Rethinking Life and Death

The Collapse of Our Traditional Ethics
Author: Peter Singer
Publisher: Macmillan
ISBN: 9780312144012
Category: Medical
Page: 256
View: 7894
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In a reassessment of the meaning of life and death, a noted philosopher offers a new definition for life that contrasts a world dependent on biological maintenance with one controlled by state-of-the-art medical technology

Repensar la vida y la muerte

el derrumbe de nuestra ética tradicional
Author: Peter Singer
Publisher: Grupo Planeta (GBS)
ISBN: 9788449304149
Category: Medical
Page: 255
View: 6988
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Una mujer yace en coma irreversible en un hospital. Su cerebro esta danado, pero su corazon sigue latiendo y, ademas, esta embarazada. Unos pocos meses mas tarde, la ayuda medica permite que de a luz un saludable bebe. Un nino entra en coma tras golpearse en la cabeza mientras juega a futbol. Meses despues, los padres piden que le retiren el respirador, pero el hospital se niega. Un dia, el padre amenaza al personal con una pistola, desenchufa el aparato y permanece junto al chico hasta que muere. Una mujer de setenta anos sufre un cancer incurable, por lo que le pide al medico que termine con su vida. Finalmente, este ultimo le inyecta cloruro de potasio para que muera. Sin embargo, y aunque es sometido a juicio por asesinato, ni se le encarcela ni se le expulsa del colegio de medicos. Estos tres ejemplos certifican que nuestras ideas mas tradicionales acerca de la vida y de la muerte estan en crisis. En un mundo de respiradores y de embriones conservados durante anos en nitrogeno liquido, yano podemos seguir considerando la vida humana como la base inamovible de nuestros puntos de vista eticos. En este controvertido y polemico libro, Peter Singer arguye que no seremos capaces de abordar convenientemente temas basicos como la muerte, el aborto, la eutanasia o los derechos de los animales hasta que nos olvidemos de la vieja moral y construyamos una nueva fundamentada en la compasion y el sentido comun.

Somos Los Que Comemos

La Importancia de Los Alimentos Que Decidimos Consumir
Author: Peter Singer,Jim Mason
Publisher: Grupo Planeta (GBS)
ISBN: 9788449322716
Category: Education
Page: 383
View: 1276
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La conveniencia, el precio, la presentación: estas son las fuerzas que hoy impulsan nuestra dieta. Pero, ¿cuál es el verdadero coste de lo que elegimos comer cada día? Somos lo que comemos ofrece a los consumidores cinco sencillos principios para que elijan mejor lo que van a comer. ¿Debemos comer carne? Si es así, ¿qué carne es más ético comer? ¿Qué frutas, hortalizas y productos lácteos? ¿Pescado del mar o de piscifactoría? ¿Debemos siquiera mirar la «ternera de leche»? Aunque reconocen que no todos nos haremos vegetarianos, Singer y Mason nos ofrecen razones muy convincentes para que comamos con más conciencia.

A Companion to Ethics


Author: Peter Singer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118724968
Category: Philosophy
Page: 592
View: 9123
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In this volume, some of today's most distinguished philosophers survey the whole field of ethics, from its origins, through the great ethical traditions, to theories of how we ought to live, arguments about specific ethical issues, and the nature of ethics itself. The book can be read straight through from beginning to end; yet the inclusion of a multi-layered index, coupled with a descriptive outline of contents and bibliographies of relevant literature, means that the volume also serves as a work of reference, both for those coming afresh to the study of ethics and for readers already familiar with the subject.

Biocentrismo

La Vida y la Conciencia Como Claves para Comprender la Naturaleza Del Universo
Author: Robert Lanza,Bob Berman
Publisher: Sirio Editorial
ISBN: 9788478088072
Category: Science
Page: 229
View: 6069
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Lo que hasta ahora creíamos haber comprendido sobre los fundamentos del universo ha empezado a batirse en retirada ante nuestros ojos. Cuantos más datos reunimos, más malabarismos tenemos que hacer con nuestras teorías, o más hemos de ignorar hallazgos qu

Crepúsculo. Décimo aniversario / Vida y Muerte Edición Dual (Saga Crepúsculo)


