Issues such as the high rate of grade retention and the low completion rate of basic education in Macao have drawn a lot of public attention. More at issue is the quality of education in Macao. While blame for academic failure is usually laid on individual students, in this book Yi-Lee Wong and Chi-Fong Chan seek to provide a structural explanation by investigating the operation of the modern education of Macao. Referring extensively to Macao's colonial past, Wong and Chan highlight how colonialism's historical legacy shapes the characteristics of the existing education system in Macao; specifically how it has both generated and sustained a system whereby privately run schools are publicly funded. In such a system, private schools can get government funding without being effectively monitored. Such schools are free to carry out school-specific policies (including policies of grade retention and teacher hiring), teach an exclusive school-specific curriculum, and use unique school-specific standards to assess students. Despite the 1999 handover of Macao from Portugal to China, and regardless of the great efforts made to improve education by Macao's SAR government since then, the situation remains more or less unchanged. The authors argue that Macao's colonial history poses huge challenges to educational reform. To make this case, Wong and Chan analyse thorny issues facing the Macao SAR government, concentrating on schools, teachers and students. In their analysis, they draw on a variety of empirical evidence, such as historical material, secondary documents, statistics (including results from Programme for International Student Assessment on OECD countries), and updated empirical findings from surveys; as well as ethnographic studies on contemporary Macao. In the concluding chapter, Wong and Chan use the case of Macao to urge policy makers to rethink the promised societal benefits of the privatization of education suggested in the dominant neo-liberal discourse.
While blame for academic failure is usually laid on individual students, in this book Yi-Lee Wong and Chi-Fong Chan seek to provide a structural explanation by investigating the operation of the modern education of Macao.
Author: Yi-Lee Wong
Publisher: Nova Science Publishers
Category: Education and state
Catholicism has had an important place in Macau since the earliest days of Portuguese colonization in the sixteenth century. This book, based on extensive original research including in-depth interviews, examines in detail the everyday life of Catholics in Macau at present. It outlines the tremendous societal pressures which Macau is currently undergoing – sovereignty handover and its consequences, the growth of casinos and tourism and the transformation of a serene and somewhat obscure colony into a vibrantly developing city. It shows how, although the formal structures of Catholicism no longer share in rule by the colonial power, and although formal religious observance is declining, nevertheless the personal piety and ethical religious outlook of individual Catholics continue to be strong, and have a huge, and possibly increasing, impact on public life through the application of personal religious ethics to issues of human rights and social justice and in the fields of education and social services.
Available: www.winnermacau.com/news/96E7%A4%BE%P5%9C969.8%E5%B0%B1%B3%80%8A%E5%AE%B6%E6%94 (accessed December 1, 2014). Wong, Y.L. and Chan, C.F. (2014) Reforming Education in Contemporary Macao; Issues and Challenges.
Author: Chen Hon-Fai
Category: Social Science
This comprehensive book presents emerging research findings and promising reform practices in the field of teacher education, curriculum, assessment, teaching and learning approaches, pedagogical innovations, and professional development in educating the next generation of globally competent students. It reflects the current trends and highlights contemporary teacher education programs in twenty greater Asian countries and regions. It offers insight into improving teacher education in Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Philippines, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Indonesia, Brunei, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Korea, Taiwan, Japan, Hong Kong, and Macau. The handbook contains chapters written by experienced international teacher educators who draw on their experience and expertise to perennial issues and formidable challenges in teacher preparation and meaningful school reforms. This volume is a valuable resource and essential companion for teacher educators, faculty members, staff developers, trainee teachers, undergraduate and postgraduate students, researchers, school leaders, policy-makers, and professional learning communities to refresh their knowledge and improve their understanding. This book is a must-read for anyone interested in evolving issues in teacher education.
Sou Kuan Vong and Wai Kun Cheong Abstract The development of contemporary teacher education in Macao has been dynamic and ... accompanied by a series of political changes and educational reforms in Macao, especially prior to, and after, ...
Author: Myint Swe Khine
Publisher: Springer Nature
The small city of Macao--formerly a Portuguese colony, now a Special Administrative Region of China--liberalized its gaming industry in 2002. Since then a score of new casinos have been built and millions of gamblers have flooded in from mainland China. Per capita income has more than doubled in five years and the gaming operators have outstripped their Las Vegas counterparts in revenue and profits. But rapid economic growth has also brought social and political problems. In this structured survey of modern Macao, 15 experts examine the effects of massive foreign investment, the problems of governance, and increasing public policy challenges in a time of rapid change and potential social instability. Newman M. K. Lamis professor of public administration at the University of Macau.Ian Scottis emeritus professor and fellow of the Asia Research Centre at Murdoch University and adjunct professor of public and social administration at the City University of Hong Kong.
The present Macao, however, is still shaped by its past; school diversities and autonomy remain a strong tradition in ... Despite a series of post-1990 state-directed reforms to strengthen its inÀuence in the private school sector, ...
Author: Newman M. K. Lam
Publisher: Hong Kong University Press
Category: Political Science
Hong Kong and Macao have much in common. The dominant populations in both territories are Cantonese-speaking Chinese; both are small in area; both are urban societies; both have been colonies of European powers; and both have undergone political transition to reunification with China. Yet in education, for reasons that are analysed in this book, they are very different. The patters of similarities and differences in the two territories make a fascinating basis for comparative study. The overarching theme of the book, on continuity and change is particularly pertinent following the transition of the two societies of the postcolonial era. This thoroughly-revised and expanded second edition builds on the widely-acclaimed first edition. The work has been recognised as a significant contribution to the broad field of comparative education as well as to study of the specific societies which are its main focus.
