From the civil wars of the Late Republic to Constantine's bloody reunification of the Empire, elite corps of guardsmen were at the heart of every Roman army. Whether as bodyguards or as shock troops in battle, the fighting skills of praetorians, speculatores, singulares and protectores determined the course of Roman history. Modern scholars tend to present the praetorians as pampered, disloyal and battle-shy, but the Romans knew them as valiant warriors, men who strove to live up to their honorific title pia vindex – loyal and avenging. Closely associated with the Republican praetorian cohorts, and gradually assimilated into the Imperial Praetorian Guard, were the speculatores. A cohort was established by Marc Antony in the 30s BC for the purposes of reconnaissance and intelligence gathering, but soon the speculatores were acting as close bodyguards a role they maintained until the end of the first century AD. This title will detail the changing nature of these units, their organization and operational successes and failures from their origins in the late Republic through to their unsuccessful struggle against Constantine the Great.
ROMAN GUARDSMAN, 62 BC–AD 324 A much restored relief from the Arch of Claudius (AD 51), depicting praetorian guardsmen. The heads of the figures in the ...
Author: Ross Cowan
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
For four centuries, from the civil wars of the Late Republic to Constantine's bloody reunification of the Empire, elite corps of guardsmen were at the heart of every Roman army. Whether as bodyguards or as shock troops in battle, the fighting skills of praetorians, speculatores, singulares and protectores determined the course of Roman history. This title details the changing nature of these units, their organization and operational successes, and failures from their origins in the late Republic through to their unsuccessful struggle against Constantine the Great.
For four centuries, from the civil wars of the Late Republic to Constantine's bloody reunification of the Empire, elite corps of guardsmen were at the heart of every Roman army.
Author: Ross Cowan
Publisher: Osprey Publishing
The Roman Empire was the greatest the world has ever seen, and its legendary military might was the foundation of this success. This compact volume tells the fascinating story of the major conflicts that shaped the empire, from Julius Caesar's bloody Gallic Wars and the Civil War against Pompey that left the victorious Caesar Dictator of Rome, through the wars of expansion to its decline and fragmentation. Beautiful full colour artwork of the soldiers and battles bring the Roman world to life, along with images and colour maps.
The front ranks hold their pila ready for use as thrusting spears, and the next ... WAR 166 Roman Legionary AD 69–161; WAR 170 Roman Guardsman 62 BC–AD 324; ...
Author: Bloomsbury Publishing
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
This guide to the Late Roman Army focusses on the dramatic and crucial period that started with the accession of Diocletian and ended with the definitive fall of the Western Roman Empire. This was a turbulent period during which the Roman state and its armed forces changed.Gabriele Esposito challenges many stereotypes and misconceptions regarding the Late Roman Army; for example, he argues that the Roman military machine remained a reliable and efficient one until the very last decades of the Western Empire. The author describes the organization, structure, equipment, weapons, combat history and tactics of Late Roman military forces. The comitatenses (field armies), limitanei (frontier units), foederati (allied soldiers), bucellarii (mercenaries), scholae palatinae (mounted bodyguards), protectores (personal guards) and many other kinds of troops are covered.The book is lavishly illustrated in color, including the shield devices from the Notitia Dignitatum. The origins and causes for the final military fall of the Empire are discussed in detail, as well as the influence of the barbarian peoples on the Roman Army.
... R., and McBride, A., Imperial Roman Legionary AD 161-284 (Osprey Publishing, 2003) Cowan, R., and O'Brogain, S., Roman Guardsman 62 BC-AD 324 (Osprey ...
Author: Gabriele Esposito
Publisher: Casemate Publishers
“The dramatic story of the soldiers at the heart of the Roman empire . . . traces the history of the praetorians and the emperors they served.”—Adrian Goldsworthy, author of Philip and Alexander: Kings and Conquerors Founded by Augustus around 27 B.C., the elite Praetorian Guard was tasked with the protection of the emperor and his family. As the centuries unfolded, however, Praetorian soldiers served not only as protectors and enforcers but also as powerful political players. Fiercely loyal to some emperors, they vied with others and ruthlessly toppled those who displeased them, including Caligula, Nero, Pertinax, and many more. Guy de la Bédoyère provides a compelling first full narrative history of the Praetorians, whose dangerous ambitions ceased only when Constantine permanently disbanded them. de la Bédoyère introduces Praetorians of all echelons, from prefects and messengers to artillery experts and executioners. He explores the delicate position of emperors for whom prestige and guile were the only defenses against bodyguards hungry for power. Folding fascinating details into a broad assessment of the Praetorian era, the author sheds new light on the wielding of power in the greatest of the ancient world’s empires. “Any future researcher into the subject will certainly begin here.”—The Times (London) “A lively and up-to-date history of the Praetorian Guard, the anti-coup divisions of the Roman emperors from Augustus to Constantine. De la Bédoyère tells their story with clarity and panache, and his book can be most warmly recommended both to aspiring tyrants and the ordinary armchair historian.”—The Sunday Times “Fast paced and engaging.”—The Sunday Telegraph “A definitive and highly readable account.”—Tom Holland, author of Rubicon: The Last Years of the Roman Republic
The Rise and Fall of Rome's Imperial Bodyguard Guy de la Bédoyère ... R. (2014), Roman Guardsmen 62 BC–AD 324, Osprey, Oxford De Caro, S. (1979), ...