Author: Stephenie Meyer
Publisher: Alfaguara Juvenil
ISBN: 607314055X
Category: Young Adult Fiction
Page: N.A
View: 8356
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Stephenie Meyer reinterpreta su exitosa novela 10 años más tarde. ¡Celebra el décimo aniversario de Crepúsculo! ¡Celebra el décimo aniversario de Crepúsculo! Los lectores disfrutarán de la icónica historia de amor de Bella y Edward con una perspectiva renovada. Esta edición especial conmemorativa del décimo aniversario incluye la novela original Crepúsculo, así como una reformulación de la historia completa realizada por la autora, narrada en esta ocasión a través de los ojos de un joven que se enamora de una chica vampiro. A la edición la acompaña un detallado prefacio y epílogo. Crepúsculo ha cautivado a millones de lectores desde su publicación en 2005 y se ha convertido en un clásico moderno, redefiniendo los géneros de la literatura Young Adult e inspirando un fenómeno del que los lectores ansían nuevo contenido. La novela fue número 1 de la lista de bestsellers de The New York Times y USA Today, catalogada como la Mejor Novela Young Adult de Todos los Tiempos por la revista Time, recibió un galardón NPR a la Mejor Novela Adolescente, y fue la recomendación del editor de The New York Times. La "Saga Crepúsculo", en la que se incluyen los títulos Crepúsculo, Luna nueva, Eclipse, Amanecer, La segunda vida de Bree Tanner y la Guía ilustrada oficial, ha vendido cerca de 155 millones de copias en todo el mundo y más de 3 millones de ejemplares solo en España.

Ethics in the Real World

82 Brief Essays on Things That Matter
Author: Peter Singer
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400888735
Category: Philosophy
Page: 376
View: 4111
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Provocative essays on real-world ethical questions from the world's most influential philosopher Peter Singer is often described as the world's most influential philosopher. He is also one of its most controversial. The author of important books such as Animal Liberation, Practical Ethics, Rethinking Life and Death, and The Life You Can Save, he helped launch the animal rights and effective altruism movements and contributed to the development of bioethics. Now, in Ethics in the Real World, Singer shows that he is also a master at dissecting important current events in a few hundred words. In this book of brief essays, he applies his controversial ways of thinking to issues like climate change, extreme poverty, animals, abortion, euthanasia, human genetic selection, sports doping, the sale of kidneys, the ethics of high-priced art, and ways of increasing happiness. Singer asks whether chimpanzees are people, smoking should be outlawed, or consensual sex between adult siblings should be decriminalized, and he reiterates his case against the idea that all human life is sacred, applying his arguments to some recent cases in the news. In addition, he explores, in an easily accessible form, some of the deepest philosophical questions, such as whether anything really matters and what is the value of the pale blue dot that is our planet. The collection also includes some more personal reflections, like Singer’s thoughts on one of his favorite activities, surfing, and an unusual suggestion for starting a family conversation over a holiday feast. Now with a new afterword by the author, this provocative and original book will challenge—and possibly change—your beliefs about many real-world ethical questions.

Practical Ethics


Author: Peter Singer
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139496891
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
View: 7097
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For thirty years, Peter Singer's Practical Ethics has been the classic introduction to applied ethics. For this third edition, the author has revised and updated all the chapters and added a new chapter addressing climate change, one of the most important ethical challenges of our generation. Some of the questions discussed in this book concern our daily lives. Is it ethical to buy luxuries when others do not have enough to eat? Should we buy meat from intensively reared animals? Am I doing something wrong if my carbon footprint is above the global average? Other questions confront us as concerned citizens: equality and discrimination on the grounds of race or sex; abortion, the use of embryos for research and euthanasia; political violence and terrorism; and the preservation of our planet's environment. This book's lucid style and provocative arguments make it an ideal text for university courses and for anyone willing to think about how she or he ought to live.

Unsanctifying Human Life

Essays on Ethics
Author: Helga Kuhse
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 9780631225072
Category: Philosophy
Page: 408
View: 1126
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Unsanctifying Human Life offers a collection of Singer's best and most challenging articles from 1971 to the present. The book includes early critiques of various approaches to philosophy and the role of philosophers, followed by controversial works on the moral status of animals, infanticide, euthanasia, the allocation of scarce health care resources, embryo experimentation, environmental responsibility, and reflections on how we should live.

La cuestión vital

¿Por qué la vida es como es?
Author: Nick Lane
Publisher: Grupo Planeta Spain
ISBN: 843442326X
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 9934
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¿Por qué la vida es como es? Las bacterias evolucionaron a formas de vida más complejas sólo una vez en cuatro mil millones de años en la Tierra y todas las formas de vida complejas comparten características extrañas, desde el sexo al envejecimiento y la muerte. Si la vida ha evolucionado en otros planetas, ¿será parecida o completamente diferente? El distinguido bioquímico Nick Lane argumenta que la evolución de la vida multicelular –aquella que encontramos en hongos, plantas, animales y humanos– se originó a partir de un único evento. Apoyándose sobre los pilares de la teoría evolutiva, Lane examina el vínculo entre genes y energía, y sugiere una novedosa hipótesis sobre la relación entre la evolución celular y la vida a gran escala. Tan rigurosas como fascinantes, sus conclusiones no sólo explican el vasto ímpetu de la evolución, sino también proveen una perspectiva valiosa que amplía nuestro entendimiento del sexo, la especiación y la complejidad de la vida humana. En La cuestión vital, Nick Lane replantea radicalmente la historia evolutiva, proponiendo una solución convincente a cuestiones que han preocupado a los científicos durante años.

