Sedimentary Basins

Evolution, Facies, and Sediment Budget
Author: Gerhard Einsele
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662040298
Category: Science
Page: 792
View: 1707
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This completely revised and enlarged second edition provides an up-to-date overview of all major topics in sedimentary geology. It is unique in its quantitative approach to denudation-accumulation systems and basin fillings, including dynamic aspects. The relationship between tectonism and basin evolution as well as the concepts of sequence cycle and event stratigraphy in various depositional environments are extensively discussed. Numerous, often composite figures, a well-structured text, brief summaries in boxes, and several examples from all continents make the book an invaluable source of information for students, researchers and professors in academia as well as for professionals in the oil industry.

Tectonics of Sedimentary Basins

Recent Advances
Author: Cathy Busby,Antonio Azor Pérez
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444347144
Category: Science
Page: 656
View: 9859
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Investigating the complex interplay between tectonics and sedimentation is a key endeavor in modern earth science. Many of the world's leading researchers in this field have been brought together in this volume to provide concise overviews of the current state of the subject. The plate tectonic revolution of the 1960's provided the framework for detailed models on the structure of orogens and basins, summarized in a 1995 textbook edited by Busby and Ingersoll. Tectonics of Sedimentary Basins: Recent Advances focuses on key topics or areas where the greatest strides forward have been made, while also providing on-line access to the comprehensive 1995 book. Breakthroughs in new techniques are described in Section 1, including detrital zircon geochronology, cosmogenic nuclide dating, magnetostratigraphy, 3-D seismic, and basin modelling. Section 2 presents the new models for rift, post-rift, transtensional and strike slip basin settings. Section 3 addresses the latest ideas in convergent margin tectonics, including the sedimentary record of subduction intiation and subduction, flat-slab subduction, and arc-continent collision; it then moves inboard to forearc basins and intra-arc basins, and ends with a series of papers formed under compessional strain regimes, as well as post-orogenic intramontane basins. Section 4 examines the origin of plate interior basins, and the sedimentary record of supercontinent formation. This book is required reading for any advanced student or professional interested in sedimentology, plate tectonics, or petroleum geoscience. Additional resources for this book can be found at: www.wiley.com/go/busby/sedimentarybasins.

Thermal History of Sedimentary Basins

Methods and Case Histories
Author: Nancy D. Naeser,Thane H. McCulloh
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461234921
Category: Science
Page: 319
View: 8239
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The collection of papers in this volume is a direct result of the Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists Research Symposium on "Thermal History of Sedimentary Basins: Methods and Case Histories" held as part of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists Annual Convention in New Orleans in March 1985. The original goal of the sym posium was to provide a forum where specialists from a variety of dis ciplines could present their views of methods that can be used to study the thermal history of a sedimentary basin or an important portion of a basin. An explicit part of that goal was to illustrate each method by presentation of a case history application. The original goal is addressed by the chapters in this volume, each of which emphasizes a somewhat different approach and gives field data in one way or another to illustrate the practical useful ness ofthe method. The significance of our relative ignorance of the thermal conductivities of sedimentary rocks, especially shales, in efforts to understand or model sedimentary basin thermal histories and maturation levels is a major thrust of the chapter by Blackwell and Steele. Creaney focuses on variations in kerogen composition in source rocks of different depositional environments and the degree to which these chem- . ically distinct kerogens respond differently to progressive burial heating.

