Mathematician Henri Poincaré was boarding a bus when he realized that the transformations of non-Euclidean geometry were just those he needed in his research on the theory of functions. He did not have to interrupt his conversation, still less to verify the equation in detail; his insight was complete at that point. Poincaré's insight into his own creativity -- his awareness that preliminary cogitation and the working of the subconscious had prepared his mind for an intuitive flash of recognition -- is just one of many possible analyses of scientific creativity, a subject as fascinating as it is elusive. The authors of this book have chosen to search for the springs of scientific creativity by examining the lives and work of a dozen innovative thinkers in the fields of mathematics, physics, and chemistry from the seventeenth down to the mid-twentieth century.
The authors of this book have chosen to search for the springs of scientific creativity by examining the lives and work of a dozen innovative thinkers in the fields of mathematics, physics, and chemistry from the seventeenth down to the mid ...
Author: Rutherford Aris
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
New Scientist magazine was launched in 1956 "for all those men and women who are interested in scientific discovery, and in its industrial, commercial and social consequences". The brand's mission is no different today - for its consumers, New Scientist reports, explores and interprets the results of human endeavour set in the context of society and culture.
The urge to find out The Springs of Scientific Creativity edited by Rutherford Aris, H. Ted Davis and Roger H. Stuewer Minnesota UP* pp 342, £27-65 Hermann Bondi Nutritional delights of worms Earthworm Ecology edited by J. E..
The Reader's Guide to the History of Science looks at the literature of science in some 550 entries on individuals (Einstein), institutions and disciplines (Mathematics), general themes (Romantic Science) and central concepts (Paradigm and Fact). The history of science is construed widely to include the history of medicine and technology as is reflected in the range of disciplines from which the international team of 200 contributors are drawn.
Within the second category of the history of scientific genius, several works seek to discover the springs of scientific creativity through biographical studies of exceptional scientists. MANUEL's biography includes a Freudian analysis ...
Author: Arne Hessenbruch
Containing cutting-edge research the Handbook of Research on Creativity will strongly appeal to academics and advanced students in cultural studies, creative industries, art history and theory, experimental music and performance studies, digital and ne
Containing cutting-edge research the Handbook of Research on Creativity will strongly appeal to academics and advanced students in cultural studies, creative industries, art history and theory, experimental music and performance studies, ...
Author: Kerry Thomas
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Recently the field of organization studies has been plagued by intense, disruptive controversy about what counts as knowledge. This book, written by the major researchers and voices in the field of organization studies, attempts to respond to this controversy by offering the topic of "generative uncertainty" as the primary vehicle for rethinking about this issue. The authors prefer admitting uncertainty to making unwarranted assumptions. The ideas about questioning the possibility of knowledge that is certain goes back to before the time of Socrates. This unique, historical look at the study of organization studies will be of interest to all students and scholars of this field.
The prism and the pendulum: The ten most beautiful experiments in science. New York, NY: Random House. ... Maxwell's scientific creativity. In R. Aris, H. T. Davis, & R. H. Stuewer (Eds.), Springs of scientific creativity (pp. 71–141).
Author: Walter R. Nord
Notable features of the book include an insightful analysis of the parallel trajectories of modern chemistry and physics and the work of scientists - such as John Dalton, Michael Faraday, Hermann von Helmholtz, Marie Curie, Ernest Rutherford, Dorothy Hodgkin, and Linus Pauling - who played prominent roles in the development of both disciplines.
1 1 in Physics , ” Science in Context 6 ( 1993 ) : 59–82 ; Erwin N. Hiebert , " Walther Nernst and the Application of Physics to Chemistry , " in Aries et al . , Springs of Scientific Creativity ( 1983 ) , pp .
