Science in Agriculture

Advanced Methods for Sustainable Farming
Author: Arden B. Andersen
Publisher: Acres USA
ISBN: 9780911311358
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 370
View: 5110

Pentecostalism and Politics in Africa

Author: Adeshina Afolayan, Olajumoke Yacob-Haliso and Toyin Falola
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319749110
Page: N.A
View: 7204

Ecological Golf Course Management

Author: Paul D. Sachs,Richard T. Luff
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781575041544
Category: Architecture
Page: 197
View: 6228
Ecological Golf Course Management focuses on managing the health and welfare of all soil organisms from a single-celled bacterium to fully developed turf plants and connects the reader to the important and relevant interactions between them. It points out ways to exploit natural plant defense systems that have been largely ignored and to engage many of the powerful allies that live above and below ground.

Managing Healthy Sports Fields

A Guide to Using Organic Materials for Low-Maintenance and Chemical-Free Playing Fields
Author: Paul D. Sachs
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471472698
Category: Architecture
Page: 244
View: 4602
The huge chemical arsenal once available to turf managers for pest, weed and disease control has slowly but surely been restricted or regulated. As a result alternative methods have had to be sought. This text aims to liberate the modern turf manager from dependency on chemical treatments through suggestions you can adapt to specific field types, climatic zones, and desired appearance. Author Paul Sachs offers safety for people and animals, as well as longevity for the land, without sacrificing the quality of the turf itself. Written for turf managers who need to reduce or eliminate chemical pesticides and fertilisers in their turfgrass management processes. Offers advice and practical steps to earth-conscious turf managers, and those who are responding to the growing chorus of concerns about fertilisers and pesticides. Covers the basics of soil fertility, composting, methods of soil analysis, cultural practices and pests.

Advanced Methods for Decision Making and Risk Management in Sustainability Science

Author: Jürgen Kropp,Jürgen Scheffran
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781600214271
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 288
View: 7052
Understanding sustainability is vital to resolving and managing many of today's problems, on a global as well as local scale. Sustainability science is an emerging field of research that comprises concepts and methodologies from different disciplines in a problem-oriented manner. Research efforts are often concentrated in a variety of sectoral domains. The heterogeneity of scientific tasks involved here and the complexity of environmental and social systems call for specific research strategies which are generally a compromise between high-precision analysis and educated guesswork. For understanding of global change, which embraces a variety of processes on several scales, information needs to be refined and compressed rather than amplified. This book aims at presenting advanced methods and techniques to make them available to a wider scientific community involved in global change and sustainability research. The contributions describe novel schemes to study the relationship between the socio-economic and the natural sphere and/or the social dimensions of climate and global change. The methodological approaches can be useful in the design and management of environmental systems, for policy development, environmental risk reduction, and prevention/mitigation strategies. In this context, a variety of environmental and sustainability aspects can be addressed, e.g. changes in the natural environment and land use, environmental impacts on human health, economics and technology, institutional interactions, human activities and behaviour.

Sustainable Agricultural Systems

Author: Edwards
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780935734218
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 712
View: 846
A unique look at how the adoption of sustainable farming methods is being pursued throughout the world. This comprehensive book provides clear insight into research and education needs and the many points of view that come to bear on the issue of sustainability. Essential for agricultural leaders in research, education, conservation, policy making, and anyone else interested in creating an economically and environmentally sustainable agriculture worldwide.

Ancient Agriculture

Roots and Application of Sustainable Farming
Author: Gabriel Alonso de Herrera,Juan Estevan Arellano,Bryan Romero
Publisher: Gibbs Smith
ISBN: 9781423601203
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 168
View: 6665

Intensive Agriculture and Sustainability

A Farming Systems Analysis
Author: Glen C. Filson
Publisher: UBC Press
ISBN: 9780774811057
Category: Social Science
Page: 227
View: 9700
Intensive Agriculture and Sustainability outlines theadvantages of Farming Systems Analysis for understanding theimplications of modern, intensive agriculture. This book describes someof the major environmental and social problems connected with intensivefarming; outlines a framework for analyzing its sustainability;discusses key linkages among the environmental, economic, and socialindicators; outlines modelling trade-offs between profitability andenvironmental sustainability; and then analyzes various farming systemsusing case studies.

Agroecological Practices For Sustainable Agriculture: Principles, Applications, And Making The Transition

Author: Wezel Alexander
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 178634307X
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 504
View: 4122
Good agroecological practices are indispensable for the development of sustainable agriculture. In this book, principles, diversity and applications of agroecological practices for a range of systems are presented, transforming scientific research and participatory knowledge of production into practical application. It illustrates a broad range of research and teaching being used within the farming community to demonstrate best practice and current state-of-play within the field. Agroecological methods used in crop farming, grass-based livestock farming, fish production, and other complex farming systems are discussed. Conclusions are drawn from studies to provide an outlook on future trends of agroecological practices and on policies supporting implementation. Due to emphasis on real-life application, it is relevant not only to students of the agricultural sciences and public policy, but also to researchers, stakeholders and policy makers involved in the development of sustainable agriculture.

