Recent Developments in Plastic Recycling

This book provides a systematic and comprehensive account of the recent developments in the recycling of plastic waste material.

Author: Jyotishkumar Parameswaranpillai

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811636271

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 374

View: 710

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This book provides a systematic and comprehensive account of the recent developments in the recycling of plastic waste material. It presents state-of-the-art procedures for recycling of plastics from different sources and various characterization methods adopted in analyzing their properties. In addition, it looks into properties, processing, and applications of recycled plastic products as one of the drivers for sustainable recycling plastics especially in developing countries. This book proves a useful reference source for both engineers and researchers working in composite materials science as well as the students attending materials science, physics, chemistry, and engineering courses.
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Plastic Recycling

In this book, the authors proposed to present an overview of the current state of this whole plastic recycling sector including their recent advances, and highlighting new markets and recent trends on recycling technologies around the world ...

Author: Sati Manrich

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: PSU:000066029731

Category: Nature

Page: 99

View: 304

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Since the discovery of plastics several decades ago, the widespread consumption of plastic products and their subsequent inappropriate disposal and accumulation have recently generated new societal concerns of waste management due to their inherent slow degradability, high volume increase and low recycling rates, which are negative on the basis of self-sustainability. Regulations imposing waste reduction, reuse and recycling indices and responsibilities, as well as effective collecting system and the development of new, environmentally clean recycling technologies are some of the efforts to achieve the self-sustainability goals. The efficiency of the collection and sorting systems impacts directly on the amount of recycled plastics and on their cleanness and quality, therefore, enlarging their market potential. The development of new recycling technologies is diversified and can be classified into mechanical, chemical and energetic recycling. In mechanical recycling, successful technologies are achieved through the improvement of existing processes using additives, blends with other plastics and alternative processing routes in order to maintain the original properties of the virgin resin and even allowing them to return to the same application as originally intended. Chemical recycling processes to obtain intermediary products for new polymers become feasible due to the cost reduction of the raw materials involved. Lastly, despite the under use of the gross energy potential of the raw materials employed, energetic recycling plants are gaining a proportion of residues whose technological solutions for separation and/or reprocessing are deficient, but which, on the other hand, are voluminous, consequently solving the problem of both residue accumulation in densely populated regions and their respective insufficient energy supplies. In this book, the authors proposed to present an overview of the current state of this whole plastic recycling sector including their recent advances, and highlighting new markets and recent trends on recycling technologies around the world. However, mechanical recycling has been emphasised owing to the experimental and published work of Manrich's workgroup at the 3R Residues Recycling Center, which has concentrated on studying all the steps in the process of mechanical recycling.
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Mixed Plastics Recycling Technology

Dittman, F. “New Developments in the Processing of Recycled Plastics” Proceedings of the Society of Plastic Engineers Regional Technical Conference - Recycling Technology of the 90's. Chicago, IL. 1990. Franklin Associates.

Author: Bruce Hegberg

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 9780815518389

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 217

View: 191

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Presents an overview of mixed plastics recycling technology. In addition, it characterizes mixed plastics wastes and describes collection methods, costs, and markets for reprocessed plastics products.
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The Complete Book on Biodegradable Plastics and Polymers Recent Developments Properties Analysis Materials Processes

(Recent Developments, Properties, Analysis, Materials & Processes) As biodegradable plastics have degradation behaviours ... PLASTICS SORTING AND REPROCESSING The plastics recycling collection, sorting and reprocessing industry is well ...

Author: NIIR Board of Consultants & Engineers

Publisher: ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.

ISBN: 9788178330358

Category: Plastics

Page: 672

View: 541

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Biodegradable plastics made with plant based materials have been available for many years. The term biodegradable means that a substance is able to be broken down into simpler substances by the activities of living organisms, and therefore is unlikely to persist in the environment. There are many different standards used to measure biodegradability, with each country having its own. The requirements range from 90 per cent to 60 per cent decomposition of the product within 60 to 180 days of being placed in a standard composting environment. They may be composed of either bio plastics, which are plastics whose components are derived from renewable raw materials, or petroleum based plastics which contain additives. Biodegradability of plastics is dependent on the chemical structure of the material and on constitution of the final product, not just on the raw materials used for its production. Polyesters play a predominant role as biodegradable plastics due to their potentially hydrolysable ester bonds. Bio based polymers are divided into three categories based on their origin and production; polymer directly extracted from biomass, polymers produced by classical chemical synthesis using renewable biomass monomer and polymers produces by microorganisms or genetically modified bacteria. In response to public concern about the effects of plastics on the environment and in particular the damaging effects of sea litter on animals and birds, legislation is being enacted or is pending in many countries to ban non degradable packing, finishing nets etc. This book basically deals with biodegradable plastics developments and environmental impacts, hydro biodegradable and photo biodegradable, starch synthetic aliphatic polyester blends, difference between standards for biodegradation, polybutylene succinate (pbs) and polybutylene, recent developments in the biopolymer industry, recent advances in synthesis of biopolymers by traditional methodologies, polymers, environmentally degradable synthetic biodegradable polymers as medical devices, polymers produced from classical chemical synthesis from bio based monomers, potential bio based packaging materials, conventional packaging materials, environmental impact of bio based materials: biodegradability and compostability, etc. Environmentally acceptable degradable polymers have been defined as polymers that degrade in the environment by several mechanisms and culminate in complete biodegradation so that no residue remains in the environment. The present book gives thorough information to biodegradable plastic and polymers. This is an excellent book for scientists engineers, students and industrial researchers in the field of bio based materials.
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Development of Recycled Polypropylene Plastic Fibres to Reinforce Concrete

