Statistics and Scientific Method

An Introduction for Students and Researchers
Author: Peter J. Diggle,Amanda G. Chetwynd
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199543186
Category: Mathematics
Page: 172
View: 3295
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An antidote to technique-orientated approaches, this text avoids the recipe-book style, giving the reader a clear understanding of how core statistical ideas of experimental design, modelling, and data analysis are integral to the scientific method. No prior knowledge of statistics is required and a range of scientific disciplines are covered.

Scientific Method in Practice


Author: Hugh G. Gauch
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521017084
Category: Science
Page: 435
View: 2153
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This book will enable scientists to be better scientists by offering them a deeper understanding of the scientific method.

Mathematical Analysis for Economists

Studies in Statistics and Scientific Method
Author: Roy George Douglas Allen
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781258510282
Category:
Page: 562
View: 9106
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The Nature of Statistics


Author: W. Allen Wallis,Harry V. Roberts
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486794016
Category: Mathematics
Page: 224
View: 9588
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Classic text focuses on everyday applications as well as those of scientific research. Minimal mathematical background necessary. Includes lively examples from business, government, and other fields. "Fascinating." — The New York Times. 1962 edition.

Understanding Statistics in the Behavioral Sciences


Author: Robert R. Pagano
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 1111837260
Category: Education
Page: 672
View: 1818
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Based on over 30 years of successful teaching experience in this course, Robert Pagano's introductory text takes an intuitive, concepts-based approach to descriptive and inferential statistics. He uses the sign test to introduce inferential statistics, empirically derived sampling distributions, many visual aids, and lots of interesting examples to promote student understanding. One of the hallmarks of this text is the positive feedback from students -- even students who are not mathematically inclined praise the text for its clarity, detailed presentation, and use of humor to help make concepts accessible and memorable. Thorough explanations precede the introduction of every formula, and the exercises that immediately follow include a step-by-step model that lets students compare their work against fully solved examples. This combination makes the text perfect for students taking their first statistics course in psychology or other social and behavioral sciences. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Statistics and Science

A Festschrift for Terry Speed
Author: T. P. Speed
Publisher: IMS
ISBN: 9780940600560
Category: Mathematics
Page: 435
View: 4591
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Statistical Distributions in Scientific Work

Vol. 1: Models and Structures Vol. 2: Model Building and Model Selection Vol. 3: Characterizations and Applications
Author: Ganapati P. Patil,S. Kotz,J.K. Ord
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789027706096
Category: Mathematics
Page: 3
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Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute, Calgary, Alberta, Canada, 1974

A Modern Course on Statistical Distributions in Scientific Work

Volume 2 — Model Building and Model Selection Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute held at the University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada July 29 – August 10, 1974
Author: Ganapati P. Patil,S. Kotz,J.K. Ord
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789027706072
Category: Mathematics
Page: 399
View: 761
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These three volumes constitute the edited Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Statistical Distributions in Scientific Work held at the University of Calgary from July 29 to August 10, 1974. The general title of the volumes is "Statistical Distributions in Scientific Work". The individual volumes are: Volume 1 - Models and Structures; Volume 2 - Model Building and Model Selection; and Volume 3 - Characterizations and Applications. These correspond to the three advanced seminars of the Institute devoted to the respective subject areas. The planned activities of the Institute consisted of main lectures and expositions, seminar lectures and study group dis cussions, tutorials and individual study. The activities included meetings of editorial committees to discuss editorial matters for these proceedings which consist of contributions that have gone through the usual refereeing process. A special session was organized to consider the potential of introducing a course on statistical distributions in scientific modeling in the curriculum of statistics and quantitative studies. This session is reported in Volume 2. The overall perspective for the Institute is provided by the Institute Director, Professor G. P. Patil, in his inaugural address which appears in Volume 1. The Linnik Memorial Inaugural Lecture given by Professor C. R. Rao for the Characterizations Seminar is included in Volume 3.

