Repopulating the Eighteenth Century

In essays that examine particular non-canonical works and writers in their wider cultural context, this volume "repopulates" the German Enlightenment.

Author: Michael Wood

Publisher: Edinburgh German Yearbook

ISBN: 9781640140196

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 244

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In essays that examine particular non-canonical works and writers in their wider cultural context, this volume "repopulates" the German Enlightenment.
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Anglo German Dramatic and Poetic Encounters

Research has also begun following the lead of earlier twentieth-century scholars in exploring the rich pickings of the British periodical press and its role in Anglo-German exchange in the long eighteenth century.

Author: Michael Wood

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781611462937

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 258

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Anglo-German Dramatic and Poetic Encounters contains essays focusing on the roles of drama and poetry in Anglo-German exchange in the Sattelzeit. It offers new perspectives on the movement of texts and ideas across genres and cultures, the formation and reception of poetic personae, and the place of illustration in cross-cultural, textual exchange.
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Hungary in the Eighteenth Century

We may safely assert that the chief event in the history of Hungary during the eighteenth century was the repopulating and the securing of the welfare of the Alföld. And a necessary result of this process was that the principal burden ...

Author: Henry Marczali

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107475328

Category: History

Page: 446

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Originally published in 1910, this book presents a detailed history of Hungary during the eighteenth century. Emphasis is placed on an exploration of the 'economic, intellectual and moral qualities' of the country, rather than the struggle between various political factions. Areas covered include the economy, social system, nationality, the church, royal power and the governance of the state. Detailed notes are incorporated throughout and an introductory essay on the early development of Hungary is also included. This book will be of value to anyone with an interest in Hungarian history.
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Johannes Scherr

Mediating Culture in the German Nineteenth Century Andrew Cusack. 10 Johannes Scherr, Menschliche Tragikomödie, 3rd ed., ... 19 Wood and Birgfeld, Repopulating the Eighteenth Century, 12. 20 Ricarda Huch, Du, mein Dämon, meine Schlange: ...

Author: Andrew Cusack

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer

ISBN: 9781640140578

Category: History

Page: 204

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Traces the career of the widely read cultural historian Johannes Scherr and his development of a new kind of historical writing for the increasingly globalized 19th-century world.
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Views on Eighteenth Century Culture

Several utopian works address the question of repopulating abandoned regions. Some, like Cuadrado Fernández's Causas de la decadencia en España, suggest that: “if a poor man in every town or village of Spain were offered land to farm, ...

Author: Leonor Ferrão

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781443884983

Category: Art

Page: 431

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This book provides significant new insights into the Enlightenment in Portugal and its relationships with other European cultural movements using Eugénio dos Santos (1711–1760) as a common reference point. Eugénio dos Santos was a Portuguese architect and city planner who, among other projects, was responsible for the plans to rebuild Lisbon after the earthquake of 1st November 1755. His artistic and technical training, architectural production, aesthetic preferences and some of the books in his private library point to a person who embodied the transition between two moments in Portuguese culture, with their specific characteristics and particular reception of the practices and ideas that circulated among European intellectuals and practitioners. Over the 18 chapters of this volume, several specialists in different disciplinary areas discuss ideas, libraries, printed and handwritten documents, drawings, printing techniques, and architects, philosophers and writers of the 18th century, in order to offer a broad view of a time period closely associated with the construction of modernity.
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Emigrant Dreams Immigrant Borders

While Spanish writers and filmmakers have only recently considered the significance of repopulation for interpreting ... This repopulation effort persisted throughout the eighteenth century by order of King Charles III under the program ...

Author: Raquel Vega-Durán

Publisher: Bucknell University Press

ISBN: 9781611487411

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 300

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Emigrant Dreams, Immigrant Borders: Migrants, Transnational Encounters, and Identity in Spain offers a new approach to the cultural history of contemporary Spain, examining the ways in which Spain’s own self-conceptions are changing and multiplying in response to migrants from Latin America and Africa. In the last twenty-five years, Spain has gone from being a country of net emigration to one in which immigrants make up nearly 12 percent of the population. This rapid growth has made migrants increasingly visible in both mass media and in Spanish visual and literary culture. This book examines the origins of media discourses on immigration and takes the analysis of contemporary Spanish culture as its primary framework, while also drawing insights from sociology and history. Emigrant Dreams, Immigrant Borders introduces readers to a wide range of recent films, journals, novels, photography, paintings, and music to reconsider contemporary Spain through its varied encounters with migrants. It follows the stages of the migrant’s own journey, beginning outside Spanish territory, continuing across the border (either at the barbed-wire fences of Ceuta and Melilla or the waters of the Atlantic or the Strait of Gibraltar), and then considers what happens to migrants after they arrive and settle in Spain. Each chapter analyzes one of these stages in order to illustrate the complexity of contemporary Spanish identity. This examination of Spanish culture shows how Spain is evolving into a new space of imagination, one that can no longer be defined without the migrant—a space in which there is no unified identity but rather a new self-understanding is being born. Vega-Durán both places Spain in a larger European context and draws attention to some of the features that, from a comparative perspective, make the Spanish case interesting and often unique. She argues that Spain cannot be understood today outside the Transatlantic and Mediterranean spaces (both real and imaginary) where Spaniards and migrants meet. Emigrant Dreams, Immigrant Borders offers a timely study of present-day Spain, and makes an original contribution to the vibrant debates about multiculturalism and nation-formation that are taking
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Revisioning the British Empire in the Eighteenth Century

