The Changing Ideology of Hezbollah

In contrast with major arguments in the literature, the book argues that political ideologies are not fixed and they evolve depending on a number of factors such as the change in context, major events like a civil war in the patron state, ...

Author: Massaab Al-Aloosy

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030348472

Category: Political Science

Page: 199

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The project discusses Hezbollah's political ideology and how it evolves over time and the conditions that lead to the change of ideology. The author also examines Hezbollah's relationship with the patron states, Syria and Iran. In contrast with major arguments in the literature, the book argues that political ideologies are not fixed and they evolve depending on a number of factors such as the change in context, major events like a civil war in the patron state, and, most importantly, when the change of ideology becomes linked to survival of the insurgency. This monograph will appeal to a wide range of audiences such as researchers, scholars, and graduate students in the fields of Middle Eastern studies, political studies, Islamism, and nationalism.
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The Shifts in Hizbullah s Ideology

Joseph Alagha demonstrates that Hizbullah, driven at its founding chiefly by religious concerns, in the latter half of the 1980s became a full-fledged social movement, with a structure and ideology aimed at social change.

Author: Joseph Elie Alagha

Publisher: Leiden University Press

ISBN: 9789053569108

Category: Political Science

Page: 380

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As the recent war in Lebanon demonstrated, an understanding of the Lebanese Shi‘ite militant group Hizbullah remains an important component of any attempt to solve the problems of the Middle East. The Shifts in Hizbullah’s Ideology provides an in-depth analysis of the group’s motivations, tracking the changes it has undergone since Hizbullah’s founding by Lebanese Shi‘ite clergy in 1978. Joseph Alagha demonstrates that Hizbullah, driven at its founding chiefly by religious concerns, in the latter half of the 1980s became a full-fledged social movement, with a structure and ideology aimed at social change. Further changes in the 1990s led to Hizbullah’s becoming a mainstream political party—but without surrendering its militarism or willingness to use violence to advance its ends. In tracking these changes, The Shifts in Hizbullah’s Ideology covers such disparate topics as Hizbullah’s views of jihad, suicide and martyrdom, integration, pan-Islamism, anti-Zionism, and the relationship with Israel and the United States. It will be necessary reading for both scholars and policymakers.
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Hezbollah and Hamas

At the same time, the organization has shown a capacity to adapt its discourse to the changing security and political environment. To understand the evolution of Hezbollah's ideology, it is important to analyze the organization's main ...

Author: Joshua L. Gleis

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9781421406718

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

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national security, Gleis and Berti provide a comparative analysis of their histories and political missions that moves beyond reductionist portrayals of the organizations' military operations.
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The Changing Middle East

Hamas and Hezbollah have undergone a gradual process of change as evinced by the longitudinal development within their ... and Hezbollah are increasingly developing to moderate and shift the focus away from their long-term ideological ...

Author: Bahgat Korany

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9789774165139

Category: History

Page: 297

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In the era of globalization, change is the order of the day, but the conventional view of the Arab Middle East is that of a rigid and even stagnant region. This book counters the static perception and focuses instead on regional dynamics. The international team of contributors evaluate the development of Arab civil society; examine the opportunities and challenges facing the Arab media; link the debates concerning Arab political thought to the evolving regional and international context; look at the transformation of armed Islamist movements into deradicalized factions; assess how and to what extent women's empowerment is breaking down patriarchy; and analyze the rise of non-state actors such as Hizbollah and Hamas that rival central political authority.
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Do not be fooled, one proponent warns, by the so-called 'Lebanonisation' of or 'shifts' in Hezbollah's ideology: ... Make no mistake, one scholar asserts, 'Hezbollah changes as circumstances change' (Alagha 2011: 17).2 Three gaps The ...

Author: Adham Saouli

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 9781474419529

Category: History

Page: 237

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Your guide to Scottish Parliament: how its powers allow it to make laws and hold the Scottish Government to account.
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Understanding Hezbollah

... Nation (2016) that change has not affected Hezbollah's ideology, writing that “the politics of remembering has enabled Hizbullah to develop and to defend the main project to which it owes its existence: resistance against Israel.

