Superconductivity, Superfluids and Condensates

Author: James F. Annett
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198507567
Category: Science
Page: 186
View: 9999
Superconductivity, provides a basic introduction to one of the most innovative areas in condensed matter physics today. This book includes ample tutorial material, including illustrations, chapter summaries, graded problem sets, and concise examples. This book is part of the Oxford Master Series in Condensed Matter Physics.

Superfluidity and Superconductivity

Author: D.R. Tilley,J Tilley
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780750300339
Category: Science
Page: 240
View: 5630
Superfluidity and Superconductivity, Third Edition introduces the low-temperature phenomena of superfluidity and superconductivity from a unified viewpoint. The book stresses the existence of a macroscopic wave function as a central principle, presents an extensive discussion of macroscopic theories, and includes full descriptions of relevant experimental results throughout. This edition also features an additional chapter on high-temperature superconductors. With problems at the end of most chapters as well as the careful elaboration of basic principles, this comprehensive survey of experiment and theory provides an accessible and invaluable foundation for graduate students studying low-temperature physics as well as senior undergraduates taking specialized courses.

Supraleitung, Suprafluidität und Kondensate

Author: James F Annett
Publisher: Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag
ISBN: 9783486705409
Category: Science
Page: 252
View: 1634
Das Buch behandelt drei physikalische Phänomene: die Bose-Einstein-Kondensation, Suprafluidität und Supraleitung. In seinem Aufbau verfolgt es das Ziel, die wesentlichen Konzepte und notwendigen mathematischen Formalismen zu motivieren. Das Buch beginnt mit dem einfachsten der drei Phänomene, der Bose-Einstein-Kondensation. Nach einem Überblick über grundlegenden Eigenschaften idealer Bose-Gase werden Verfahren zum Einfangen und Kühlen von Atomen vorgestellt, um schließlich auf die Realisierung von Bose-Einstein-Kondensaten in verdünnten atomaren Gasen eingehen zu können. Aufgrund von Zusammenfassungen und weiterführenden Literaturangaben ist das Werk gleichermaßen zum Selbststudium geeignet wie zur vertiefenden Vorlesungsbegleitung. Zahlreiche Übungsaufgaben, teils mit Lösungen und Hinweisen, ermöglichen die unmittelbare Überprüfung des Gelernten.

On Superconductivity and Superfluidity

A Scientific Autobiography
Author: Vitaly L. Ginzburg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 354068008X
Category: Science
Page: 232
View: 412
A Nobel Laureate presents his view of developments in the field of superconductivity, superfluidity and related theory. The book contains Ginzburg’s amended version of the Nobel lecture in Physics 2003, as well as his expanded autobiography.

Superconductivity and Superfluidity

Author: T. Tsuneto
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521020930
Category: Science
Page: 224
View: 5976
This 1998 book describes the physics of superconductivity and superfluidity, macroscopic quantum phenomena found in many conductors at low temperatures and in liquid helium 4 and helium 3. In the first part of the book the author presents the mean field theory of generalized pair condensation. This is followed by a description of the properties of ordinary superconductors using BCS theory. The book then proceeds with expositions of strong coupling theory and the Ginzberg-Landau theory. The remarkable properties of superfluid helium 3 are then described, as an example of a superfluid with internal degrees of freedom. The topics covered are dealt with in a coherent manner, with all necessary theoretical background given. Recent topics in the field, such as the copper-oxide high temperature superconductors and exotic superconductivity of heavy fermion systems are discussed in the final chapter. This book will be of interest to graduate students and researchers in condensed matter physics, especially those working in superconductivity and superfluidity.

Macroscopic Theories of Superfluids

Author: G. Grioli
Publisher: CUP Archive
ISBN: 9780521375726
Category: Mathematics
Page: 213
View: 2483
This book is based on lectures delivered at a meeting organised by the academia Nazionale dei Lincei with contributions from some of the leading research workers in the field. They deal with topics of contemporary interest such as: solitons, hydrodynamic and nonlinear problems in superfluids, turbulence, thermodynamics, first and second sound, and the comparison between superconductivity and superfluidity. Experimental results and theoretical considerations are included. Thus the book will be an invaluable survey for research workers in superfluidity.

