The past decade has witnessed an explosion of information on the molecular biology of insect viruses and a frenzy of activity in applying this information to medicine and agriculture. Genetically engineered baculoviruses are presently being tested for commercial use as pesticides, and the study of such viruses is also revealing remarkable insights into basic cellular processes such as apoptosis. This comprehensive volume provides readers with knowledge of basic and applied baculovirology so that current literature in the field can be appreciated.
This comprehensive volume provides readers with knowledge of basic and applied baculovirology so that current literature in the field can be appreciated.
Author: Lois K. Miller
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
With the growing concern over the use of chemical insecticides for pest control,
the baculoviruses are of great interest as ... The Environmental Protection Agency
has registered, after considerable safety evaluation tests, a baculovirus of the ...
One demonstrated effective technology is the use of insect baculoviruses, which
are cost-effective and can be used with current methods of application. However,
the use of baculoviruses for biological control is limited by the time required for ...
Category: Arthropod pests
GRANADOS : I suggest that we drop back to baculoviruses and insert insect
viruses to make that more general . ... A better understanding is needed of the
replication and patho - , genesis of baculoviruses in their natural hosts and cell
Author: Max Summers
V.1 - Biological properties and molecular biology: Historical perspectives; Taxonomy and identification of baculoviruses; Ultrastructure of baculoviruses; In vivo infection and replication of baculoviruses; In vitro replication of baculoviruses; Baculovirus structural proteins and protein synthesis; Current developments in baculovirus serology; Persistent baculovirus infections; Specificity and safety of baculoviruses; Evolution of occluded baculoviruses; The genetics of baculoviruses; Organization and expression of the baculovirus genome; v.2 - Practical application for insect control: In vivo and in vitro bioassay methods for baculoviruses; In vivo production of baculoviruses; Cell culture methods for large-scale propagation of baculoviruses; Ecology and ens, chemical pesticides, and parasitoids; Formulation and application of baculoviruses; Use of baculoviruses in pest management programs; Registration of baculoviruses as pesticides; Practical factors influencing the utilization of baculoviruses as pesticides; Insect resistance to baculoviruses.
Today we know that this disease is caused by a specific insect virus , the type
species of the genus Baculovirus . 2 - 5 The generic name is derived from
baculum , “ stick ” , because the infective virus particles are rod - shaped , 6 , 7
about 40 to ...
Author: Brian A. Federici
Three other baculoviruses have been used by the U . S . Forest Service to control
the Douglas fir tussock moth , the gypsy moth , and the European pine sawfly ( 16
) . Baculoviruses are used to control lepidopterans ( butterflies and moths ) ...
Author: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment
Publisher: U.S. Government Printing Office
Category: Technology & Engineering
11-16, 1994 ISBN - 81 - 90010 - 4 - X Invited Lecture INSECT BACULOVIRUSES
AS BIOCONTROL AGENTS S. ... Although the production of baculoviruses is
expensive since it is produced on living hosts, added cost often can be
Author: Suresh C. Goel
Viral Insecticides for Biological Control focuses on the basic as well as applied aspects of viral insecticides, which have the potential to significantly reduce the current reliance on chemical pesticide technology. This book serves as a guide for the development of means to identify hazardous problems and prevent them. Organized into six parts with a total of 23 chapters, this book describes the taxonomy, nomenclature, identification, physical, biological, as well as chemical characteristics, replication, and pathology of insect viruses. This reference material also explores the dispersal, stability, and utilization of insect viruses as biological control agents. The factors and considerations that must be taken into account when a viral insecticide is sought as a large-scale commercial alternative to other more traditional methods of pest control are also addressed. Because this reference material collates information in this field of interest, it will benefit a wide audience of readers, including researchers, students, and those working directly in crop protection.
I. STRUCTURE OF BACULOVIRUS DNA All baculoviruses contain double—
stranded DNA. Usually the DNA extracted from virus particles is circular and
some molecules are covalently closed (i.e., the two chains of DNA run
antiparallel and ...
Author: Karl Maramorosch
Category: Technology & Engineering
Author: Herbert G. Miltenburger
THE BACULOVIRUS LIFE CYCLE es Baculoviruses provide another useful
model system to study regulation of apoptosis by a DNA virus . The baculoviruses
are a family of large double - stranded DNA viruses that primarily infect
Author: Douglas Joseph LaCount
The purpose of this report is to provide guidance for conducting tests to
determine the efficacy of entomogenous bacteria and baculoviruses . The
methods described herein are not to be considered exclusive of other methods .
Author: American Institute of Biological Sciences
In addition to being used for effective protein expression vectors , baculoviruses
have been used as biological insecticides in agriculture and forestry . The
molecular biology of host range determination of baculoviruses has been a
subject of ...
Author: Xianlin Du
Baculoviruses have been considered for use in pest management , and have
been used to control forest pests ( Podgwaite , 1985 ) and agricultural pests ,
such as Anticarsia gemmatlis , a soybean pest ( Moscardi , 1989 ; Carner , 1977 )
Author: Chi-Ju Chen
The Baculoviruses . Plenum Press , New York . 15 . Boothman , D . A . , M . Wang
, R . A . Schea , H . L . Burrows , S . Strickfaden , and J . K . Owens . 1992 .
Posttreatment exposure to camptothecin enhances the lethal effects of X - rays on
Author: Rebecca Rose Hozak
baculoviruses . However with credibility gained by the success of the
baculoviruses , further research is likely to lead to products based on other insect
- selective viruses such as cytoplasmic polyhedrosis viruses , entomopox viruses
, and ...
Nucleotide sequence of a gene essential for viral DNA replication in the
baculovirus Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus . Virology 181 :
336-347 . 83 . Lu , A. , P. J. Krell , J. M. Vlak , and G. F. Rohrmann 1997.
Baculovirus DNA ...
Author: Victoria Ann Olson
A recombinant bcl - x s adenovirus selectively induces apoptosis in cancer cells
but not in normal bone marrow cells . Proc . Natl . Acad . Sci . USA 92 : 11024 - 8 .
37 . Clem , R . J . 1997 . Regulation of programmed cell death by baculoviruses ...
Author: Gulam Abbas Manji
Location and nucleotide sequence of the 25k protein missing from baculovirus
few polyhedra ( FP ) mutants . Virology 168 : 344–353 . 3. ... B. C. , and B. D.
Hammock . 1996. Development of recombinant baculoviruses for insect control .
Category: Microbial ecology
Brings together up-to-date information on all key aspects of plant and animal cell technology in a single resource. * Covers scientific, historical, and ethical aspects of biotechnology. * Synthesizes a wealth of information in a valuable one-stop resource. * Invaluable to researchers working animal or plant cell technology.
The baculovirus expression system has two other important advantages in
addition to its safety , convenience , and yield . First , the rod - shaped viral capsid
is completed after genome packaging , so that the size of the capsid is
determined by ...
Author: Raymond E. Spier
Therefore , we wish to identify what can be discussed ; to survey the
discrimination , sensitivity and interpretation of a limited number of serological
assays applied in our and several other laboratories to the genus Baculovirus .
The necessity ...
Author: Society for Invertebrate Pathology
Category: Insect pests