In 1996, the Los Angeles Bus Riders Union, a grassroots advocacy organization, won a historic legal victory against the city’s Metropolitan Transit Authority. The resulting consent decree forced the MTA for a period of ten years to essentially reorient the mass transit system to better serve the city’s poorest residents. A stunning reversal of conventional governance and planning in urban America, which almost always favors wealthier residents, this decision is also, for renowned urban theorist Edward W. Soja, a concrete example of spatial justice in action. In Seeking Spatial Justice, Soja argues that justice has a geography and that the equitable distribution of resources, services, and access is a basic human right. Building on current concerns in critical geography and the new spatial consciousness, Soja interweaves theory and practice, offering new ways of understanding and changing the unjust geographies in which we live. After tracing the evolution of spatial justice and the closely related notion of the right to the city in the influential work of Henri Lefebvre, David Harvey, and others, he demonstrates how these ideas are now being applied through a series of case studies in Los Angeles, the city at the forefront of this movement. Soja focuses on such innovative labor–community coalitions as Justice for Janitors, the Los Angeles Alliance for a New Economy, and the Right to the City Alliance; on struggles for rent control and environmental justice; and on the role that faculty and students in the UCLA Department of Urban Planning have played in both developing the theory of spatial justice and putting it into practice. Effectively locating spatial justice as a theoretical concept, a mode of empirical analysis, and a strategy for social and political action, this book makes a significant contribution to the contemporary debates about justice, space, and the city.
Effectively locating spatial justice as a theoretical concept, a mode of empirical analysis, and a strategy for social and political action, this book makes a significant contribution to the contemporary debates about justice, space, and ...
Author: Edward W. Soja
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
Category: Social Science
Inhaltsangabe:Introduction: Not only time has influence on the formation of societies, but also space. People do not only write history, they also produce spaces. And just like history retroacts on social development processes, space forms society. A socially segregated society is controlled through space. The place of residence of a person already determines a big part of its fixed opportunities and conditions. Also, the living location is already suggested by the social class of a person within a capitalist structured society. Those socio-spatial structures lead to an unjust distribution of all kinds of goods, such as the access to basic living conditions, public services, infrastructure, education and work, and psychologically or socially defined restricted spaces. Injustices therefore can only be cured by changing their spatial manifestations. As Brazil is one of the economically uprising and promising BRIC countries, its development involves chances and risks. If unjust conditions remain, its long-term advancement is rather unlikely. The changes within the country are especially visible and present in its principal metropolis: São Paulo. In order to analyze its present situation in terms of spatially produced social (in)justices, some questions must be answered: How is spatial justice produced and by which processes? How are those processes integrated in Brazil s urbanization development? Which effects does it have on the urban structure of São Paulo? And finally: Which socio-spatial development tendencies do the actual public policies and their realization within the metropolis suggest? In the following, I will outline a theoretical base of the term spatial justice, the development of Brazil - and in this context the effects on São Paulo s urbanization -with respect to its economy, politics, society, history, and especially urbanization in order to analyze São Paulo s socio-spatial development and present situation in a multidimensional context. Applying Henri Lefèbvre s, David Harvey s, and Edward Soja s theories on spatial justice on the public policies of the metropolis since the City Statute of 2001 - a major change in Brazil s urban politics -, I will look into their conformance with the necessary production conditions of spaces of justice. Inhaltsverzeichnis:Table of Contents: 1.Introduction3 2.Concepts of Spatial Justice3 Henri Lefèbvre5 David Harvey6 Edward Soja8 3.Urbanization and Socio-Spatial Segregation in [...]
The Reassertion of Space in Critical Social Theory', 1989; 'After Postmetropolis', a lecture he gave at the University of São Paulo in São Carlos in 2010; 'Seeking Spatial Justice', 2010). Lefèbvre's urban theory of spatial justice is ...
