David Shulman presents a comprehensive cultural history of Tamil, emphasizing how its speakers and poets have understood the unique features of their language over its long history.

Author: David Shulman

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674059924

Category: History

Page: 402

View: 911

Download →

Spoken by eighty million people, Tamil is one of the great world languages, and one of the few ancient languages that survives as a mother tongue. David Shulman presents a comprehensive cultural history of Tamil, emphasizing how its speakers and poets have understood the unique features of their language over its long history.
Posted in:

History of Indian Literature 1911 1956 struggle for freedom triumph and tragedy

Tamil . Biography . By Na . Mu . Venkatasvami Nātār . Well written book on Kapilar , one of the most prominent Cankam poets , who had 235 poems both in Akam and Puram classification to his credit . Khristāvan . Marathi . Biography .

Author: Sisir Kumar Das

Publisher: Sahitya Akademi

ISBN: 8172017987

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 908

View: 815

Download →

Presents the Indian literatures, not in isolation in one another, but as related components in a larger complex, conspicuous by the existence of age-old multilingualism and a variety of literary traditions. --
Posted in:

Encyclopaedia of Indian Literature

But biography in Tamil is of comparatively recent origin , as its beginning and growth may be traced to the development of Tamil prose in the wake of the starting of Tamil printing press after the 1835 Act . In 1871 came out what is ...

Author: Amaresh Datta

Publisher: Sahitya Akademi

ISBN: 8126018038

Category: Indic literature

Page: 987

View: 713

Download →

A Major Activity Of The Sahitya Akademi Is The Preparation Of An Encyclopaedia Of Indian Literature. The Venture, Covering Twenty-Two Languages Of India, Is The First Of Its Kind. Written In English, The Encyclopaedia Gives A Comprehensive Idea Of The Growth And Development Of Indian Literature. The Entries On Authors, Books And General Topics Have Been Tabulated By The Concerned Advisory Boards And Finalised By A Steering Committee. Hundreds Of Writers All Over The Country Contributed Articles On Various Topics. The Encyclopaedia, Planned As A Six-Volume Project, Has Been Brought Out. The Sahitya Akademi Embarked Upon This Project In Right Earnest In 1984. The Efforts Of The Highly Skilled And Professional Editorial Staff Started Showing Results And The First Volume Was Brought Out In 1987. The Second Volume Was Brought Out In 1988, The Third In 1989, The Fourth In 1991, The Fifth In 1992, And The Sixth Volume In 1994. All The Six Volumes Together Include Approximately 7500 Entries On Various Topics, Literary Trends And Movements, Eminent Authors And Significant Works. The First Three Volume Were Edited By Prof. Amaresh Datta, Fourth And Fifth Volume By Mohan Lal And Sixth Volume By Shri K.C.Dutt.
Posted in:

Historical Dictionary of the Tamils

Muhamadu, Pulavar. Umaru Pulavar Chira Puranam [Biography of Umaru Pulavar]. Chennai, 1887. Nilambikai Ammaiyar. Tani Tamizh Katturaigal [Essays in Pure Tamil]. 1925. Madras: Tirunelveli Saiva Siddhanta Noorpadippu Kazhagam, 1960. ———.

Author: Vijaya Ramaswamy, Jawaharlal Nehru University

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781538106860

Category: History

Page: 518

View: 517

Download →

The second edition of Historical Dictionary of the Tamils contains a chronology, an introduction, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 600 cross-referenced entries on important personalities, politics, economy, foreign relations, religion, and culture.
Posted in:


A, B, C and D, members of a library, borrow books in Bengali, Gujarati, Tamil and Urdu, Ans. (c) : Order of members, each of a different genre (biography, essay, novel and play). The essays and plays are in Bengali and Urdu respectively ...

Author: YCT Expert Team



Category: Antiques & Collectibles

Page: 784

View: 163

Download →

RRB 2022 Reasoning Chapter-wise Solved Papers
Posted in:

Pondicherry Tamil Nadu and South India under French Rule

Before her a Tamil biography of Ananda Ranga Poullé was authored by Tecika Pillai in the year 1941. However, the French East India Company had run Dupleix down more than anybody else, for their own reasons, which finally cost Dupleix ...

Author: J.B.P. More

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000263725

Category: History

Page: 310

View: 835

Download →

This is a study of the colonization of Pondicherry, Tamil Nadu and South India by the French during the eighteenth century, and their interactions with the Indian rulers and populations in the political, economic, social and religious spheres. French Governors based in Pondicherry since François Martin up to Dupleix never acquired any territory for France through outright conquest. They or their masters in France never had any grand plan to establish a French empire in India. Some Indian rulers were friendly with the French and the English as it served their interests. The study demonstrates that the French colonizers and missionaries would not have survived in India without the collaboration of the Indian dubashes, merchants, certain Indian rulers and military men. This collaboration was not on an equal footing, as the sepoys, merchants and dubashes were always subordinate and submissive to the Europeans. Even Ananda Ranga Poullé, the most famous of the Indian dubashes had to resort to the art of flattery to be in the good books of his ‘master’. European arrival and presence in India heralded the beginning of a cultural clash between the Europeans and Indians, in which the former had the upper hand. There was never any partnership or ‘master-bania’ relationship between the French and the Indians. Instead, the relationship had all the trappings of a ‘master-subordinate’ relationship, where the subordinate even though he might be a dubash was always at the mercy of the colon­izers. The element of force, aggressivity and violence was omnipresent in European presence and expansion in India, in the political, economic and religious fields. Please note: This title is co-published with X. Taylor & Francis does not sell or distribute the Hardback in India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.
Posted in:

Chattampi Swami An Intellectual Biography

He is also known as Muruga, and as he always carries a spear he is popularly known among the Tamils as Vel Murugan; which means Murugan ... He states that what happened in the night or the next Chattampi Swami :An Intellectual Biography 91.

Author: R. Raman Nair

Publisher: South Indian Studies

ISBN: 9788190592826

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 482

View: 759

Download →

Caṭṭampi Swami, 1853-1924, Hindu sage and social reformer from Kerala, India.
Posted in:


Biography For the past two centuries biographies have become as important genre in Tamil literature . The nineteenth century biographical work , Vinotaraca Manjari gives an interesting account of the Tamil poets .

Author: Sita Ram Sharma


ISBN: UOM:39015028865890

Category: India


View: 630

Download →

Posted in:

Religious Controversy in British India

The most extensive English biography was likewise based on earlier Tamil biographies and is summary and laudatory : V. Muttucumaraswamy , Arumuga Navalar : The Champion Reformer of the Hindus ( 1822-1879 ) : A Biographical Study ...

Author: Kenneth W. Jones

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791408280

Category: Religion

Page: 291

View: 996

Download →

This book opens the doors to a social and cultural sphere beyond the limited world of the English-speaking elite and provides the basis for an understanding of religious controversy and internal reform. It explores the dynamics of religious interaction and conflict that points toward later developments of communalism and religious separatism still plaguing the subcontinent. Religious Controversy in British India reveals a world expressed in South Asian dialects that has been closed to many scholars and students of the subcontinent. During the nineteenth century polemical religious literature and those who wrote it mobilized groups and led them back to the “fundamentals.” Sacred texts supporting movements were translated and made available in inexpensive editions. Even texts from the well established oral tradition were put into print. This process was often initiated in response to Christian missionary activity, a response that ultimately expanded to include other religions. In this book, scholars examine the writings of Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs responsible for significant changes within different communities and for a heightened sense of boundary-defining identity.
Posted in: