Rethinking the Gulag

While many edited volumes might claim to put contributors in conversation, this volume was conceived primarily as a conversation and therefore the contributors have responded to the work of fellow collaborators within their own chapters.

Author: Alan Barenberg

Publisher:

ISBN: 0253059615

Category: History

Page: 328

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The Soviet gulag was one of the largest, most complex, and deadliest systems of incarceration in the 20th century. What lessons can we learn from these labor camps and prisons, which stretch across vast geographical expanses, varieties of institutions, and multiple languages, ethnicities, and social classes? Drawing on a massive body of documentary evidence, Rethinking the Gulag: Identities, Sources, Legacies explores all aspects of the Soviet penal system across academic fields. Divided into three sections, the collection first considers "identities"--the lived experiences of detainees whose experiences remain understudied. The second section, "sources," explores the ways new research methods can revolutionize our understanding of the system. The third section, "legacies," reveals the aftermath of the gulag, including the folk beliefs and traditions it has inspired and the museums built to memorialize it. While all chapters respond to one another, each section also concludes with a reaction by a leading pundit: geographer Judith Pallot, historian Lynne Viola, and literary scholar Alexander Etkind. Moving away from grand metaphorical or theoretical models, Rethinking the Gulag instead unearths the complexities and nuances of experience that define the new wave of gulag studies.
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Illness and Inhumanity in Stalin s Gulag

RETHINKING THE GULAG The highest rates of mortality that the Gulag ever recorded were in the years 1942 and 1943, due not only to the deprivations of ...

Author: Golfo Alexopoulos

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300227536

Category: History

Page: 288

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A new and chilling study of lethal human exploitation in the Soviet forced labor camps, one of the pillars of Stalinist terror In a shocking new study of life and death in Stalin’s Gulag, historian Golfo Alexopoulos suggests that Soviet forced labor camps were driven by brutal exploitation and often administered as death camps. The first study to examine the Gulag penal system through the lens of health, medicine, and human exploitation, this extraordinary work draws from previously inaccessible archives to offer a chilling new view of one of the pillars of Stalinist terror.
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Rethinking Soviet Communism

The Gulag in the USSR too has to be factored in to any understanding of Soviet political culture. Some 1.6 million people of the 18 million who passed ...

Author: Peter Shearman

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 9781137489739

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

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The effects of the Soviet experience on today's international order and contemporary world events are far reaching and complex. This new text reassesses the role of Marxist-Leninist ideology and of nationalism in its formation and downfall.
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Rethinking Language and Literature in a Changing World

Gulag and hatchetYswinging mallams represent life as gall instead of the nectar and baNed pheasants that poetry provides. He concludes this poem by ...

Author: Genevoix Nana

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781527538788

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 304

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This volume is a blend of language and literature papers highlighting linguistic functionality and topicality in poetry, novels, translation and education. It sheds light on the fictionalised reality of a strained official linguistic cohabitation in Cameroon as instantiated in present-day colonial legacy claims. It deals with issues of translation as a stylistic exercise whereby the translator has some creativity licence when rendering the source text into the target language, thus embracing Skopos theory’s view of translation as a purposeful activity determined by the target text and audience. This book also looks at an educational conception of translation as opposed to a professional translation curriculum and advocates a comprehensive needs analysis for translator education in the context of translation teaching at the Advanced School of Translators and Interpreters (ASTI) in Cameroon. The chapters also examine teacher and student discourse in the context of English Language teaching in tertiary education in China and pinpoint a dominant teacher’s voice made relevant by a Confucian didactic indexicality, which appears to be a stumbling block to any dialogic classroom discourse, despite a new curriculum promoting communicative language teaching and student-centredness. This book will appeal to academics in the fields of language and literature in general and in Cameroon and China in particular. It will also be a valuable resource for professional translators and those concerned with teaching the subject in academia as it explores a pragmatic conception of translation and envisages it, beyond professionality, as an academic field.
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Rethinking the Space for Religion

In this book the authors aim at a broad discussion on how history and religion are made part of the production of narratives about origin and belonging in contemporary Europe.

Author: Krzysztof Stala

Publisher: Nordic Academic Press

ISBN: 9789187121852

Category: Political Science

Page: 332

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What happens to people's sense of belonging when globalisation meets with proclaimed regional identities resting heavily on conceptions of religion and ethnicity? Who are the actors stressing cultural heritage and authenticity as tools for self-understanding? In this book the authors aim at a broad discussion on how history and religion are made part of the production of narratives about origin and belonging in contemporary Europe. The contributors offer localised studies where actors with strong agendas indicate the complex relations between history, religion, and identity. The case studies exemplify how public intellectuals and academics have taken active part in the construction of recent and traditional pasts. Instead of repeating the simplistic explanation as a "return of religion", the authors of this volume focus on public platforms and agents, and their use of religion as a political and cultural argument. The approach makes a nuanced and fresh survey for researchers and other initiated readers to engage in.
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Rethinking the Soviet Experience

See also Concentration camps; Gulag Archipelago Ford Foundation, 4 French Communist Party, 88 Great Purge (Stalin), 54 Great Reforms, 153 Gulag Archipelago, ...