Essays from Twenty-five Years of the Lawrence Henry Gipson Institute for Eighteenth-Century Studies Lawrence Henry Gipson Institute Staff, Lawrence H. Gipson William G. Shade. Part II . Repopulating Gipson's Empire 6 LABOR EXACTION AND ...

Author: Lawrence Henry Gipson Institute Staff

Publisher: Lehigh University Press

ISBN: 0934223572

Category: History

Page: 301

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This volume offers eleven essays on colonial British North America and the American Revolution. Part I of the collection includes essays on aspects of the Revolution that reflect Gipson's interests, while the essays in Part II deal with social history.
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Nationalism before the Nation State

Krieg und Aufklärung: Studien zum Kriegsdiskurs in der deutschsprachigen Literatur des 18. ... (1792–1803),” Edinburgh German Yearbook 12: Re-Populating the Eighteenth Century: Second-Tier Writing in the German Enlightenment, ...

Author:

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004426108

Category: History

Page: 206

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The eight chapters in Nationalism before the Nation State: Literary Constructions of Inclusion, Exclusion, and Self-Definition (1756–1871) explore how the German nation was imagined from the beginning of the Seven Year’s War to the nation’s political foundation in 1871.
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The Coptic Christian Heritage

The obligation of monastics to pay excessive tributes to Arab rulers was one of the earliest blows that affected monasticism in the eighth century. Under the Fatimid Caliph al-Hakim bi-'Amr Allah (r. 996–1020) most Coptic churches and ...

Author: Lois M. Farag

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134666843

Category: Religion

Page: 280

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This book offers a comprehensive introduction to the heritage of Coptic Christians. The contributors combine academic expertise with intimate and practical knowledge of the Coptic Orthodox Church and Coptic heritage. The chapters explore historical, cultural, literary and material aspects, including: the history of Christianity in Egypt, from the pre-Christian era to the modern day Coptic religious culture: theology, monasticism, spirituality, liturgy and music the Coptic language, linguistic expressions of the Coptic heritage and literary production in Greek, Coptic and Arabic . material culture and artistic expression of the Copts: from icons, mosaics and frescos to manuscript illuminations, woodwork and textiles. Students will find The Coptic Christian Heritage an invaluable introduction, whilst scholars will find its breadth provides a helpful context for specialised research.
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Jesuits and the Politics of Religious Pluralism in Eighteenth Century Transylvania

®Repopulation. and the system of cultivation in Hungary after the expulsion of the Turks, ̄ Acta Historica Academiae Scientarum ... In the eighteenth century, the Romanian Orthodox liturgy was still modeled on that of the Greek Church.

Author: Paul Shore

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351925334

Category: History

Page: 246

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This book tells the story of the Jesuit mission to Cluj, Transylvania (now Romania) from 1693, when the Jesuits were allowed to return after almost a century of restricted activity in the region, until 1773, when the order was suppressed. During these eight decades the Jesuits created a complex, multi-faceted community whose impact reached throughout Transylvania and beyond into neighbouring regions. In addition to an ongoing missionary program in this predominantly non-Catholic region, the Jesuits established a cluster of schools and a university that trained the elite, introduced Baroque architecture, music and literature, and became the masters of extensive properties. The Jesuits' schools staged dramas in several languages, their printing press produced a wide range of publications, including a Hungarian 'ABC for Girls' and a catechism in Ukrainian, and Jesuit scientists, including Miksa Hell, later Court Astronomer in Vienna, conducted experiments and observations. Among the unique features of this study are the accounts of how Jesuits sought to impose social conformity on the ethnically and religiously diverse community, the Jesuits' project to develop a 'Uniate Church' that would retain the Eastern Rite while acknowledging the authority of Rome, and the story of the long-forgotten Jesuit 'brothers', who contributed their talents as craftsmen and artists to the Jesuit enterprise. A chapter is devoted to the ill-fated 1743 mission to Moldavia, in which Transylvanian Jesuits hoped to establish a missionary and educational outpost in this Ottoman-dominated principality. Special attention is given to Jesuit interactions with the many minority groups present in Cluj: Armenians, Jews, Roma (Gypsies), and German speaking 'Saxons', as well as encounters with ethnic Romanians, who made up the majority of the population of Transylvania and among whom the Uniate Church was promoted. Cluj, a city where the cultures of Eastern and Western Europe meet, represented the furthermost penetration into Orthodox Europe of the Baroque aesthetic and of the domination of the Habsburgs, supported and glorified by the Jesuits. The successes and failures of this religious order helped shape the history of the region for the next two centuries.
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Houses and Domestic Space in Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century Hospitaller Malta