Author: Guy de la Bedoyere
Publisher: Yale University Press
The Roman army was the greatest fighting machine the ancient world produced. The Roman Empire depended on soldiers not just to win its wars, defend its frontiers and control the seas but also to act as the engine of the state. Roman legionaries and auxiliaries came from across the Roman world and beyond. They served as tax collectors, policemen, surveyors, civil engineers and, if they survived, in retirement as civic worthies, craftsmen and politicians. Some even rose to become emperors. Gladius takes the reader right into the heart of what it meant to be a part of the Roman army through the words of Roman historians, and those of the men themselves through their religious dedications, tombstones, and even private letters and graffiti. Guy de la Bédoyère throws open a window on how the men, their wives and their children lived, from bleak frontier garrisons to guarding the emperor in Rome, enjoying a ringside seat to history fighting the emperors' wars, mutinying over pay, marching in triumphs, throwing their weight around in city streets, and enjoying esteem in honorable retirement.
Living, Fighting and Dying in the Roman Army Guy de la Bédoyère ... PhD thesis, University of Glasgow Cowan, R. (2014), Roman Guardsmen 62 BC–AD 324, ...
Author: Guy de la Bédoyère
Publisher: Hachette UK
Logistics have become a principle, if not a governing factor, in modern military operations. Armies need to be fed and supplied and the larger the army, the greater the logistical difficulties that have to be overcome. Two thousand years ago, when communications were far more primitive, the size of armies was limited by the difficulties of supply. It was because the Romans developed a sophisticated supply system that they were able to maintain large armies in the field – armies that conquered much of the then known world. In Caesar's Great Success: Sustaining the Roman Army on Campaign the authors examine and detail the world's first ever fully-developed logistical supply system – the forerunner of today’s complex arrangements. This includes an examination of the sea, river and land transportation of food while on campaign, and of how the food was assembled at the operational bases and subsequently distributed. The defence of the Roman food supplies, and especially of lines of communication, was an important factor in Caesar’s operational planning, as was interdicting the enemy’s supplies. The eating habits of Caesar’s men are considered and what items could be obtained locally by forage and which were taken by requisition – and how much food a legionnaire was expected to carry on campaign. With this, the nature of the actual food consumed by the legionnaires is therefore examined and sample recipes are provided with each chapter of the book to enable the reader to relive those momentous days when Caesar and Rome ruled the world.
Sustaining the Roman Army on Campaign Alexander Merrow ... St. Petersburg, FL: Red and Black, 2010. ... _____ , Roman Guardsman 62 bc–ad 324.
Author: Alexander Merrow
Publisher: Frontline Books
The Late Roman Empire was a period of significant change in the designs of standards and in the costumes of standard-bearers. During the middle decades of the chaotic 3rd century, evidence confirms the continued use of the old legionary eagle and the signa of the old cohorts and centuries, alongside flags and Imperial images. The two major trends over the later generations were the adoption of Christian symbols on standards (e.g. Constantine the Great's Chi-Rho), and the proliferation of different types of flags. This had begun in the late 2nd century with the adoption of the 'barbarian' dragon standard, the windsock-shaped draco, which continued to be displayed alongside various other flags in the Greek-speaking Eastern Empire, whose influence increased greatly. Meanwhile, the growing employment of foreign units was such that by the 5th century we have evidence of the use of Hunnic symbolism among a Roman general's suite of standards. The costumes of standard-bearers also evolved as 'Persian' styles spread from Constantinople. This title explores all these changes in depth, charting the development of various costumes and designs and the waxing and waning influence of various cultures and religious considerations. The text is supported by specially commissioned illustrations and artist's reconstructions of the standards and their bearers.
Connolly, P., Greece and Rome at War (London, 1988) Coulston, J.C.N., ... Oxford, 2003) Cowan, R., Roman Guardsman, 62 BC–AD 324, WAR 170 (Osprey; Oxford, ...
Author: Raffaele D’Amato
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
The award-winning author of Clash of Eagles and Eagle in Exile concludes his masterly alternate-history saga of the Roman invasion of North America in this stunning novel. Roman Praetor Gaius Marcellinus came to North America as a conqueror, but after meeting with defeat at the hands of the city-state of Cahokia, he has had to forge a new destiny in this strange land. In the decade since his arrival, he has managed to broker an unstable peace between the invading Romans and a loose affiliation of Native American tribes known as the League. But invaders from the west will shatter that peace and plunge the continent into war: The Mongol Horde has arrived and they are taking no prisoners. As the Mongol cavalry advances across the Great Plains leaving destruction in its path, Marcellinus and his Cahokian friends must summon allies both great and small in preparation for a final showdown. Alliances will shift, foes will rise, and friends will fall as Alan Smale brings us ever closer to the dramatic final battle for the future of the North American continent.
sections of Clash of Eagles and Eagle in Exile, I found the following useful in researching and writing ... Ross Cowan, Roman Guardsmen 62 BC–AD 324, 2014.