Death and Donation

Rethinking Brain Death as a Means for Procuring Transplantable Organs
Author: D. Scott Henderson
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1621890201
Category: Religion
Page: 212
View: 3409
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Since its inception in 1968, the brain-death criterion for human death has enjoyed the status of one of the few relatively well-settled issues in bioethics. However, over the last fifteen years or so, a growing number of experts in medicine, philosophy, and religion have come to regard brain death as an untenable criterion for the determination of death. Given that the debate about brain death has occupied a relatively small group of professionals, few are aware that brain death fails to correspond to any coherent biological or philosophical conception of death. This is significant, for if the brain-dead are not dead, then the removal of their vital organs for transplantation is the direct cause of their deaths, and a violation of the Dead Donor Rule. This unique monograph synthesizes the social, legal, medical, religious, and philosophical problems inherent in current social policy allowing for organ donation under the brain-death criterion. In so doing, this bioethical appraisal offers a provocative investigation of the ethical quandaries inherent in the way transplantable organs are currently procured. Drawing together these multidisciplinary threads, this book advocates the abandonment of the brain-death criterion in light of its adverse failures, and concludes by laying the groundwork for a new policy of death in an effort to further the good of organ donation and transplantation.

Bioethics

An Anthology
Author: Helga Kuhse,Peter Singer
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 9781405129480
Category: Philosophy
Page: 760
View: 5980
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The expanded and revised edition of Bioethics: An Anthology is a definitive one-volume collection of key primary texts for the study of bioethics. Brings together writings on a broad range of ethical issues relating such matters as reproduction, genetics, life and death, and animal experimentation. Now includes introductions to each of the sections. Features new coverage of the latest debates on hot topics such as genetic screening, the use of embryonic human stem cells, and resource allocation between patients. The selections are independent of any particular approach to bioethics. Can be used as a source book to complement A Companion to Bioethics (1999).

Famine, Affluence, and Morality


Author: Peter Singer
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0190219203
Category: Famines
Page: 120
View: 3622
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First published in 1972, Singer's essay argued that choosing not to send life-saving money to starving people on the other side of the earth is the moral equivalent of neglecting to save drowning children because we prefer not to muddy our shoes. In this publication, his essay is accompanied by other pieces on our obligations to others, as well as a new introduction that discusses Singer's current thinking.

The Moral of the Story

An Anthology of Ethics Through Literature
Author: Peter Singer,Renata Singer
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 9781405105842
Category: Philosophy
Page: 640
View: 5637
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In The Moral of the Story, Peter and Renata Singer draw on some of the best works of fiction, playwriting, and poetry in order to shed light on the perennial questions of ethics. A vivid montage of literature that touches on a broad range of ethical subjects and themes Offers a unique contribution to the study of moral philosophy and literature Demonstrates how literary sources can add richness to discussions of real-life moral questions and dilemmas Brings together selections and excerpts from the world’s most celebrated short stories, novels, plays, and poetry Features substantive section introductions by Peter and Renata Singer Peter Singer is a leading moral philosopher, widely credited with triggering the modern animal-rights movement. His collection of essays, Unsanctifying Human Life, edited by Helga Kuhse, was published by Blackwell Publishing in 2001.

The Expanding Circle

Ethics, Evolution, and Moral Progress
Author: Peter Singer
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400838431
Category: Philosophy
Page: 232
View: 3034
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What is ethics? Where do moral standards come from? Are they based on emotions, reason, or some innate sense of right and wrong? For many scientists, the key lies entirely in biology--especially in Darwinian theories of evolution and self-preservation. But if evolution is a struggle for survival, why are we still capable of altruism? In his classic study The Expanding Circle, Peter Singer argues that altruism began as a genetically based drive to protect one's kin and community members but has developed into a consciously chosen ethic with an expanding circle of moral concern. Drawing on philosophy and evolutionary psychology, he demonstrates that human ethics cannot be explained by biology alone. Rather, it is our capacity for reasoning that makes moral progress possible. In a new afterword, Singer takes stock of his argument in light of recent research on the evolution of morality.