... a number of villages that had been temporarily depopulated because of the Great Siege were repopulated and gradually prospered again, all at their own pace. With the already existing parish network in Malta, the seventeenth century ...

Author: George A. Said-Zammit

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000289824

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 462

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Houses and Domestic Space in Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century Hospitaller Malta is a study concerned with a wide spectrum of early modern dwellings in Malta, ranging from palazzi and affluent residences to peasant dwellings, troglodyte houses, and hovels. The multifaceted approach adopted in this book allows houses and domestic networks to be studied not only in terms of architecture and construction materials, but also as places of human habitation where house dwellers act, react and interact in different contexts and circumstances. Dwellings are places that permit different social and economic activities, whilst providing shelter and security to the household members. Through the available sources, the houses of Hospitaller Malta are analysed in terms of their spatial properties and how they generate privacy, interaction and communication, identity, accessibility, security, visibility, movement and encounters, and, equally important, how domestic space relates to gender roles, status, and class. This work, therefore, seeks to reach a deep and nuanced understanding of domestic space and how it relates to the islands’ history and the development of their society during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
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American Indians of the Ohio Country in the 18th Century

Paul R. Misencik, Sally E. Misencik. PART I The Repopulation of Ohio in the 18th Century One The Beaver Wars or Iroquois Wars (c. 1628–c. 1677) Part I—The Repopulation of Ohio in the 18th Century.

Author: Paul R. Misencik

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 9781476679976

Category: History

Page: 292

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In the mid-17th century, the Iroquois Confederacy launched a war for control of the burgeoning fur trade industry. These conflicts, known as the Beaver Wars, were among the bloodiest in North American history, and the resulting defeat of the Erie nation led to present-day Ohio's becoming devoid of significant, permanent Indian inhabitants. Only in the first quarter of the 18th century did tribes begin to tentatively resettle the area. This book details the story of the Beaver Wars, the subsequent Indian migrations into present Ohio, the locations and descriptions of documented Indian trails and settlements, the Moravian Indian mission communities in Ohio, and the Indians' forlorn struggles to preserve an Ohio homeland, culminating in their expulsion by Andrew Jackson's Indian Removal Act in 1830.
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Africa from the Sixteenth to the Eighteenth Century

She rejected the missionaries and the whites, but above all she exhorted rival claimants to the throne to give up the struggle, restore a king and repopulate Mbanza Kongo. She had a large popular following (she herself belonged to the ...

Author: Bethwell A. Ogot

Publisher: UNESCO

ISBN: 9789231017117

Category: Africa

Page: 1045

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One of UNESCO's most important publishing projects in the last thirty years, the General History of Africa marks a major breakthrough in the recognition of Africa's cultural heritage. Offering an internal perspective of Africa, the eight-volume work provides a comprehensive approach to the history of ideas, civilizations, societies and institutions of African history. The volumes also discuss historical relationships among Africans as well as multilateral interactions with other cultures and continents.
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Hopeful Journeys

In the period that followed the destruction that occurred in the seventeenth century and the rebuilding and repopulation of the early eighteenth century, most Germans of the third phase of immigration into colonial British America ...

Author: Aaron Spencer Fogleman

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812291674

Category: History

Page: 272

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In 1700, some 250,000 white and black inhabitants populated the thirteen American colonies, with the vast majority of whites either born in England or descended from English immigrants. By 1776, the non-Native American population had increased tenfold, and non-English Europeans and Africans dominated new immigration. Of all the European immigrant groups, the Germans may have been the largest. Aaron Spencer Fogleman has written the first comprehensive history of this eighteenth-century German settlement of North America. Utilizing a vast body of published and archival sources, many of them never before made accessible outside of Germany, Fogleman emphasizes the importance of German immigration to colonial America, the European context of the Germans' emigration, and the importance of networks to their success in America
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Geographers

Thus depopulation in the nineteenth century was discussed before overpopulation in the eighteenth century, repopulation in the fifteenth century (following the devastation of the Hundred Years War), recolonization associated with ...

