Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer of Planetary Atmospheres

This book provides this fundamental knowledge to a depth that will leave a student with the background to become capable of performing quantitative research on atmospheres.

Author: Kelly Chance

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199662104

Category:

Page: 160

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Spectroscopy and radiative transfer are rapidly growing fields within atmospheric and planetary science with implications on various fields. Remote sensing and modeling atmospheric composition require detailed knowledge of how radiation and matter interact in planetary atmospheres. This book provides this fundamental knowledge to a depth that will leave a student with the background to become capable of performing quantitative research on atmospheres. The book is intended for graduate students or for advanced undergraduates. It spans across principles through applications, with sufficient background for students without prior experience in either spectroscopy or radiative transfer. Courses based on this book are intended to be accompanied by the development of increasing sophisticated atmospheric and spectroscopic modeling capability (ideally, the student develops a computer model for simulation of atmospheric spectra from microwave through ultraviolet).
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Radiative Transfer in Stellar and Planetary Atmospheres

An essential overview of the physical and mathematical background of radiative transfer, and its applications to stellar and planetary atmospheres.

Author: Lucio Crivellari

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108499538

Category: Science

Page: 243

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An essential overview of the physical and mathematical background of radiative transfer, and its applications to stellar and planetary atmospheres.
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Non LTE Radiative Transfer in the Atmosphere

Ch. 1.

Author: Manuel López-Puertas

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812811494

Category: Science

Page: 506

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Ch. 1. Introduction and overview. 1.1. General introduction. 1.2. Basic properties of the Earth's atmosphere. 1.3. What is LTE? 1.4. Non-LTE situations. 1.5. The importance of non-LTE. 1.6. Some historical background. 1.7. Non-LTE models. 1.8. Experimental studies of non-LTE. 1.9. Non-LTE in planetary atmospheres. 1.10. References and further reading -- ch. 2. Molecular spectra. 2.1. Introduction. 2.2. Energy levels in diatomic molecules. 2.3. Energy levels in polyatomic molecules. 2.4. Transitions and spectral bands. 2.5. Properties of individual vibration-rotation lines. 2.6. Interactions between energy levels. 2.7. References and further reading -- ch. 3. Basic atmospheric radiative transfer. 3.1. Introduction. 3.2. Properties of radiation. 3.3. The radiative transfer equation. 3.4. The formal solution of the radiative transfer equation. 3.5. Thermodynamic equilibrium and local thermodynamic equilibrium. 3.6. The source function in non-LTE. 3.7. Non-LTE situations. 3.8. References and further reading -- ch. 4. Solutions to the radiative transfer equation in LTE. 4.1. Introduction. 4.2. Integration of the radiative transfer equation over height. 4.3. Integration of the radiative transfer equation over frequency. 4.4. Integration of the radiative transfer equation over solid angle. 4.5. References and further reading -- ch. 5. Solutions to the radiative transfer equation in non-LTE. 5.1. Introduction. 5.2. Simple solutions for radiative transfer under non-LTE. 5.3. The full solution of the radiative transfer equation in non-LTE. 5.4. Integration of the RTE in non-LTE. 5.5. Intercomparison of non-LTE codes. 5.6. Parameterizations of the non-LTE cooling rate. 5.7. The Curtis matrix method. 5.8. References and further reading -- ch. 6. Non-LTE modelling of the Earth's atmosphere I: CO2. 6.1. Introduction. 6.2. Useful approximations. 6.3. Carbon dioxide, CO2. 6.4. References and further reading -- ch. 7. Non-LTE modelling of the Earth's atmosphere II: Other infrared emitters. 7.1. Introduction. 7.2. Carbon monoxide, CO. 7.3. Ozone, O3. 7.4. Water vapour, H2O. 7.5. Methane, CH4. 7.6. Nitric oxide, NO. 7.7. Nitrogen dioxide, NO2. 7.8. Nitrous oxide, N2O. 7.9. Nitric acid, HNO3. 7.10. Hydroxyl radical, OH. 7.11. Molecular oxygen atmospheric infrared bands. 7.12. Hydrogen chloride, HC1, and hydrogen fluoride, HF. 7.13. NO+. 7.14. Atomic Oxygen, O (3P), at 63[symbol]m. 7.15. References and further reading -- ch. 8. Remote sensing of the non-LTE atmosphere. 8.1. Introduction. 8.2. The analysis of emission measurements. 8.3. Observations of carbon dioxide in emission. 8.4. Observations of ozone in emission. 8.5. Observations of water vapour in emission. 8.6. Observations of carbon monoxide in emission. 8.7. Observations of nitric oxide in emission. 8.8. Observations of other infrared emissions. 8.9. Rotational non-LTE. 8.10. Absorption measurements. 8.11. Simulated limb emission spectra at high resolution. 8.12. Simulated Nadir emission spectra at high resolution. 8.13. Non-LTE retrieval schemes. 8.14. References and further reading -- ch. 9. Cooling and heating rates. 9.1. Introduction. 9.2. CO2 15 f[symbol]m cooling. 9.3. O3 9.6[symbol]xm cooling. 9.4. H2O 6.3[symbol]m cooling. 9.5. NO 5.3[symbol]m cooling. 9.6. O(3Pi) 63[symbol]m cooling. 9.7. Summary of cooling rates. 9.8. CO2 solar heating. 9.9. References and further reading -- ch. 10. Non-LTE in planetary atmospheres. 10.1. Introduction. 10.2. The terrestrial planets: Mars and Venus. 10.3. A non-LTE model for the Martian and Venusian atmospheres. 10.4. Mars. 10.5. Venus. 10.6. Outer planets. 10.7. Titan. 10.8. Comets. 10.9. References and further reading.
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Exoplanet Atmospheres

This is the first textbook to describe the basic physical processes--including radiative transfer, molecular absorption, and chemical processes--common to all planetary atmospheres, as well as the transit, eclipse, and thermal phase ...

Author: Sara Seager

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400835305

Category: Science

Page: 264

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Over the past twenty years, astronomers have identified hundreds of extrasolar planets--planets orbiting stars other than the sun. Recent research in this burgeoning field has made it possible to observe and measure the atmospheres of these exoplanets. This is the first textbook to describe the basic physical processes--including radiative transfer, molecular absorption, and chemical processes--common to all planetary atmospheres, as well as the transit, eclipse, and thermal phase variation observations that are unique to exoplanets. In each chapter, Sara Seager offers a conceptual introduction, examples that combine the relevant physics equations with real data, and exercises. Topics range from foundational knowledge, such as the origin of atmospheric composition and planetary spectra, to more advanced concepts, such as solutions to the radiative transfer equation, polarization, and molecular and condensate opacities. Since planets vary widely in their atmospheric properties, Seager emphasizes the major physical processes that govern all planetary atmospheres. Moving from first principles to cutting-edge research, Exoplanet Atmospheres is an ideal resource for students and researchers in astronomy and earth sciences, one that will help prepare them for the next generation of planetary science. The first textbook to describe exoplanet atmospheres Illustrates concepts using examples grounded in real data Provides a step-by-step guide to understanding the structure and emergent spectrum of a planetary atmosphere Includes exercises for students
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Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

... FREQUENCIES Workshop on Artificially lonized Layers in the Atmosphere [
DE90-013470) N92-12358 Developments and ... SPECTRA lo's radar properties
N92-12883 RADIO SPECTROSCOPY Radiative transfer in planetary
atmospheres ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:30000002658221

Category: Aeronautics

Page:

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Atmospheric Radiation

Aimed at upper-division undergraduates and beginning graduate students in physics and atmospheric sciences, the book is designed to cover the essence of the material in a 10-week course, while the material in the optional sections will ...

Author: James A. Coakley Jr.

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527681464

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 589

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This textbook is a first-look at radiative transfer in planetary atmospheres with a particular focus on the Earth's atmosphere and climate. It covers the basics of the radiative transfer of sunlight, treating absorption and scattering, and the transfer of the thermal infrared. The examples included show how the solutions of the radiative transfer equation are used to evaluate changes in the Earth?s energy budget due to changes in atmospheric composition, how these changes lead to climate change, and also how remote sensing can be used to probe the thermal structure and composition of planetary atmospheres. The examples motivate students by leading them to a better understanding of and appreciation for the computer-generated numerical results. Aimed at upper-division undergraduates and beginning graduate students in physics and atmospheric sciences, the book is designed to cover the essence of the material in a 10-week course, while the material in the optional sections will facilitate its use at the more leisurely pace and in-depth focus of a semester course.
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Atmospheric Radiation

A complete revision of Goody's classic 1964 work, this volume offers a systematic discussion of atmospheric radiation processes that today are at the center of worldwide study and concern.