Lithostratigraphic Analysis of Sedimentary Basins


Author: C. E. B. Conybeare
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483268608
Category: Science
Page: 568
View: 5922
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Lithostratigraphic Analysis of Sedimentary Basins deals with the concepts and methodology of lithostratigraphic analysis used to elucidate various aspects of the geological history of sedimentary layers within a basin. The principles of stratigraphy and sedimentation as well as the influence of tectonism are discussed, along with their relevance to a variety of methods employed in the analysis of sedimentary basins. Comprised of seven chapters, this book begins with a classification of sedimentary basins and an overview of the methods used in their analysis. Certain lithological features, including sedimentary structures, textures, and assemblages of features that are considered to be diagnostic or indicative of particular depositional environments, are discussed, together with their implications for interpretations of the geologic history of a sedimentary basin on the basis of both macrostratigraphic and microstratigraphic criteria. Other lithologic analyses that are mentioned relate to petrophysical properties such as porosity and permeability and to chemical properties such as trace element, organic, and hydrocarbon content. Methods employed in the examination of outcrops and rock samples are also considered. The final chapter describes the application of sedimentary basin analysis to exploration of oil and gas, coal, and minerals, together with potential storage reservoirs for natural gas. This monograph will be of interest to geophysicists, geologists, geophysicists, and engineers.

Sedimentary Basins of Continental Margins and Cratons


Author: M.H.P. Bott
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483257258
Category: Nature
Page: 320
View: 8947
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Developments in Geotectonics, 12: Sedimentary Basins of Continental Margins and Cratons focuses on the formation, movements, characteristics, and evolution of sedimentary basins of continental margins and cratons. The selection first offers information on mechanisms of basin subsidence and rheology of the lithosphere. Discussions focus on hypotheses of basin subsidence mechanism, testing the hypotheses, elastic properties and flexural rigidity of the lithosphere, and rheology of young continental margins. The text then elaborates on flexure of the lithosphere and continental margin basins and thermal and mechanical evolution of the Michigan basin. The book ponders on the formation of sedimentary basins of graben type by extension of the continental crust and major synchronous events in continental shelves. Topics include inception of shelf development, mid-cretaceous change, taphrogenic subsidence, and energy budget of wedge subsidence mechanism. The manuscript also examines development of graben associated with the initial ruptures of the Atlantic Ocean and observations on the processes of sedimentary basin formation at the margins of Southern Africa. The selection is a dependable reference for readers interested in the study of continental margins.

A Field Guide to the Neogene Sedimentary Basins of the Almeria Province, SE Spain


Author: Anne E. Mather,Jose M. Martin,Adrian M. Harvey,Juan C. Braga
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444303236
Category: Science
Page: 368
View: 8136
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The Almería Province of SE Spain, a semi-arid, tectonically active region, is the focus of a wide range of scientific teaching and research in the earth sciences by universities and associated bodies from around the world. This field guide provides an up-to-date and integrated approach to the geology and geomorphology of Almería Province, compiled by active scientific researchers in the region. The guide assumes a basic knowledge of geology and geomorphology and will be of interest to earth scientists at all levels from the keen amateur through to undergraduate/postgraduate students and academics visiting the region. The guide provides general background on the area, followed by a selection of specialized trips that progressively explore the structure and development of the basins, the shallow marine sedimentation, the continental sedimentation and finally the uplift, dissection and geomorphic evolution of the sedimentary basins. This is the first widely published field guide on the Almería Province and it is unique in both its coverage and integrated earth science approach, providing valuable support for both teaching and research in the region. If you are a member of the International Association of Sedimentologists, for purchasing details, please see: http://www.iasnet.org/publications/details.asp?code=FG1

Sedimentary Geology

Sedimentary Basins, Depositional Environments, Petroleum Formation
Author: Bernard Biju-Duval
Publisher: Editions TECHNIP
ISBN: 9782710808022
Category: Science
Page: 642
View: 9722
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In this work, the reader will find the basic concepts and vocabulary of sedimentary geology, along with a presentation of the new ideas that are in current use in petroleum exploration. This abundantly illustrated book will serve as an excellent educational tool and remain a valuable resource and handy reference work in any petroleum geology library.Contents: 1. Basics of dynamic geology. 2. Continental and oceanic basins. 3. Sedimentary driving mechanisms and environments. 4. Time evolution: Sedimentary sequences, stratigraphy. 5. From sediments to sedimentary basin rocks and mountain chains. 6. Petroleum systems. IndexState of Strain. 2. State of Stress. 3. Thermodynamics of Continuous Media. II. Mechanism of Material Strain. 4. Linear Elasticity. General Theory. 5. Plane Theory of Elasticity. 6. Behaviour of a Material Containing Cavities. 7. Thermodynamics of Saturated Porous Media. 8. Infinitesimal Thermoporoelasticity. 9. The Triaxial Test and the Measurement of Thermoporoelastic Properties. 10. Thermoporoelastoplasticity. General Theory and Application. III. Mechanisms of Material Cohesion Loss. 11. Fissuring. 12. Introduction to Damage Theory. 13. Appearance of Shearing Bands in Geomaterials.