Author: Cynthia Wagner
Category: Social Science
At once informative and entertaining, inspiring and challenging, My Los Angeles provides a deep understanding of urban development and change over the past forty years in Los Angeles and other city regions of the world. Once the least dense American metropolis, Los Angeles is now the country’s densest urbanized area and one of the most culturally heterogeneous cities in the world. Soja takes us through this urban metamorphosis, analyzing urban restructuring, deindustrialization and reindustrialization, the globalization of capital and labor, and the formation of an information-intensive New Economy. By examining his own evolving interpretations of Los Angeles and the debates on the so-called Los Angeles School of urban studies, Soja argues that a radical shift is taking place in the nature of the urbanization process, from the familiar metropolitan model to regional urbanization. By looking at such concepts as new regionalism, the spatial turn, the end of the metropolis era, the urbanization of suburbia, the global spread of industrial urbanism, and the transformative urban-industrialization of China, Soja offers a unique and remarkable perspective on critical urban and regional studies.
CHAPTER 8 8A: Seeking Spatial Justice (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2010). “Lessons in Spatial Justice,” hunch 1 [Berlage Institute, inaugural issue] (1999): 98–107. “The City and Spatial Justice,” Justice Spatial/Spatial ...
Author: Edward W. Soja
Publisher: Univ of California Press
The book presents an in-depth and theoretically-grounded analysis of urban gardening practices (re)emerging worldwide as new forms of bottom-up socio-political participation. By complementing the scholarly perspectives through posing real cases, it focuses on how these practices are able to address – together with environmental and planning questions – the most fundamental issues of spatial justice, social cohesion, inclusiveness, social innovations and equity in cities. Through a critical exploration of international case studies, this collection investigates whether, and how, gardeners are willing and able to contrast urban spatial arrangements that produce peculiar forms of social organisation and structures for inclusion and exclusion, by considering pervasive inequalities in the access to space, natural resources and services, as well as considerable disparities in living conditions.
Our contribution presents an understanding of the importance process has for a group seeking spatial justice through engagement in UG. The garden's local political environment shapes the process by which a group seeks to tackle ...
Author: Chiara Certomà
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Category: Social Science
Ecological Exile explores how contemporary literature, film, and media culture confront ecological crises through perspectives of spatial justice – a facet of social justice that looks at unjust circumstances as a phenomenon of space. Growing instances of flooding, population displacement, and pollution suggest an urgent need to re-examine the ways social and geographical spaces are perceived and valued in the 20th and 21st Centuries. Maintaining that ecological crises are largely socially produced, Derek Gladwin considers how British and Irish literary and visual texts by Ian McEwan, Sarah Gavron, Eavan Boland, John McGrath, and China Miéville, among others, respond to and confront various spatial injustices resulting from fossil fuel production and the effects of climate change. This ambitious book offers a new spatial perspective in the environmental humanities by focusing on what the philosopher Glenn Albrecht has termed solastalgia, or a feeling of homesickness caused by environmental damage. The result of solastalgia is that people feel paradoxically ecologically exiled in the places they continue to live because of destructive environmental changes. Gladwin skilfully traces spatially produced instances of ecological injustice that literally and imaginatively abolish people’s sense of place (or place-home). By looking at two of the most pressing social and environmental concerns – oil and climate – Ecological Exile shows how literary and visual texts have documented spatially unjust effects of solastalgia. This interdisciplinary book will appeal to students, scholars, and professionals studying literary, film, and media texts that draw on environment and sustainability, cultural geography, energy cultures, climate change, and social justice.
Prior to Soja's Seeking Spatial Justice, there were only a few published instances of the term 'spatial justice', all of which were employed by geographers (O'Laughlin 1973; Pirie 1983; Flusty 1994; Bromberg et al. 2007).
Author: Derek Gladwin
Category: Business & Economics
Spatial Justice and Informal Settlements links the discourses of informal urbanism with spatial justice in the context of in situ governmental programmes oriented around public open space and designed to upgrade informal settlements in Latin America.
Seeking Spatial Justice. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press. Speak, S. (2014). Desperation, delight or deviance: Conflicting cultural landscapes of the urban poor in developing countries. In M. Roe & K. Taylor (Eds.), ...
