Sex and the Penitentials The Development of a Sexual Code 550 1150

He traces the history of the penitentials from their early Irish origins in the sixth century through their ninth-century descendants in continental Europe and Anglo-Saxon England, to the great legal collections of the tenth and twelfth ...

Author: Pierre J. Payer

Publisher: Heritage

ISBN: 1487580746

Category: Religion

Page: 232

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The sexual ethic of the early Christian church was simple: sexual relations were permitting only between a man and a woman married to one another and then only for the purpose of procreation. It soon became necessary to articulate and then to refine this ethnic, to analyse departures from it, and to provide for a range of penances suitable to each kind of sexual sin. The penitential -- a confessional manual for the guidance of the priest -- played an important role in this process. Payer argues, despite modern orthodoxy, that the penitentials reflect reaction to actual practice and are not simply a record of the wild imaginings of monkish minds or the abstract categorizing or legal minds. He traces the history of the penitentials from their early Irish origins in the sixth century through their ninth-century descendants in continental Europe and Anglo-Saxon England, to the great legal collections of the tenth and twelfth centuries. In the process he illuminates an increasingly sophisticated treatment of a wide variety of sexual situations, from the heterosexual life of the married and the unmarried, through homosexuality and lesbianism, bestiality, and masturbation, to the preservation of chastity. Sex and the Penitentials is a systematic inquiry into one of the richest sources of sexual teaching in the early church. It represents a major step towards an understanding of the nature of that teaching and its role in the transformation of the classical ethic into a Christian one.
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The Beast Within

Payer, Sex and the Penitentials, 45. 52. Basil, “Le er 217,” in Saint Basil: The Letters, trans. R. Deferrari (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1962), xvi, 110. 53. John Climacus, The Ladder of Divine Ascent, trans.

Author: Joyce E. Salisbury

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000542684

Category: History

Page: 230

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The third edition of The Beast Within has been updated throughout to include current scholarship, new discussion of definitions, and fresh perspectives on critical animal theory that places animals, rather than humans, at the center of the discourse. Organized thematically, Salisbury incorporates many new sections and subsections to reveal the multifaceted history of the relationship between humans and animals: domestication, animal diseases and pandemics, dogfights, cockfights, Islamic dietary restrictions, menageries and zoos, and animals as entertainers. To show how modern concerns have been informed by medieval precedents, sections have been expanded to uncover medieval understandings of animal sexuality, animals before the law, and vegetarianism and modern ‘fake meat’. The logical narrative concludes with chapters on ‘Animals as Humans’ and ‘Humans as Animals’, demonstrating that the lines between humans and animals have become increasingly blurred from the fourth to the twenty-first century. With an interdisciplinary approach that discusses humans and animals in relation to domestication, symbolism, science, law, religion, food and diet, sexuality, and entertainment, The Beast Within is an essential resource for all students of animal history, literature, and art in the Middle Ages.
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Studies in Human Sexuality

Payer , Pierre J. Sex and the Penitentials : The Development of a Sexual Code , 550-1150 . Toronto : University of Toronto Press , 1984.219 p . Includes bibliography and index . ISBN 0-8020-5649-0 . Payer traces the rise and demise of ...

Author: Suzanne G. Frayser

Publisher: Libraries Unlimited

ISBN: 1563081318

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 737

View: 133

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**** The first edition (1987) is cited in ARBA 1988 and the Supplement to Sheehy. A guide to the best and most informative books in the English language on the subject of human sexuality, for professionals, scholars, students, and laypeople. This expanded edition contains 1,091 abstracts, including some 500 new titles. The abstracts range in length from 100 to 600 words and are written from an objective viewpoint. Virtually all current, pressing sexual issues are represented, including abortion, AIDS, sexual abuse, incest, rape, and prostitution. The focus of this edition is on the proliferation of books published since 1970, with new material covering works from 1987 on. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
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Marriage in Medieval England

Sex , marriage , and the Anglo - Saxons Two sources of interest for the understanding of the regulation of sexual behaviour in Anglo - Saxon England are the penitentials produced by the Anglo - Saxon Church , and the law codes produced ...

Author: Conor McCarthy

Publisher: Boydell Press

ISBN: 1843831023

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 185

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A survey of attitudes to marriage as represented in medieval legal and literary texts.
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Unchanging Witness

93See Pierre J. Payer, Sex and the Penitentials: The Development of a Sexual Code 550–1150 (Toronto, Canada: University of Toronto Press, 1984). Payer states, “The relative completeness of their treatment of sexual behavior, ...

Author: S. Donald Fortson

Publisher: B&H Publishing Group

ISBN: 9781433687907

Category: Religion

Page: 448

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The church is going through a time of severe fracture over the issue of homosexuality. This book addresses the arguments from the gay Christian movement and revisionist theologians and exegetes on a single point: Can they withstand the evidence of the primary sources? In Unchanging Witness, Donald Fortson and Rollin Grams articulate the consistent orthodox view on homosexuality by presenting primary sources throughout Christian history and by interpreting the biblical texts in their cultural contexts. The first part of the book examines church history from the patristic period to the present day, and the second part engages biblical texts in light of Ancient Near Eastern, Jewish, Greek, and Roman primary sources. Throughout, the authors survey the conflicting and changing arguments of revisionist readings and contend that, in light of the overwhelming evidence of the relevant texts, the real issue is not one of interpretation but of biblical authority and Christian orthodoxy.
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The Double

49 See Payer, Sex and the Penitentials, 41, and Hugh Connolly, The Irish Penitentials, 83-85. 50 Ludwig Bieler, The Irish ... The Irish Penitentials, 85. 53 James Brundage, Law, Sex, and Christian Society in Medieval Europe, 174.

Author: Edward Cletus Sellner

Publisher: Lethe Press

ISBN: 9781590213148

Category: Psychology

Page: 388

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Ancient Greeks and Romans had a term for the Double, referring to such an entity as a personal daemon or protector, a "heavenly twin," who acts as an invisible guide during the lifetime of an individual. Recent Jungian psychologists refer to "the double" as "a soul figure with all the erotic and spiritual significance" attached to those inner figures whom Jung called "anima" (the inner feminine side of men) and "animus" (the inner masculine side of women). The double archetype, however, is not of the opposite, but of the same gender. Every man and woman carries within his or her soul this psychic pattern or energy, expressed in the need for same-sex relationships of love, tenderness, affirmation and intimacy. For the male, this archetype contains those of father, son, brother, and, for some, lover; for the female, those of mother, daughter, sister, and lover would apply. The double is facilitative of rapport, creating an atmosphere between doubles of profound equality and deep familiarity that can lead to the development of self-awareness, self-identity, and great creativity. For men, it lies behind males bonding intellectually, emotionally, and at times physically with other males, and is responsible for any collaborative efforts between them. This archetype is particularly significant in education, expressing itself in those friendships that frequently occur between younger and older men, students and teachers, mentors and proteges. This book examines the concept of the Double in history and literary sources, from the earliest known literature, The Epic of Gilgamesh, to the life and writings of the 20th-century Beat writer, Jack Kerouac. Drawing upon his knowledge of theology, Jungian psychology, literature, and the history of Christian spirituality, Ed Sellner shows how this inner figure, reflected in those close friendships between men as fathers and sons, brothers, mentors, guides, and lovers is helpful for all men in their journey toward spiritual meaning and wholeness.
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Rape and Ravishment in the Literature of Medieval England

The penitentials therefore address fornication and raptus as threats to the social order symbolised by marriage ... Payer , Sex and the Penitentials , cites comparable clauses in Bobbio Penitential 33 ; Burgundian Penitential 37 ; Paris ...

Author: Corinne J. Saunders

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer

ISBN: 0859916103

Category: History

Page: 343

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An exploration of the development of Middle English portrayals of rape and ravishment in the context of shifting legal, theological and medical attitudes.
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Food Eating and Identity in Early Medieval England

Without doubt, the penitentials reveal society and culture in indirect ways that inform our understanding of Anglo-Saxon food culture, the history of sex, and other matters. Their historical value can be established in several ways not ...

Author: Allen J. Frantzen

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer Ltd

ISBN: 9781843839088

Category: History

Page: 290

View: 486

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A fresh approach to the implications of obtaining, preparing, and consuming food, concentrating on the little-investigated routines of everyday life.
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Handbook of Medieval Sexuality

6. Thomas P. Oakley, “The Penitentials as Sources for Mediaeval History,” Speculum 15 (1940), 210. 7. For examples of these phenomena see A.]. Frantzen, The Literature of Penance, 1-3; Pierre]. Payer, Sex and the Penitentials.

Author: Vern L. Bullough

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136512247

Category: Art

Page: 460

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Like specialists in other fields in humanities and social sciences, medievalists have begun to investigate and write about sex and related topics such as courtship, concubinage, divorce, marriage, prostitution, and child rearing. The scholarship in this significant volume asserts that sexual conduct formed a crucial role in the lives, thoughts, hopes and fears both of individuals and of the institutions that they created in the middle ages. The absorbing subject of sexuality in the Middle Ages is examined in 19 original articles written specifically for this "Handbook" by the major authorities in their scholarly specialties. The study of medieval sexuality poses problems for the researcher: indices in standard sources rarely refer to sexual topics, and standard secondary sources often ignore the material or say little about it. Yet a vast amount of research is available, and the information is accessible to the student who knows where to look and what to look for. This volume is a valuable guide to the material and an indicator of what subjects are likely to yield fresh scholarly rewards.
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The Catholic Church on Marital Intercourse

Pierre J. Payer, Sex and the Penitentials: The Development of a Sexual Code 550–1150 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1984), 62. 4. John T. Noonan, Contraception (New York: The New American Library, 1965), 204. 5.

Author: Robert Obach

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739130896

Category: Religion

Page: 236

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The Catholic Church on Marital Intercourse traces the development of the Church's theology of marital sexuality from New Testament times to the present day. The early ecclesial leaders promoted a theology of sexuality based on Stoicism's biological perception that sexual activity was solely for the purpose of reproduction. Only in the early twentieth century did a few theologians begin to move beyond discussing 'the purposes of marital intercourse' to discussing the meaning that the marital act might have for the spouses themselves. With the Second Vatican Council (1962-1965), a new and positive view of marital sexuality emerged recognizing the Pauline view that the couple's marital acts express their love for each other along the lines of Christ's love for his church (Ephesians 5). In sum, The Catholic Church on Marital Intercourse treats the way in which the Catholic Church has moved away from an attitude of conditional acceptance of marital intercourse on the basis of its utility to recognition that the dynamics of sexual union are both good and holy, not only because that is the way children are conceived, but also because the marital act enhances the love of husband and wife for each other.
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