Sedimentary Basins of India

Tectonic Context : [proceedings of the Seminar Held at Department of Geology, Kumaun University, Nainital]
Author: Sampat Kumar Tandon,Charu C. Pant,S. M. Casshyap
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Sedimentary basins
Page: 283
View: 852
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The Sedimentary Basins of Western Australia

Based on the Proceedings of the West Australian Basins Symposium Sponsored by the Western Australian Branch of the Petroleum Exploration Society of Australia, Limited and Held in Perth, Western Australia, August 14-17, 1994
Author: Peter G. Purcell,Robyn R. Purcell
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Geology
Page: 864
View: 6193
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Sedimentary Basins and Crustal Processes at Continental Margins

From Modern Hyper-extended Margins to Deformed Ancient Analogues
Author: G.M. Gibson,F. Roure,G. Manatschal
Publisher: Geological Society of London
ISBN: 1862397201
Category: Science
Page: 338
View: 369
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Continental margins and their fossilized analogues are important repositories of natural resources. With better processing techniques and increased availability of high-resolution seismic and potential field data, imaging of present-day continental margins and their embedded sedimentary basins has reached unprecedented levels of refinement and definition, as illustrated by examples described in this volume. This, in turn, has led to greatly improved geological, geodynamic and numerical models for the crustal and mantle processes involved in continental margin formation from the initial stages of rifting through continental rupture and break-up to development of a new ocean basin. Further informing these models, and contributing to a better understanding of the features imaged in the seismic and potential field data, are observations made on fossilized fragments of exhumed subcontinental mantle lithosphere and ocean–continent transition zones preserved in ophiolites and orogenic belts of both Palaeozoic and Mesozoic age from several different continents, including Europe, South Asia and Australasia.

The Sedimentary Basins of the United States and Canada


Author: Andrew D. Miall
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080929362
Category: Science
Page: 624
View: 5526
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In recent years there have been rapid strides in our understanding of plate-tectonic processes, many developments in methods of basin analysis, and the accumulation of much new surface and subsurface geological and geophysical data. Projects such as COCORP (in the United States) and Lithoprobe (in Canada) have provided essential insights into the deep crustal structure of the continent. Synthesis of all the available information about North America’s geological regions has not been attempted systematically since the “Decade of North American Geology project undertaken by the Geological Society of America and the Geological Survey of Canada nearly twenty years ago. The book commences with a summary of the Phanerozoic geological history of the United States and Canada, illustrated with a suite of new paleogeographic maps, and tying in each of the subsequent regional chapters by the inclusion of numerous cross-references. This followed by a set of fifteen regional syntheses of the principal tectonic regions of the United States and Canada, focusing on the stratigraphic and tectonic history of the major sedimentary basins. Most of these chapters have been contributed by specialists, drawing on their own research, and providing interpretive summaries of a type not previously attempted. * Up-to-date synthesis of the sedimentary/tectonic history of the major areas of the United States and Canada * Up-to-date references * Many new color maps

Sedimentary Basins and Petroleum Geology of the Middle East


Author: A.E.M. Nairn,A.S. Alsharhan
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080540832
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 878
View: 3465
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The wealth of petroleum has made the Middle East one of the most actively explored regions of the world. The volume of geological, geophysical and geochemical data collected by the petroleum industry in recent decades is enormous. The Middle East may be a unique region in the world where the volume of subsurface data and information exceeds that based on surface outcrop. This book reviews the tectonic and geological history of the Middle East and the regional hydrocarbon potential on a country by country basis in the context of current ideas developed through seismic and sequence stratigraphy and incorporating the ideas of global sea level change. Subsurface data have been used as much as possible to amplify the descriptions. The paleogeographic approach provides a means to view the area as a whole. While the country by country approach inevitably leads to some repetition, it enhances the value of the volume as a teaching tool and underlines some of the changing lithologies within formations carrying the same name.