Groundwater for Sustainable Development

Problems, Perspectives and Challenges
Author: Prosun Bhattacharya,AL Ramanathan,Arun B. Mukherjee,Jochen Bundschuh,D. Chandrasekharam,A.K. Keshari
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203894569
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 484
View: 4259
Groundwater is the most important source of domestic, industrial, and agricultural water and also a finite resource. Population growth has created an unprecedented demand for water, with the situation most critical in the developing world, where several million people depend on contaminated groundwater for drinking purposes. Geogenic contaminants, such as arsenic and fluoride at toxic levels, pose major environmental risks and endanger public health. This book is a collection of papers providing a multi-disciplinary overview for scientists and professionals involved in the sustainable development of groundwater resources.

Environmental Science For Dummies

Author: Alecia M. Spooner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 111823961X
Category: Science
Page: 384
View: 9804
The easy way to score high in Environmental Science Environmental science is a fascinating subject, but somestudents have a hard time grasping the interrelationships of thenatural world and the role that humans play within the environment.Presented in a straightforward format, Environmental Science ForDummies gives you plain-English, easy-to-understandexplanations of the concepts and material you'll encounter in yourintroductory-level course. Here, you get discussions of the earth's natural resources andthe problems that arise when resources like air, water, and soilare contaminated by manmade pollutants. Sustainability is alsoexamined, including the latest advancements in recycling and energyproduction technology. Environmental Science For Dummies isthe most accessible book on the market for anyone who needs to geta handle on the topic, whether you're looking to supplementclassroom learning or simply interested in learning more about ourenvironment and the problems we face. Presents straightforward information on complex concepts Tracks to a typical introductory level Environmental Sciencecourse Serves as an excellent supplement to classroom learning If you're enrolled in an introductory Environmental Sciencecourse or studying for the AP Environmental Science exam, thishands-on, friendly guide has you covered.

Advanced Techniques in Soil Microbiology

Author: Ajit Varma,Ralf Oelmüller
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540708650
Category: Science
Page: 427
View: 4186
This book presents a wide range of biotechnological methods for application in soil microbiology analysis, including all essential methods involving molecular biology, immunology, microbiology, and structural biology, such as transcriptome analysis, RNAi technology, molecular matchmaking, RAPD, T-RFLP and FT/MS. The techniques and procedures presented here offer practical guides for immediate use in the laboratory. This volume will be of use both to the first-timer and to the experienced scientist.

Methods for Risk Assessment of Transgenic Plants

IV. Biodiversity and Biotechnology
Author: Klaus Ammann,Yolande Jacot,Richard Braun
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3034880332
Category: Science
Page: 177
View: 1031
For centuries, TK has been used almost exclusively by its creators, that is, indigenous and local communities. Access to, use of and handing down of TK has been regulated by local laws, customs and tmditions. Some TK has been freely accessible by all members of an indigenous or local community and has been freely exchanged with other communities; other TK has only been known to particular individuals within these communities such as shamans, and has been handed down only to particular individuals of thc next generation. Over many generations, indigenous and local communities have accumulated a great deal of TK which has generally been adapted, developed and improved by the generations that followed. For a long time, Western anthropologists and other scientists have generally been able to freely access TK and have documented it in their works. Still, this TK was only seldom used outside the indigenous and local communities that created it. More recently, however, Western scientists have become aware that TK is neither outdated nor valueless knowledge, but, instead, 1 can be useful to solve some of the problems facing today's world. Modem science, for example, has shown an increased interest in some fornls ofTK as knowledge that can be used in 4 research and development (R&D) activities and be integrated in modem innovations. This holds especially true for TK regarding genetic resources, which has been integrated in modem 6 phannaceuticals,s agro-chemicals and seed.

Sustainable agroecosystems in climate change mitigation

Author: Maren Oelbermann
Publisher: Wageningen Academic Publishers
ISBN: 9086862357
Category: Science
Page: 272
View: 3766
One of the challenges under current land management practices is to increase food and soil security to meet projected trends in food production, while maintaining the resilience to climate change. This book provides a forum for researchers to access the most recent developments in enhancing carbon sinks and minimizing greenhouse gas emissions. It suggests that policies and practices integrating microbial technology, modern crop cultivars, conservation practices, increased manure application, organic farming and agroforestry have a greater capacity to sequester carbon and reduce carbon-based greenhouse gases, leading to more robust agroecosystems compared to conventional agriculture. It is argued that empirical models can represent powerful tools for assessing how mitigation and adaptation strategies can be used to optimize crop yield and minimize greenhouse gas emissions under future climate change scenarios. 'Sustainable agroecosystems in climate change mitigation' bridges our current knowledge gaps and recognizes the contribution of sustainable agricultural practices as a way forward in reducing the global carbon and nitrogen footprint. It is relevant for students, researchers, governmental and non-governmental organisations interested in climate change mitigation, sustainable agriculture, soil science, modern analytical techniques and modelling. It answers the questions: 'How can sustainable agroecosystems help mitigate climate change?' and 'What are the tools to achieve this goal?'