Author: Stephen F. Cohen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199763290

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

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This wide ranging volume cuts through Cold War stereotypes of the Soviet Union to arrive at fresh interpretations of that country's traumatic history and its present-day political realities. Replacing simplistic explanations of Soviet development, Cohen challenges the popular view of the USSR as a totalitarian monolith and examines the possibilities for change that exist within the Soviet system today.
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Rethinking Academic Politics in re unified Germany and the United States

Nolte's reference to the Gulag system , Pol Pot in Kamphuchea , or Armenians in Turkey were seen as ploys to lessen the contemporary ...

Author: John A. Weaver

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 0815322844

Category: EDUCATION

Page: 241

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First Published in 2001. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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Gulag Literature and the Literature of Nazi Camps

“Destructive Labor Camps: Rethinking Solzhenitsyn's Play on Words.” In DavidFox, Soviet Gulag, 42–64. ———.2017. Illness and Inhumanity in Stalin's Gulag.

Author: Leona Toker

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253043559

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 298

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A literary scholar examines survival narratives from Russian and German concentration camps, shedding new light on testimony in the face of evil. In this illuminating study, Leona Toker demonstrates how Holocaust literature and Gulag literature provide contexts for each other, especially how the prominent features of one shed light on the veiled features and methods of the other. Toker’s analysis concentrates on the narrative qualities of the works as well as how each text documents the writer’s experience in a form where fictionalized narrative can double as historical testimony. Toker also views these texts against the background of historical information about the Soviet and the Nazi regimes of repression. Writers at the center of this work include Varlam Shalamov, Primo Levi, Elie Wiesel, and Ka-Tzetnik, and others, including Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Evgeniya Ginzburg, and Jorge Semprún, illuminate the discussion. Toker also provides context for references to potentially obscure historical events and shows how they form new meaning in the text.
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Golden Gulag

Evaluates the economic and political forces--from global to local--that have contributed to the buildup of inmates in the California correctional system, revealing why this state has led the way in a prison boom despite a crime rate that ...

Author: Ruth Wilson Gilmore

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520242012

Category: History

Page: 388

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Evaluates the economic and political forces--from global to local--that have contributed to the buildup of inmates in the California correctional system, revealing why this state has led the way in a prison boom despite a crime rate that has been falling steadily for decades. Simultaneous.
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Rethinking Evil

... the Gulag , ethnic cleansing , the Cambodian “ killing fields , ” or the massacre of the Tutsi , as opposed to instances of " ordinary evil ” ?

Author: Mara Pa Lara

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520226348

Category: Philosophy

Page: 307

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This text examines evil in the context of a post-metaphysical world, a world that no longer believes in a God. The question of how and why God permits evil events to occur is replaced by the question of how and why humans perform evil acts.
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The Victims Return

Survivors of the Gulag After Stalin Stephen F. Cohen ... Cohen, ed., An End, a volume based on Roy Medvedev's samizdat materials; and Cohen, Rethinking. 20.

Author: Stephen F. Cohen

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9780857730626

Category: History

Page: 224

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Stalin's reign of terror in the Soviet Union has been called 'the other Holocaust'. During the Stalin years, it is thought that more innocent men, women and children perished than in Hitler's destruction of the European Jews. Many millions died in Stalin's Gulag of torture prisons and forced-labour camps, yet others survived and were freed after his death in 1953. This book is the story of the survivors. Long kept secret by Soviet repression and censorship, it is now told by renowned author and historian Stephen F. Cohen, who came to know many former Gulag inmates during his frequent trips to Moscow over a period of thirty years. Based on first-hand interviews with the victims themselves and on newly available materials, Cohen provides a powerful narrative of the survivors' post-Gulag saga, from their liberation and return to Soviet society, to their long struggle to salvage what remained of their shattered lives and to obtain justice. Spanning more than fifty years, "The Victims Return" combines individual stories with the fierce political conflicts that raged, both in society and in the Kremlin, over the victims of the terror and the people who had victimized them. This compelling book will be essential reading for anyone interested in Russian history.
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Rethinking the Power of Maps

Confronted with the simple realities of District 6, the Gulag, a Japanese American internment center, a Lower East Side tenement, who could fail to be moved ...

Author: Denis Wood

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 9781606237083

Category: Social Science

Page: 335

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A contemporary follow-up to the groundbreaking Power of Maps, this book takes a fresh look at what maps do, whose interests they serve, and how they can be used in surprising, creative, and radical ways. Denis Wood describes how cartography facilitated the rise of the modern state and how maps continue to embody and project the interests of their creators. He demystifies the hidden assumptions of mapmaking and explores the promises and limitations of diverse counter-mapping practices today. Thought-provoking illustrations include U.S. Geological Survey maps; electoral and transportation maps; and numerous examples of critical cartography, participatory GIS, and map art.
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The Gulag Survivor

See chapter 4 in Stephen Cohen, Rethinking Russia (New York: Oxford University Press, forthcoming). Nezavisimaia Gazeta, 4 March 1993. Argumenty ifakty, No.

Author: Nanci Adler

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351481717

Category: History

Page: 290

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Even before its dissolution in 1991, the Soviet Union was engaged in an ambivalent struggle to come to terms with its violent and repressive history. Following the death of Stalin in 1953, entrenched officials attempted to distance themselves from the late dictator without questioning the underlying legitimacy of the Soviet system. At the same time, the Gulag victims to society opened questions about the nature, reality, and mentality of the system that remain contentious to this day.The Gulag Survivor is the first book to examine at length and in-depth the post-camp experience of Stalin's victims and their fate in post-Soviet Russia. As such, it is an essential companion to the classic work of Alexander Solzhenitsyn. Based on extensive interviews, memoirs, official records, and recently opened archives, The Gulag Survivor describes what survivors experienced when they returned to society, how officials helped or hindered them, and how issues surrounding the existence of the returnees evolved from the fifties up to the present.Adler establishes the social and historical context of the first wave of returnees who were ""liberated"" into exile in Stalin's time. She reviews diverse aspects of return including camp culture, family reunion, and the psychological consequences of the Gulag. Adler then focuses on the enduring belief in the Communist Party among some survivors and the association between returnees and the growing dissident movement. She concludes by examining how issues surrounding the survivors reemerged in the eighties and nineties and the impact they had on the failing Soviet system. Written and researched while Russian archives were most available and while there were still survivors to tell their stories, The Gulag Survivor is a groundbreaking and essential work in modern Russian history. It will be read by historians, political scientists, Slavic scholars, and sociologists.
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Writing Resistance

Pallot, J. 'The Gulag as the crucible of Russia's 21st-century system of punishment'. ... In Rethinking the Gulag: sources, identities, legacies.

Author: Sarah J. Young

Publisher: UCL Press

ISBN: 9781787359918

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

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In 1884, the first of 68 prisoners convicted of terrorism and revolutionary activity were transferred to a new maximum security prison at Shlissel´burg Fortress near St Petersburg. The regime of indeterminate sentences in isolation caused severe mental and physical deterioration among the prisoners, over half of whom died. But the survivors fought back to reform the prison and improve the inmates’ living conditions. The memoirs many survivors wrote enshrined their story in revolutionary mythology, and acted as an indictment of the Tsarist autocracy’s loss of moral authority. Writing Resistance features three of these memoirs, all translated into English for the first time. They show the process of transforming the regime as a collaborative endeavour that resulted in flourishing allotments, workshops and intellectual culture – and in the inmates running many of the prison’s everyday functions. Sarah J. Young’s introductory essay analyses the Shlissel´burg memoirs’ construction of a collective narrative of resilience, resistance and renewal. It uses distant reading techniques to explore the communal values they inscribe, their adoption of a powerful group identity, and emphasis on overcoming the physical and psychological barriers of the prison. The first extended study of Shlissel´burg’s revolutionary inmates in English, Writing Resistance uncovers an episode in the history of political imprisonment that bears comparison with the inmates of Robben Island in South Africa’s apartheid regime and the Maze Prison in Belfast during the Troubles. It will be of interest to scholars and students of the Russian revolution, carceral history, penal practice and behaviours, and prison and life writing.
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Stalin s Gulag at War

Illness and Inhumanity in Stalin's Gulag. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2017. – “Destructive-Labor Camps: Rethinking Solzhenitsyn's Play on Words.

Author: Wilson T. Bell

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9781487523091

Category: History

Page: 280

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Stalin's Gulag at War places the Gulag within the story of the regional wartime mobilization of Western Siberia during the Second World War. The author explores a diverse array of issues, including mass death, informal practices, and the responses of prisoners and personnel to the war.
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Rethinking Sexuality

10–11 ; Michael Roberts , “ Rereading Marx and Nietzsche , ” Rethinking MARXISM ... that there is a direct connection between Hegel and the Gulag , see his ...

