Texture Measurement of Foods

Psychophysical Fundamentals; Sensory, Mechanical, and Chemical Procedures, and Their Interrelationships
Author: A. Kramer,A.S. Szczesniak
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789027703071
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 175
View: 3299
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Even before the publication of Special Technical Publication 433 of the American Society for Testing and Materials, it became obvious that the brief treatment given to the principles and techniques for sensory measurement and analysis of texture in that volume was all too brief; hence, a task force of ASTM Committee E-18 was formed to develop an authoritative and comprehensive volume on this most complex and important subject to provide within one cover for the student, researcher, and the food manufacturer, a definition and an understanding of the subject offood texture, as well as sensory and objective methods for its measurement. This most difficult task appeared to be possible only after the task force had obtained the assistance of special ists in the many disciplines involved, and after deciding to limit the dissertation to the measurement of texture of foods only. The task was further clarified when Dr. Finney proposed an outline of six chapters, beginning with one on definition. The second chapter was to be on principles of sensory evaluations, the third on sensory measurements, the fourth on principles of objective evaluation, the fifth on objective measurements, and the final concluding chapter on subjective-objective analogues. The first drafts of these six chapters constituted a symposium on texture presented before a joint session at the 1971 Annual Meeting of the Institute of Food Technology and the American Society for Testing and Materials.

Exploring the Texture of Texts

A Guide to Socio-Rhetorical Interpretations
Author: Vernon K. Robbins
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 9781563381836
Category: Religion
Page: 148
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In this book Vernon K. Robbins provides an accessible introduction to socio-rhetorical criticism, illustrating the method by guiding the reader through the study of specific New Testament texts and stories. An opening chapter outlines this new approach and its focus on values, convictions, and beliefs both in the text we read and in the world in which we live. Then follow studies and exercises dealing with specific textural features: inner texture, intertexture, social and cultural texture, ideological texture, and sacred texture.

Relationship Between Pavement Surface Texture and Highway Traffic Noise


Author: Roger L. Wayson
Publisher: Transportation Research Board
ISBN: 9780309068215
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 85
View: 1452
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The Texture of Discourse

Towards an Outline of Connectivity Theory
Author: Jan Renkema
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027232660
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Page: 213
View: 9107
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The aim of this monograph is to give impetus to research into one of the central questions in discourse studies: what makes a sequence of sentences or utterances a discourse? The theoretical framework for describing the possibilities of discourse continuation is delineated by two principles: the discursive and the dialogic principle. The chord of discourse is unfolded in a tripartite wire: Conjunction, Adjunction and Interjunction, each containing three aspects, leading to a Connectivity Model. This new three-by-three taxonomy of discourse relations incorporates findings from several theories and approaches that have evolved over the last three decades, including Systemic Functional Linguistics and Rhetorical Structure Theory. In comparing this model to other models, this book presents a state-of-the-art of discourse relation analysis combined with detailed accounts of many examples. This monograph furthermore proposes a new way of presenting discourse structures in connectivity graphs followed by eleven commandments for the segmentation and labeling of discourse, and three procedures for disambiguation if more labels are applicable. This study can provide a base for corpus linguistic analysis on discourse structures, computational approaches to discourse generation and cognitive experimental research of discourse competence."

Food Texture


Author: Moskowitz
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351447491
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 352
View: 4409
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Food Texture is the first book to provide a broad overview of texture measurementfrom both the subjective (consumer) and objective (instrument) points of viewand to highlight the relation between objective measures and sensory perceptions.The book's logical presentation opens with coverage of rheology and microstructureanalysis, proceeds to psychophysics, and then moves on to product testing and optimization.Featuring contributions by many of the foremost authorities in the field, Food Textureincludes detailed case histories that offer insight on specific basic and applied researchproblems. It also comprehensively covers the latest methods for subjective evaluationof texture, texture physics and psychophysics, and texture optimization-giving a treatmentof subjective measurement that is available nowhere else in the literature in such aconvenient form.Comprising the most authoritative account of its topic to date, Food Texture will provean invaluable reference for food scientists and technologists, chemists, biochemists,organic and analytical chemists, nutritionists, and microbiologists concerned with sensoryevaluation; graduate students of food science and food engineering; and in-house trainingprograms and professional seminars.