Physical Principles of Sedimentary Basin Analysis


Author: Magnus Wangen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521761255
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 527
View: 6245
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modelling of basins for graduate students, researchers and oil industry professionals." --Book Jacket.

Pressure Regimes in Sedimentary Basins and Their Prediction

AAPG Memoir 76
Author: Alan R. Huffman,Glenn L. Bowers
Publisher: AAPG
ISBN: 0891813578
Category: Science
Page: 238
View: 3872
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Title available in Digital Reprint form on CD-ROM

Stratigraphic Correlation Between Sedimentary Basins of the ECAFE Region

Report
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Geology
Page: N.A
View: 4766
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Principles of Sedimentary Basin Analysis


Author: Andrew D. Miall
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1475742355
Category: Science
Page: 668
View: 1289
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Over the past five years there have been many advances in the field of basin analysis. Developments such as the publication of new stratigraphic codes; new research in fission-track dating; evolution of thought regarding the importance of tectonic versus eustatic controls of regional and global cycles; and refinements of geophysically-based, basin-subsidence models have necessitated the publication of a second edition of Principles of Sedimentary Basin Analysis. Like the first edition, this book emphasizes the stratigraphic evidence which geologists can actually see in outcrops, well records, and core samples and can gather using geophysical techniques. Principles of Sedimentary Basin Analysis is both an excellent text for students and a practical handbook for professional geologists.

Cyclic Development of Sedimentary Basins


Author: J.M. Mabesoone,V.H. Neumann
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080461373
Category: Science
Page: 530
View: 1055
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Cyclic Development of Sedimentary Basins presents the controversial subject of the cyclic phenomena in the earth's evolutionary history and its reflection in the development of sedimentary basins and its lithic infillings. Galactic rotation of celestial bodies causes cyclicity that is also reflected on a smaller scale in the proper Earth. This book presents the consequences of the earth's cyclic phenomena in the long-term cycles which affect the origin and further evolution of sedimentary basins. * Basin development * Cyclicity * Examples from the world

Sedimentary Basins

Evolution, Methods of Formation and Recent Advances
Author: Sam Brookes
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781536139228
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 8378
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Sedimentology and Sedimentary Basins

From Turbulence to Tectonics
Author: Mike R. Leeder
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444311409
Category: Science
Page: 608
View: 3840
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Sedimentology is a core discipline of earth and environmentalsciences. It enquires the origins, transport and deposition ofmineral sediment on the Earth's surface. The subject is a linkbetween positive effects arising from the building of relief bytectonics and the negative action of denudation in drainagecatchments and tectonic subsidence in sedimentary basins. The author addresses the principles of the subject, emphasisingthe advantages of a general science approach and the importance ofunderstanding modern processes. Sedimentology and SedimentaryBasins is not an encyclopaedia, but attempts to stimulateinterdisciplinary thought across the whole subject area and relateddisciplines. The book has been designed to meet the needs of earthand environmental science undergraduates.

Geophysics for Sedimentary Basins


Author: Georges Henry
Publisher: Editions TECHNIP
ISBN: 9782710807087
Category: Nature
Page: 445
View: 8615
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"This book examines the evolution of geophysical methods for exploring sedimentary basins by describing the internal structure and the nature of the formations found in such basins. The applicability of non-seismic methods is defined together with the conditions for their use. The seismic reflection method is fully described, distinguishing between the basic methods for handling routine problems and their adaptation to more specific or complex problems. The author then finally covers the emerging techniques of the future. Each fully illustrated chapter is a complete topic, easy to read with the mathematical derivations banished to the appendices." - back cover.