The 21st Century Singularity and Global Futures

This book introduces a 'Big History' perspective to understand the acceleration of social, technological and economic trends towards a near-term singularity, marking a radical turning point in the evolution of our planet.

Author: Andrey V. Korotayev

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030337308

Category: History

Page: 620

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This book introduces a 'Big History' perspective to understand the acceleration of social, technological and economic trends towards a near-term singularity, marking a radical turning point in the evolution of our planet. It traces the emergence of accelerating innovation rates through global history and highlights major historical transformations throughout the evolution of life, humans, and civilization. The authors pursue an interdisciplinary approach, also drawing on concepts from physics and evolutionary biology, to offer potential models of the underlying mechanisms driving this acceleration, along with potential clues on how it might progress. The contributions gathered here are divided into five parts, the first of which studies historical mega-trends in relation to a variety of aspects including technology, population, energy, and information. The second part is dedicated to a variety of models that can help understand the potential mechanisms, and support extrapolation. In turn, the third part explores various potential future scenarios, along with the paths and decisions that are required. The fourth part presents philosophical perspectives on the potential deeper meaning and implications of the trend towards singularity, while the fifth and last part discusses the implications of the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI). Given its scope, the book will appeal to scholars from various disciplines interested in historical trends, technological change and evolutionary processes.
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HISTORY MATHEMATICS

Journal of World-Systems Research 11(1): 79–93. Korotayev A. 2020. The 21st Century Singularity in the Big History Perspective: A ReAnalysis. The 21st Century Singularity and Global Futures. A Big History Perspective / Ed. by A.

Author: Leonid Grinin

Publisher: ООО "Издательство "Учитель"

ISBN: 9785705759101

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 248

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The present Yearbook (which is the eighth in the series) is subtitled Investigating Past and Future. It is devoted to three problems: the analysis of the aspects of past and present in the light of formal methods; singularity, i.e. forthcoming abrupt shift in development, the approach (or even presence) of which we already feel; the aspects of the cosmic future of human race. This issue consists of four sections: (I) History, Technologies, Politics, and Mathematics includes five articles on different directions of factual or theoretical content: history, technology, politics, and studies covering past, present, and future; (II) Singularity includes two contributions and is devoted to a rather interesting phenomenon of singularity. They suggest that indeed the hyperbolic planetary evolutionary trend observed since the origins of life on the Earth cannot continue beyond the forthcoming singularity, whereas the post-singular evolutionary trend should be qualitatively different from what has been observed before; (III) Beyond the Earth also consists of two very different articles, but they are united by their interest in the future of human race in terms of their interaction with the space; (IV) Reviews and Notes. We hope that this issue will be interesting and useful both for historians and mathematicians, as well as for all those dealing with various social and natural sciences.
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Handbook of Revolutions in the 21st Century

The cybernetic revolution and the future of technologies. In A. Korotayev & D. LePoire (Eds.), The 21st century singularity and global futures. A big history perspective (pp. 377–396).

Author: Jack A. Goldstone

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030864682

Category: History, Modern

Page: 1048

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The 21st century has witnessed a considerable and increasing number of political revolutions around the world. This contradicts the popular belief of many experts in the 1970s that revolutions occurred mainly in monarchies and empires. Instead, the revolutions of this century have several new characteristics, which call for a renewed analysis of the subject. This handbook offers a comparative perspective on the new wave of revolutions of the last decade. Presenting case studies on the color revolutions, the Arab revolutions of 20102011, and the global wave of revolutions in 20132018 that spanned regions ranging from Africa to the Caucasus, it offers a better understanding of the varied forms, features, and historical backgrounds of revolutions, as well as their causes. Accordingly, it highlights recent revolutions in their historical and world-systems contexts. The handbook is divided into seven parts, the first of which examines the history of views on revolution and important aspects of the theory of revolution. The second part analyzes revolutions within long-term historical trends and in their world-system contexts. In turn, the third part explores specific major revolutionary waves in history. The fourth part analyzes the first revolutionary wave of the 21st century (20002009), the so-called color revolutions, while the fifth discusses the second wave the Arab Spring (20102013) as an important turning point. The sixth part is dedicated to analyzing revolutions and revolutionary movements beyond the Arab Spring and some revolutionary events from the third wave that began in 2018. The seventh and final part offers forecasts on the future of revolutions. Given its scope, the book will appeal to scholars and students from various disciplines interested in historical trends, sociopolitical change, contentious politics, social movements, and revolutionary processes involving both nonviolent campaigns and political violence. "Once again, this volume demonstrates the kind of open-minded, systematic analysis that the field of revolutionary studies requires." (Prof. George Lawson, Department of International Relations, Australian National University Canberra).
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KONDRATIEFF WAVES