Sustainable Agriculture

A Vision for Future
Author: N.A
Publisher: New India Publishing
ISBN: 9788189422639
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 374
View: 6061
The book is sub-divided into nine s which starts with an introductory picture covering the scope, need and meaning of sustainable agriculture. It gives the readers a clean understanding of the definition of the term sustainable and its usage in a broadened horizon. Owing to its systematic, in-depth and critical arrangement of the valuable information, upon completing the book, the reader will have a feeling of an enrichment of his knowledge in the field of sustainable agriculture in its right perspective."

Sustainable Agriculture

Author: John Mason
Publisher: Landlinks Press
ISBN: 9780643068766
Category: Science
Page: 205
View: 9267
Examines the problems caused by the technological revolution in farming practices and explains the long-term benefits of sustainable farming systems such as permaculture, biodynamics, organic farming, agroforestry, conservation tillage, and integrated hydroculture.

Manufacture of Biofertilizer and Organic Farming

Author: H. Panda
ISBN: 8178331462
Page: 336
View: 3173
With the introduction of green revolution technologies, the modern agriculture is getting more and more dependent upon the steady supply of synthetic inputs. Intensive agriculture with the use of chemical fertilizers in large amount has, no doubt, resulted in manifold increase in the productivity of farm commodities but the adverse effect of these chemicals are clearly visible on soil structure, micro flora, quality of water, food and fodder. At this critical juncture, biofertilizers are useful supplement to chemical fertilizers. Organic farming has emerged as the only answer to bring sustainability to agriculture and environment. Biofertilizers is also an ideal for practicing organic farming. Biofertilizers are the most advanced biotechnology necessary to support developing organic Agriculture, sustainable agriculture, green agriculture and non-pollution agriculture. Bio Fertilizer are natural and organic fertilizer that helps to keep in the soil with all the nutrients and live microorganisms required for the benefits of the plants. Today product like biofertilizers using the biotechnology techniques have proved that biological control is widely regarded as a desirable technique for controlling insects and pests, due to its minimal environmental impact and its avoidance of problems of resistance in the vectors and agricultural pests. The increasing demand for biofertilizers and the awareness among farmers and planters in the use of biofertilizers have paved way for the fertilizer manufacturers and new entrepreneurs to get into biofertilizers production. It is one of the important components of integrated nutrient management, as they are cost effective and renewable source of plant nutrients to supplement the chemical fertilizers for sustainable agriculture. This book gives a detailed process on manufacture of biofertilizers & organic farming. It contains chapters on biofertilizers, role of biofertilizer in crop production, production and distribution of biofertilizer, organic farming, method of organic farming, weed and pest management, and many more. This book will be very helpful to soil scientists, microbiologists, biologists, students, new entrepreneurs, fertilizer industry, organization engaged in biofertilizers production, training centres and to all those interested in the efficient use and recycling of wastes, resource management and sustainable farming.

Challenges and Opportunities for Organic Agriculture and the Seed Industry

Author: Arturo Martinez
Publisher: Bib. Orton IICA / CATIE
ISBN: 9783934055384
Category: Organic farming
Page: 188
View: 4219

Conservation Agriculture for Africa

Building Resilient Farming Systems in a Changing Climate
Author: Amir H Kassam,Saidi Mkomwa,Theodor Friedrich
Publisher: CABI
ISBN: 1780645686
Category: Nature
Page: 317
View: 9679
Tillage agriculture has led to widespread soil and ecosystem degradation globally. This is especially so in Africa where traditional and modern tillage-based agricultural practices have become unsustainable due to severe disturbance and exploitation of natural resources, with negative impacts on the environment and rural livelihoods. In addition, agriculture in Africa today faces major challenges including increased costs of production and energy, the effects of climate change, and the lack of an effective paradigm for sustainable intensification, especially for small- and medium-size holdings. Africa is facing a serious challenge to food security and as a continent has not advanced towards eradicating hunger. In addition, the population is still growing much faster than on most other continents. This pressure has led to the emergence of no-till conservation agriculture as a serious alternative sustainable agriculture paradigm. In Africa, in recent years, conservation agriculture techniques and methods have spread to many countries, as greater development, education and research effort are directed towards its extension and uptake. This book is aimed at agricultural researchers and scientists, educationalists, and agricultural service providers, institutional leaders and policy makers working in the fields of sustainable agriculture and international development, and also at agroecologists, conservation scientists, and those working on ecosystem services.

Farming for the Future

An Introduction to Low-external-input and Sustainable Agriculture
Author: Coen Reijntjes,Bertus Haverkort,Ann Waters-Bayer
Publisher: MacMillan Education, Limited
Category: Agricultural innovation
Page: 250
View: 4754
Part I: low-external-input and sustainable agriculture (leisa): an emerging option; Agriculture and sustainability; Sustainability and farmers: making decisions at the farm level; Technology development by farmers; Part II: Priciples and possibilities of leisa; Low-external-input farming and agroecology; Basic ecological principles of leisa; Development of leisa systems; Part III: Linking farmers and scientists in developing leisa technologies; Actors and actitities in developing leisa technologies; Participatory technology development in practice: process and methods; Appendices; Appendix A some promising leisa techniques and practices; Appendix B glossary of key terms; Appendix C useful contacts and sources of further information; References; Index.