Science in the Public Sphere

Highly illustrated throughout and covering the recent historiographical scholarship on the subject, this book is valuable reading for students, historians, science communicators, and all those interested in the history of science and its ...

Author: Agusti Nieto-Galan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317277927

Category: History

Page: 270

View: 559

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Science in the Public Sphere presents a broad yet detailed picture of the history of science popularization from the Renaissance to the twenty-first century. Global in focus, it provides an original theoretical framework for analysing the political load of science as an instrument of cultural hegemony and giving a voice to expert and lay protagonists throughout history. Organised into a series of thematic chapters spanning diverse periods and places, this book covers subjects such as the representations of science in print, the media, classrooms and museums, orthodox and heterodox practices, the intersection of the history of science with the history of technology, and the ways in which public opinion and scientific expertise have influenced and shaped one another across the centuries. It concludes by introducing the "participatory turn" of the twenty-first century, a new paradigm of science popularization and a new way of understanding the construction of knowledge. Highly illustrated throughout and covering the recent historiographical scholarship on the subject, this book is valuable reading for students, historians, science communicators, and all those interested in the history of science and its relationship with the public sphere.
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The Politicization of Science in the Public Sphere

In 2009, the National Science Foundation and numerous allied scientific organizations celebrated the "Year of Science"—a nationwide program to promote "public understanding of science.

Author: Gordon Gauchat

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:748585230

Category:

Page: 360

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Science in the Public Sphere

The common focus of these essays is the debate on the nature of science - often referred to by contemporaries as 'natural knowledge' - in Britain during the first half of the 19th century.

Author: Richard R. Yeo

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: UOM:39015054143246

Category: History

Page: 302

View: 422

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The common focus of these essays is the debate on the nature of science - often referred to by contemporaries as 'natural knowledge' - in Britain during the first half of the 19th century. A study of these debates allow us to see how British science of this period began to cast loose some of its earlier theological supports, but still relied on a moral framework to affirm its distinctive method, ethos and cultural value.
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The Public Sphere According to UK Stem Cell Scientists

This is elaborated by the re-examination of the notion of a 'consensual' and a 'reified universe' substantiating a more sociopsychological approach in the study of relevant phenomena.

Author: Alexandra Kolka

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:847540912

Category:

Page:

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In this thesis the concept of social representations is made relevant to the study of the 'public sphere' according to scientists. This is elaborated by the re-examination of the notion of a 'consensual' and a 'reified universe' substantiating a more sociopsychological approach in the study of relevant phenomena. Two processes generate social representations of the public: anchoring and objectification. The empirical study investigates the scientists' views of the public sphere, in relation to public perceptions, media coverage and the regulation of cloning technology. Elite media coverage of the stem cell debate and conversations with stem cell scientists are systematically analysed with multiple methods. Findings are based on 461 news articles that appeared in Nature and Science between 1997 and 2005 and on interviews with 18 U.K based stem cell researchers conducted between February and October 2005. The analysis compares the debate before and after the 'stem cell war' of 2002, and typifies a high tension in representing the public sphere, elaborated in metaphors and prevailing arguments. Central elements of the representation assume a strong disassociation of science from the public sphere; peripheral elements operate with a degree of blurring of those same boundaries, which recognises a common project. This representation, while being expressive of its context of production, constitutes a functional response to it.
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Science in the Public Sphere

Integration of scientific data and adaptive management techniques is critical to the success of species conversation, however, these are uncertainties about effective methods of knowledge exchange between scientists and decision makers.

Author: U.S. Department of the Interior

Publisher:

ISBN: 1495381501

Category: Reference

Page: 36

View: 502

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Integration of scientific data and adaptive management techniques is critical to the success of species conversation, however, these are uncertainties about effective methods of knowledge exchange between scientists and decision makers.
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Habermas and the Public Sphere

Table of Contents Preface 1 Introduction: Habermas and the Public Sphere 1 2 Practical Discourse: On the Relation of Morality to Politics 51 3 Models of Public Space: Hannah Arendt, the Liberal Tradition, and Jurgen Habermas 73 4 The Public ...