Historical Development To understand the nature of contemporary patterns, it is valuable to see changes over time. This section begins with Macao, and then turns to Hong Kong. Macao The history of adult education in Macao dates back to ...
Author: M. Bray
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China is located on the southeastern coast of China, and the Macao SAR can be found off of China's southern coast. Both regions have recently been released from European colonial rule: Hong Kong from British control in 1997 and Macao from Portugal in 1999. As SARs, Hong Kong and Macao retain a high degree of autonomy, and they control all issues except those of state (e.g. diplomatic relations and national defense). The A to Z of the Hong Kong SAR and the Macao SAR includes maps, photographs, a list of acronyms, a chronology, an introductory essay, a bibliography, and hundreds of cross-referenced dictionary entries on important persons, places, and events as well as political, economic and social background. However, unlike the rest of the series, all these sections are presented in duplicate: one for Hong Kong and one for Macao. The authoritative analysis and informative data presented clearly elucidate the unique situation of these two territories.
Journal of Contemporary China 14, no. 43 (May 2005). ... “Colonial Policy-makers, Capitalist Class and China: Determinants of Electoral Reform in Hong Kong's and Macau's Legislatures. ... Macao: Macao Adult Education Association, 1998.
Author: Ming K. Chan
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
Category: Hong Kong (China)
This book takes a comprehensive look at the governance and civil society of Macao, the shadowy mecca of gambling in Asia, and the reforms, changes, and social movements which are challenging that reputation today. Thanks to the rapid expansion of the local casino industry, Macao has experienced spectacular economic growth since it returned to Chinese rule in 1999. Following double-digit rates of economic growth between 2002 and 2013, Macao has become one of the wealthiest regions in Asia, with GDP per capita rising from USD$14,258 in 2001 to USD$89,333 in 2014. However, as the casino industry has overshadowed all other sectors of the local economy, it has not only made Macao’s economy highly vulnerable and difficult to sustain, but has also aroused increasing social discontent. The authors lay out a comprehensive and well-argued discussion of the dilemma of the economic monoculture, and strategies by which to overcome it, in the process producing a book that will be of profound interest to scholars of greater China, students of political economy, and travelers to Macao.
... for Reforming Social Security and Old-age Protection System (CPF), 133 consumption, tourism, 65–7 contemporary casino industry, 7 contemporary Macao society, 9, 10 continental legal system, 175 Continuing Education Development Plan, ...
Author: Yufan Hao
Category: Political Science
This book offers a comprehensive overview of how inclusion for students with special educational needs (SEN) has developed and is continuing to evolve in mainstream schools across the Asia-Pacific region. The authors provide an applied analysis of inclusive education in 10 geographical settings, covering legislative, historical, and cultural perspectives. A diverse range of factors that influence inclusive policy-to-practice implementation in these contexts are highlighted, and practical strategies to address some key issues are put forward. The settings in focus are the Maldives, Singapore, the Republic of Korea, Mainland China, Hong Kong, Macao, Japan, Province of British Columbia Canada, New Zealand, and Australia.
Government of the Macao Special Administrative Region. https://www.dsedj.gov.mo/ ~webdsej/www/edulaw/law_9_2006/index-e.htm ... A critical interrogation of the contemporary discourses associated with inclusive education in England.
Author: Wendi Beamish
Publisher: Springer Nature
This book aims to fill this gap in the scholarship on social education by drawing on the research findings and/or experiences from scholars in eight East and Southeast Asian societies. In this regard the editors of this book hope that it will be a significant addition to the literature, and will shed light on how the social education curricula are constructed and implemented across these societies in response to both internal and external forces. At the same time this book is not a comprehensive survey of social education in the region. Rather it is a selective set of case studies examining contested and compelling issues in the debates about social education in eight diverse societies in East and Southeast Asia. The book will be intellectually stimulating and inspiring, not only to the social educators and comparativists who can see more about social science education from non-western perspectives, but also to curriculum developers, policy makers, social educators and front-line teachers who can enrich their professional experiences through learning from other countries/regions.
In fact, before the transition, the Macao-Portuguese administration had difficulty dealing with the civic issue. ... Thus, in the second wave of education reform, a reconceptualization of citizenship should be considered one of the most ...
Author: David L. Grossman
Category: Social Science
The return of Macao from the Portuguese administration to the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1999 marks the beginning of its transformation in the 21st century. Macao was confronted with various issues concerning then existing political system, economic downturn and gangland violence during the transition period. Beijing put Macao under the "One country, Two Systems" and implemented a wide variety of measures in order to restore its law and order as well as to recover its tourism dependent economy. Gradually, Macao transformed itself to "Las Vegas of the East". This volume of 18 essays highlights the key dimensions of Macao's remarkable "One country, Two Systems" actualisation experience in its first 15 years, and discusses how Macao transformed and what challenges it encountered during its post-handover transformation. The volume has several focuses. It first investigates the political and electoral issues in a critical manner─ post-handover Macao suffered from maladministration and limited democratization, and the chief executives selected lacked representativeness due to restricted public participation in the electoral process. Overall speaking, the government lacked legitimacy and popular support. From a socio-economic point of view, this book looks into the business model in running Macao's casinos and the emerging culture of mass participation and youth participation in political affairs. The education reformation and changes in civic identity of local Macao Chinese are also addressed. Finally, the volume looks into how post-handover Macao relates itself in the international politics affair.
Bray, M., Butler, R., Hui, P.K.F., Kwo, O.W.Y. and Mang, E.W.L., Higher Education in Macao: Strategic Development for ... “Casino Capitalism and Its Legitimacy Impact on the Politico-administrative State in Macao,” Journal of Current ...
Author: Eilo W.Y.YU
Publisher: City University of HK Press
Category: Social Science