Author: R. M. Goody

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195356101

Category: Science

Page:

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A complete revision of Goody's classic 1964 work, this volume offers a systematic discussion of atmospheric radiation processes that today are at the center of worldwide study and concern. It deals with the ways in which incident solar radiation is transformed into scattered and thermal radiation, and the thermodynamic consequences for the Earth's gaseous envelope, identifying aspects of the interaction between radiation and atmospheric motions as the central theme for atmospheric radiation studies. As a complete treatment of physical and mathematical foundations, the text assumes no prior knowledge of atmospheric physics. The theoretical discussion is systematic, and can therefore be applied with minor extension to any planetary atmosphere.
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Observation Theory and Modeling of Atmospheric Variability

RADIATIVE TRANSFER IN THE MIDDLE ATMOSPHERE AND PLANETARY
ATMOSPHERES * XUN ZHU The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics
Laboratory 11100 Johns Hopkins Road , Laurel , MD 20723 - 6099 , USA E - mail
: xun ...

Author: Xun Zhu

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812387048

Category: Science

Page: 612

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This book contains tutorial and review articles as well as specific research letters that cover a wide range of topics: (1) dynamics of atmospheric variability from both basic theory and data analysis, (2) physical and mathematical problems in climate modeling and numerical weather prediction, (3) theories of atmospheric radiative transfer and their applications in satellite remote sensing, and (4) mathematical and statistical methods. The book can be used by undergraduates or graduate students majoring in atmospheric sciences, as an introduction to various research areas; and by researchers and educators, as a general review or quick reference in their fields of interest.
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Vibrational Rotational Spectroscopy For Planetary Atmospheres Volume 1

Radiative Transfer and Remote Sensing Barney J . Conrath ( NASA / GSFC )
Introduction Radiative transfer is the ... from a planetary atmosphere , followed by
a discussion of how this formulation is used in interpreting measured spectra ,
both ...

Author: M. J. Mumma

Publisher:

ISBN: NASA:31769000465768

Category:

Page: 416

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Radiative Transfer in the Atmosphere and Ocean

spectra for simple diatomic molecules illustrate the more complicated band
spectra of polyatomic molecules . Although electronic transitions play a minor
role in the overall radiative energy balance of planetary atmospheres , they are of
central ...

Author: Gary E. Thomas

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521890616

Category: Science

Page: 517

View: 806

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Provides a foundation of the theoretical and practical aspects of radiative transfer, for the atmospheric, oceanic and environmental sciences.
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Vibrational rotational Spectroscopy for Planetary Atmospheres

Radiative Transfer and Remote Sensing Barney J . Conrath ( NASA / GSFC )
Introduction Radiative transfer is the basic theoretical tool for the quantitative
interpretation of planetary infrared spectra such as those discussed in the
preceeding ...

Author: Michael J. Mumma

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015060900183

Category: Astronomical spectroscopy

Page: 773

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Giant Planets of Our Solar System

This book reviews the current state of knowledge of the atmospheres of the four giant gaseous planets. It is the first book to contain all the latest data and background information on these planets in one handy volume.

Author: Patrick Irwin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540377139

Category: Science

Page: 320

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This book reviews the current state of knowledge of the atmospheres of the four giant gaseous planets. It is the first book to contain all the latest data and background information on these planets in one handy volume. Current theories of their formation are reviewed. The book clearly explains all specialist terms, and it discusses the pros and cons of ground versus space-based observations of giant planets.
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Vibrational Rotational Spectroscopy for Planetary Atmospheres Volume 2

Useful exploratory work can be done using low resolution planetary sp . ctra ,
coupled with an inversion of the radiative transfer equation having low vertical
resolution , and random band models can be useful in this kind of application .
This is ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: NASA:31769000465776

Category:

Page: 242

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Molecular Complexes in Earth s Planetary Cometary and Interstellar Atmospheres

Uranus , these planets are thought to generate internal heat through
gravitationally driven separation of phases in the metallic hydrogen - helium
system . ... CIA dominates the radiative transfer of heat in the atmospheres of all
the major planets , and Titan . ... the overtone bands of H2 had wavelengths short
enough to be accessible to photographic spectroscopy , the earliest astronomical
investigations of ...