Author: Mary Jo Nye
Publisher: Harvard University Press
How does a scientist go about solving problems? How do scientific discoveries happen? Why are cold fusion and parapsychology different from mainstream science? What is a scientific worldview? In this lively and wide-ranging book, Gregory Derry talks about these and other questions as he introduces the reader to the process of scientific thinking. From the discovery of X rays and semiconductors to the argument for continental drift to the invention of the smallpox vaccine, scientific work has proceeded through honest observation, critical reasoning, and sometimes just plain luck. Derry starts out with historical examples, leading readers through the events, experiments, blind alleys, and thoughts of scientists in the midst of discovery and invention. Readers at all levels will come away with an enriched appreciation of how science operates and how it connects with our daily lives. An especially valuable feature of this book is the actual demonstration of scientific reasoning. Derry shows how scientists use a small number of powerful yet simple methods--symmetry, scaling, linearity, and feedback, for example--to construct realistic models that describe a number of diverse real-life problems, such as drug uptake in the body, the inner workings of atoms, and the laws of heredity. Science involves a particular way of thinking about the world, and Derry shows the reader that a scientific viewpoint can benefit most personal philosophies and fields of study. With an eye to both the power and limits of science, he explores the relationships between science and topics such as religion, ethics, and philosophy. By tackling the subject of science from all angles, including the nuts and bolts of the trade as well as its place in the overall scheme of life, the book provides a perfect place to start thinking like a scientist.
On Understanding Science, by James B. Conant, Yale University Press, 1947. Springs of Scientific Creativity, edited by R. Aris, H. T. Davis, and R. H. Stuewer, University of Minnesota Press, 1983. Serendipity: Accidental Discoveries in ...
Author: Gregory N. Derry
Publisher: Princeton University Press
This collection focuses on the intellectual development of the sciences, their relationships with technology, and their place in culture in general including a proposed realignment of science, technology, and art.
More interest has been shown recently in the process of creativity in the history of science , although few historians have consistently ... The Springs of Scientific Creativity ( Minneapolis : University of Minnesota Press , 1984 ) .
Author: Elizabeth Garber
Publisher: Lehigh University Press
This second volume of James Clerk Maxwell's correspondence and manuscript papers begins in mid-1862 with his first reference reports for the Royal Society, and concludes in December 1873 shortly before the formal inauguration of the Cavendish Laboratory. The documents describe his involvement with the wider scientific community in Victorian Britain, and the period of his scientific maturity. In the years 1862-73 Maxwell wrote the classic works on statistical molecular theory and field physics, including the Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism, which established his unique status in the history of science. His letters and drafts of this period provide unique insight into this work, which remains fundamental to modern physics. Few of the manuscripts reproduced here have received prior publication in other than truncated form, and the volume includes Maxwell's correspondence with G.G. Stokes, Lord Kelvin and P.G. Tait. The edition is annotated with a full historical commentary and will be fascinating reading for anyone interested in the history of science or physics.
Published in facsimile in C. W. F. Everitt , Maxwell's scientific creativity ' , in Springs of Scientific Creativity : Essays on Founders of Modern Science , ed . R. Aris , H. T. Davis and R. H. Stuewer ( Minneapolis , 1983 ) : 89 .
Author: James Clerk Maxwell
Publisher: CUP Archive
Category: Biography & Autobiography
This collection of original essays honors Richard S. Westfall, a highly influential scholar in the history of the physical sciences and their relations with religion. It is divided into three parts: the life, work, and influence of Newton; science and religion; and historiographical and social studies of science.
“ Newton's development of the Principia , " in Springs of Scientific Creativity , ed . Rutherford Aris , H. Ted Davis , and Roger H. Stuewer . Minneapolis : University of Minnesota Press , 1983 , pp . 21-43 .
Author: Margaret J. Osler
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This work is the first volume of a comprehensive edition of the scientific letters and manuscript papers of James Clerk Maxwell, covering the period from 1846 to 1862. It is edited and annotated with a full historical commentary by P.M. Harman. Based almost entirely on Maxwell's autograph manuscripts, many printed for the first time, it illuminates the development of his scientific work. Maxwell's contributions to many fields of physics rank with those of Newton and Einstein and are fundamental to much of modern physics and technology. In this volume, documents are reproduced which describe Maxwell's greatest period of scientific innovation. Early works on field theory, including his announcement of the electromagnetic theory of light, as well as work in geometry, Saturn's rings, color vision and the statistical theory of gases are among the most notable writings. This is an important book for physicists, mathematicians and historians of science. A fundamental source of reference for the study of Maxwell and his work, it will be especially relevant to university and physics departmental libraries.
