The Birth of Bioethics

This book is the first broad history of the growing field of bioethics.

Author: Albert R. Jonsen

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195171470

Category: Medical

Page: 448

View: 397

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This book is the first broad history of the growing field of bioethics. Covering the period 1947-1987, it examines the origin and evolution of the debates over human experimentation, genetic engineering, organ transplantation, termination of life-sustaining treatment, and new reproductive technologies. It assesses the contributions of philosophy, theology, law and the social sciences to the expanding discourse of bioethics. Written by one of the field's founders, it is based on extensive archival research into resources that are difficult to obtain and on interviews with many leading figures. A very readable account of the development of bioethics, the book stresses the history of ideas but does not neglect the social and cultural context and the people involved.
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A Short History of Medical Ethics

This survey of the origins and development of medical ethics, ranges from the Hippocratic medicine of ancient Greece through the Middle Ages, Renaissance and Enlightenment in Europe to the long history of medicine in India and China.

Author: Albert R. Jonsen

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 019536984X

Category: Medical

Page: 153

View: 375

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A physician says, "I have an ethical obligation never to cause the death of a patient," another responds, "My ethical obligation is to relieve pain even if the patient dies." The current argument over the role of physicians in assisting patients to die constantly refers to the ethical duties of the profession. References to the Hippocratic Oath are often heard. Many modern problems, from assisted suicide to accessible health care, raise questions about the traditional ethics of medicine and the medical profession. However, few know what the traditional ethics are and how they came into being. This book provides a brief tour of the complex story of medical ethics evolved over centuries in both Western and Eastern culture. It sets this story in the social and cultural contexts in which the work of healing was practiced and suggests that, behind the many different perceptions about the ethical duties of physicians, certain themes appear constantly, and may be relevant to modern debates. The book begins with the Hippocratic medicine of ancient Greece, moves through the Middle Ages, Renaissance and Enlightenment in Europe, and the long history of Indian and Chinese medicine, ending as the problems raised modern medical science and technology challenge the settled ethics of the long tradition.
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The Transformation of the Medical Ethos and the Birth of Bioethics in Colombia

In the late 1960s and early 1970s bioethics was born in the USA and rapidly spread across the world.

Author: Eduardo Diaz-Amado

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:847538977

Category:

Page:

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In the late 1960s and early 1970s bioethics was born in the USA and rapidly spread across the world. Bioethicists have traditionally argued that their discipline was the answer to the ethical challenges posed by the scientific and technological progress in biomedicine, although others have emphasised the abuses committed in biomedical human research and the dehumanisation of medicine. Notwithstanding the great excitement produced by the rise of the new field, its foundations, scope, and official historical accounts have been criticised. Calls to give bioethics better philosophical foundations -beyond the American principlism- and to broaden the field, particularly to include problems typical of the developing world such as poverty, exploitation and inequality have grown in the last twenty years. In Colombia, the idea that bioethics is an advocate of life, a discipline to protect life on earth from the dangers of an irresponsible scientific and technological advance as well as from a wrong model of development has been promoted by the Colombian bioethical establishment. Drawing on the Foucauldian view on power and knowledge, this thesis analyses the connections between the flourishing of bioethics in Colombia and the implementation of a neoliberal healthcare system in the 1990s. The historiographies and hagiographies that have dominated the official history of bioethics in Colombia are criticised and, instead, a historical approach is offered. The central argument is that bioethics, and other discourses of surveillance of medical practice such as medical liability are part of the governmentalization of the Colombian medical ethos, and that bioethics has become a totalising, all-embracing field, constituting a form of power exercise over the biomedical scenario. Complementing the analysis, information from 27 semi-structured interviews is provided. Chapter one, the introductory chapter, discusses medicine as a contemporary cultural phenomenon and the birth of bioethics in the USA, while chapter two describes the elements of the Foucauldian toolkit that I use in the analysis. Chapters three and four critically approach the arrival and development of bioethics in Latin America and Colombia. Chapter five discusses the transformation of the Colombian medical ethos, describing the political transformation of the country in the 1990s and the healthcare reform. Chapters six and seven examine the discourses and practices around medical ethics in Colombia as well as how bioethics, medical practice, medical liability and biopolitically relevant legal decisions in the context of the new constitutional reality of the country became intertwined discourses.
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The Birth of Bioethics

... endowed the emerging bioethics with a conceptual shape . Almost from its birth , bioethics was an ethics of principles , formulated as " action - guides ...

