction to the role of the state in maintaining the innovative capacity of the private sector.

Handbook of Research on Techno-entrepreneurship

Author: François Thérin
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 9781847205551
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 335
View: 5230
Techno-entrepreneurship is defined as the entrepreneurial and intrapreneurial activities of both existing companies and new businesses operating in technology-intensive environments. This is an ideal text for advancing an understanding of the theory and practice of research in this area.

Adoption of Environmental Innovations

The Dynamics of Innovation as Interplay between Business Competence, Environmental Orientation and Network Involvement
Author: Koos van Dijken,Yvonne Prince,T.J. Wolters,Marco Frey,Giuliano Mussati,Paul Kalff,Ole Hansen,Søren Kerndrup,Bent Søndergård,Eduardo Lopes Rodrigues,Sandra Meredith
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400708548
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 330
View: 6730
How do small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) adopt environmental innovations? Do they have the necessary internal competence? Is any support offered by external parties (i.e. network involvement)? What are the policy implications? This book is based on extensive fieldwork, conducted in four traditional industrial sectors: offset printing, electroplating, textile finishing, and industrial painting. The work was carried out in Denmark, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal and the UK. Twenty company-based case studies were analyzed and a telephone survey was conducted among 527 companies. As a result, the Innovation Triangle came to be formulated, which is presented here, defining and combining the determinants of SME innovativeness. The Innovation Triangle distinguishes three major determinants of innovativeness: business competence, environmental orientation, and network involvement. The Innovation Triangle allows one to diagnose current environmental and innovation policies, indicating which policy measures might be effective in increasing the adoption of environmentally friendly technologies, allowing environmental objectives to be achieved.

The Greening of Industry Resource Guide and Bibliography

Author: P. P. Groenewegen
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 9781559633970
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 260
View: 5395
Through a series of essays and annotated references, The Greening of Industry Resource Guide and Bibliography presents analysis and commentary drawn from a variety of sources that examine critical issues today's changing business environment. Following a general overview and introduction to the field are chapters that address specific economic, social, and technical issues, including: environmental performance assessment cleaner production strategic cooperation and product life cycle management organizational learning and personal development leadership for greening in developing countries It is a valuable guide to the most respected and useful research on industrial sustainability, and can provide the basis for effective policies, strategies, and actions for both business leaders and policymakers.

Open Innovation

Researching a New Paradigm
Author: Henry Chesbrough,Wim Vanhaverbeke,Joel West
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191622729
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 400
View: 1669
Open Innovation describes an emergent model of innovation in which firms draw on research and development that may lie outside their own boundaries. In some cases, such as open source software, this research and development can take place in a non-proprietary manner. Henry Chesbrough and his collaborators investigate this phenomenon, linking the practice of innovation to the established body of innovation research, showing what's new and what's familiar in the process. Offering theoretical explanations for the use (and limits) of open innovation, the book examines the applicability of the concept, implications for the boundaries of firms, the potential of open innovation to prove successful, and implications for intellectual property policies and practices. The book will be key reading for academics, researchers, and graduate students of innovation and technology management.

Sustainable Business Development

Inventing the Future Through Strategy, Innovation, and Leadership
Author: David L. Rainey
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 113945711X
Category: Business & Economics
Page: N.A
View: 7998
In a turbulent business environment, leaders must begin to think more broadly about what a corporation is and how it can create a richer future. With the globalisation of the world's economies, the intensification of competition, and quantum leaps in technological development, the insular and static strategic thinking of many global corporations has become inadequate for understanding the business environment and determining strategic direction. This 2006 book provides comprehensive and practical analysis of what sustainable business development (SBD) is and how companies can use it to make a significant difference. Case studies of companies in the US, Europe, the Pacific Rim and South America demonstrate that achieving innovation and integration depends on a comprehensive understanding of all of the forces which drive change and responding to them with fresh ways of strategic thinking. It is compulsory reading for MBA students and executives as well as professional readers.

The Emerging Digital Economy

Entrepreneurship, Clusters, and Policy
Author: Börje Johansson,Charlie Karlsson,Roger Stough
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540344888
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 352
View: 3756
This book provides a balanced, empirically-based view of the "Digital Economy," and explores its regional and geographical import in areas where the Digital Economy meets more traditional patterns. More than just an interpretive analysis, this book utilizes empirical evidence in its assessment of the dynamics of specific regions in different parts of the world. The book also examines the policy implications of the rising Digital Economy.