Author: Craig J. Calhoun

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262531143

Category: Philosophy

Page: 498

View: 547

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Table of Contents Preface 1 Introduction: Habermas and the Public Sphere 1 2 Practical Discourse: On the Relation of Morality to Politics 51 3 Models of Public Space: Hannah Arendt, the Liberal Tradition, and Jurgen Habermas 73 4 The Public Sphere: Models and Boundaries 99 5 Rethinking the Public Sphere: A Contribution to the Critique of Actually Existing Democracy 109 6 Was There Ever a Public Sphere? If So, When? Reflections on the American Case 143 7 Political Theory and Historical Analysis 164 8 Defining the Public Sphere in Eighteenth-Century France: Variations on a Theme by Habermas 181 9 Religion, Science, and Printing in the Public Spheres in Seventeenth-Century England 212 10 Habermas, History, and Critical Theory 236 11 Gender and Public Access: Women's Politics in Nineteenth-Century America 259 12 Nations, Publics, and Political Cultures: Placing Habermas in the Nineteenth Century 289 13 The Pragmatic Ends of Popular Politics 340 14 The Media and the Public Sphere 359 15 The Mass Public and the Mass Subject 377 16 Textuality, Mediation, and Public Discourse 402 17 Further Reflections on the Public Sphere 421 18 Concluding Remarks 462 Contributors 481 Index 485.
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Volatile Perceptions

This thesis examines the role of the media and popular culture in defining the shape and scope of what we think of today as "science.

Author: Robert Scott Smith

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:898143608

Category: Electronic dissertations

Page: 52

View: 302

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This thesis examines the role of the media and popular culture in defining the shape and scope of what we think of today as "science." As a source of cognitive authority the scientific establishment is virtually beyond dispute. The intellectual clout of science seemingly elevates it to a position outside the influence of the general population. Yet in reality the emergence and evolution of the public sphere, including popular culture, has had a profound impact on the definition and application of science. What science is and how it relates to the life of the ordinary person are hardly static concepts; the public perception of science has been molding its boundaries since at least the 18th century. During the Enlightenment "natural philosophy" was broadly accessible and integrated nicely with other forms of knowledge. As the years passed into the 19th century, however, science became increasingly professionalized and distinct, until the "Two Cultures" had fully developed. The established scientific institution distanced itself from the nonscientific community, leaving the task of communicating scientific knowledge to various popularizers, who typically operated through the media and often used the mantle of science to further their own social or political agendas. Such isolation from orthodox science forced the public to create an alternate form of science for popular consumption, a form consisting mainly of decontextualized facts, often used in contrast to other forms of thought (i.e. religion, art, or pseudoscience). However, with the recent advent of "Web 2.0" and the increasing prominence of convergence culture, the role of the public sphere is undergoing a dramatic revolution. Concepts such as "collective intelligence" are changing consumers of information into simultaneous producers, establishing vast peer networks of collaboration and enabling the public to bypass traditional sources of authority. This new hypermobility of information and empowerment of the public sphere are just now beginning to break down science's monolithic status. In many ways, it seems, we are entering a new Enlightenment.
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Handbook of Communication in the Public Sphere

The guiding questions for this collection of articles are therefore: Who has access to the public sphere? How is this access enabled or disabled? Under what conditions is it granted or withheld, and by whom?

Author: Ruth Wodak

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110198980

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 482

View: 185

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As you are reading this, you are finding yourself in the ubiquitous public sphere that is the Web. Ubiquitous, and yet not universally accessible. This volume addresses this dilemma of the public sphere, which is by definition open to everyone but in practice often excludes particular groups of people in particular societies at particular points in time. The guiding questions for this collection of articles are therefore: Who has access to the public sphere? How is this access enabled or disabled? Under what conditions is it granted or withheld, and by whom? We regard the public sphere as the nodal point for the discourses of business, politics and media, and this basic assumption is also s reflected in the structure of the volume. Each of these three macro-topics comprises chapters by international scholars from a variety of disciplines and research traditions who each combine up-to-date overviews of the relevant literature with their own cutting-edge research into aspects of different public spheres such as corporate promotional communication, political rhetoric or genre features of electronic mass media. The broad scope of the volume is perhaps best reflected in a comprehensive discussion of communication technologies ranging from conventional spoken and written formats such as company brochures, political speeches and TV shows to emerging ones like customer chat forums, political blogs and text messaging. Due to the books' wide scope, its interdisciplinary approach and its clear structure, we are sure that whether you work in communication and media studies, linguistics, political science, sociology or marketing, you will find this handbook an invaluable guide offering state-of-the -art literature reviews and exciting new research in your field and adjacent areas.
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In Search of a European Public Sphere