Author: Hayden Lorimer

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781441118585

Category: History

Page: 224

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The thirtieth volume of Geographers: Biobibliographical Studies adds significantly to the corpus of scholarship on geography's multiple histories and biographies with nine essays on figures from Britain, France, the USA and Spain. Each was distinguished in his or her own scholarship and made distinctive contributions in specific fields -- as historical, political or population geographers, and, in one case, as a hydrologist-geomorphologist. The subjects also shared a commitment to the educational benefits of geography and of geographical research that was rooted in a vision of geography as socially illuminating and individually life-changing. Here is further rich testimony of the importance of geographers' lives to the lived experience of geography in practice.
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Papacy and Politics in Eighteenth Century Rome

Pius VI and the Arts Jeffrey Collins, Jeffrey (Professor of 17th- and 18th-Century Art and Visual Culture Collins, ... Rome's extensive disabitato , which he was simultaneously repopulating with aqueducts and triumphal fountains .

Author: Jeffrey Collins

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521809436

Category: Art

Page: 355

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Architectural Space in Eighteenth Century Europe

Although Barthélemy had imagined gods and kings repopulating old haunts, his stress lay on abundance and diversity, and his 'nation' remained one of statues in a storehouse or magazine.56 Eustace gave the metaphor life by highlighting ...

Author: Meredith Martin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351576062

Category: Art

Page: 288

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Architectural Space in Eighteenth-Century Europe: Constructing Identities and Interiors explores how a diverse, pan-European group of eighteenth-century patrons - among them bankers, bishops, bluestockings, and courtesans - used architectural space and décor to shape and express identity. Eighteenth-century European architects understood the client's instrumental role in giving form and meaning to architectural space. In a treatise published in 1745, the French architect Germain Boffrand determined that a visitor could "judge the character of the master for whom the house was built by the way in which it is planned, decorated and distributed." This interdisciplinary volume addresses two key interests of contemporary historians working in a range of disciplines: one, the broad question of identity formation, most notably as it relates to ideas of gender, class, and ethnicity; and two, the role played by different spatial environments in the production - not merely the reflection - of identity at defining historical and cultural moments. By combining contemporary critical analysis with a historically specific approach, the book's contributors situate ideas of space and the self within the visual and material remains of interiors in eighteenth-century Europe. In doing so, they offer compelling new insight not only into this historical period, but also into our own.
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Caste Society and Politics in India from the Eighteenth Century to the Modern Age

... every living royal and warrior Kshatriya , and then repopulating with Brahmans a new dharmic land of his own creation . ... and the expansive eighteenth - century west - coast domains of Travancore and Cochin , in both of which ...

Author: Susan Bayly

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521798426

Category: History

Page: 421

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One of the most powerful statements ever written on the subject of caste in India.
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Peoples of the Eastern Habsburg Lands 1526 1918

Also by mid-seventeenth century the spice trade from the Ottoman Empire no longer passed directly into Hungary. ... only in the second decade of the eighteenth century. Repopulating the newly occupied territories was a major challenge.

Author: Robert A. Kann

Publisher: University of Washington Press

ISBN: 9780295806839

Category: History

Page: 559

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The Peoples of the Eastern Habsburg Lands, 1526-1918
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Hacienda and Market in Eighteenth century Mexico

... the administrators of the hacienda were attempting to revive textile production and repopulate the sheep herds . ... of the eighteenth century , the local economic situation had swung definitively in favor of cereal production .

Author: Eric Van Young

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0742553566

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 127

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This classic history of the Mexican hacienda from the colonial period through the nineteenth century has been reissued in a silver anniversary edition complete with a substantive new introduction and foreword. Eric Van Young explores 150 years of Mexico's economic and rural development, a period when one of history's great empires was trying to extract more resources from its most important colony, and when an arguably capitalist economy was both expanding and taking deeper root. The author explains the development of a regional agrarian system, centered on the landed estates of late colonial Mexico, the central economic and social institution of an overwhelmingly rural society. With rich empirical detail, he meticulously describes the features of the rural economy, including patterns of land ownership, credit and investment, labor relations, the structure of production, and the relationship of a major colonial city to its surrounding area. The book's most interesting and innovative element is its emphasis on the way the system of rural economy shaped, and was shaped by, the internal logic of a great spatial system, the region of Guadalajara. Van Young argues that Guadalajara's population growth progressively integrated the large geographical region surrounding the city through the mechanisms of the urban market for grain and meat, which in turn put pressure on local land and labor resources. Eventually this drove white and Indian landowners into increasingly sharp conflict and led to the progressive proletarianization of the region's peasantry during the last decades of the Spanish colonial era. It is no accident, given this history, that the Guadalajara region was one of the major areas of armed insurrection for most of the decade during Mexico's struggle for independence from Spain. By highlighting the way haciendas worked and changed over time, this indispensable study illuminates Mexico's economic and social history, the movement for independence, and the origins of the Mexican Revolution.
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