PP fibres in concrete, assessment of environmental benefits of using recycled PP fibres, and industrial ... Chapter 2: In this chapter, current progress in the fields of recycled plastic fibre reinforced concrete is reviewed. In Sect.

Author: Shi Yin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811037191

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 137

View: 598

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This book outlines a methodology for producing macro recycled polypropylene (PP) fibres with optimal mechanical properties and illustrates the reinforcing effects of recycled PP fibres in concrete. It describes the great potential of using these fibres in concrete applications such as footpaths and precast elements. Further, it sheds new light on the environmental impacts of using recycled PP fibres, which are evaluated by means of cradle to gate life cycle assessment based on the Australian context. The use of recycled PP fibre not only helps reduce consumption of virgin materials like steel or plastic but also provides an attractive avenue for recycling plastic waste. The book will appeal to engineers, governments, and solid waste planners, and offers a valuable reference for the plastic waste recycling and plastic fibre reinforced concrete industries. /div
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Decision Maker s Guide to Solid Waste Management

Mixed-plastic resin recycling applications have seen some growth recently with the development of the plastic lumber. With the new technology, resins are extruded into various lumber and lumber-like products.

Author: Philip R. O'Leary

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9780788176043

Category:

Page: 350

View: 158

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This Guide has been developed particularly for solid waste management practitioners, such as local government officials, facility owners and operators, consultants, and regulatory agency specialists. Contains technical and economic information to help these practitioners meet the daily challenges of planning, managing, and operating municipal solid waste (MSW) programs and facilities. The Guide's primary goals are to encourage reduction of waste at the source and to foster implementation of integrated solid waste management systems that are cost-effective and protect human health and the environment. Illustrated.
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Municipal Solid Wastes

... Non - Rural Single Family Homes , Center for Plastics Recycling Research , Rutgers , The State University of New Jersey ... CSWS ( Council for Solid Waste Solutions ) , Plastics Recycling Pilot Program Final Report : Findings and ...

Author: Robert E. Landreth

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781000114768

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 288

View: 234

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Environmental scientists and engineers are faced with the challenge of how to manage increasing amounts of solid waste. Furthermore, waste management officials are constantly faced with the question "Which option is the most appropriate one in this situation, and how does it compare to other options?" For these individuals, and for the general public, Municipal Solid Wastes: Problems and Solutions helps to answer this and other questions by presenting the issues of waste handling and disposal-from general management concepts to specific techniques. Each topic is carefully reviewed: problems are presented, and possible solutions are discussed. Legislation that affects recycling and disposal is covered.
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Development of Recycling Markets

Mr. Chairman , the plastics industry is working hard to expand plastics recycling , but we cannot do it alone . ... in recycled materials flowing to government specified categories of use , potentially hindering development of new and ...

Author: United States

Publisher:

ISBN: PSU:000018812985

Category: Government publications

Page: 657

View: 642

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Environmental Footprints of Recycled Polyester

Raheem AB, Noor ZZ, Hassan A, Hamid MKA, Samsudin SA, Sabeen AH (2019) Current developments in chemical recycling of post-consumer polyethylene ... Hopewell J, Dvorak R, Kosior E (2009) Plastics recycling: challenges and opportunities.

Author: Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811395789

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 99

View: 481

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This book examines the environmental footprints of recycled polyesters, highlighting the benefits and impact of recycling polyester waste and preparing it to replace virgin polyester in the raw material stage. It also discusses the importance of recycled polyester as a sustainable raw material in textile production.
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Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials

Recycling. of. Plastic. Product. to. Minimize. Environmental. Pollution. References. Achilias, D.S., Andriotis, L., Koutsidis, I.A., et al., 2012. Recent advances in the chemical recycling of polymers (PP, PS, LDPE, HDPE, PVC, PC, ...

