Technological change has been recognized as the major contributor to economic growth and has become one of the most important challenges to policy makers and managers. Many excellent books and papers have been written on the subject. Most of these deal with the macro or micro economic impact of technological change or the technological change process from invention and discovery to innovation, development, and final maturity as well as ultimate obsolescence of technology. This book is designed to present technological change as a decision process and explain the use of recently developed methods for the effective management of technological change. In particular, techniques for the effective choice among technological alternatives, timing of the introduction of new technology both in terms of its own status and that of the technology to be replaced if any, and the rate and method of introduction of new technology are presented. Management of technology is a complex decision process which is affected by both internal and external factors. The purpose of this book is to instruct the reader in effective technology deciSion making which involves the evaluation of the status of technology in use if any, the problem to be solved or output to be obtained, determination of environmental and internal constraints, and the competitive environment or market conditions which affect the technology decisions.
This book is designed to present technological change as a decision process and explain the use of recently developed methods for the effective management of technological change.
Author: E.G. Frankel
Category: Business & Economics
This volume stems from the efforts of scholars who seek to understand the social dynamics of large technical systems. The purpose is to develop concepts and empirical knowledge concerning the dynamics of such systems, with particular emphasis on the processes ofcontrol and/or management in a variety of national settings, and to improve the basis of public policy so that future developments might be less distressing in consequence and more shaped to the desires of their "host" societies. One vehicle for this enterprise is a series of international conferences on the Evolution andDynamics ofLarge Technical Systems (LTSs). This series was instituted to encourage the coalescence of the multidisciplinary group of scholars who are actively engaging in the empirical study of these phenomena. Their disciplines span history, sociology, political science, and economics studies. They come Australia, France, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, the United Kingdom, the United States, and West Germany. And they possess strong backgrounds in the empirical study of specific technical areas and a taste for conceptual and theoretical integration.
The paper then turns to three themes from the social studies of science and technology, asking what light they throw on supercomputer development and, reciprocally, what we might be able to learn about them by studying the history of ...
Author: Todd R. La Porte
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Technology & Engineering
Focusing on ethical consumers, their behaviour, discourses and narratives as well as the social and political contexts in which they operate, this text provides a summary of the manner and effectiveness of their actions.
The classic example of social movements using consumer pressure to respond to a new technology occurred during the development of genetically modified organisms ( GMOs ) . According to Lasley and Bultena : ' Biotechnology is the third ...
Author: Rob Harrison
Category: Business & Economics
Technological change is exciting as much as it is daunting. The arrival of new digital tools affects consumption patterns, types of employment and working conditions, and can pose challenges to organizations and individuals alike. Indeed, although technological change is a factor for economic growth, it can also be an amplifier, or even a catalyst, of inequality. It is also a social change and interacts in complex ways: technology is both the source and the consequence of social transformation. To understand technological change and to harness its effects, this book studies transformations at different levels (societal, organizational and individual). In its analysis of the subject, it also draws on a number of disciplines of the human and social sciences, such as anthropology, sociology and psychology.
However, technological change can contribute to both worsening the ecological balance of organizations, ... described in the previous section, in particular, by triggering technological change in response to a social or societal need.
Author: Clotilde Coron
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Business & Economics
On the higher cultural level, the response was the development of an alternative expression of human experience: poetry for Keats in England and Heine in Germany was an alternative rationality to that of the machine. The critical social ...
Author: Erik Baark
Category: Social Science
As the growing relationship between individuals and technology continue to play a vital role in our society and work place, the progress and execution of information technology communication systems is important in maintaining our current way of life. Knowledge and Technological Development Effects on Organizational and Social Structures provides a wide ranging discussion on the exchanging of research ideas and practices in an effort to bring together the social and technical aspects within organizations and society. This collection focuses on new ideas and studies for research, students, and practitioners.
Williams rejects that technologies, by themselves, can determine a social response. Williams (2003) went so far as to even reject characterizing objections as technologies, arguing that they were not reducible to these terms.
Author: Abdelnour-Nocera, José
Publisher: IGI Global
A third general concern in the literature on social aspects of technological change is associated with technological displacement of workers and worker response to such threats of unemployment and job insecurity .
Author: Norman Francis Dufty
Publisher: Brill Archive
A difference in culture is therefore held to account for different reactions to technological change on the part of Hong Kong ... More important is the analysis of how culture interacts with other social , economic , technological and ...
Author: Jane Marceau
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Category: Corporate culture
Chapter 1, "Change and Development," sets up the theoretical framework, the concept of social change, ... and responses to technological innovation (chapters 4-6), the economic and social consequences of technological change (chapters ...
From the introduction: "Standing at the threshold of modern times, Francis Bacon saw in experimental science and technological innovation the keys to humanity's future. Human history to that point, he thought, was an endlessly repeated cycle of despair and false hopes. The false hopes were fed by the old illusion that a few cheap tricks and the right magical formulas would unlock nature's treasury where unlimited wealth and power lay. The despair arose from humanity's seeming inability to escape from subjection to the natural forces that periodically visited famine, disease, pestilence, and destruction upon it."
And Chapter 9 was first published as ' Under Technology's Thumb : Public Policy and the Emergence of the Information Society ' in A. Brannigan and S. Goldenberg , eds . , Social Responses to Technological Change ( Westport , Conn .
Author: William Leiss
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP