Risky Rhetoric: AIDS and the Cultural Practices of HIV Testing is the first book-length study of the rhetoric inherent in and surrounding HIV testing. In addition to providing a history of HIV testing in the United States from 1985 to the present, J. Blake Scott explains how faulty arguments about testing’s power and effects have promoted unresponsive and even dangerous testing practices for so-called normal subjects as well as those deemed risky. Drawing on classical rhetoric as well as Michel Foucault’s theorizing of the examination as a form of disciplinary power, this study explores how HIV testing functions as a disciplinary technology that shapes subjects and exerts power over individual bodies and populations. Testing has largely been deployed to protect those defined as normal members of the general population by detecting, managing, and even punishing those diagnosed as risky (e.g., gay and bisexual men, poor women of color). But Scott reveals that testing’s function of protection-through-detection has been fueled in part by faulty arguments that exaggerate testing’s interventive power and benefits. These arguments have also created a perception that testing is a magic bullet. By overestimating the benefits of HIV testing and overlooking its contingencies and harmful effects, dominant arguments about testing have enabled a shortsighted public health response to HIV and unresponsive testing policies. The ultimate goal of Risky Rhetoric: AIDS and the Cultural Practices of HIV Testing is to offer strategies to policymakers, HIV educators and test counselors, and other rhetors for developing more responsive and egalitarian testing-related rhetorics and practices.
“ Safe sex ” and “ protected sex ” ( i.e. , sex with a condom ) apparently mean two different things for some in this latter group.15 Risky Messages , Dangerous Effects The national pedagogy's risky rhetoric about safer sex and testing ...
Author: J. Blake Scott
Publisher: SIU Press
In this book Fiona Hutton provides a fascinating insight into women's experiences of clubbing. Based on a rich ethnographic account of the Manchester club scene, Risky Pleasures? is set within the context of the theoretical literature on youth subcultures, female friendship, consumption, risk and the city. The work highlights both the producers of club scenes - promoters, DJs, dealers - and the consumers - women negotiating pleasure and risk in club spaces and in the city at night. It explores the range of club spaces, developing a typology of 'mainstream' and 'underground' clubs, and considers how different types of participants are attracted to different 'scenes'. It examines women's recreational drug-use within a club context and discusses issues of sexuality, tolerance and the importance of 'attitude' in terms of women's feelings of safety. Revealing the important role of different spaces and different atmospheres in how women participate in club scenes, Fiona Hutton argues that drug taking and sexual pleasure are always contextualized within the environments created in different spaces, and that the risk and danger negotiated by women clubbers are counterbalanced by fun and pleasure - and ultimately empowerment.
Although clubbers attributed this to a tendency that if people were less concerned about safer sex, they were less stringent in practising it in all situations and using drugs made no difference at all to their behaviour. 'Risky' ...
Author: Fiona Hutton
Category: Social Science
Table 2 Estimates of the Effect of Alcohol and Marijuana Use on the Probability of Having Sexual Intercourse and Risky Sex in Last 12 Months Respondents Age 1 5 to 1 7 in NLSY-97 Notes: 1 . Standard errors in parentheses. 2.
Neither liberal nor conservative, yet on the whole skeptical about governmental involvement in the epidemic, this book is certain to be controversial, but its injection of hard-headed economic thinking into the AIDS debate is long overdue.
This is a combination of Pm and P at which m would be willing to have risky sex with f but f would be unwilling to have risky sex with m . If , however , m tested , and tested negative , fwould reclassify m from A2 to A) and would ...
Author: Tomas J. Philipson
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Category: Business & Economics
Thinking about safer sex. The risky business of “Know your partner” advice. In T. Edgar, Fitzpatrick, M.A., & Freimuth, V.S. (Eds.), AIDS: A communication perspective, (pp. 1-19). Hillsdale, New Jersey. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Author: Miriam Yvette Vega
Persuading People to Have Safer Sex offers a lucid, in-depth, student-friendly and academically thorough discussion of AIDS prevention and health persuasion. In so doing it provides an introduction to the ways that social scientific research can be brought to bear on a daunting health problem. Covering many aspects of the AIDS crisis, the book introduces readers to the severity of the AIDS problem and explains the epidemiology of the disease. It discusses why persuasion is so important, explicates cognitive theories of AIDS prevention, and notes the role emotions and communication play in safer sex prevention. It also discusses: *functions that unsafe sex plays in peoples' lives; *why people, notably minority women, frequently choose to engage in unsafe sex; and *social factors underlying the spread of AIDS in urban America and portions of Africa. As a resource for introducing students to the role that theory and research play in health communication and psychology, the volume is appropriate for use in communication, journalism, social psychology, and public health courses, and will be of value to scholars, researchers, and all who seek to understand the use of persuasion in changing behavior.
Ironically, unbridled sex can take men's minds off these issues. Unsafe sex can become a powerful reinforcer, as D.J. McKirnan and his colleagues (1996) note, applying cognitive learning theory to homosexual sex: For a given individual, ...
Author: Richard M. Perloff
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
That is, the observed protective effects of sports participation on risky sexual behavior may be an artifact of including in the sample youth who do not engage in sexual activity, risky or otherwise. Since engaging in risky sexual ...
Author: Sumru Erkut
So I am not wishing any horrible diseases , but perhaps we could make it just as unpopular to have unsafe sex , you know , for teenagers as the diseases did for the adults . Chairwoman SCHROEDER . A very important point , and I must say ...
Author: United States. Congress. House. Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families
Category: AIDS (Disease) in adolescence
This book takes a look at the causes and characteristics of addictions including cutting, bingeing, and snorting. Readers are alerted to the signs of addiction and explanations of what can be done to help people struggling with these addictions.
Girls who sent naked photos of themselves were more likely to engage in risky sex, to have had multiple recent sex partners and to use drugs or alcohol before sex. Temple says, “What they're doing in their off-line lives is 34 what ...
Author: Renée C. Rebman
Publisher: Enslow Publishers, Inc.
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
The 18 research articles of this volume discuss the major themes that have emerged from mathematical and statistical research in the epidemiology of HIV. The opening paper reviews important recent contributions. Five sections follow: Statistical Methodology and Forecasting, Infectivity and the HIV, Heterogeneity and HIV Transmission Dynamics, Social Dynamics and AIDS, and The Immune System and The HIV. In each, leading experts in AIDS epidemiology present the recent results. Some address the role of variable infectivity, heterogeneous mixing, and long periods of infectiousness in the dynamics of HIV; others concentrate on parameter estimation and short-term forecasting. The last section looks at the interaction between the HIV and the immune system.
As an intermediate case between random mixing and segregation, imagine a world where all have imperfect information about prospective partners' risky sex rates. Here we consider the simplest model of imperfect information: every man has ...
Author: Carlos Castillo-Chavez
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media