Risk Analysis and Scientific Method

Methodological and Ethical Problems with Evaluating Societal Hazards
Author: Kristin Shrader-Frechette
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400952414
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 236
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Much of the work in this volume was supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant SES82-05112 from the Program in History and Philosophy of Science and the Division of Policy Research and Analysis. (Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation. ) Several of these essays were written because of the impetus afforded by speaking invitations. An earlier version of Chapter 3 was presented in Berkeley in January 1983 at a Principal Investi gators' Conference sponsored by the National Science Foundation, Division of Policy Research and Analysis, Technology Assessment and Risk Assessment Group. In May 1982, an earlier version of Chapter 5 was presented at the meeting of the Society for Philos ophy and Technology, held in conjunction with the American Philosophical Association meeting, Western Division, in Columbus, Ohio. Finally, earlier versions of Chapter 6 were presented in Boston in December 1981 at the Boston Colloquium for the Philosophy of Science, as well as at the University of Delaware in January 1982 and at the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association held in Philadelphia in October 1982. An earlier version of this same chapter was published in Philosophy of Science Association 82, volume 1, ed. T. Nickles, Philosophy of Science Association, East Lansing, Michigan, 1982. A number of people have helped to make this book better than it might have been.

Handbook for Teaching Statistics and Research Methods


Author: Mark E. Ware,Charles L. Brewer
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 1317759354
Category: Psychology
Page: 296
View: 1884
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This volume presents a collection of articles selected from Teaching of Psychology, sponsored by APA Division 2. It contains the collective experience of teachers who have successfully dealt with students' statistics anxiety, resistance to conducting literature reviews, and related problems. For those who teach statistics or research methods courses to undergraduate or graduate students in psychology, education, and the social sciences, this book provides many innovative strategies for teaching a variety of methodological concepts and procedures in statistics and research methods courses.

Arguing About Science


Author: Alexander Bird,James Ladyman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135695156
Category: Philosophy
Page: 808
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Arguing About Science is an outstanding, engaging introduction to the essential topics in philosophy of science, edited by two leading experts in the field. This exciting and innovative anthology contains a selection of classic and contemporary readings that examine a broad range of issues, from classic problems such as scientific reasoning; causation; and scientific realism, to more recent topics such as science and race; forensic science; and the scientific status of medicine. The editors bring together some of the most influential contributions of famous philosophers in the field, including John Stuart Mill and Karl Popper, as well as more recent extracts from philosophers and scientists such as Ian Hacking, Stephen Jay Gould, Bas van Fraassen, Nancy Cartwright, and John Worrall. The anthology is organised into nine clear sections: science, non science and pseudo-science race, gender and science scientific reasoning scientific explanation laws and causation science and medicine probability and forensic science risk, uncertainty and science policy scientific realism and anti-realism. The articles chosen are clear, interesting, and free from unnecessary jargon. The editors provide lucid introductions to each section in which they provide an overview of the debate, as well as suggestions for further reading.

Statistics for the Social Sciences


Author: R. Mark Sirkin
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9781412905466
Category: Mathematics
Page: 610
View: 6264
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Popular in previous editions, this Third Edition continues to help build students' confidence and ability in doing statistical analysis by slowly moving from concepts that require little computational work to those that require more. Author R. Mark Sirkin once again demonstrates how statistics can be used so that students come to appreciate their usefulness rather than fear them. Statistics for the Social Sciences emphasizes the analysis and interpretation of data to give students a feel for how data interpretation is related to the methods by which the information was obtained.