Author:

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780128131961

Category: Reference

Page: 4252

View: 165

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Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials provides a comprehensive overview, covering research and development on all aspects of renewable, recyclable and sustainable materials. The use of renewable and sustainable materials in building construction, the automotive sector, energy, textiles and others can create markets for agricultural products and additional revenue streams for farmers, as well as significantly reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, manufacturing energy requirements, manufacturing costs and waste. This book provides researchers, students and professionals in materials science and engineering with tactics and information as they face increasingly complex challenges around the development, selection and use of construction and manufacturing materials. Covers a broad range of topics not available elsewhere in one resource Arranged thematically for ease of navigation Discusses key features on processing, use, application and the environmental benefits of renewable and sustainable materials Contains a special focus on sustainability that will lead to the reduction of carbon emissions and enhance protection of the natural environment with regard to sustainable materials
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National Recycling Markets

INFRASTRUCTURE AND MARKET DEVELOPMENT Growth of Plastics Recycling Significant post - consumer plastics recycling is a recent development . Rapid growth in plastics recycling has been occurring , and is expected to continue over the ...

Author: United States

Publisher:

ISBN: UCR:31210014950925

Category: Environmental protection

Page: 269

View: 398

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Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering

[10] Vasudeo RA, Abitha VK, Vinayak K, Jayaja P, Gaikwad S. Sustainable development through feedstock recycling of plastic wastes. In: Macromolecular symposia, vol. 362; April 2016. p. 39e51 (1). [11] Punkkinen H, Oasmaa A, ...

Author: Sunita Varjani

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780444643223

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 516

View: 626

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Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering: Resource Recovery from Wastes includes the latest and innovative research and technological developments in the biotechnology and bioengineering pertaining to various resource(s) recovery from wastes. The contents are organized into two broader sections covering resource recovery from industrial wastewater and resource recovery from solid wastes. Sections cover energy, bioproducts, nutrients, municipal food wastes, electronic wastes, agricultural waste and others. The state-of-the-art situation, potential advantages and limitations are also provided, along with strategies to overcome limitations. This book is a useful guide into research demands in solid and liquid waste treatment and management for environmental/economic sustainability. Provides state-of-art information and applications on microbiological and biotechnological interventions for resource recovery Covers municipal food wastes, electronic wastes and agricultural wastes Reviews current information relating to bioremediation Contains recent information, clearly illustrated with tables, figures and pictures Outlines different technological and biological aspects of resource recovery from industrial waste and effluents
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Recent Advances in Microbial Degradation

Recycling: It is the preferred method of handling plastic waste, and approximately 10% of the produced plastic is treated that way (Geyer et al. 2017); however, not all plastics can be easily subjected to recycling.

Author: Inamuddin

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811605185

Category:

Page:

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Improving Markets for Recycled Plastics Trends Prospects and Policy Responses

Trends, Prospects and Policy Responses OECD. Note. 1. The washing step may be skipped entirely if the plastics originate from a post-industrial source or one where the ... (2012), “Recent Developments in the Chemical Recycling of PET”, ...

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9789264301016

Category:

Page: 164

View: 710

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Plastics have become one of the most prolific materials on the planet: in 2015 we produced about 380 million tonnes of plastics globally, up from 2 million tonnes in the 1950s. Yet today only 15% of this plastic waste is collected and recycled into secondary plastics globally each year. This ...
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Recycled Polymers

This book is unique in the sense that it deals exclusively with the properties and processing of different recycled polymers which are otherwise considered as waste.The book is the outcome of untiring efforts of the researchers from ...

Author: Vijay Kumar Thakur

Publisher: Smithers Rapra

ISBN: 9781910242308

Category: Science

Page: 300

View: 175

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Polymers constitute a separate area on the environmental issues. Due to the generation of excessive amounts of polymers wastes by industries and householders, the world has confronted a serious crisis. Furthermore, due to the rising environmental awareness, economical and petroleum concerns an increasing attempt is being made to cope with the polymers wastes during the last few years. The traditional methods used to dispose polymer wastes such as combustion of polymers wastes or burying underground show a negative influence on the environment.From the existing studies, it seems that the recycling process is one of the best techniques to treat the waste polymer products. Recycling of polymers through advanced techniques is an important topic that is driven by both the commercial and environmental influences. Several new techniques have been developed along with the means of reusing recycled polymers. Some of the commercially important technological processes for recycling of waste polymers include mechanical recycling, chemical or feedstock recycling and energy recovery. Keeping in mind the advantages of the recycled polymers, this book gives an overview of on properties and processing of different kinds of recycled polymers along with their composites for a range of applications. This book is unique in the sense that it deals exclusively with the properties and processing of different recycled polymers which are otherwise considered as waste.The book is the outcome of untiring efforts of the researchers from different parts of the world with extensive research experience in the field of recycled polymers across different disciplines. Some of the main features are:- Present state-of-the-art recycled polymers from different resources - Includes contributions from world renowned experts on recycled polymers - Discusses the properties and durability of recycled polymers based materials - Highlights new frontiers in the properties and applications of recycled polymers - Focus on recyclability and up-to date progress on recycled polymers - Effect of different parameters on properties of recycled polymers are presented - Solutions for widespread application are recommended - Current problems, recent developments and applications are discussed
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