The Cybernetic Revolution and the Future of Technologies. World-Systems Evolution and Global Futures. The 21st Century Singularity and Global Futures / Ed. by D. LePoire, and A. Korotayev. Springer. In Press. Grinin L., Grinin A., ...

Author: Leonid E. Grinin

Publisher: ООО "Издательство "Учитель"

ISBN: 9785705757404

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 232

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This fourth issue of the Yearbook ‘Kondratieff Waves’ has the subtitle ‘The Spectrum of Opinions’, as its papers cover a whole range of problems. The Yearbook consists of three sections. The Introduction of this issue is dedicated to Nikolai Kondratieff's ideas which still are important to an analysis of the world economic situation. The first section (Long Waves in the Context of World Economy and Politics) includes five contributions devoted to the study of different spheres from economy to jihadism. The speeches of Kondratieff medal laureates are published in the second section (Kondratieff Medal: Winners' Speeches). It presents a very impressive collection of different views of well-known and young researchers. The last section (Reviews and Notes) includes Antony Harper's re view of Leonid Grinin, Andrey Korotayev and Arno Tausch's monograph ‘Economic Cycles, Crises, and the Global Periphery’ published by Springer International Publishing. This issue will be useful for economists, social scientists, as well as for a wide range of those interested in the problems of the past, present, and future of global economy and globalization.
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The Future of the Artificial Mind

Plurality: The end of singularity? In Korotayev, A. V. and LePoire, D. J., editors, The 21st Century Singularity and Global Futures – A Big History Perspective, pages 163–184. Springer, Berlin. Plunkett, K. and Juola, P. (1999).

Author: Alessio Plebe

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781000614688

Category: Computers

Page: 254

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The Future of the Artificial Mind is about the social and technological challenges posed by the new wave of artificial intelligence, both from a technical and a cognitive perspective. Deep neural networks have brought about tremendous technological improvements. This renaissance in artificial intelligence, after decades of stagnation, has enabled new technologies capable of surpassing human performance, as in the case of visual recognition. The book reviews the key ideas that have enabled these goals to be achieved and their historical origins. The book also considers some of the ethical and social challenges that the future development of artificial intelligence will face. Will humans fall in love with future android dolls? What will artificial sex be like? And what will it be like to travel in cars that will treat us as passengers instead of drivers? But predicting the future appears more magic than science. But when it comes to artificial intelligence, it is a constant temptation. Since it is well known that "the only way to get rid of a temptation is to enjoy it!", the hypothesis considered in the last chapter is that emerging trends point to a near future in which intelligence will be ubiquitous, but it will be difficult to identify its bearer. We may be heading towards an era of widespread intelligence, but an intelligence without accountability.
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Hacking in the Humanities

Here, within this short history of the function of story, we see a potential shift in the twenty-first century toward ... Oxford University Press, 1999); The 21st Century Singularity and Global Futures: A Big History Perspective, eds.

Author: Aaron Mauro

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781350231009

Category: Computers

Page: 224

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What would it take to hack a human? How exploitable are we? In the cybersecurity industry, professionals know that the weakest component of any system sits between the chair and the keyboard. This book looks to speculative fiction, cyberpunk and the digital humanities to bring a human - and humanistic - perspective to the issue of cybersecurity. It argues that through these stories we are able to predict the future political, cultural, and social realities emerging from technological change. Making the case for a security-minded humanities education, this book examines pressing issues of data security, privacy, social engineering and more, illustrating how the humanities offer the critical, technical, and ethical insights needed to oppose the normalization of surveillance, disinformation, and coercion. Within this counter-cultural approach to technology, this book offers a model of activism to intervene and meaningfully resist government and corporate oversight online. In doing so, it argues for a wider notion of literacy, which includes the ability to write and fight the computer code that shapes our lives.
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Digitalization and the Future of Financial Services

Future Internet, 11(9), 196. https://doi.org/10.3390/ fil1090196 Crown, J. F. (1996). A history of money from AD ... Laws and Regulations in global financial markets. ... In the “21st century singularity and global futures”. Springer.