The Philosophy and Practice of Medicine and Bioethics

A Naturalistic-Humanistic Approach
Author: Barbara Maier,Warren A. Shibles
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789048188673
Category: Medical
Page: 543
View: 6252
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This book challenges the unchallenged methods in medicine, such as "evidence-based medicine," which claim to be, but often are not, scientific. It completes medical care by adding the comprehensive humanistic perspectives and philosophy of medicine. No specific or absolute recommendations are given regarding medical treatment, moral approaches, or legal advice. Given rather is discussion about each issue involved and the strongest arguments indicated. Each argument is subject to further critical analysis. This is the same position as with any philosophical, medical or scientific view. The argument that decision-making in medicine is inadequate unless grounded on a philosophy of medicine is not meant to include all of philosophy and every philosopher. On the contrary, it includes only sound, practical and humanistic philosophy and philosophers who are creative and critical thinkers and who have concerned themselves with the topics relevant to medicine. These would be those philosophers who engage in practical philosophy, such as the pragmatists, humanists, naturalists, and ordinary-language philosophers. A new definition of our own philosophy of life emerges and it is necessary to have one. Good lifestyle no longer means just abstaining from cigarettes, alcohol and getting exercise. It also means living a holistic life, which includes all of one's thinking, personality and actions. This book also includes new ways of thinking. In this regard the "Metaphorical Method" is explained, used, and exemplified in depth, for example in the chapters on care, egoism and altruism, letting die, etc.

Applied Statistics for Engineers and Scientists


Author: Jay L. Devore,Nicholas R. Farnum,Jimmy A. Doi
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 113311136X
Category: Mathematics
Page: 656
View: 4886
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This concise book for engineering and sciences students emphasizes modern statistical methodology and data analysis. APPLIED STATISTICS FOR ENGINEERS AND SCIENTISTS is ideal for one-term courses that cover probability only to the extent that it is needed for inference. The authors emphasize application of methods to real problems, with real examples throughout. The text is designed to meet ABET standards and has been updated to reflect the most current methodology and practice. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

100 Questions (and Answers) About Research Methods


Author: Neil J. Salkind
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1412992036
Category: Social Science
Page: 172
View: 4299
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How do I create a good research hypothesis? How do I know when my literature review is finished? What is the difference between a sample and a population? What is power and why is it important? In an increasingly data-driven world, it is more important than ever for students as well as professionals to better understand the process of research. This invaluable guide answers the essential questions that students ask about research methods in a concise and accessible way.

Issues in General Science and Scientific Theory and Method: 2011 Edition


Author: N.A
Publisher: ScholarlyEditions
ISBN: 1464963479
Category: Science
Page: 3278
View: 4360
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Issues in General Science and Scientific Theory and Method: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about General Science and Scientific Theory and Method. The editors have built Issues in General Science and Scientific Theory and Method: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about General Science and Scientific Theory and Method in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in General Science and Scientific Theory and Method: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Statistics in Management Studies


Author: N.A
Publisher: Krishna Prakashan Media
ISBN: 9788187224068
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 729
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Inference, Method and Decision

Towards a Bayesian Philosophy of Science
Author: R.D. Rosenkrantz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401012377
Category: Science
Page: 270
View: 3060
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This book grew out of previously published papers of mine composed over a period of years; they have been reworked (sometimes beyond recognition) so as to form a reasonably coherent whole. Part One treats of informative inference. I argue (Chapter 2) that the traditional principle of induction in its clearest formulation (that laws are confirmed by their positive cases) is clearly false. Other formulations in terms of the 'uniformity of nature' or the 'resemblance of the future to the past' seem to me hopelessly unclear. From a Bayesian point of view, 'learning from experience' goes by conditionalization (Bayes' rule). The traditional stum bling block for Bayesians has been to fmd objective probability inputs to conditionalize upon. Subjective Bayesians allow any probability inputs that do not violate the usual axioms of probability. Many subjectivists grant that this liberality seems prodigal but own themselves unable to think of additional constraints that might plausibly be imposed. To be sure, if we could agree on the correct probabilistic representation of 'ignorance' (or absence of pertinent data), then all probabilities obtained by applying Bayes' rule to an 'informationless' prior would be objective. But familiar contra dictions, like the Bertrand paradox, are thought to vitiate all attempts to objectify 'ignorance'. BuUding on the earlier work of Sir Harold Jeffreys, E. T. Jaynes, and the more recent work ofG. E. P. Box and G. E. Tiao, I have elected to bite this bullet. In Chapter 3, I develop and defend an objectivist Bayesian approach.