Transition Pathways towards Sustainability in Agriculture

Case Studies from Europe
Author: Lee-Ann Sutherland,Ika Darnhofer,Geoff Wilson,Lukas Zagata
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 1780642199
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 244
View: 8523
Based on the research of an interdisciplinary team of sociologists, geographers and economists, this book focuses on understanding farming transitions in Europe. The book discusses the importance of understanding transition pathways towards sustainability using case studies from Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece, Portugal and the United Kingdom. Assessing the utility of the multi-level perspective in transition theory for addressing contemporary issues, the book identifies future research needs and possible approaches, making this an essential read for researchers interested in issues of rural and agricultural change.

Fast Second

How Smart Companies Bypass Radical Innovation to Enter and Dominate New Markets
Author: Constantinos C. Markides,Paul A. Geroski
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780787976897
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 208
View: 1020
Discover why being a "fast second" is often more financiallyrewarding than being at the cutting edge. If you get there first, you'll lead the pack, right? Notnecessarily! The skill-sets of most established companies, saystrategy experts Constantinos Markides and Paul Geroski, are farbetter suited to scaling up newly created markets pioneered byothers (in other words, being "fast seconds") than to creatingthese markets from scratch. In Fast Second, they explore thecharacteristics of new markets, describe the skills needed tocreate and compete in them, and show how these skills match up withdifferent types of companies. Drawing on examples of successfulfast-second firms such as Microsoft, Amazon, Canon, JVC, Heinz, andmany others, they illustrate how to determine which new marketshave the potential to be successful and how to move into thembefore the competition does, when to make a move into a new market,how to scale up a market, where to position a company in themarket, and whether to be a colonizer or a consolidator. Order your copy today!

Technology Shocks

Origins, Managerial Responses, and Firm Performance
Author: Heinrich M. Arnold
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783790800517
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 264
View: 2812
Radical technological changes (so-called "technology shocks") frequently disrupt the competitive market structure. New entrants appear, industries need to be redefined, incumbents lose their positions or vanish completely. Fast moving industries - like the often quoted example of the semiconductor industry - have preferably been analyzed for these phenomena. But do the findings hold for industries with longer development cycles like the global machine tool industry? Here, the multivariate analysis is used to find out what management needs to focus on in order to lead companies through the technology shocks. The research for this book builds on in-depth interviews with 100 experts and decision makers from the machine tool industry involved in technology shocks and statistical analysis of detailed quantitative surveys collected from 58 companies. In several instances the results challenge classical teaching of technology management. Adrian J. Slywotzky - US top selling business author and one of the most distinguished intellectual leaders in business - comments: "In Technology Shocks, Heinrich Arnold develops a very useful model for analyzing technology shocks, and for focusing on those factors that will enable a company to navigate through these shocks successfully, and repeatedly. Although this work is focused on technology, its thinking has useful implications beyond technology shocks. It provides ideas that managers can use to protect their firms when they are faced with any type of discontinuity, technology-based or not".

Technological, Managerial and Organizational Core Competencies: Dynamic Innovation and Sustainable Development

Dynamic Innovation and Sustainable Development
Author: Nobre, Farley Simon
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1613501668
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 732
View: 8264
Innovation involves a set of processes which support the production and transformation of knowledge into new processes, technologies and products, goods and services, and provide an organization with particular strengths and value relative to other firms. In such a view, innovation is a key source of customer benefits and sustainable competitive advantage. Technological, Managerial and Organizational Core Competencies: Dynamic Innovation and Sustainable Development investigates the impact of knowledge management, information systems, finance, organizational networks, internationalization, strategic management, marketing, entrepreneurship, and sustainability on an organization that pursues dynamic innovation and sustainable advantage. This book provides research and practice for graduate and undergraduate programs, as well as business firms with different technological, managerial, and organizational perspectives. Further Description from the Editors: This book represents the culmination of an international project to compile inter-disciplinary research that most contributes to innovation. More specifically, this book is about innovation in firms, industries, nations and society. It speaks to professionals and researchers who want to improve their understanding of dynamic innovation and sustainable development. The Editors’ goal is to foster cross-pollination among researchers. To this aim, the Editors have selected and assembled 35 chapters that illustrate multidisciplinary theoretical perspectives and empiric results on innovation and the roles of Sustainability, Organizational Networks, Entrepreneurship, Knowledge Management, R&D&T (Research, Development and Technology) Management, Marketing, Finance, Internationalization, and Information Systems in the organization that pursues dynamic innovation and sustainable development. Innovation involves processes, organizational elements (or resources), and Organizational Abilities (OA) that support the production and transformation of knowledge into new knowledge, processes, structures, technologies and products, goods and services. At the firm and industry levels of analysis, innovation can provide organizations with strengths relative to other firms, clusters, and nations and it is a key source of customer benefits and sustainable development. At the collective and societal levels of analysis, innovation can provide humanity with economic, social and environmental wealth through sustainable development. The uniqueness of this book lies in the participants’ efforts to identify Organizations' Creative Areas (OCA) that can provide core competencies for the organization in pursuit of dynamic innovation and sustainable development. In this perspective, innovation is a dynamic system and it is contingent upon a set of core competencies that couple to each other. Therefore, changing of even one competence can affect the organization's ability to innovate. The book avoids the term competitive advantage and adopts a more fruitful perspective of sustainable development – “the process of achieving human development … in an inclusive, connected, equitable, prudent, and secure manner”. An inclusive perspective sees traditional competitive advantage as occupying one extreme, whereas truly sustainable development occupies the opposite extreme. Sustainable development must benefit not only the organization and its customers, but also the whole society and the future of humanity through sustainability. Most chapters of this book fall between these extremes.

Global Warming and Social Innovation

The Challenge of a Climate Neutral Society
Author: Andre Faaij,David Jager,Marcel Kok
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113656490X
Category: Political Science
Page: 256
View: 5544
Societies need to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases by 80 per cent in order to counter the risks of climate change. This study envisions a climate neutral society - one where the output of polluting gases is minimised by social innovations set up in households, by local authorities, through developments in information and communications technologies and dematerialization, and through the shift towards product service systems and emissions trading. The work discusses the possibilities for steering and orchestrating this long-term transition towards a climate-friendly society, mapping paths through current dilemmas in climate policy and exploring the legal issues of making this transition.

Modern Environmentalism

An Introduction
Author: David Pepper
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134933142
Category: Nature
Page: 388
View: 2798
Modern Environmentalism presents a comprehensive introduction to environmentalism, the origins of its main beliefs and ideas, and how these relate to modern environmental ideologies. Providing a historical overview of the development of attitudes to nature and the environment in society, the book examines key environmentalist ideas, influences and movements. Science's role in mediating our view of nature is emphasised throughout. This entirely new account draws on the explosion of writing on socio-environment relations since Pepper's earlier work, The Roots of Modern Environmentalism.

Machines in Our Hearts

The Cardiac Pacemaker, the Implantable Defibrillator, and American Health Care
Author: Kirk Jeffrey
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 9780801865794
Category: History
Page: 370
View: 7452
"An important book that provides valuable insight into the origins and growth of one of the world's most successful biomedical industries." -- JAMA

Earth Rising

American Environmentalism in the 21st Century
Author: Philip Shabecoff
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 9781597263351
Category: Environmentalism
Page: 224
View: 849
"He makes a compelling case that another wave of environmentalism is needed - more powerful, diverse and sophisticated, visionary and flexible. Earth Rising offers a detailed road map that can guide environmentalists toward that new and reenergized place in society."--BOOK JACKET.

Regional Development in the 1990s

The British Isles in Transition
Author: Ron Martin,Peter Townroe
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136036881
Category: Architecture
Page: 336
View: 4130
This book documents the changing nature and challenge of regional development in Britain and Ireland in the final decade of this century. In the first half of this book, region-by-region profiles review the experience of the eighties and reflect on the present climate, assessing problems and opportunities. The second half provides 25 commentaries on changes influencing the development of regions from questions of industry, technology and employment to the impact of national policy and 1992, and the prospects and capacity for regional policy and development.