Author: Alan Smale
Publisher: Titan Books
These concerned such matters as dowries and inheritance rights for both wives ... Leiden, Netherlands 7 See R Cowan, Roman Guardsman 62 BC-AD 324 (2014), ...
Author: J P Graham
In this accessible and erudite commentary, respected New Testament scholar Linda Belleville shows how Paul’s letter to the Philippians provides a unique opportunity to see the similarities between the culture of his day and ours and to understand not only what is needed to cope in a hostile society but also to be bold in sharing the sole hope for our global world. The value that Paul placed in a heritage and accomplishments that exceeded his peers is now merely rubbish compared with knowing Christ and eternal citizenship in heaven. Philippians was written while Paul was imprisoned in the imperial barracks, awaiting the outcome of a life-or-death trial. His most beloved church was facing strong opponents without and selfish division within. Paul’s foes were taking advantage of his forced absence to stir up fear and division. Paul’s strategy is to remind the church of the reasons to rejoice and forgo selfish opinion differences. There is much cause to rejoice because, despite imprisonment, the gospel had reached the entire imperial guard and emboldened Christians everywhere to boldly proclaim Christ. To help them reject selfish attitudes, Paul reminds them of his own selflessness. Although Paul considered a death verdict as the personal gain of union with Christ, a life verdict is the Philippians’ gain. Paul’s ministry of preaching Christ will continue and his example of finishing the earthly race with integrity and joy will carry on. Yet, even in his absence, their best exemplar is Christ himself, who, while enjoying his heavenly riches, willingly took on the human condition with its pain, suffering, and death so that they might gain their own heavenly riches.
Roman Guardsman, 62 BC—AD 324. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Craddock, Fred B. 1985. Philippians. IBC. Atlanta: John Knox. Cross, F. L., ed. 2005.
Author: Linda L. Belleville
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
Roman unit standards played a important role, both ceremonially and on the battlefield. With the armies of the late Roman Republic and early Empire continually engaged on the frontiers, the soldiers selected for the dangerous honour of carrying them were figures of particular renown and splendour. Standard-bearers wore special armour, with the heads and pelts of animals such as bears, wolves, or even lions draped over their helmets and shoulders. The standards themselves varied greatly, from the legion's Eagle and imperial portrait image to various cohort signa, flags (vexilla) and even dragon 'windsocks' (dracones) copied from barbarian enemies and allies. This first volume of a two-part series by Roman army expert, Rafaele D'Amato uses detailed colour plates and the latest research to examine these vital cogs in the Roman army machine that drove its soldiers to conquer the known world.
112 BC–AD 192 Raffaele D'Amato ... 3 See Warrior 72, Imperial Roman Legionary AD 161–284, page 11 4 See Warrior 170, Roman Guardsman 62 BC–AD 324, ...
Author: Raffaele D’Amato
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Experimentelle Archäologie ist mehr als ein historisches Rollenspiel.
Author: Christian Koepfer
Publisher: Frank & Timme GmbH
Category: Experimental archaeology
First Published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
The Roman Emperor's Horseguard Micheal P. Speidel ... Arminius and Flavus: Tacitus, Ann. 2,9 (above,p.26); bowmen of the guardcrossing first:above, p. 46.
Author: Micheal P. Speidel
15 / Newnes ( 19.1.61 ) Eng Coinage , Late Roman Bronze , A.D.324-498 ... 17 / Harper : H. Hamilton ( 15.3.62 ) Nat Coiners , The ( Gide ) sC8.320 .
Category: English literature
Rembrandt was an esteemed artist in his own time as well as in the present.
106 -43 BC ) 157 civic guard 170–77 , 215-17 Civilis , Claudius ... ( British art historian and writer , 1903-83 ) 16 Claudius ( Roman emperor , 10 BC - AD 54 ) ...
Author: Gary Schwartz
Publisher: Harry N Abrams Incorporated
On the occasion of the 400th anniversary of Rembrandt's birth, here is the ultimate book on Rembrandt's art and life - his work as an artist, his family, friends and patrons, his place in European culture - by one of the world's best-known writers on Dutch art. Designed to be the Rembrandt book of first resort, this complete and accessible volume will be an invaluable work of reference and vital reading for art lovers, art students and museum-goers.
227 Caullery , Joris de ( The Hague wine merchant and civic guardsman , ca. ... historian and writer , 1903-83 ) 16 Claudius ( Roman emperor , 10 BC - AD 54 ) ...
Author: Gary Schwartz
... 316 ; Heracles , 316 ; Heracleo , 323 ; Carus , 324 ; Speratus , 324 ; Hermes ... 64 BC ) , 24 . ... Gallienus , the Emperor ( AD 260 ) , 187 , 253 .
Author: Peter James Statile
Category: Inscriptions, Latin
His chariot was jewel - studded , he wore Alexander's cloak , and 324 royal ... rather than executing them according to the bloodthirsty Roman custom .
Category: Classical literature