Author: Eva Schwab
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
Category: Social Science
Over the past few decades, rapid urbanisation has threatened to erode public space, especially in emerging economies. Market forces that prioritise profit generation are allowed to construct venues of consumption in its place. Though their physical appearance may resemble traditional public space, in reality, they are greatly restrictive and diminished in affordability, accessibility and social meaning. It is in this context that William SW Lim, chairman of Asian Urban Lab, has brought together architects, designers, historians, sociologists and urbanists from the region to discuss public space in selected Asian cities.Part One contains essays from participants from Chongqing, Hong Kong, Jakarta, Kuala Lumpur, Singapore and Taipei and observations from commentators. Several essays by William SW Lim on the subject round off the discussion in Part Two. The thoughtful essays in Public Space in Urban Asia emphasise how engaging with the present actuality of cities and public awareness of spatial justice in cities are crucial — for it is the achievement of spatial justice that will help create a greater level of happiness across societies in our increasingly urbanised world.
Available online at <http://www.hic-net. org/news.php?pid=2953>. 4 Soja, Edward. Seeking Spatial Justice. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2010, p. 3. 5 Soja, Edward. “The City and Spatial Justice.” Justice Spatiale | Spatial ...
Author: William Siew Wai Lim
Publisher: World Scientific
This volume investigates the ways in which Toni Morrison’s A Mercy, Dionne Brand’s In Another Place, Not Here, Jhumpa Lahiri’s The Namesake, and Carolyn See’s There Will Never Be Another You engage with the physical, ideological, and socially constructed “real-and-imagined” spaces of colonialism, justice, diaspora, and risk. Building on a range of theoretical approaches to the production of space, this study argues for the significance of literature as a cartographic practice charting the intricacies of the socio-spatiality of human life. Through rigorous readings, this book examines each novel as a critical map that both represents and explores contested spaces and alternative spatial negotiations. These spatially oriented literary analyses contribute to recent conceptualizations of space as socially and relationally produced, open, dynamic, and contested, and enrich the existing scholarship on the novels discussed here.
Although the term spatial justice is relatively new to Western academia,5 the word justice has often been used ... Soja's notion of seeking spatial justice can be seen as synonymous with Henri Lefebvre's concept of the “right to the ...
Author: Şemsettin Tabur
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Written by one of America's foremost geographers, Postmodern Geographies contests the tendency, still dominant in most social science, to reduce human geography to a reflective mirror, or, as Marx called it, an "unnecessary complication." Beginning with a powerful critique of historicism and its constraining effects on the geographical imagination, Edward Soja builds on the work of Foucault, Berger, Giddens, Berman, Jameson and, above all, Henri Lefebvre, to argue for a historical and geographical materialism, a radical rethinking of the dialectics of space, time and social being. Soja charts the respatialization of social theory from the still unfolding encounter between Western Marxism and modern geography, through the current debates on the emergence of a postfordist regime of "flexible accumulation." The postmodern geography of Los Angeles, exposed in a provocative pair of essays, serves as a model in his account of the contemporary struggle for control over the social production of space.
" Beginning with a powerful critique of historicism and its constraining effects on the geographical imagination, Edward Soja builds on the work of Foucault, Berger, Giddens, Berman, Jameson and, above all, Henri Lefebvre, to argue for a ...
Author: Edward W. Soja
At opening this book, everything one has learned or thought about “urban ministry” is challenged, and changed. Stephan de Beer offers a fresh, exciting and thoroughly engaging approach. The title is enticing and playful, but the book is a serious grappling with the daunting realities of a shadowed, marginalised, urban life. It does not theorise or pontificate about a concept. The author is not a distant, neutral observer. He is an engaged minister to the people, a struggler in their struggles, prophet to the powerful. This book invites the reader to join the people of the cities under siege by failed policies, empty promises, and disastrous politics, in their struggles for meaningful life, and it makes a powerful, persuasive case. Stephan de Beer has offered us a great gift and a wonderful opportunity to think and hope anew, and differently, about the life, reality, and future of the city.
Soja (2010:5), in Seeking spatial justice, emphasises how spatial justice as a phrase had hardly been used until the late 20th century, as is evident from less than a handful of scholarly publications using the phrase at all.
Author: Stephan de Beer
Publisher: African Sun Media