This collection is up-to-date and vital at the present moment which demands a special sense of responsibility regarding the tasks ahead for Europe, especially in the fields of media and communication.

Author: Malgorzata Winiarska-Brodowska

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781527548749

Category: Political Science

Page: 251

View: 890

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This collection is up-to-date and vital at the present moment which demands a special sense of responsibility regarding the tasks ahead for Europe, especially in the fields of media and communication. The volume adopts a wide range of approaches to the European public sphere, and provides much-needed insight into both Western and Eastern perceptions of events and processes in Europe. The contributions here analyse recent trends in media and communication (such as misinformation, fragmentation, and the core-periphery division) and search for possible ways to approach them. In doing so, they discuss a number of important current issues, such as populism, migration, and foreign involvement in European affairs. The volume also sheds light on the question of how the changes in communication environments affect the public spheres in Europe. Focusing on media in Europe, the contributors bring knowledge from different scientific fields (including geopolitics, sociology, political science, and philosophy) and represent different geographic regions, whilst at the same time presenting a European perspective on the issues they investigate.
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Political Management

Author: H. T. Wilson

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110854961

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 323

View: 477

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Dismantling the Public Sphere

Buschman examines librarianship and the social and economic contexts in which the profession and its institutions operate.

Author: John Buschman

Publisher: Libraries Unlimited

ISBN: 031332199X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 218

View: 901

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Buschman examines librarianship and the social and economic contexts in which the profession and its institutions operate.
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EU Citizens in the European Public Sphere

Content Citizenship, Democracy, European Union Normative Public Sphere Theories European Public Sphere Visibility of EU Citizens in the European Public Sphere Target Groups Students and lecturers in European and comparative politics, ...

Author: Stefanie Walter

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783658144869

Category: Political Science

Page: 314

View: 843

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Stefanie Walter examines the visibility of European Union citizens in the mass mediated European public sphere and argues that it can help facilitate an exchange between decision-makers and ordinary citizens. The results show that in comparison to other actor groups, such as political parties or civil society organisations, the visibility of European Union citizens is not marginal. Yet, the image of the European Union citizenry that becomes visible via the news media remains nationally entrenched and references to a truly European citizenry are rare. The study also uses multilevel regressions to explain the visibility of European Union citizens in the news coverage. The empirical analyses are based on a large-scale content analysis of TV news and newspaper articles of the 2009 European Parliament election.p>
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Translation in the Public Sphere

This book brings together the study of translation with public sphere theory, in order to discuss social communication as it really happens.

Author: Sergey Tyulenev

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319783581

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 138

View: 336

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This book brings together the study of translation with public sphere theory, in order to discuss social communication as it really happens. Through illuminating examples and case studies, translation is shown to be a mediating mechanism in all public debate conducted both within one society and between societies. The author offers a detailed discussion of the kinds of translation most relevant to public sphere communication and their properties. Throughout, he argues persuasively that it is impossible to study the public sphere without taking account of translation in it, and that the interaction between the public as a collective inevitably involves translation. Further, the author suggests new methodological approaches to studying not only translation in the public sphere but public debate itself as a kind of translation. Building on the achievements of both the public sphere scholarship and Translation Studies, this work fills a significant lacuna in existing literature and will set the agenda for future studies at the intersection of the two. It will provide an invaluable resource for scholars and students of the public sphere and translation, as well as academics in the broader fields of sociology, political science and communication.
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Science in the Public Sphere

Focusing on 'science in the public sphere'– I will return to this concept later – means to make old research topics useful and to dive into the abyss of a ...

