Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics

First, let x1 be the act of your sacrificing the life of your partner (whose life, we shall assume, is well worth living) for the sake of saving some stranger's life, where your doing so would produce the most aggregate utility, ...

Author: Mark Timmons

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199693269

Category: Philosophy

Page: 338

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Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics is an annual forum for new work in normative ethical theory. Leading philosophers present original contributions to our understanding of a wide range of moral issues and positions, from analysis of competing approaches to normative ethics (including consequentialism, deontology, and virtue ethics) to questions of how we should act and live well. OSNE will be an essential resource for scholars and students working in moral philosophy.
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Saving Strangers

The fourth objection is the normative one that states have no business risking their soldiers' lives or those of their non-military personnel to save strangers. This criticism of humanitarian intervention is in tension with the ...

Author: Nicholas J. Wheeler

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191522597

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 731

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The extent to which humanitarian intervention has become a legitimate practice in post-cold war international society is the subject of this book. It maps the changing legitimacy of humanitarian intervention by comparing the international response to cases of humanitarian intervention in the cold war and post-cold war periods. Crucially, the book examines how far international society has recognised humanitarian intervention as a legitimate exception to the rules of sovereignty and non-intervention and non-use of force. While there are studies of each case of intervention-in East Pakistan, Cambodia, Uganda, Iraq, Somalia, Rwanda, Bosnia and Kosovo-there is no single work that examines them comprehensively in a comparative framework. Each chapter tells a story of intervention that weaves together a study of motives, justifications and outcomes. The legitimacy of humanitarian intervention is contested by the 'pluralist' and 'solidarist' wings of the English school, and the book charts the stamp of these conceptions on state practice. Solidarism lacks a full-blown theory of humanitarian intervention and the book supplies one. This theory is employed to assess the humanitarian qualifications of the cases of intervention analysed in the book, and this normative assessment is then compared to the moral practices of states. A key focus is to examine how far humanitarian intervention as a legitimate practice is present in the diplomatic dialogue of states. In exploring how far there has been a change of norm in the society of states in the 1990s, the book defends the broad based constructivist claim that state actions will be constrained if they cannot be legitimated, and that new norms enable new practices but do not determine these. The book concludes by considering how far contemporary practices of humanitarian intervention support a new solidarism, and how far this resolves the traditional conflict between order and justice in international society.
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Themes from G E Moore

For example, suppose someone saves the life of a stranger at great personal risk, but merely in order to appear on television. ... But we shouldn't take that fact to show anything about the relative value of saving a stranger's life, ...

Author: Susana Nuccetelli

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199281725

Category: Philosophy

Page: 348

View: 244

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These sixteen original essays, whose authors include some of the world's leading philosophers, examine themes from the work of the Cambridge philosopher G. E. Moore (1873-1958), and demonstrate his considerable continuing influence on philosophical debate. Part I bears on epistemological topics, such as scepticism about the external world, the significance of common sense, and theories of perception. Part II is devoted to themes in ethics, such as Moore's open question argument, his non-naturalism, utilitarianism, and his notion of organic unities.
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Self Governance and Cooperation

their lives or the lives of people they love . ... I may not have to sacrifice £ 10,000 to save a stranger's life ; but no amount of money would justify my taking a stranger's life . Unlike our previous worry , which seemed genuinely ...

Author: Robert H. Myers

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199256594

Category: Philosophy

Page: 192

View: 171

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Robert Myers presents an original moral theory which charts a course between consequentialism and contractualism, portraying morality not simply as a matter of promoting the overall good, but rather as a matter of cooperating in its promotion.
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The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Suppose there is an option to forego saving the life of a stranger if it will cost you $10,000. Then why are you not permitted to kill a stranger to gain $10,000?49 The former permission seems reasonable, but the latter is not.

Author: David Copp

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198033729

Category: Philosophy

Page: 680

View: 575

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The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory is a major new reference work in ethical theory consisting of commissioned essays by leading moral philosophers. Ethical theories have always been of central importance to philosophy, and remain so; ethical theory is one of the most active areas of philosophical research and teaching today. Courses in ethics are taught in colleges and universities at all levels, and ethical theory is the organizing principle for all of them. The Handbook is divided into two parts, mirroring the field. The first part treats meta-ethical theory, which deals with theoretical questions about morality and moral judgment, including questions about moral language, the epistemology of moral belief, the truth aptness of moral claims, and so forth. The second part addresses normative theory, which deals with general moral issues, including the plausibility of various ethical theories and abstract principles of behavior. Examples of such theories are consequentialism and virtue theory. As with other Oxford Handbooks, the twenty-five contributors cover the field in a comprehensive and highly accessible way, while achieving three goals: exposition of central ideas, criticism of other approaches, and putting forth a distinct viewpoint.
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Foundation for a Natural Morality

For example, he would have a reason to preserve his own life, whether or not his doing so would maximize aggregate utility. If he had a choice between saving his own life and a stranger's life, and the only consideration in favor of ...

Author: Edmund Wall

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781498503013

Category: Philosophy

Page: 192

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This book examines the foundations of morality and criticizes various philosophical justifications that have been offered for basic moral principles or values throughout the years. This book introduces and defends what is designed to be a sure justification for a natural morality and its basic moral principles.
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History of Life saving Appliances and Military and Naval Constructions

Invented and Manufactured by Joseph Francis, with Sketches and Incidents of His Business Life in the United States ... He knew that the brave and daring surfman on the coast would risk his life and often lose it to rescue strangers .

Author: James L. Pond

Publisher:

ISBN: HARVARD:HNQSI9

Category: Lifesaving

Page: 127

View: 406

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Social Intelligence

But it is not important because : " ( Form A ) The stranger is not as important to you as your friend . ... Stage 3 ( Mutual and Prosocial ) Saving a stranger's life or living even when you don't want to is important because ?

Author: John C. Gibbs

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: STANFORD:36105037359424

Category: Social Science

Page: 271

View: 156

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The XX Factor

Twentythree-year-old John Cranmer, saving a stranger's life while drowning himself; William Goodrum, who perished saving a fellow railwayman from death under an approaching train; stewardess Mary Rogers, giving up her lifebelt on a ...

Author: Alison Wolf

Publisher: Profile Books

ISBN: 9781847654489

Category: Social Science

Page: 420

View: 383

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For most of history, being female defined the limits of a woman's achievements. But now, women are successful careerists equal to men. In Norway, women legally must constitute a third of all boards; in America, women have gone from 3% of practising lawyers in 1970 to 40% today, and over half of all law students. These changes are revolutionary - but not universal: the 'sisterhood' of working women is deeply divided. Making enormous strides in the workplace are young, educated, full-time professionals who have put children on hold. But for a second group of women this is unattainable: instead, they work part-time, earn less, are concentrated in heavily feminised occupations like cleaning and gain income and self-worth from having children young. As these two groups move ever further apart, shared gender no longer automatically creates interests in common with other women. The XX Factor lifts the curtain on these social, cultural and economic schisms.
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Belford s Monthly

Oliver had not even succeeded in saving the stranger's life . He has thrown away his own , and her happiness , for nothing , for a dead man . The thought overwhelms her ; such a priceless price for nothing . Slowly she puts up her hands ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: NYPL:33433081673265

Category:

Page:

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