The British Cinema Boom 1909 1914

This book examines why thousands of cinemas opened in Britain in the space of a few years before the start of the First World War.

Author: Jon Burrows

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 1137396768

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 242

View: 489

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This book examines why thousands of cinemas opened in Britain in the space of a few years before the start of the First World War. It explains how they were the product of an investment boom which observers characterised as economically irrational and irresponsible. Burrows profiles the main groups of people who started cinema companies during this period, and those who bought shares in them, and considers whether the early cinema business might be seen as a bubble that burst. The book examines the impact of the Cinematograph Act 1909 upon the boom, and explains why British film production seemed to decline in inverse proportion to the mass expansion of the market for moving image entertainment. This account also takes a new look at the development of film distribution, the emergence of the feature film and the creation of the British Board of Film Censors. Making systematic and pioneering use of surviving business and local government records, this book will appeal to anyone interested in silent cinema, the history of film exhibition and the economics of popular culture.
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The British Cinema Boom 1909 1914

The British Cinema Boom, 19091914 A Commercial History Jon Burrows The British Cinema Boom, 19091914 Jon Burrows The British Cinema. Front Cover.

Author: Jon Burrows

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137396778

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 242

View: 646

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This book examines why thousands of cinemas opened in Britain in the space of a few years before the start of the First World War. It explains how they were the product of an investment boom which observers characterised as economically irrational and irresponsible. Burrows profiles the main groups of people who started cinema companies during this period, and those who bought shares in them, and considers whether the early cinema business might be seen as a bubble that burst. The book examines the impact of the Cinematograph Act 1909 upon the boom, and explains why British film production seemed to decline in inverse proportion to the mass expansion of the market for moving image entertainment. This account also takes a new look at the development of film distribution, the emergence of the feature film and the creation of the British Board of Film Censors. Making systematic and pioneering use of surviving business and local government records, this book will appeal to anyone interested in silent cinema, the history of film exhibition and the economics of popular culture.
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A Companion to British and Irish Cinema

He is the author of Legitimate Cinema: Theatre Stars in Silent British Films, 1908–1918 (2003) and The British Cinema Boom, 19091914: A Commercial History ...

Author: John Hill

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118482834

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 608

View: 534

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A stimulating overview of the intellectual arguments and critical debates involved in the study of British and Irish cinemas British and Irish film studies have expanded in scope and depth in recent years, prompting a growing number of critical debates on how these cinemas are analysed, contextualized, and understood. A Companion to British and Irish Cinema addresses arguments surrounding film historiography, methods of textual analysis, critical judgments, and the social and economic contexts that are central to the study of these cinemas. Twenty-nine essays from many of the most prominent writers in the field examine how British and Irish cinema have been discussed, the concepts and methods used to interpret and understand British and Irish films, and the defining issues and debates at the heart of British and Irish cinema studies. Offering a broad scope of commentary, the Companion explores historical, cultural and aesthetic questions that encompass over a century of British and Irish film studies—from the early years of the silent era to the present-day. Divided into five sections, the Companion discusses the social and cultural forces shaping British and Irish cinema during different periods, the contexts in which films are produced, distributed and exhibited, the genres and styles that have been adopted by British and Irish films, issues of representation and identity, and debates on concepts of national cinema at a time when ideas of what constitutes both ‘British’ and ‘Irish’ cinema are under question. A Companion to British and Irish Cinema is a valuable and timely resource for undergraduate and postgraduate students of film, media, and cultural studies, and for those seeking contemporary commentary on the cinemas of Britain and Ireland.
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The Sounds of the Silents in Britain

“Among the Cinemas”, Cinema News andProperty Gazette (hereafter, Cinema), 8Jan. ... “Financing the Edwardian Cinema Boom, 19091914”, HistoricalJournal ...

Author: Julie Brown

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199797615

Category: History

Page: 334

View: 495

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The Sounds of the Silents in Britain explores the sonic dimension of film exhibition in Britain from the emergence of cinema to the introduction of synchronized sound. Written by experts on British silent film and film music, the chapters provide an introduction to diverse aspects of early film sound: vocal performance, from lecturing and reciting to voicing the drama; music, from developments in accompanying techniques to the impact of legislation on musical practice overall; and performance in cinemas more generally, from dancing and singalong films to live stage prologues. The book also debunks some of the myths about the sonic dimension of film exhibition: it reveals that exhibition practices in London were arguably more sophisticated than those in New York before the onset of World War I, for instance, and that venue licensing decisions had a profound effect on whether music could even be performed with film in some theatres. Based on extensive archival research and musicological analysis, The Sounds of the Silents in Britain represents an important addition to early film and film music scholarship.
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Cinema and Cinema Going in Scotland 1896 1950

R. Brown, 'New Century Pictures: Regional Enterprise in Early British Film ... 'Financing the Edwardian Cinema Boom, 19091914', Historical Journal of Film ...