Author: Albert R. Jonsen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199759820

Category: Medical

Page: 448

View: 435

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This book is the first broad history of the growing field of bioethics. Covering the period 1947-1987, it examines the origin and evolution of the debates over human experimentation, genetic engineering, organ transplantation, termination of life-sustaining treatment, and new reproductive technologies. It assesses the contributions of philosophy, theology, law and the social sciences to the expanding discourse of bioethics. Written by one of the field's founders, it is based on extensive archival research into resources that are difficult to obtain and on interviews with many leading figures. A very readable account of the development of bioethics, the book stresses the history of ideas but does not neglect the social and cultural context and the people involved.
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Birth to Death

This book, aimed at the general reader, reviews the major advances of recent years in biology and medicine and explores their ethical implications.

Author: Director Medical Humanities Program David C Thomasma

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521555566

Category: Medical

Page: 382

View: 285

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Reviews recent medical advances and discusses their ethical and moral implications.
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The Birth of Ethics

Michael van Manen explores these ethical moral complexities and conceptualizations of life's beginnings.

Author: Michael Van Manen

Publisher: Phenomenology of Practice

ISBN: 0367627426

Category: Bioethics

Page: 128

View: 189

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From the time of conception, through the gestation of pregnancy, to the birth of a newborn child exists an extraordinary, emergent ethics. How does this ethics come into being when a child is conceived? How does the appearance of ethics in pregnancy differ from its emergence after birth? How does the original meaning of ethics relate to modern morality in decision making? In this book, Michael van Manen explores these ethical moral complexities and conceptualizations of life's beginnings. He delves into perennial and contemporary aspects of conception, pregnancy, and birth to present ethics as a fundamental phenomenon in the experiential encounter between parent and child. Even in the context of neonatal-perinatal medicine, where all manner of medical technologies and illnesses may potentially complicate the developing relation of parent and child, ethics is always already present yet also enigmatic in its origin. And yet, to approach ethical moral questions, we need to understand the inception of ethics. The Birth of Ethics: Phenomenological Reflections on Life's Beginnings is an essential text not only for health professionals and researchers but also for parents, family members, and others who care and take responsibility for newborns in need of medical care.
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The Oxford Handbook of Bioethics

Anyone who wants to know how the central debates in bioethics have developed in recent years, and where the debates are going, will want to consult this book.

Author: Bonnie Steinbock

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199273359

Category: Medical

Page: 747

View: 833

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Bonnie Steinbock presents the authoritative, state-of-the-art guide to current issues in bioethics, covering 30 topics in original essays by some of the world's leading figures in the field, as well as by some newer 'up-and-comers'. Anyone who wants to know how the central debates in bioethics have developed in recent years, and where the debates are going, will want to consult this book.
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The Development of Bioethics in the United States

This volume maps the remarkable development of bioethics in American culture, uncovering the important historical factors that brought it into existence, analyzing its cultural, philosophical, and professional dimensions, and surveying its ...

Author: Jeremy R. Garrett

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400740112

Category: Medical

Page: 280

View: 388

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In only four decades, bioethics has transformed from a fledgling field into a complex, rapidly expanding, multidisciplinary field of inquiry and practice. Its influence can be found not only in our intellectual and biomedical institutions, but also in almost every facet of our social, cultural, and political life. This volume maps the remarkable development of bioethics in American culture, uncovering the important historical factors that brought it into existence, analyzing its cultural, philosophical, and professional dimensions, and surveying its potential future trajectories. Bringing together a collection of original essays by seminal figures in the fields of medical ethics and bioethics, it addresses such questions as the following: - Are there precise moments, events, socio-political conditions, legal cases, and/or works of scholarship to which we can trace the emergence of bioethics as a field of inquiry in the United States? - What is the relationship between the historico-causal factors that gave birth to bioethics and the factors that sustain and encourage its continued development today? - Is it possible and/or useful to view the history of bioethics in discrete periods with well-defined boundaries? - If so, are there discernible forces that reveal why transitions occurred when they did? What are the key concepts that ultimately frame the field and how have they evolved and developed over time? - Is the field of bioethics in a period of transformation into biopolitics? Contributors include George Annas, Howard Brody, Eric J. Cassell, H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr., Edmund L. Erde, John Collins Harvey, Albert R. Jonsen, Loretta M. Kopelman, Laurence B. McCullough, Edmund D. Pellegrino, Warren T. Reich, Carson Strong, Robert M. Veatch, and Richard M. Zaner.
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How to Build a Better Human

In How to Build a Better Human, prominent bioethicist Gregory E. Pence argues if, we are careful and ethical, we can use genetics, biotechnology, and medicine in safe ethical ways for human enhancement.

Author: Gregory E. Pence

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781442217645

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 778

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In How to Build a Better Human, prominent bioethicist Gregory E. Pence argues if, we are careful and ethical, we can use genetics, biotechnology, and medicine in safe ethical ways for human enhancement. He looks at the innovations and challenges that have occurred since the birth of bioethics almost 50 years ago and considers the ethical implications of the technological advances that are just around the corner.
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Bioethics Volume 19 Part 2

THE DEPROFESSIONALIZATION OF MEDICINE , THE RELOCATION OF MEDICAL ETHICS , AND THE EMERGENCE OF BIOETHICS FULLY - GROWN , LIKE ATHENA FROM THE HEAD OF ZEUS ...

Author: Ellen Frankel Paul

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521525268

Category: Medical

Page: 395

View: 187

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Assesses the methodology of bioethics and examines a variety of moral and political issues.
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Bioethics in Historical Perspective

This book provides student readers with up-to-date information about issues in bioethics, as well as a guide to the most influential ethical standpoints.

Author: Sarah Ferber

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 9781137265654

Category: Medical

Page: 248

View: 168

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How influential has the Nazi analogy been in recent medical debates on euthanasia? Is the history of eugenics being revived in modern genetic technologies? And what does the tragic history of thalidomide and its recent reintroduction for new medical treatments tell us about how governments solve ethical dilemmas? Bioethics in Historical Perspective shows how our understanding of medical history still plays a part in clinical medicine and medical research today. With clear and balanced explanations of complex issues, this extensively documented set of case studies in biomedical ethics explores the important role played by history in thinking about modern medical practice and policy. This book provides student readers with up-to-date information about issues in bioethics, as well as a guide to the most influential ethical standpoints. New twists added to well-known stories will engage those more familiar with the challenging field of contemporary bioethics.
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The making of British bioethics

See also Albert Jonsen, 'The Structure of an Ethical Revolution: Paul Ramsey, the Beecher Lectures and the Birth of Bioethics', in Paul Ramsey, ...

Author: Duncan Wilson

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9781526102836

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 155

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This electronic version has been made available under a Creative Commons (BY-NC-ND) open access license. The making of British bioethics provides the first in-depth study of how philosophers, lawyers and other ‘outsiders’ came to play a major role in discussing and helping to regulate issues that used to be left to doctors and scientists. It details how British bioethics emerged thanks to a dynamic interplay between sociopolitical concerns and the aims of specific professional groups and individuals who helped create the demand for outside involvement and transformed themselves into influential ‘ethics experts’. Highlighting this interplay helps us appreciate how issues such as embryo research and assisted dying became high-profile ‘bioethical’ concerns in the late twentieth century, and why different groups now play a critical role in developing regulatory standards and leading public debates. The book draws on a wide range of original sources and will be of interest to historians of medicine and science, general historians and bioethicists.
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Bioethics in America

In his effort in 1993 to pinpoint the “birth of bioethics,” for example, philosopher and bioethicist Albert Jonsen reflected on the historical precedent of ...

Author: M. L. Tina Stevens

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801876974

Category: Medical

Page: 224

View: 977

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That is, the public was reassured by bioethical oversight of biomedicine; in reality, however, bioethicists belonged to the same mainstream that produced the doctors and researchers whom the bioethicists were guiding.
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Women s Rights and Bioethics

This book, based on the Round Table on Bioethics and Women held at UNESCO during the Fourth Session of the International Bioethics Committee (IBC), presents the experience of field workers and actors in areas as diverse as health, legal ...

Author: Lorraine Dennerstein

Publisher: UNESCO

ISBN: 9789231037658

Category: Philosophy

Page: 215

View: 645

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Advances in the biomedical sciences have raised pertinent, and often paradoxical, questions concerning the relationship between women's health and their rights. This book, based on the Round Table on Bioethics and Women held at UNESCO during the Fourth Session of the International Bioethics Committee (IBC), presents the experience of field workers and actors in areas as diverse as health, legal affairs, governance, education and psychology. It takes into account both the various stages of the biological life span and the insertion of women in a particular socio-economic and cultural context. Although the book does not claim to be exhaustive, it shows to what extent the specificity of issues related to women in relation to bioethical issues has sometimes been underestimated. Based on numerous socio-cultural experiences throughout the world, it also provides a useful general view for readers who wish to pursue research or studies in this field. [UNESCO website]
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The Development of Bioethics in the United States

This volume maps the remarkable development of bioethics in American culture, uncovering the important historical factors that brought it into existence, analyzing its cultural, philosophical, and professional dimensions, and surveying its ...

Author: Jeremy R. Garrett

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9400740123

Category: Medical

Page: 280

View: 374

Download →

In only four decades, bioethics has transformed from a fledgling field into a complex, rapidly expanding, multidisciplinary field of inquiry and practice. Its influence can be found not only in our intellectual and biomedical institutions, but also in almost every facet of our social, cultural, and political life. This volume maps the remarkable development of bioethics in American culture, uncovering the important historical factors that brought it into existence, analyzing its cultural, philosophical, and professional dimensions, and surveying its potential future trajectories. Bringing together a collection of original essays by seminal figures in the fields of medical ethics and bioethics, it addresses such questions as the following: - Are there precise moments, events, socio-political conditions, legal cases, and/or works of scholarship to which we can trace the emergence of bioethics as a field of inquiry in the United States? - What is the relationship between the historico-causal factors that gave birth to bioethics and the factors that sustain and encourage its continued development today? - Is it possible and/or useful to view the history of bioethics in discrete periods with well-defined boundaries? - If so, are there discernible forces that reveal why transitions occurred when they did? What are the key concepts that ultimately frame the field and how have they evolved and developed over time? - Is the field of bioethics in a period of transformation into biopolitics? Contributors include George Annas, Howard Brody, Eric J. Cassell, H. Tristram Engelhardt Jr., Edmund L. Erde, John Collins Harvey, Albert R. Jonsen, Loretta M. Kopelman, Laurence B. McCullough, Edmund D. Pellegrino, Warren T. Reich, Carson Strong, Robert M. Veatch, and Richard M. Zaner.
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The Birth of the Clinic

For the first time, medical knowledge took on precision that had formerly belonged only to mathematics. The body became something that could be mapped. In this book, the author charts a dramatic transformation of medical knowledge.

Author: Michel Foucault

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: STANFORD:36105112264630

Category: History

Page: 215

View: 534

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Explores the foundations of modern medicine and the factors that forged its development in the early 1800s
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Van Rensselaer Potter and His Place in the History of Bioethics

Educated in a very Catholic environment, in his 1998 book The Birth of Bioethics, Jonsen cites certain European sources and mentions Potter twice.

Author: Amir Muzur

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 9783643911339

Category:

Page: 128

View: 972

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Van Rensselaer Potter (1911-2001), the biochemist-oncologist of University of Wisconsin-Madison, was long been related to the invention of the term "bioethics". Even today, knowing that the German theologian Fritz Jahr (1895-1953) is to be credited for this invention, Potter's ideas do not lose on their importance, primarily for his opposition to a bioethics narrowed down onto biomedical issues. The book represents the first monograph on Potter's life and work worldwide, telling a fascinating story about a concerned top scientist and humanist.
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Handbook of Bioethics and Religion

Albert R. Jonsen, The Birth of Bioethics (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998); David J. Rothman, Strangers by the Bedside: A History of How Law and ...

Author: David E. Guinn

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195178739

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 437

View: 149

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In Handbook of Bioethics and Religion the authors address specific and highly contested issues such as assisted suicide, stem cell research, cloning, reproductive health, and alternative medicine, as well as more general questions such as who legitimately speaks for religion in public bioethics, what religion can add to our understanding of justice, and the value of faith-based contributions to health care.
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