C. C. Gillispie , 16 vols . ( New York , 1970–80 ) , 9 : 198–230 ; and his essay on ' Maxwell's scientific creativity ' , in Springs of Scientific Creativity . Essays on Founders of Modern Science , ed .
Author: James Clerk Maxwell
Publisher: CUP Archive
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Before the Gates of Excellence is an exceptionally well-written and lively account of the nature of productive creativity or 'genius'. It is a comprehensive survey of knowledge about productive creativity: it explores the theoretical concepts of creativity and the creative process, and attempts to explain the determining factors. Almost all schools of thought and methodological approaches are represented. The facts and ideas discussed are drawn not only from the findings of psychological research but also from biographical studies, autobiographical accounts and personal documents, illustrating the interacting influences of social environments, personality, life experiences, etc. This clear and comprehensive account of the determinants and processes of creativity will appeal to undergraduates and graduate students of psychology and is readily accessible to the general reader.
The Determinants of Creative Genius R. A. Ochse, R. Ochse ... Scientists : Their psychological world . ... In R. Aris , H. T. Davis , & R. H. Steuwer ( Eds . ) , Springs of scientific creativity ( pp . 71–141 ) .
Author: R. A. Ochse
Publisher: CUP Archive
"In preparing this remarkable book, Ernest Hook persuaded an eminent group of scientists, historians, sociologists and philosophers to focus on the problem: why are some discoveries rejected at a particular time but later seen to be valid? The interaction of these experts did not produce agreement on 'prematurity' in science but something more valuable: a collection of fascinating papers, many of them based on new research and analysis, which sometimes forced the author to revise a previously-held opinion. The book should be enthusiastically welcomed by all readers who are interested in how science works."—Stephen G. Brush, co-author of Physics, The Human Adventure: From copernicus to Einstein and Beyond "Prematurity and Scientific Discovery contains interesting and insightful papers by numerous well-known scientists and scholars. It will be of wide interest, not only to science studies scholars but also to working scientists and to science-literate general readers."—Thomas Nickles, editor of Scientific Discovery, Logic, and Rationality
"Michael Polanyi's Creativity in Chemistry." In Springs of Scientific Creativity, ed. R. Aris et al., pp. 279—307. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Soderbaum, H. G. 1966. "Presentation Speech: Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1932 ...
Author: Ernest B. Hook
Publisher: Univ of California Press
The essay appearing in Springs of Scientific Creativity is particularly noteworthy for its depth of analysis of Maxwell , his ancestral background , his times , and his research . The book is unfortunately out of print .
Publisher: American Philosophical Society
How do scientists persuade colleagues from diverse fields to cross the disciplinary divide, risking their careers in new interdisciplinary research programs? Why do some attempts to inspire such research win widespread acclaim and support, while others do not? In Shaping Science with Rhetoric, Leah Ceccarelli addresses such questions through close readings of three scientific monographs in their historical contexts—Theodosius Dobzhansky's Genetics and the Origin of Species (1937), which inspired the "modern synthesis" of evolutionary biology; Erwin Schrödinger's What Is Life? (1944), which catalyzed the field of molecular biology; and Edward O. Wilson's Consilience (1998), a so far not entirely successful attempt to unite the social and biological sciences. She examines the rhetorical strategies used in each book and evaluates which worked best, based on the reviews and scientific papers that followed in their wake. Ceccarelli's work will be important for anyone interested in how interdisciplinary fields are formed, from historians and rhetoricians of science to scientists themselves.
In Springs of Scientific Creativity: Essays on Founders of Modern Science, edited by Rutherford Aris, H. Ted Davis, and Roger H. Stuewer, 254–78. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1983. “What Are We?