Novel Superfluids

Author: Karl-Heinz Bennemann,John B. Ketterson
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191029998
Category: Science
Page: 592
View: 1769
Volume 2 of Novel Superfluids continues the presentation of recent results on superfluids, including novel metallic systems, superfluid liquids, and atomic/molecular gases of bosons and fermions, particularly when trapped in optical lattices. Since the discovery of superconductivity (Leyden, 1911), superfluid 4He (Moscow and Cambridge, 1937), superfluid 3He (Cornell, 1972), and observation of Bose-Einstein Condensation (BEC) of a gas (Colorado and MIT, 1995), the phenomenon of superfluidity has remained one of the most important topics in physics. Again and again, novel superfluids yield surprising and interesting behaviors. The many classes of metallic superconductors, including the high temperature perovskite-based oxides, MgB2, organic systems, and Fe-based pnictides, continue to offer challenges. The technical applications grow steadily. What the temperature and field limits are remains illusive. Atomic nuclei, neutron stars and the Universe itself all involve various aspects of superfluidity, and the lessons learned have had a broad impact on physics as a whole.

Modern trends in Superconductivity and Superfluidity

Author: M. Yu. Kagan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 940076961X
Category: Science
Page: 550
View: 1187
This book concisely presents the latest trends in the physics of superconductivity and superfluidity and magnetism in novel systems, as well as the problem of BCS-BEC crossover in ultracold quantum gases and high-Tc superconductors. It further illuminates the intensive exchange of ideas between these closely related fields of condensed matter physics over the last 30 years of their dynamic development. The content is based on the author’s original findings obtained at the Kapitza Institute, as well as advanced lecture courses he held at the Moscow Engineering Physical Institute, Amsterdam University, Loughborough University and LPTMS Orsay between 1994 and 2011. In addition to the findings of his group, the author discusses the most recent concepts in these fields, obtained both in Russia and in the West. The book consists of 16 chapters which are divided into four parts. The first part describes recent developments in superfluid hydrodynamics of quantum fluids and solids, including the fashionable subject of possible supersolidity in quantum crystals of 4He, while the second describes BCS-BEC crossover in quantum Fermi-Bose gases and mixtures, as well as in the underdoped states of cuprates. The third part is devoted to non-phonon mechanisms of superconductivity in unconventional (anomalous) superconductors, including some important aspects of the theory of high-Tc superconductivity. |The last part considers the anomalous normal state of novel superconductive materials and materials with colossal magnetoresistance (CMR). The book offers a valuable guide for senior-level undergraduate students and graduate students, postdoctoral and other researchers specializing in solid-state and low-temperature physics.


Author: J. B. Ketterson,S. N. Song
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521565622
Category: Science
Page: 497
View: 4202
Graduate text on superconductivity, an area of intense research activity worldwide.

Vortices in Unconventional Superconductors and Superfluids

Author: Rudolf Huebener,N. Schopohl,G.E. Volovik
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540423362
Category: Science
Page: 359
View: 1331
The physics of vortices in classical fluids has been a highly important subject for many years, both in fundamental science and in engineering applications. About 50 years ago, vortices started to become prominent as quantum me chanical objects constructed from a macroscopic wavefunction. Here the key developments are associated with the names R. Feynman, L. Onsager, L. D. Landau, F. London, V.L. Ginzburg and A.A. Abrikosov. Recently, the physics of vortices has undergone a further important step of diversification, namely in unconventional superconductors and superfluids, which are characterized by an anisotropic and/or spatially complex order parameter. It is this latest evolutionary step of vortex physics that is addressed in this book. The indi vidual chapters are concerned with the microscopic structure and dynamics of vortices in diverse systems ranging from superfluids and superconductors to neutron stars. Each of the 20 chapters is written by one or more experts on the parti cular subject. Each chapter provides an introduction and overview, empha sizing theoretical as well as experimental work, and includes references to both recent and pioneering earlier developments. In this way non-expert rea ders will also benefit from these lecture notes. Hence, the book will be useful for all researchers and graduate students interested in the physics of vorti ces in unconventional superconductors and superfluids. It may also serve as supplementary material for a graduate course on low-temperature solid-state physics.

Quantum Physics

Volume 2: From Time-Dependent Dynamics to Many-Body Physics and Quantum Chaos
Author: Vladimir Zelevinsky
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 352740984X
Category: Science
Page: 644
View: 5030
This two-volume set can be naturally divided into two semester courses, and contains a full modern graduate course in quantum physics. The idea is to teach graduate students how to practically use quantum physics and theory, presenting the fundamental knowledge, and gradually moving on to applications, including atomic, nuclear and solid state physics, as well as modern subfields, such as quantum chaos and quantum entanglement. The book starts with basic quantum problems, which do not require full quantum formalism but allow the student to gain the necessary experience and elements of quantum thinking. Only then does the fundamental Schrodinger equation appear. The author has included topics that are not usually covered in standard textbooks and has written the book in such a way that every topic contains varying layers of difficulty, so that the instructor can decide where to stop. Although supplementary sources are not required, "Further reading" is given for each chapter, including references to scientific journals and publications, and a glossary is also provided. Problems and solutions are integrated throughout the text.

The Electromagnetic Spectrum of Neutron Stars

Author: A. Baykal (Ed),Sinan K. Yerli,Sitki C. Inam,Sergei Grebenev
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402038600
Category: Science
Page: 386
View: 5700
Neutron stars hold a central place in astrophysics, not only because they are made up of the most extreme states of the condensed matter, but also because they are, along with white dwarfs and black holes, one of the stable configurations that stars reach at the end of stellar evolution. Neutron stars posses the highest rotation rates and strongest magnetic fields among all stars. They radiate prolifically, in high energy electromagnetic radiation and in the radio band. This book is devoted to the selected lectures presented in the 6th NATO-ASI series entitled "The Electromagnetic Spectrum of Neutron Stars" in Marmaris, Turkey, on 7-18 June 2004. This ASI is devoted to the spectral properties of neutron stars. Spectral observations of neutron stars help us to understand the magnetospheric emission processes of isolated radio pulsars and the emission processes of accreting neutron stars. This volume includes spectral information from the neutron stars in broadest sense, namely neutrino and gravitational radiation along with the electromagnetic spectrum. We believe that this volume can serve as graduate level of text including the broad range of properties of neutron stars.

Introduction to Superfluidity

Field-theoretical Approach and Applications
Author: Andreas Schmitt
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319079476
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 155
View: 7880
Superfluidity – and closely related to it, superconductivity – are very general phenomena that can occur on vastly different energy scales. Their underlying theoretical mechanism of spontaneous symmetry breaking is even more general and applies to a multitude of physical systems. In these lecture notes, a pedagogical introduction to the field-theory approach to superfluidity is presented. The connection to more traditional approaches, often formulated in a different language, is carefully explained in order to provide a consistent picture that is useful for students and researchers in all fields of physics. After introducing the basic concepts, such as the two-fluid model and the Goldstone mode, selected topics of current research are addressed, such as the BCS-BEC crossover and Cooper pairing with mismatched Fermi momenta.


Part 2 (In Two Parts)
Author: R. D. Parks
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780824715212
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 768
View: 3265

Feynman's Lost Lecture

The Motions of Planets Around the Sun
Author: David L Goodstein,Judith R Goodstein
Publisher: Random House
ISBN: 1448181100
Category: Science
Page: 192
View: 5868
On 14 March 1964 Richard Feynman, one of the greatest scientific thinkers of the 20th Century, delivered a lecture entitled 'The Motion of the Planets Around the Sun'. For thirty years this remarkable lecture was believed to be lost. But now Feynman's work has been reconstructed and explained in meticulous, accessible detail, together with a history of ideas of the planets' motions. The result is a vital and absorbing account of one of the fundamental puzzles of science, and an invaluable insight into Feynman's charismatic brilliance.

Collective Excitations in Unconventional Superconductors and Superfluids

Author: Peter Brusov
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9812771247
Category: Collective excitations
Page: 820
View: 7716
This is the first monograph that strives to give a complete and detailed description of the collective modes (CMs) in unconventional superfluids and superconductors (UCSF&SC). Using the most powerful method of modern theoretical physics OCo the path (functional) integral technique OCo authors build the three- and two-dimensional models for s -, p - and d -wave pairing in neutral as well as in charged FermiOCosystems, models of superfluid BoseOCosystems and FermiOCoBoseOComixtures. Within these models they study the collective properties of such systems as superfluid 3 He, superfluid 4 He, superfluid 3 He- 4 He mixtures, superfluid 3 He-films, superfluid 3 He and superfluid 3 He- 4 He mixtures in aerogel, high temperature superconductors, heavy-fermion superconductors, superconducting films etc. Authors compare their results with experimental data and predict a lot of new experiments on CMs study. This opens for experimentalists new possibilities for search of new intriguing features of collective behavior of UCSF&SC. The monograph creates the new scientific direction OCo the spectroscopy of collective modes in unconventional superfluids and superconductors. It will be useful for both theorists and experimentalists, studying superfluids and superconductors, low temperature physics, condensed matter physics, solid state physics. It could be used by graduate students specializing in the same areas. Sample Chapter(s). Introduction (162 KB). Chapter 1: Functional Integration Method (369 KB). Contents: Functional Integration Method; Collective Excitations in Superfluid Fermi-Systems with s OCoPairing; Superfluid Phases in 3 He; The Model of 3 He; Collective Excitations in the B OCoPhase of 3 He; Collective Excitations in the A OCoPhase of 3 He; Stability of Goldstone Modes; Influence of Dipole Interaction and Magnetic Field on Collective Excitations; The Influence of the Electric Field on the Collective Excitations in 3 He and 4 He; The Order Parameter Distortion and Collective Modes in 3 HeOCo B; Collective Excitations in the Planar 2 D OCoPhase of Superfluid 3 He; Collective Excitations in the PolarOCoPhase; Superfluidity of TwoOCoDimensional and One-Dimensional Systems; BoseOCoSpectrum of Superfluid Solutions 3 He- 4 He; Novel Sound Phenomena in Impure Superfluids; Collective Modes in the HeavyOCoFermion Superconductors; Other Application of the Theory of Collective Excitations. Readership: Graduate and postgraduate students, researchers (theorists and experimentalists), in low temperature physics, superconductivity and condensed matter physics."