Deformation Mechanisms, Texture, and Anisotropy in Zirconium and Zircaloy


Author: Erich Tenckhoff
Publisher: ASTM International
ISBN: 9780803109582
Category: Anisotropy
Page: 77
View: 6694
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Materials Processing and Texture


Author: A. D. Rollett
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470444185
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 848
View: 1413
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This volume contains papers presented at The 15th International Conference on the Texture of Materials from June 1-5th, 2008 in Pittsburgh, PA. Chapters include: Friction Stir Welding and Processing Texture and Anisotropy in Steels Effects of Magnetic Fields Hexagonal Metals Texture in Materials Design View information on Applications of Texture Analysis: Ceramic Transactions, Volume 201.

Texture: Human Expression in the Age of Communications Overload


Author: N.A
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262288656
Category:
Page: N.A
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Introduction to Texture Analysis

Macrotexture, Microtexture, and Orientation Mapping, Second Edition
Author: Olaf Engler,Valerie Randle
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420063660
Category: Science
Page: 488
View: 2649
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The first edition of Introduction to Texture Analysis: Macrotexture, Microtexture, and Orientation Mapping broke new ground by collating seventy years worth of research in a convenient single-source format. Reflecting emerging methods and the evolution of the field, the second edition continues to provide comprehensive coverage of the concepts, practices, and applications of techniques used to determine and characterize texture. Providing a clear focus on scientific principles, this reference keeps mathematics to a minimum in covering both traditional macrotexture analysis and more modern electron-microscopy-based microtexture analysis. The authors integrate the two techniques and address the subsequent need for a more detailed explanation of philosophy, practice, and analysis associated with texture analysis. The book is organized into three sections: Fundamental Issues addresses terminology associated with orientations and texture, in addition to their representation. It also covers the diffraction of radiation, a phenomenon that is the basis for almost all texture analysis. Macrotexture Analysis covers data acquisition, as well as representation and evaluation related to the well-established methods of macrotexture analysis. Microtexture Analysis provides experimental details of the transmission or scanning electron microscope-based techniques for microtexture analysis. It also describes how microtexture data are evaluated and represented and explores the innovative topics of orientation microscopy and mapping, and advanced issues concerning crystallographic aspects of interfaces and connectivity. Completely revised and updated, this second edition of a bestseller is a rare introductory-level guide to texture analysis. It illustrates approaches to orientation measurement and interpretation and elucidates the fundamental principles on which measurements are based. This book is an ideal tool to help you develop a working understanding of the practice and applications of texture.

Texture in Food

Solid Foods
Author: B. M. McKenna,David Kilcast
Publisher: Woodhead Publishing
ISBN: 9781855737242
Category: Business & Economics
Page: 560
View: 1857
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Summarizing the wealth of recent research, the editor and a distinguished team of contributors look into what influences texture in solid foods and how it can be controlled to maximize product quality in Volume 2 of this two-volume series, "Texture in food". The first part reviews research on understanding how consumers experience texture when they eat, and how they perceive and describe key textural qualities such as crispness. The second and third parts consider the instrumental techniques used for analyzing texture such as force/deformation techniques and sound input, and examine how the texture of particular foods, such as bread, rice, pasta and fried foods may be better understood and improved.

Thick Description and Fine Texture

Studies in the History of Psychology
Author: David B. Baker
Publisher: The University of Akron Press
ISBN: 9781931968027
Category: Psychology
Page: 249
View: 7993
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The essays contained in this volume offer a unique and personal perspective on the archival research process in the history of psychology. Celebrating the achievements of John A. Popplestone and Marion White McPherson, founders of the Archives of the History of American Psychology at The University of Akron in 1965, nine leading scholars describe the value, frustration, and satisfaction inherent in the archival process in the history of psychology. The essays provide valuable information on modern historiography in the history of psychology and the construction of historical narrative based on archival resources.

Texture Analysis in Machine Vision


Author: Matti Pietik„inen
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789810243739
Category: Computers
Page: 269
View: 877
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d104ure analysis is an important generic research area of machine vision. The potential areas of application include biomedical image analysis, industrial inspection, analysis of satellite or aerial imagery, content-based retrieval from image databases, document analysis, biometric person authentication, scene analysis for robot navigation, texture synthesis for computer graphics and animation, and image coding. d104ure analysis has been a topic of intensive research for over three decades, but the progress has been very slow.A workshop on ?d104ure Analysis in Machine Vision? was held at the University of Oulu, Finland, in 1999, providing a forum for presenting recent research results and for discussing how to make progress in order to increase the usefulness of texture in practical applications. This book contains extended and revised versions of the papers presented at the workshop. The first part of the book deals with texture analysis methodology, while the second part covers various applications. The book gives a unique view of different approaches and applications of texture analysis. It should be of great interest both to researchers of machine vision and to practitioners in various application areas.

Texture and Anisotropy

Preferred Orientations in Polycrystals and Their Effect on Materials Properties
Author: U. F. Kocks,C. N. Tomé,H. -R. Wenk,Armand J. Beaudoin
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521794206
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 676
View: 8171
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A successful book covering an important area of materials science, now available in paperback.

Microstructure and Texture in Steels

and Other Materials
Author: Arunansu Haldar,Satyam Suwas,Debashish Bhattacharjee
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1848824548
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 488
View: 9714
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Microstructure and Texture in Steels and Other Materials comprises a collection of articles pertaining to experimental and theoretical aspects of the evolution of crystallographic texture and microstructure during processing of steels and some other materials. Among the topics covered is the processing-microstructure-texture-property relationship in various kinds of steels, including the latest grade. Special emphasis has been given to introduce recent advances in the characterization of texture and microstructure, as well as modeling. The papers included are written by well-known experts from academia and industrial R and D, which will provide the reader with state-of-the-art, in-depth knowledge of the subject. With these attributes, Microstructure and Texture in Steels and Other Materials is expected to serve the cause of creating awareness of current developments in microstructural science and materials engineering among academic and R and D personnel working in the field.

Surface Texture Versus Skidding


Author: Jerry G. Rose
Publisher: ASTM International
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: 150
View: 6971
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Texture Analysis for Magnetic Resonance Imaging


Author: Milan Hájek
Publisher: Texture Analysis Magn Resona
ISBN: 9788090366008
Category:
Page: 234
View: 7210
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Introduction to Texture Analysis

Macrotexture, Microtexture and Orientation Mapping
Author: Valerie Randle,Olaf Engler
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9789056992248
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 388
View: 1911
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Encompassing the concepts, practice, and application of orientation analysis, Introduction to Texture Analysis is an essential reference source for reserachers in textiles. The author uses an accessible style to share her expertise, providing comprehensive coverage of the theory and practice of the texture techniques now available and discusses their applications in research and industry. The text considers the merits of each technique for specific applications. Case studies expand upon the author's explanations and help illustrate the main principles involved. Topics include applications of diffraction, SEM- and TEM-based techniques, and crystallographic analyses.

Texture of the Nervous System of Man and the Vertebrates

Volume III An annotated and edited translation of the original Spanish text with the additions of the French version by Pedro Pasik and Tauba Pasik
Author: Santiago R.y Cajal
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783211832028
Category: Medical
Page: 663
View: 3914
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The works and thoughts of Santiago Ramn y Cajal in a faithful rendition of the original Spanish version, with additional facts contained in the French translation, both of which are currently quoted around 200 times each year in the scientific literature. This is the only authorized English translation and makes use of uniform nomenclature according to contemporary scientific English. Most of the illustrations are reproductions of Cajal's original art work, with cross references to the figure numbers of the Spanish and French versions, while the taxonomic glossary uses current scientific names, and their colloquial English counterparts.

Art Projects by Design

A Guide for the Classroom
Author: Del Klaustermeier
Publisher: Libraries Unlimited
ISBN: 9781563084416
Category: Education
Page: 207
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Teachers - even those with no formal art training - can bring the inspiration of art into the classroom with this resource! Following basic principles and elements of design (composition, line, texture, color, and so forth), the book provides step-by-step directions for more than 120 classroom-tested art projects. Students will enjoy such activities as creating African masks, op art weavings, and Celtic initials, while learning about art history and other subjects. The projects are easily integrated into a variety of curriculum areas, including math, social studies, and language arts. Many are multiculturally based and most use standard classroom art materials. Grades K-6.

Spiky, Slimy, Smooth

What Is Texture?
Author: Jane Brocket
Publisher: Millbrook Press
ISBN: 0761374582
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 32
View: 6513
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Soft, gooey, fluffy, prickly textures are all around us. What clever words will you use to describe the textures pictured in this book? Jane Brocket's appealing photography and simple, whimsical text give a fresh approach to a topic all young children learn about.