Author: Leah Ceccarelli
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
This is a study of science in Muslim society from its rise in the 8th century to the efforts of 19th-century Muslim thinkers and reformers to regain the lost ethos that had given birth to the rich scientific heritage of earlier Muslim civilization. The volume is organized in four parts; the rise of science in Muslim society in its historical setting of political and intellectual expansion; the Muslim creative achievement and original discoveries; proponents and opponents of science in a religiously oriented society; and finally the complex factors that account for the end of the 500-year Muslim renaissance. The book brings together and treats in depth, using primary and secondary sources in Arabic, Turkish and European languages, subjects that are lightly and uncritically brushed over in non-specialized literature, such as the question of what can be considered to be purely original scientific advancement in Muslim civilization over and above what was inherited from the Greco–Syriac and Indian traditions; what was the place of science in a religious society; and the question of the curious demise of the Muslim scientific renaissance after centuries of creativity. The book also interprets the history of the rise, achievement and decline of scientific study in light of the religious temper and of the political and socio-economic vicissitudes across Islamdom for over a millennium and integrates the Muslim legacy with the history of Latin/European accomplishments. It sets the stage for the next momentous transmission of science: from the West back to the Arabic-speaking world of Islam, from the last half of the 19th century to the early 21st century, the subject of a second volume.
Superstition and belief in supernatural power, as the occultcausing version of decline goes, were seeping into religious belief and practice, draining the well-springs of scientific interest and creativity as society, wracked by fear ...
Author: John W. Livingston
At the heart of many fields - physics, chemistry, engineering - lies thermodynamics. While this science plays a critical role in determining the boundary between what is and is not possible in the natural world, it occurs to many as an indecipherable black box, thus making the subject a challenge to learn. Two obstacles contribute to this situation, the first being the disconnect between the fundamental theories and the underlying physics and the second being the confusing concepts and terminologies involved with the theories. While one needn't confront either of these two obstacles to successfully use thermodynamics to solve real problems, overcoming both provides access to a greater intuitive sense of the problems and more confidence, more strength, and more creativity in solving them. This book offers an original perspective on thermodynamic science and history based on the three approaches of a practicing engineer, academician, and historian. The book synthesises and gathers into one accessible volume a strategic range of foundational topics involving the atomic theory, energy, entropy, and the laws of thermodynamics.
“The Influence of J. Willard Gibbs on the Science of Physical Chemistry. ... Human Implications of Scientific Advance: Proceedings of the 15th International Congress of the History of Science, ... In Springs of Scientific Creativity.
Author: Robert T. Hanlon
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Traditionally it has been thought that scientific controversies can always be resolved on the basis of empirical data. Recently, however, social constructionists have claimed that the outcome of scientific debates is strongly influenced by non-evidential factors such as the rhetorical prowess and professional clout of the participants. This volume of previously unpublished essays by well-known philosophers of science presents historical studies and philosophical analyses that undermine the plausibility of an extreme social constructionist perspective while also indicating the need for a richer and more realistic account of scientific rationality.
Springs of Scientific Creativity: Essays on Founders of Modern Science. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 3–20. Shea, W. R. (1972), Galileo's Intellectual Revolution: Middle Period, 1610– 1632. New York: Science History ...
Author: Peter Machamer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
This title was first published in 2003. Donald Cardwell's interest in the inter-relationships between science, technology, education and society are exemplified in the selection of his studies and essays brought together here. The first section deals with the rise of scientific education in Britain, comparing it with that on the Continent. The next studies explore the development of the scientific understanding of power, especially steam power, and its application in the new technologies of the Industrial Revolution. The final section looks at learned societies, and in particular at Manchester, making explicit a theme running through many of the articles - the reasons why science, society and education came together to make this city what he called 'the centre of the industrial revolution'.
2 (Spring 1978), pp. ... The Ferment of Knowledge: Studies in the Historiography of Eighteenth-century Science (Cambridge: Cambridge ... The Springs of Scientific Creativity (Minnestota: University of Minnesota Press, 1983), pp. 44-70.
Author: Donald Cardwell