Author: Abed T. Kanaaneh

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 9780815655213

Category: History

Page: 263

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Over the last three decades, Hezbollah has developed from a small radical organization into a major player in the Lebanese, regional, and even international political arenas. Its influence in military issues is well known, but its role in shaping cultural and political activities has not received enough attention. Kanaaneh sheds new light on the organization’s successful evolution as a counterhegemonic force in the region’s resistance movement, known as "Muqawama." Founded on the idea that Islam is a resisting religion, whose real heroes are the poor populations who have finally decided to take action, Hezbollah has shifted its focus to advocate for social justice issues and to attract ordinary activists to its cause. From the mid-1990s on, Hezbollah has built alliances that allow it to pursue soft power in Lebanon, fighting against both the dominant Shi‘ite elites and the Maronite-Sunni, as well as Israeli and US influence in the region. Kanaaneh argues that this perpetual resistance—military as well as cultural and political—is fundamental to Hezbollah’s continued success.
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Hezbollah From Islamic Resistance to Government

The Shifts in Hizbullah's Ideology: Religious Ideology, Political Ideology, and Political Program. ... Warriors of God: Inside Hezbollah's Thirty-Year Struggle against Israel. ... Hezbollah: The Changing Face Further Reading.

Author: James Worrall

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781440831355

Category: Political Science

Page: 200

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This detailed analysis follows the rise and evolution of Hezbollah from an Islamic resistance movement to its role as a governing force in Lebanon, exploring the group's impact on the security and power dynamics in the Middle East. • Features maps, organizational charts, and a timeline of events • Traces Hezbollah's journey from a resistance organization to its current position of power within Lebanese politics • Presents summaries of major attacks and biographies of prominent members • Discusses Iranian-inspired Shi'a activism and financing activities • Includes an overview of the leaders, support, recruiting strategies, and attacks
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Religion and Hezbollah

Political Ideology and Legitimacy Mariam Farida. and the Politics of Perception, Third World Quarterly, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 173–197. Harik J. 2004, Hezbollah: The Changing Face of Terrorism. I.B. Tauris, London.

Author: Mariam Farida

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000458572

Category: Political Science

Page: 144

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This comprehensive and thought-provoking volume examines the role and function of religion in Hezbollah’s political strategy in the context of contemporary Lebanese politics and global security. The book demonstrates how Hezbollah uses religious mechanisms such as taklif shari (religious assessment), ijtihad (interpretation) of jihad, and fatwa (religious verdict) as political tools to mobilise the Shi’a in Lebanon and the Middle East and to build political support. The comprehensive content analysis scrutinised speeches of Hezbollah Secretary General, Hassan Nasrallah, from 2000 to 2013. The results provide and inform a wide-scoping discussion of Nasrallah’s uses of rhetorical devices and context to imbue religious elements into Hezbollah politics to mobilise and motivate supporters. Additionally, a case study analysis of Hezbollah’s intervention in the Syrian conflict is also included. This further demonstrates Hezbollah’s strategic use of political pragmatism and religious rhetoric to link its political and military agendas and to transition the Party from a resistance group in Lebanon to a regional actor with a regional priority. As such, readers are provided with new and interesting insights into Hezbollah’s ideology and identity as a domestic and regional non-state actor, and the social mobilisation of Shi'a in Lebanon and the region. Providing a nexus between religion, politics, and security, the book will be a key resource for students and researchers interested in religious studies and Middle East politics.
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Rethinking State Non State Alliances

Change and Continuity in the U.S.-Kurdish Relationship Ozum Yesiltas. of most armed non-state actors in the Middle East are driven substantially by their specific ideologies and ideas they hold about themselves. Hezbollah's multiple ...

Author: Ozum Yesiltas

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781793645920

Category: Political Science

Page: 181

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Rethinking State-Non-State Alliances explores how the Kurds’ interactions with the U.S. transformed them into a considerable player in the Middle East while addressing how these transformations reshape the U.S. foreign policy. The book investigates the agency of non-state actors by putting the U.S.-Kurdish relationship within the broader International Relations context.
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Fifteen cabinet seats were accorded to the anti-Hezbollah March 14 coalition, while Hezbollah and its allies held ten. ... A Change ofTone and a Tweaking of Ideology On November 30, 2009, Hezbollah released an ideological declaration, ...

Author: Augustus Richard Norton

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400889655

Category: History

Page: 272

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With Hezbollah's entry into the Lebanese government in 2009 and forceful intervention in the Syrian civil war, the potent Shi‘i political and military organization continues to play an enormous role in the Middle East. A hybrid of militia, political party, and social services and public works provider, the group is the most powerful player in Lebanon. Policymakers in the United States and Israel usually denounce Hezbollah as a dangerous terrorist organization and refuse to engage with it, yet even its adversaries need to contend with its durability and resilient popular support. Augustus Richard Norton’s incisive account stands as the most lucid, informed, and balanced analysis of Hezbollah yet written--and this fully revised and updated edition features a new prologue and conclusion, as well as two new chapters largely devoted to the group’s recent activities, including its involvement in Syria. Hezbollah is a work of perennial importance and remains essential reading for anyone who wants to understand the Middle East.
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