Schizophrenia


Author: David J. Castle,Peter F. Buckley
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198712839
Category: Medical
Page: 128
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This edition originally published: 2012.

Schizophrenia

The Sacred Symbol of Psychiatry
Author: Thomas Szasz
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
ISBN: 9780815602248
Category: Psychology
Page: 237
View: 6188
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Schizophrenia


Author: Daniel R. Weinberger,Paul Harrison
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444347748
Category: Medical
Page: 736
View: 8373
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Schizophrenia is one of the most complex and disabling diseases to affect mankind. Relatively little is known about its nature and its origins, and available treatments are inadequate for most patients. As a result, there are inevitable controversies about what causes it, how to diagnose it, and how best to treat it. However, in the past decade, there has been an explosion of new research, with dramatic discoveries involving genetic etiology and epidemiological risk factors. There has also been a catalog of new drugs coming to market, and controversy about the relative advantages and disadvantages of newer compared with older therapies. In addition, developing technologies in genomics, molecular biology and neuroimaging provide streams of new information. This book represents a definitive, essential, and up-to-date reference text on schizophrenia. It extensively and critically digests and clarifies recent advances and places them within a clinical context. The Editors (one American and one British), highly respected clinical psychiatrists and researchers and acknowledged experts on schizophrenia, have again assembled an outstanding group of contributors from the USA, UK, Europe and Australia, It will be of value to practising psychiatrists and to trainees, as well as to clinical and neuroscience researchers interested in keeping up with this field or coming into it. The book consists of four sections: descriptive aspects, biological aspects, physical treatments, and psychological and social aspects. It reviews the theoretical controversies over symptomatology, classification and aetiology (particularly pertinent as DSM-V is being developed), the relationship of schizophrenia to the other psychoses, the significance of positive and negative symptoms and pre-morbid personality. It describes a variety of approaches to integrating the vast research data about schizophrenia, including neurodevelopmental, genetic, pharmacological, brain imaging and psychological findings. The biological treatment section reviews the comparative efficacy of various drugs, the management of drug-resistant patients and both neurological and metabolic complications. The final section looks at psychological therapies, social outcomes, and the economics of schizophrenia. Highly Commended in the Psychiatry section of the 2012 BMA Book Awards.

Schizophrenia: A Very Short Introduction


Author: Chris Frith,Eve C. Johnstone
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191579238
Category: Psychology
Page: 208
View: 5438
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Schizophrenia is the archetypal form of madness. Schizophrenia is a common disorder and has a devastating effect on sufferers and their families-patients typically hear voices in their heads and hold bizarre beliefs. The schizophrenic patient presented to the public in sensational press reports and lurid films bears little resemblance to reality of the illness. This book describes what schizophrenia is really like, how the illness progresses, and the treatments that have been applied. It also summarizes the most up-to-date knowledge available about the biological bases of this disorder. Finally it attempts to give some idea of what it is like to have schizophrenia and what this disorder tells us about the relationship between mind and brain. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Schizophrenia


Author: Ming T. Tsuang,Stephen V. Faraone,Stephen J. Glatt
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199600910
Category: Health & Fitness
Page: 140
View: 9417
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Schizophrenia is one of the most traumatic psychiatric disorders, both for the affected person and their family. It also carries an unfortunate stigma and suffers from frequent misinterpretation by the popular media. The disorder usually manifests itself through significant periods of hallucinations, bizarre delusions, and disorganized behaviour, but the individuals who suffer from this brain disorder are not generally violent, and do have periods of remission. However it is often difficult for these individuals to maintain a regular lifestyle and relationships at home and at work, and many individuals with schizophrenia end up unable to live independently or, worse, homeless. This new edition in the popular Facts series provides a concise and up-to-date account of the underlying causes and symptoms of schizophrenia, as well as current theories about the disorder. The authors look at all the current treatment options, both medical and psychological, together with likelyside-effects and the problem of compliance with treatment. The role of the family and the community in caring for individuals with schizophrenia is also considered. The authors are experienced psychiatrists and psychologists with many years' experience in the treatment and study of schizophrenia. This book will provide a welcome source of information for individuals with schizophrenia, their family members, and those involved in caring for them.

Schizophrenia

Concepts, Vulnerability, and Intervention
Author: Eckart R. Straube,Kurt Hahlweg
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: N.A
Category: Schizophrenia
Page: 244
View: 4942
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This extensive report on new psychological interventions in schizophrenia is the first of its kind to include both basic experimental research and clinical therapy. A circle of European and American authorities inform about contemporary concepts in psychopathology, high-risk research, cognitive disturbances and psychophysiological deviations. An important feature is the presentation of new intervention methods. These new therapeutic approaches are directly aimed at the reduction of cognitive disturbances and social emotional handicaps of schizophrenics. All contributions are presented in terms understandable to non-specialists.