Author: David H.J. Larmour

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691224077

Category: History

Page:

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In this collection of provocative essays, historians and literary theorists assess the influence of Michel Foucault, particularly his History of Sexuality, on the study of classics. Foucault's famous work presents a bold theory of sexuality for both ancient and modern times, and yet until now it has remained under-explored and insufficiently analyzed. By bringing together the historical knowledge, philological skills, and theoretical perspectives of a wide range of scholars, this collection enables the reader to explore Foucault's model of Greek culture and see how well his interpretation accounts for the full range of evidence from Greece and Rome. Not only do the essays bring to light the assumptions, ideas, and practices that constituted the intimate lives of men and women in the ancient Mediterranean world, but they also demonstrate the importance of the History of Sexuality for fields as diverse as Greco-Roman antiquity, women's history, cultural studies, philosophy, and modern sexuality. The essays include "Situating The History of Sexuality" (the editors), "Taking the Sex Out of Sexuality: Foucault's Failed History" (Joel Black), "Incipit Philosophia" (Alain Vizier), "The Subject in Antiquity after Foucault" (Page duBois), "This Myth Which Is Not One: Construction of Discourse in Plato's Symposium" (Jeffrey S. Carnes), "Foucault's History of Sexuality: A Useful Theory for Women?" (Amy Richlin), "Catullan Consciousness, the 'Care of the Self,' and the Force of the Negative in History" (Paul Allen Miller), "Reversals of Platonic Love in Petronius' Satyricon" (Daniel B. McGlathery), and an essay from Dislocating Masculinity (Lin Foxhall).
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Rethinking Utopia

Rethinking Recognition. New Left Review, 3, 103–120. ... Golden Gulag: Prisons, Surplus, Crisis, and Opposition in Globalizing California.

Author: David M. Bell

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781317486718

Category: Political Science

Page: 188

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Over five hundred years since it was named, utopia remains a vital concept for understanding and challenging the world(s) we inhabit, even in – or rather because of – the condition of ‘post-utopianism’ that supposedly permeates them. In Rethinking Utopia David M. Bell offers a diagnosis of the present through the lens of utopia and then, by rethinking the concept through engagement with utopian studies, a variety of ‘radical’ theories and the need for decolonizing praxis, shows how utopianism might work within, against and beyond that which exists in order to provide us with hope for a better future. He proposes paying a ‘subversive fidelity’ to utopia, in which its three constituent terms: ‘good’ (eu), ‘place’ (topos), and ‘no’ (ou) are rethought to assert the importance of immanent, affective relations. The volume engages with a variety of practices and forms to articulate such a utopianism, including popular education/critical pedagogy; musical improvisation; and utopian literature. The problems as well as the possibilities of this utopianism are explored, although the problems are often revealed to be possibilities, provided they are subject to material challenge. Rethinking Utopia offers a way of thinking about (and perhaps realising) utopia that helps overcome some of the binary oppositions structuring much thinking about the topic. It allows utopia to be thought in terms of place and process; affirmation and negation; and the real and the not-yet. It engages with the spatial and affective turns in the social sciences without ever uncritically being subsumed by them; and seeks to make connections to indigenous cosmologies. It is a cautious, careful, critical work punctuated by both pessimism and hope; and a refusal to accept the finality of this or any world.
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Rethinking Pluralism

New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1972. Besancon, Alain. The Rise of the Gulag: Intellectual Origins of. References.

Author: Adam B. Seligman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199915286

Category: Religion

Page: 245

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The authors argue that resorting to rules and categories cannot adequately address the pervasive problems of ambiguity, difference, and boundaries - that is, the challenge of pluralism in our world. They show that alternative, more particularistic modes of dealing with ambiguity through ritual and shared experience may attune more closely with contemporary problems of living with difference.
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Rethinking Welfare

... 8 grandparents, 129 Greece, 42, 70, 72 Greenham Common, 98 greenhouse effect, 11 grievance, 72 Gulag, 24 Haiti, 70, 147 health, 51, 94, 151 health care, ...

Author: Iain Ferguson

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412931984

Category: Social Science

Page: 212

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`I would encourage undergraduates students to read it, for it does summarise well a classical Marxist analysis of social policy and welfare' - Social Policy The anti-capitalist movement is increasingly challenging the global hegemony of neo-liberalism. The arguments against the neo-liberal agenda are clearly articulated in Rethinking Welfare. The authors highlight the growing inequalities and decimation of state welfare, and use Marxist approaches to contemporary social policy to provide a defence of the welfare state. Divided into three main sections, the first part of this volume looks at the growth of inequality, and social and environmental degradation. Part Two centres on the authors' argument for the relevance of core Marxists concepts in aiding our understanding of social policy. This section includes Marxist approaches to a range of welfare issues, and their implications for studying welfare regimes and practices. Issues covered include: · Class and class struggle · Opression · Alienation and the family The last part of the book explores the question of globalization and the consequences of international neo-liberalism on indebted countries as well as the neo-liberal agenda of the Conservative and New Labour governments in Britain. The authors conclude with the prospect of an alternative welfare future which may form part of the challenge against global neo-liberalism.
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