Author: Andrei A. Vigasin

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 981023211X

Category: Science

Page: 268

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This book introduces systematically the concept of weakly-bound complexes into the broad field of atmospheric sciences. To fill up the gap between our rapidly expanding knowledge of the individual properties of Van der Waals and hydrogen-bonded molecules, and our understanding of their role in the atmospheric processes, an ensemble of related topics are covered by a team of expert co-authors. The general properties of the weakly bound molecular complexes (or ?clusters?) are discussed, as well as their distribution in the planetary atmospheres. Collision-induced and dimeric absorption and emission are considered in the context of atmospheric spectroscopy. The advanced experimental techniques which enable us to study the spectroscopic features of molecular complexes in the gas phase, or which are adsorbed, are reviewed. The role of molecular complexes in the cometary atmosphere, the Earth mesosphere, and the atmospheres of the giant planets and some of their satellites are also discussed in detail.
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Weakly Interacting Molecular Pairs Unconventional Absorbers of Radiation in the Atmosphere

His main fields of activity cover microwave spectroscopy including microwave
remote sensing of the atmosphere and the underlying ... His current interests
include satellite remote sensing of gases and spectroscopy for atmospheric
radiative transfer and climate applications. ... spectral line shapes and
collisioninduced absorption, with application to broadband absorptions in
planetary atmospheres.

Author: Claude Camy-Peyret

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401000253

Category: Science

Page: 287

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The Advanced Research Workshop entitled “Weakly Interacting Molecular Pairs: Unconventional Absorbers of Radiation in the At- sphere” was held in Abbaye de Fontevraud, France, from April 29 to May 3, 2002. The meeting involved 40 researchers from 14 countries. The goal of this meeting was to address a problem that the scienti?c community is aware of for many years. Up now, however, the so- tion for this problem is far from satisfactory. Pair e?ects are called unconventional in the title of this meeting. In speci?c spectral domains and/or geophysical conditions they are recognized to play a dominant role in the absorption/emission properties of the atmosphere. Water vapor continuum absorption is among the most prominent examples. Permanently improving accuracy of both laboratory studies and ?eld observations requires better knowledge of the spectroscopic features - tributable to molecular pairs which may form at equilibrium. The Workshop was targeted both to clarify the pending questions and, as far as feasible, to trace the path to possible answers since the underlying phenomena are yet incompletely understood and since a reliable theory is often not available. On the other hand, the lack of precise laboratory data on bimolecular absorption is often precluding the construction of reliable theoretical models. Ideally, the knowledge accumulated in the course of laboratory studies should correlate with the practical demands from those who are carrying out atmospheric ?eld measurements and space observations.
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Light Scattering in Planetary Atmospheres

Chapter 9 THE RADIATION EMERGING FROM A PLANET IN ALL the preceding
chapters we have examined the theory of light scattering in a ... Although this
layer was frequently referred to as a “planetary atmosphere”, the results obtained
clearly have a more general significance, since ... The theory of formation of
planetary spectra is considered in the two following sections. ... We have not
included polarization in the equation of radiative transfer considered in previous
chapters.

Author: V. V. Sobolev

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781483187280

Category: Science

Page: 274

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Light Scattering in Planetary Atmospheres details the theory of radiative transfer for anisotropic scattering. The title emphasizes more on the theoretical aspects, and such focuses more on the fundamental concepts and basic principles rather than the practical application. The text first presents the basic equations, and then proceeds to tackling specific concepts in the subsequent chapters. Chapter 2 discusses the semi-infinite atmospheres, while Chapter 3 tackles atmospheres of finite optical thickness. Next, the selection talks about atmospheres overlying a reflecting surface. The next two chapters in the title discuss the general theory. The seventh chapter details the linear integral equation, while the eighth chapter covers the approximate formulas. The text also deals with the determination of the physical characteristics of planetary atmospheres, along with the theory of radiative transfer in spherical atmospheres. The book will be of great use to scientists involved in the study of celestial bodies, such as astronomers and astrophysicists.
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Energy Research Abstracts

Absorption Spectra Planetary astronomy and supporting laboratory research, 14:
25716 (RA;US) Chemical Composition ... Planetary Fabry-Perot spectroscopy, 14
:25715 (RA;US) Interferometry Radiative transfer in planetary atmospheres, ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:30000010505695

Category: Power resources

Page:

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Peterson s Graduate Programs in the Physical Sciences Mathematics Agricultural Sciences the Environment and Natural Resources 2007

Infrared astronomy , evolution of planetary atmospheres , radiative transfer in
planetary atmospheres . Jay Holberg , Senior Research Scientist ; Ph . D . ,
Berkeley , 1974 . Far - ultraviolet spectra , planetary rings and atmospheres .

Author: Peterson's (Firm : 2006- )

Publisher: Petersons

ISBN: 0768921554

Category: Education

Page: 751

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Offers information on entrance and degree requirements, expenses and financial aid, programs of study, and faculty research specialties.
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