Author: Trevor Griffiths

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 9780748668052

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 854

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This book deals with the growth of cinema-going in Scotland in an extended scholarly manner, integrating the study of cinema into wider debates in social and economic history.
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Screen Culture

More clearly, British film exhibition consolidated earlier than in the US, ... Due to the cinema-building boom of 1909 to 1914, roughly half of all cinemas ...

Author: Richard Butsch

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781509535866

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 336

View: 180

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In this expansive historical synthesis, Richard Butsch integrates social, economic, and political history to offer a comprehensive and cohesive examination of screen media and screen culture globally – from film and television to computers and smart phones – as they have evolved through the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Drawing on an enormous trove of research on the USA, Britain, France, Egypt, West Africa, India, China, and other nations, Butsch tells the stories of how media have developed in these nations and what global forces linked them. He assesses the global ebb and flow of media hegemony and the cultural differences in audiences' use of media. Comparisons across time and space reveal two linked developments: the rise and fall of American cultural hegemony, and the consistency among audiences from different countries in the way they incorporate screen entertainments into their own cultures. Screen Culture offers a masterful, integrated global history that invites media scholars to see this landscape in a new light. Deeply engaging, the book is also suitable for students and interested general readers.
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The Economics of the British Stage 1800 1914

At the exhibiting end , costs were cheap relative to live theatre . Early electric palaces ranged from £ 2,000 to set up store - front conversions to ...

Author: Tracy C. Davis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521036852

Category: Drama

Page: 506

View: 314

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A comprehensive study of economic theory in relation to the development of nineteenth-century British theatre.
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British Cinema

George Pearson, Flashback: an Autobiography of a British Film Maker (London: ... See Parliamentary Debates (Commons) 1909 III (London: HMSO, 1909), pp.

Author: Amy Sargeant

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781838714765

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 384

View: 169

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Although new writing and research on British cinema has burgeoned over the last fifteen years, there has been a continued lack of single-authored books providing a coherent overview to this fascinating and elusive national cinema. Amy Sargeant's personal and entertaining history of British cinema aims to fill this gap. With its insightful decade-by-decade analysis, British Cinema is brought alive for a new generation of British cinema students and the general reader alike. Sargeant challenges Rachel Low's premise 'that few of the films made in England during the twenties were any good' by covering subjects as diverse as the art of intertitling, the narrative complexities of Shooting Stars and Brunel's burlesques. Sargeant goes onto examine among other things, the differing acting styles of Dietrich and Donat in the seminal Knight Without Armour to early promotional campaigns in the 1930s, whereas subjects ranging from product endorsement by stars to the character of the suburban wife are covered in the 1940s. The 1950s includes topics such as the effect of post-war government intervention, to Free Cinema and Lindsay Anderson's 'infuriating lapses of rigour', together with a much-needed overview of Michael Balcon's contribution to British cinema. For Sargeant, the 1960s provides an overview of the tentative relationship between film and advertising and the rise of young Turks such as Tony Richardson, Ken Loach, Donald Cammell and Nicolas Roeg.
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Young and Innocent

As Figure 2 indicates , the peak growth of British cinema construction came in 1910 ... boom , built upon the I21 CINEMA BUILDING IN BRITAIN FROM 1909 TO 1914.

Author: Andrew Higson

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSC:32106016116078

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 420

View: 342

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This book brings together the study of silent cinema and the study of British cinema, both of which have seen some of the most exciting developments in Film Studies in recent years. The result is a comprehensive survey of one of the most important periods of film history. Most of the acknowledged experts on this period are represented, joined by several new voices. Together they chart the development of cinema in Britain from its beginnings in the 1890s to the conversion to sound in the late 1920s. From these accounts the youthful British cinema emerges as far from innocent. On the contrary, it was a fascinatingly complex field of cultural and industrial practices. The book also includes guides to bibliographical and archival sources and an extensive bibliography.
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Encyclopedia of Early Cinema

Cines pro duced many non'fiction films as well, with many of them travelogues ... success with the Lieutenant Rose series of adventure stories (19091914), ...

Author: Richard Abel

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415234405

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 791

View: 384

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This encyclopedia presents a wealth of information on early cinema history, with coverage of the techniques and equipment of film production, profiles of the pioneering directors and producers, analysis of individual films and the rapid growth of distinct film genres, and the emergence of something the world had never seen before - the movie star. The work also focuses on how the nature of film exhibition changed as the industry grew, and how the public's reception to films also changed. The pre-cinema period is closely examined to show those mass-cultural forms and practices - such as music hall and vaudeville - from within which cinema was to emerge. A perfect companion for any student of early cinema and film studies.
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The Cinema and the Origins of Literary Modernism

Gifford, The British Film Catalogue passim. Low, The History . . . 1906–1914, 145. 113. Anon., 'Latest Productions', Kinematograph and Lantern Weekly 1.1 ...

Author: Andrew Shail

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780415806992

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 253

View: 590

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Modernist writing has always been linked with cinema. The recent renaissance in early British film studies has allowed cinema to emerge as a major historical context for literary practice. Treating cinema as a historical rather than an aesthetic influence, this book analyzes the role of early British film culture in literature, thus providing the first account of cinema as a cause for modernism. Shail’s study draws on little-known sources to create a detailed picture of cinema following its ‘second birth’ as both institution and medium. The book presents a comprehensive account of how UK-based modernism originated as a consequence of—rather than a conscious aesthetic response to—this new component of the cultural landscape. Film’s new accounts of language, endeavor, time, collectivity and political change are first considered, then related to the patterns that comprised modernist texts. Authors discussed include Ford Madox Ford, Joseph Conrad, Wyndham Lewis, Ezra Pound, H.D., James Joyce, Virginia Woolf and Dorothy Richardson.
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The History of British Film Volume 2

The History of the British Film 1906 - 1914 Rachael Low ... most important feature of the boom which had taken place in picture theatre investment in these ...

Author: Rachael Low

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136205781

Category: PERFORMING ARTS

Page: 332

View: 665

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This set is one of the cornerstones of film scholarship, and one of the most important works on twentieth century British culture. Published between 1948 and 1985, the volumes document all aspects of film making in Britain from its origins in 1896 to 1939. Rachael Low pioneered the interpretation of films in their context, arguing that to understand films it was necessary to establish their context. Her seven volumes are an object lesson in meticulous research, lucid analysis and accessible style, and have become the benchmark in film history.
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Literature and Culture in Modern Britain Volume 1

In 1909, America had contributed 30 per cent of the films screened in Britain, already double the British contribution. By the outbreak of war this had ...

Author: Clive Bloom

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317897569

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 270

View: 264

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The first in a three-volume sequence, this book covers the period between 1900 and 1929, providing a perceptive and thorough analysis of British literature within its historical, cultural and artistic context. It identifies the crucial, interwoven relationships between literature and the visual arts, modern poetry, popular fiction, journalism, cinema, music and radio. Much factual detail and a literary chronology guide the reader through the text.
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The History of British Literature on Film 1895 2015

Low, History of British Film, 184. “Browning Now Given in Moving Pictures,” The New York Times, October 10, 1909, part 1, p. 8. Low, History of British Film ...

Author: Greg M. Colón Semenza

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 9781623561154

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 488

View: 116

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From The Death of Nancy Sykes (1897) to The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies (2014) and beyond, cinematic adaptations of British literature participate in a complex and fascinating history. The History of British Literature on Film, 1895-2015 is the only comprehensive narration of cinema's 100-year-old love affair with British literature. Unlike previous studies of literature and film, which tend to privilege particular authors such as Shakespeare and Jane Austen, or particular texts such as Frankenstein, or particular literary periods such as Medieval, this volume considers the multiple functions of filmed British literature as a cinematic subject in its own right-one reflecting the specific political and aesthetic priorities of different national and historical cinemas. In what ways has the British literary canon authorized and influenced the history and aesthetics of film, and in what ways has filmed British literature both affirmed and challenged the very idea of literary canonicity? Seeking to answer these and other key questions, this indispensable study shows how these adaptations emerged from and continue to shape the social, artistic, and commercial aspects of film history.
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Wales and Cinema

66 Rachael Low , The History of the British Film 1906 – 1914 , and World ' s Fair , 29 May 1909 . Kinemacolor was the first natural colour process ...

Author: David Berry

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015041197941

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 567

View: 907

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Includes filmography of major Welsh actors.
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Cinemas and Cinema Going in the United Kingdom Decades of Decline 1945 65

By the outbreak of the First World War, there were 3,500 British cinemas and weekly cinema admissions increased from 7 million in 1914 to over 20 million in ...

Author: Sam Manning

Publisher: University of London Press

ISBN: 9781912702367

Category: History

Page: 250

View: 314

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Cinema-going was the most popular commercial leisure activity in the first half of the twentieth century, peaking in 1946 with 1.6 billion recorded admissions. Though ‘going to the pictures’ remained a popular pastime, the transition to peacetime altered citizens’ leisure habits. During the 1950s increased affluence, the growth of television ownership and the diversification of leisure led to rapid declines in attendance. Cinema attendances fell in all regions, but the speed, nature and extent of decline varied widely across the United Kingdom. By linking national developments to detailed case studies of Belfast and Sheffield, this book adds nuance to our understanding of regional variations in film exhibition, audience habits and cinema-going experiences during a period of profound social and cultural change. Drawing on a wide range of quantitative and qualitative sources, Cinema and Cinema-Going conveys the diverse nature of this important industry, and the significance of place as a determinant of film attendance in post-war Britain.
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The Big Show

British Cinema Culture in the Great War, 1914-1918 Michael Hammond. Southampton Library . In 1915 a film of the story was made by the William Fox Company ...

Author: Michael Hammond

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015064679767

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 486

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Introduction Part I Local Tracks: Exhibition Culture Chapter 1: The Local Entertainment Scene Chapter 2: The Crisis of Total War and New Audiences Part II The Front at Home: Cinema and the Homefront Imagination Chapter 5: Anonymity and Recognition: The Roll of Honour Films 1914-1917 Chapter 6: Education or Entertainment?: Public and Private Interpretations of Battle of the Somme (1916) Part III. Artful and Instructive: Respectability and the 'Superfilms' Chapter 7: "A Soul Stirring Appeal to Every Briton": The Reception of The Birth of a Nation (1915-16) Chapter 8: "A Spectacle That Thrills and Appalls": Thomas Ince's Civilization Part IV: Chaplin and the Transformative Properties of Comedy Chapter 9: Chaplin: "A Transatlantic Vernacular" Chapter 10: "Imagine Charlie At the Front" Shoulder Arms (1918) Conclusion Bibliography Filmography.
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A Social History of British Performance Cultures 1900 1939

Jon Burrows (2003a) Legitimate Cinema: Theatre Stars in Silent British Films, ... the Edwardian Cinema Boom', Historical Journal of Film, 30:1, pp. 1–20.

Author: Maggie B. Gale

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351397193

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 244

View: 991

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This book provides a new social history of British performance cultures in the early decades of the twentieth century, where performance across stage and screen was generated by dynamic and transformational industries. Exploring an era book-ended by wars and troubled by social unrest and political uncertainty, A Social History of British Performance Cultures 1900–1939 makes use of the popular material cultures produced by and for the industries – autobiographies, fan magazines and trade journals, as well as archival holdings, popular sketches, plays and performances. Maggie B. Gale looks at how the performance industries operated, circulated their products and self-regulated their professional activities, in a period where enfranchisement, democratization, technological development and legislation shaped the experience of citizenship. Through close examination of material evidence and a theoretical underpinning, this book shows how performance industries reflected and challenged this experience, and explored the ways in which we construct our ‘performance’ as participants in the public realm. Suited not only to scholars and students of British theatre and theatre history, but to general readers as well, A Social History of British Performance Cultures 1900–1939 offers an original intervention into the construction of British theatre and performance histories, offering new readings of the relationship between the material cultures of performance, the social, professional and civic contexts from which they arise, and on which they reflect.
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British Silent Cinema and the Great War

This incorporation of support for the war effort in British cinema culture ... had seen the first boom in the building of fixed-site cinemas begin in 1909 ...

Author: M. Hammond

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230321663

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 197

View: 582

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This innovative book presents for the first time detailed histories of the impact of the Great War on British cinema in the silent period, from actual war footage to fiction filmmaking. In doing so it explores how cinema helped to shape the public memory of the war during the 1920s.
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Manchester England

The Cinematograph Act of 1909 regulated British cinema , requiring safety ... By 1914 and the outbreak of the First World War , weekly cinema audiences ...

Author: Dave Haslam

Publisher: HarperCollins UK

ISBN: IND:30000079589903

Category: Manchester (England)

Page: 320

View: 349

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Manchester, a predominantly working-class city, has been at the margins of English culture for centuries. Yet the explosion of music and creativity in Manchester can be traced back from Victorian music hall and the jazz age, through to Oasis.
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