El arte sueco de ordenar antes de morir


Author: Margareta Magnusson
Publisher: RESERVOIR BOOKS
ISBN: 8417125965
Category: Fiction
Page: 135
View: 5807
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Llega el Döstadning, el arte de la limpieza para la muerte: un fenómeno sueco para poner en orden nuestra vida antes de pasar a una mejor. Döstädning, o el arte de la limpieza para la muerte, es un fenómeno sueco a través del cual dejar nuestros asuntos en orden antes de pasar a mejor vida. Nos lo presenta Margareta Magnusson, la abuela que todos querríamos tener. Con la claridad de quien ve la vida desde la última parada, explica a jóvenes y mayores cómo ordenar el caos para quedarnos con lo verdaderamente importante. Tanto si se trata de rescatar las reliquias de entre una montaña de trastos, de reducirlo todo a un espacio más pequeño o de establecer un sistema para dejar de perder las llaves, promete ahorrar estrés a quien lo practique y a los que seguirán ahí cuando llegue su hora. Ilustrado por la propia autora, esta es una enseñanza realista, directa y adorablemente excéntrica sobre qué significan de verdad las pertenencias y ser capaz de superar lo efímero. La crítica ha dicho... «Inteligente, útil y extrañamente profundo.» Entertainment Weekly «Conserva solo lo que ames y lo que te haga feliz en el momento. Se parece a Marie Kondo, pero con un sentido añadido de la transitoriedad y la futilidad de nuestra existencia mortal.» The New York Post «Sabes que te has hecho mayor cuando su título te atrapa, pero hasta los millennials disfrutarán esta aproximación al orden.» People Magazine «El libro de Magnusson tiene un título fascinante: terrorífico pero acogedor, como una avalancha vista desde una casa en la montaña [...], un pequeño libro afectuoso y sabio[...]. Me deshago de todos los libros de autoayuda una vez leídos, pero este lo voy a conservar.» Dwight Garner, The New York Times «Leer su libro es como tener a una tía sensata y animada contándote las verdades dolorosas que tu madre nunca se ha atrevido.» Star Tribune «Los suecos tienen la solución: "limpieza para la muerte" [...]. Mientras que la diva japonesa Marie Kondo nos da instrucciones estrictas para conservar solo cosas que provoquen alegría, el libro deMagnusson es directo y realista (y con un poco de humor).» The Washington Post «La nueva moda del orden se llama arte sueco de la limpieza para la muerte [...],Magnusson dice que el proceso no es solo para aquellos que contemplan hacer una visita al otro mundo. Es para todas las edades.» The Chronicle «Leer las teorías de Magnusson me ha hecho pensar en que las cosas que acumulamos pueden llegar a ser recuerdos para los que dejamos atrás.» The Brisbane Times «Tiene beneficios que puedes disfrutar perfectamente cuando aún estás vivo [...]. Puede ser una buena manera para que las familias hablen de asuntos delicados, que de otra forma serían difíciles de poner sobre la mesa.» Time

Peter Singer Under Fire

The Moral Iconoclast Faces His Critics
Author: Jeffrey A. Schaler
Publisher: Open Court
ISBN: 0812697693
Category: Philosophy
Page: 640
View: 634
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One of the leading ethical thinkers of the modern age, Peter Singer has repeatedly been embroiled in controversy. Protesters in Germany closed down his lectures, mistakenly thinking he was advocating Nazi views on eugenics. Conservative publisher Steve Forbes withdrew generous donations to Princeton after Singer was appointed professor of bioethics. His belief that infanticide is sometimes morally justified has appalled people from all walks of life. Peter Singer Under Fire gives a platform to his critics on many contentious issues. Leaders of the disability rights group Not Dead Yet attack Singer’s views on disability and euthanasia. Economists criticize the effectiveness of his ideas for solving global poverty. Philosophers expose problems in Singer’s theory of utilitarianism and ethicists refute his position on abortion. Singer’s engaging “Intellectual Autobiography” explains how he came by his controversial views, while detailed replies to each critic reveal further surprising aspects of his unique outlook.

Erotikon

Essays on Eros, Ancient and Modern
Author: Shadi Bartsch,Thomas Bartscherer
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226038394
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 352
View: 8374
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Erotikon brings together leading contemporary intellectuals from a variety of fields for an expansive debate on the full meaning of eros. Renowned scholars of philosophy, literature, classics, psychoanalysis, theology, and art history join poets and a novelist to offer fresh insights into a topic that is at once ancient and forever young. Restricted neither by historical period nor by genre, these contributions explore manifestations of eros throughout Western culture, in subjects ranging from ancient philosophy and baroque architecture to modern literature and Hollywood cinema. An idea charged with paradox, eros has always defied categorization, and yet it cannot—it will not—be ignored. Erotikon aims to raise the difficult question of what, if anything, unifies the erotic manifold. How is eros in a sculpture like eros in a poem? Does the ancient story of Cupid and Psyche still speak meaningfully to modern readers, and if so, why? Is Plato's eros the same as Freud's? Or Proust's? And what is the erotic dimension in Nietzsche's thought? While each essay takes on a specific issue, together they constitute a wide-ranging conversation in which these broader questions are at play. A compilation of the latest, best efforts to reckon with eros, Erotikon will appeal not just to scholars and educators, but also to artists and critics, to the curious and the disillusioned, to the prurient and the prudent.