Author: Agusti Nieto-Galan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317277934

Category: History

Page: 270

View: 760

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Science in the Public Sphere presents a broad yet detailed picture of the history of science popularization from the Renaissance to the twenty-first century. Global in focus, it provides an original theoretical framework for analysing the political load of science as an instrument of cultural hegemony and giving a voice to expert and lay protagonists throughout history. Organised into a series of thematic chapters spanning diverse periods and places, this book covers subjects such as the representations of science in print, the media, classrooms and museums, orthodox and heterodox practices, the intersection of the history of science with the history of technology, and the ways in which public opinion and scientific expertise have influenced and shaped one another across the centuries. It concludes by introducing the "participatory turn" of the twenty-first century, a new paradigm of science popularization and a new way of understanding the construction of knowledge. Highly illustrated throughout and covering the recent historiographical scholarship on the subject, this book is valuable reading for students, historians, science communicators, and all those interested in the history of science and its relationship with the public sphere.
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Jurgen Habermas

Holub demonstrates how Habermas pursues a course that incorporates various aspects of his opponents' positions, while simultaneously defending perceived threats to democracy and open discussion.

Author: Robert C. Holub

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134921102

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 503

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The most important intellectual in the Federal Republic of Germany for the past three decades, Habermas has been a seminal contributor to fields ranging from sociology and political science to philosophy and cultural studies. Although he has stood at the centre of concern in his native land, he has been less readily accepted outside Germany, particularly in the humanities. His theoretical work postulates the centrality of communication and understanding, and as such his strategy of debate is marked by a politically informed unity of theory and practice. Holub's book is the first detailed account of the major debates in which Habermas has engaged since the early sixties. It stems from the conviction that his critics have not understood the political strategy behind his various interventions, or the consistency that informs his intellectual activities. Habermas is viewed in dialogue with important philosophical, sociological and political currents in West Germany. Holub demonstrates how Habermas pursues a course that incorporates various aspects of his opponents' positions, while simultaneously defending perceived threats to democracy and open discussion.
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Heisenberg in the Atomic Age

With deep archival grounding, the book tracks Heisenberg's interactions with intellectuals from Heidegger to Habermas and political leaders from Adenauer to Brandt.

Author: Cathryn Carson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521821704

Category: History

Page: 541

View: 481

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The end of the Second World War opened a new era for science in public life. Heisenberg in the Atomic Age explores the transformations of science's public presence in the postwar Federal Republic of Germany. It shows how Heisenberg's philosophical commentaries, circulating in the mass media, secured his role as science's public philosopher, and it reflects on his policy engagements and public political stands, which helped redefine the relationship between science and the state. With deep archival grounding, the book tracks Heisenberg's interactions with intellectuals from Heidegger to Habermas and political leaders from Adenauer to Brandt. It also traces his evolving statements about his wartime research on nuclear fission for the National Socialist regime. Working between the history of science and German history, the book's central theme is the place of scientific rationality in public life - after the atomic bomb, in the wake of the Third Reich.
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The Therapeutic Cloning Debate

Exploring the controversy surrounding therapeutic human cloning, this book draws upon data collected from news articles and interviews with journalists to examine the role of mass media in shaping biomedical controversies.

Author: Eric A. Jensen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317014164

Category: Social Science

Page: 246

View: 551

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Exploring the controversy surrounding therapeutic human cloning, this book draws upon data collected from news articles and interviews with journalists to examine the role of mass media in shaping biomedical controversies. With specific reference to the US and the UK as two leading scientific nations grappling with the global issue of therapeutic cloning, together with attention to the important role played by nations in Southeast Asia, this book sheds light on media representations of scientific developments, the unrealistic hype that can surround them, the influence of religion and the potentially harmful imposition of journalistic and nationalist values on the scientific field. Empirically grounded and theoretically innovative, The Therapeutic Cloning Debate will appeal to social scientists across a range of disciplines with interests in science communication, public engagement, cultural and media studies, science politics, science journalism, the sociology of expert knowledge and risk. It will also appeal to scientists, journalists, policymakers and others interested in how news media frame science for the public.
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