Superconductivity and Quantum Fluids

International Series of Monographs in Natural Philosophy
Author: Zygmunt M. Galasiewicz
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483157199
Category: Science
Page: 248
View: 6805
Superconductivity and Quantum Fluids, Volume 29 presents the microscopic theory of superconductivity and superfluidity. This book discusses the characteristics of niobium, which is a type II superconductor. Organized into two parts encompassing eight chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the special Bogoliubov transformation that connects fermions with opposite spins and momenta. This text then describes the collective oscillations of the system in the cases of charged and uncharged particles. Other chapters consider the dynamical system of Fermi particles in a weak external field. This book discusses as well the theoretical explanation of superfluidity, which is as a second, very interesting phenomenon observed at low temperatures. The final chapter illustrates the linearized hydrodynamic equations and explains the mean value expressed in terms of the Fourier components of the retarded Green functions. This book is a valuable resource for physicists. Students and researchers who are interested in the fields of superconductivity and superfluidity will also find this book useful.

High Temperature Superconductors And Other Superfluids

Author: A S Alexandrov,Nevill Mott
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780748403097
Category: Science
Page: 250
View: 693
Written by eminent researchers in the field, this text describes the theory of superconductivity and superfluidity starting from liquid helium and a charged Bose-gas. It also discusses the modern bipolaron theory of strongly coupled superconductors, which explains the basic physical properties of high-temperature superconductors. This book will be of interest to fourth year graduate and postgraduate students, specialist libraries, information centres and chemists working in high-temperature superconductivity.

Nuclear Superfluidity

Pairing in Finite Systems
Author: David M. Brink,Ricardo A. Broglia
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139443074
Category: Science
Page: N.A
View: 5163
Nuclear Superfluidity is an advanced text devoted exclusively to pair correlations in nuclei. It begins by exploring pair correlations in a variety of systems including superconductivity in metals at low temperatures and superfluidity in liquid 3He and in neutron stars. The book goes on to introduce basic theoretical methods, symmetry breaking and symmetry restoration in finite many-body systems. The last four chapters are devoted to introducing results on the role of induced interactions in the structure of both normal and exotic nuclei. The most important of these is the renormalization of the pairing interaction due to the coupling of pairs of nucleons to low energy nuclear collective excitations. This book will be essential reading for researchers and students in both experimental and theoretical nuclear physics, and related research fields such as metal clusters, fullerenes and quantum dots.

Superconductivity Research at the Leading Edge

Author: Paul S. Lewis
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781590338612
Category: Science
Page: 243
View: 7498
Superconductivity is the ability of certain materials to conduct electrical current with no resistance and extremely low losses. High temperature superconductors, such as La2-xSrxCuOx (Tc=40K) and YBa2Cu3O7-x (Tc=90K), were discovered in 1987 and have been actively studied since. In spite of an intense, world-wide, research effort during this time, a complete understanding of the copper oxide (cuprate) materials is still lacking. Many fundamental questions are unanswered, particularly the mechanism by which high-Tc superconductivity occurs. More broadly, the cuprates are in a class of solids with strong electron-electron interactions. An understanding of such "strongly correlated" solids is perhaps the major unsolved problem of condensed matter physics with over ten thousand researchers working on this topic. High-Tc superconductors also have significant potential for applications in technologies ranging from electric power generation and transmission to digital electronics. This ability to carry large amounts of current can be applied to electric power devices such as motors and generators, and to electricity transmission in power lines. For example, superconductors can carry as much as 100 times the amount of electricity of ordinary copper or aluminium wires of the same size. Many universities, research institutes and companies are working to develop high-Tc superconductivity applications and considerable progress has been made.