Schizophrenia

A Scientific Delusion?
Author: Mary Boyle
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415227179
Category: Psychology
Page: 362
View: 1683
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First published in 2002. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Schizophrenia

A New Guide for Clinicians
Author: John G. Csernansky
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824744144
Category: Medical
Page: 352
View: 5723
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Contains guidelines and recommendations-in tabular form for quick reference-on patient evaluation and optimal treatment for long-term care! Based on evidence from recent systematic clinical research studies, this comprehensive reference provides the latest information on the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of schizophrenia-highlighting modern diagnostic tools and current therapeutic advances for the prevention of hallucinations, thought disorganization, and negative symptoms. Emphasizes family education and psychoeducation, and community-centered treatments for patient rehabilitation and adherence to management programs! With consideration of the chronic nature of the disease, Schizophrenia details the effect of substance abuse and drug dependence on rehabilitation and treatment second-generation antipsychotic drugs, including olanzapine, quetiapine, risperiodone, and ziprasidone contemporary strategies to prevent depression and suicide patterns of patient compliance and noncompliance violence and forensic hospitalization With over 600 useful references, Schizophrenia is an essential source for psychiatrists and psychopharmacologists, clinical neurologists and neuropsychopharmacologists, psychologists, primary care physicians, social workers, nurses, and graduate and medical school students in these disciplines.

Clinical Handbook of Schizophrenia


Author: Kim T. Mueser,Dilip V. Jeste
Publisher: Guilford Press
ISBN: 1606237667
Category: Psychology
Page: 650
View: 6000
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Reviewing the breadth of current knowledge on schizophrenia, this handbook provides clear, practical guidelines for effective assessment and treatment in diverse contexts. Leading authorities have contributed 61 concise chapters on all aspects of the disorder and its clinical management. In lieu of exhaustive literature reviews, each chapter summarizes the state of the science; highlights key points the busy practitioner needs to know; and lists recommended resources, including seminal research studies, invaluable clinical tools, and more. Comprehensive, authoritative, and timely, the volume will enable professionals in any setting to better understand and help their patients or clients with severe mental illness.

Schizophrenia


Author: Max Birchwood,Chris Jackson
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780863775536
Category: Psychology
Page: 168
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Our understanding of schizophrenia has advanced considerably over the last 10 years, particularly with regard to neurobiological and psychological factors. This book brings together disparate literature into an accessible resource.

Living with Schizophrenia

A Family Guide to Making a Difference
Author: Jeffrey Rado,Philip G. Janicak
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421421445
Category: Health & Fitness
Page: 144
View: 9094
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An estimated 51 million people worldwide have schizophrenia, 2.2 million of them in the United States. While early diagnosis and appropriate treatment improve the long-term prognosis, schizophrenia is a disease that is difficult to manage. In Living with Schizophrenia, Drs. Jeffrey Rado and Philip G. Janicak, specialists in treating people who have schizophrenia, offer an easy-to-read primer for people with the disorder, along with their families and other caregivers. Drawing on their combined sixty years of clinical and research experience, Drs. Rado and Janicak · define schizophrenia and explain what is known about its causes· discuss the difference between negative symptoms (such as lack of emotion and social withdrawal) and positive symptoms (such as hallucinations, delusions, and thought disorders)· describe medication and psychosocial and behavioral treatments—and the importance of early diagnosis and treatment for better long-term outcomes· explain what people with schizophrenia and their families can do to help keep the person well· explore how schizophrenia affects the entire family· detail medical conditions that people with schizophrenia are more likely than other people to have—including heart disease, obesity, and diabetes · offer key takeaway points for every topic Designed for the lay reader and based on the most recent medical literature, Living with Schizophrenia offers information and understanding to help people coping with this often misunderstood disorder to best achieve recovery and healing.

Schizophrenia and Psychotic Spectrum Disorders


Author: Professor and Head Department of Psychiatry S Charles Schulz, M.D.,Katharine J. Nelson, M.D.,Professor in Residence UCLA Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences Michael F Green,Assistant Professor of Psychiatry and Program Director Psychiatry Residency Katharine J Nelson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199378061
Category: Schizophrenia
Page: 400
View: 3103
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Schizophrenia and Psychotic Spectrum Disorders aims to engage young caregivers in psychiatry, psychology, nursing and social work so that they will be able to become well informed about this significant--and at times confusing--illness. Because schizophrenia is considered to be one of the most complicated and severe psychiatric disorders, this book has the goal of summarizing key issues of the illness, such as its presentation, frequency and age of onset, and diagnostic characteristics. It also contains informative chapters about the pathophysiology of schizophrenia, ranging from brain development issues, genetics, and likely abnormalities in neurotransmitters. This book will give young professionals and those joining the field an excellent and accessible background to treatment. In this area, Schizophrenia and Psychotic Spectrum Disorders provides a comprehensive approach to diagnosis, treatment initiation, strategies for non-response, approaches of therapy, and importantly, ways to provide family therapy and support.