Author: Darko B. Vukovic

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783031115455

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 229

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This book develops insights of digitalization and the future of financial services to originate an innovative approach to financial field, in order to underpin research and practice in the wide area of digital finance. The aim of this book is to extend our understandings on how digitalization and the future of financial services can be helpful in different business circumstances in many cross-functional financial areas, such as financial markets, financial risk management, financial technologies, investment finance, etc. Thus, the book aims at addressing the relevance of digital finance for different players, highlighting differences in tools and processes as well as identifying innovative practices in financial digitalization. This can result in some novel theoretical and practical insights that can foster financial players, in order to proactively explore and exploit opportunities in financial digitalization and offset financial risks and increase efficiency.
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Global Challenges of Climate Change Vol 1

URL: netzeroamerica. princeton.edu LePoire, D. J., & Chandrankunnel, M. (2020). Energy fiow trends in big history. In A. Korotayev & D. LePoire (Eds.), The 21st century singularity and global futures ...

Author: Tessaleno Campos Devezas

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783031164705

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 212

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This two-volume book offers a broad range of discussions on the immense challenge of climate change, one confronting every country on the planet and forcing them to find a path towards a sustainable future that will not have disastrous consequences in relation to our chances of survival. It also presents a snapshot of the status quo, which reflects all the decisions and measures taken to date. Analyzing the consequences of the steps that will shape our future, the two volumes also reflect on important decisions at a global level that have already been taken. In this first volume on green energy, decarbonization, and forecasting the green transition, respected international scholars analyze various technical aspects of and alternatives to the so-called “green energy transition,” as well as measures intended to help reach the ambitious goal of net zero emissions within the next thirty years. Throughout the 13 chapters, the authors forecast future scenarios for the use of alternative energy sources. Additionally, the book discusses questions regarding the suitability of current measures and presents innovative alternatives that have remained largely overlooked. This book is a must-read for scholars, researchers and students, as well as policymakers interested in a better understanding of climate change, present scenarios, and alternative solutions and measures.
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Present and Future Paradigms of Cyberculture in the 21st Century

Technological singularity. ... 21st Century Skills: How can you prepare students for the new Global Economy. ... Human-level artificial general intelligence and the possibility of a technological singularity: A reaction to Ray ...

Author: Atay, Simber

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781522580256

Category: Computers

Page: 246

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Cyberculture is a particularly complex issue. It is seen as a fantastic meeting point of classic philosophers with postmodern theorists, politicians with community engineers, contemporary sophists with software engineers, and artists with rhetoricians. Today, cyberculture is identified highly with new media and digital rhetoric and could be used to create a comprehensive map of modern culture. Present and Future Paradigms of Cyberculture in the 21st Century is a comprehensive research publication that explores the influence of the internet and internet culture on society as a whole. Highlighting a wide range of topics such as digital media, activism, and psychology, this book is ideal for academicians, researchers, sociologists, psychologists, anthropologists, and students.
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Deep Learning in Visual Computing and Signal Processing

and controlling is giving birth to a whole new world with better future and results for medical field. We studied in detail about the ... D. J., Eds. The 21st Century Singularity and Global Futures, 2020. 120 Deep Learning in Visual ...

Author: Krishna Kant Singh

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781000565232

Category: Science

Page: 289

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An enlightening amalgamation of deep learning concepts with visual computing and signal processing applications, this new volume covers the fundamentals and advanced topics in designing and deploying techniques using deep architectures and their application in visual computing and signal processing. The volume first lays out the fundamentals of deep learning as well as deep learning architectures and frameworks. It goes on to discuss deep learning in neural networks and deep learning for object recognition and detection models. It looks at the various specific applications of deep learning in visual and signal processing, such as in biorobotics, for automated brain tumor segmentation in MRI images, in neural networks for use in seizure classification, for digital forensic investigation based on deep learning, and more.
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