Schizophrenia


Author: Irving I. Gottesman,James Shields
Publisher: CUP Archive
ISBN: 9780521295598
Category: Psychology
Page: 258
View: 7043
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Schizophrenia


Author: Stephen Marder,Stephen R. Marder,Vandana Chopra
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199964653
Category: Medical
Page: 92
View: 4399
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This text provides a person-centered approach to helping individuals with schizophrenia meet their personal goals.The approach is strongly influenced by the "recovery" model. This model emphasizes a respect for an individual's ability to participate in decision-making about their illness and an appreciation that people can achieve many of their personal goals even when their illness is only partially controlled. There is also an emphasis on the diversity of individuals with schizophrenia.That is, although many people with this illness are severely disabled with limitations in their abilities to work or to function socially, others manage to function at a high level with successful careers and rich social and family relationships. The book is organized into chapters that focus on common treatment situations including the acutely psychotic individual; the first episode of psychosis; the partial responder; the individual with schizophrenia and substance use problems as well as children and the elderly. Each of these situations presents itself with unique stages of treatment and emphasizes that each stage has unique challenges regarding evaluating an individual and his or her problems and selecting interventions. For each clinical situation, pharmacological as well as psychosocial approaches are described. This book also recognizes that helping people with schizophrenia often requires a diverse group of treatment providers including psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, nurses, clinical pharmacists, case managers and others. Individuals from all of these disciplines are likely to find this volume interesting and useful.

Schizophrenia

Seven Approaches
Author: Arnold H. Buss,Edith H. Buss
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 020236870X
Category: Psychology
Page: 175
View: 5985
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Seven controversial approaches to schizophrenia, each assuming a distinctive model, biological, psychological, or social, are presented by their leading exponents. Arnold and Edith Buss deal with such fundamental issues as: What is the nature of schizophrenia? What general approach does each theory represent? What does each theory assume, what evidence does it require for proof, and what follows if the theory is correct? While the various approaches covered here have many differences and few similarities, they are not all mutually contradictory, and several may be combined into a larger synthesis. From a biological point of view, schizophrenia is a disease like any other, originating in heredity, tissue malformation, and physiological abnormality. The biological approach is represented here by a theory focusing on genetic and neurological aspects. The psychological approach treats schizophrenia as a failure of adjustment. Within this framework there is considerable disagreement. One theory emphasizes the cognitive problems of perceiving, thinking, and problem-solving; another centers on motivational disturbance, with its attendant problems of anxiety and withdrawal; and two theories focus on regressive behavior. Schizophrenia provides a stimulating basis for discussion by presenting the etiology of schizophrenia in terms of the most significant contemporary approaches. The juxtaposition of these viewpoints enables the professor to maximize students' interest as well as their insight into the complexity of contradictory evidence and opinions. Arnold H. Buss is professor of psychology at the University of Texas. He has taught at the Universities of Iowa and Pittsburgh and Rutgers University. His research publications include studies of anxiety, aggression, pain tolerance, stimulus generalization, and concept formation. He is author of ten books including The Psychology of Aggression, Psychopathology, and Personality: Evolutionary Heritage and Human Distinctiveness. Edith H. Buss was a research associate at the University of Texas and served in the same capacity at Carter Hospital, the University of Pittsburgh, and Rutgers University. She holds a master's degree in education from the University of Pittsburgh. She has conducted research with both normal and schizophrenic subjects.

Schizophrenia

The Bearded Lady Disease
Author: J. Michael Mahoney
Publisher: AuthorHouse
ISBN: 1449072003
Category: Psychology
Page: 740
View: 7255
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Man has long searched for the cause and meaning of mental illness. This book attempts to answer those questions. The author/compiler has spent 36 years investigating these problems and his conclusion is that severe unconscious bisexual conflict and confusion lie at the root of all mental illness, as difficult to comprehend as this idea may be. The book itself consists of 639 quotations, from a variety of sources, all of which point to the unshakable truth of this hypothesis. This is a fixed law of nature, unassailable and constantly operative in every case. No other species but man is afflicted with mental illness because no other species has either the intellectual power to repress their sexual feelings nor the motivation to do so. The disease we call "schizophrenia" is but an arbitrary name, which is used to designate the end-stage of a process beginning with a slight neurosis. The more severe the bisexual conflict and confusion in the individual, the more severe the degree of the mental illness which is experienced. Several other investigators in the past have reached this same conclusion, but unfortunately their wisdom went largely unheeded. Hopefully this book will remedy that ill-advised neglect.

Schizophrenia

Recent Advances in Diagnosis and Treatment
Author: Philip G. Janicak,Stephen R. Marder,Rajiv Tandon,Morris Goldman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business
ISBN: 1493906569
Category: Medical
Page: 331
View: 4614
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Schizophrenia: Recent Advances in Diagnosis and Treatment is a major addition to the literature, offering practical, comprehensive coverage of diagnosis and treatment options, genetic issues, neuroimaging, long-term management of schizophrenia, and future directions and predictions of how clinical care of schizophrenia will change. The book is divided into five sections. Section 1 summarizes the present state of knowledge about the diagnosis and treatment of schizophrenia. This includes recent changes in the DSM 5 categorization of schizophrenia and its implications for treatment. Section 2 considers recent discoveries into its pathoetiology, including the status of biological markers, genetics and neuroimaging as they relate to diagnosis and potential novel therapeutic approaches. Section 3 explores the optimization of present therapeutic approaches; novel treatments; and management of the substantial risks associated with both the illness and its present therapies. Section 4 discusses progress in the long-term management of schizophrenia, focusing on biological and psychotherapeutic strategies to improve functioning and facilitate recovery. Section 5 considers future directions and predictions of how diagnosis and treatment of schizophrenia will change. An invaluable addition to the field, Schizophrenia: Recent Advances in Diagnosis and Treatment is a definitive resource that will be of great interest to all clinicians caring for patients with schizophrenia.

Schizophrenia

Origins, Processes, Treatment, and Outcome
Author: Rue L. Cromwell,C. R. Snyder
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195069228
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 373
View: 3143
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This volume presents and integrates the latest advances in schizophrenia research and theory. Numerous leaders in the field offer new and sometimes opposing insights into six topics central to the study of schizophrenia: neuroanatomical conceptions, genetic research, information processing and attention, clinical symptoms and the course of the disorder, psychopharmacologic and family interventions, and social rehabilitation. Conceptual approaches that focus on the patient's information input processes, organizational structure of social self and personal experience, and family setting are discussed. The book also includes a summary (drawn from all the major studies) of the month-to-month course to be expected as schizophrenia progresses through its prodromal, acute, intermediate, and late stages. By integrating these various biological and behavioral research domains, the editors have produced a new model of schizophrenia--the configural oligogenic model--that recognizes and goes beyond the traditional DSM clinical diagnostic procedures. In providing a scientific, head-to-head debate on the origins, processes, treatment, and outcome of schizophrenia, the book offers a map for potential advances in etiologic inquiry, diagnosis, and treatment strategies in the coming decades. It will be of interest to a wide range of readers, including researchers, clinicians, and students of biological psychiatry, experimental psychopathology, clinical psychology, and psychopharmacology.

Schizophrenia

From Neuroimaging to Neuroscience
Author: Stephen M. Lawrie,Daniel Roy Weinberger,Eve C. Johnstone
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780198525967
Category: Medical
Page: 405
View: 1625
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Neuroimaging techniques have made a huge contribution to our understanding of schizophrenia and other neuropsychiatric disorders. Until now however, texts on both schizophrenia and neuroimaging have paid little attention to the overlap between these areas. This new volume is the first dedicated to unraveling how these techniques can help us better understand this complex disorder. Each chapter focuses on a particular research method, describing the nature of the findings, the main technological problems, and future possibilities. Though including sufficient methodological detail to be of value to imaging researchers, the emphasis throughout is on providing information of value to clinicians. Written and edited by leaders in schizophrenia research, this book details what structural and functional brain imaging studies have already established about schizophrenia and what developments are likely in the foreseeable future. It will be of great value to psychiatrists, neuropsychiatrists, and cognitive neuroscientists.

Schizophrenia


Author: Shirley Brinkerhoff
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1422289966
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 128
View: 4451
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Schizophrenia, the most severe of the mental disorders, usually begins in late adolescence or young adulthood. A patient's first symptoms may be hallucinations, such as hearing voices that sound as real as those of friends and family. Or they may be delusions, such as believing that aliens are sending information to him via the radio or through television programs. While the mysterious disease can have devastating effects on the one percent of the population who experience it, new antipsychotic drugs now offer more hope for effective treatment than at any other time in history. Schizophrenia explains how the human brain operates, and how antipsychotic drugs work inside the brain in order to help relieve the symptoms of this mental disorder. In this book, you will read about: •The Nobel Prize-winning mathematician who battled schizophrenia for several decades. •The university student who dedicated his life to researching schizophrenia after his own sister was diagnosed with the disease at the age of seventeen. •The four sisters—identical quadruplets—who each had schizophrenia, and who allowed the National Institute of Mental Health to study their disease over the course of many decades. •The famous guitarist in a British rock band whose drug use propelled him into schizophrenia. Let their stories teach you about the struggles, challenges, and hopes of people with this disease.