This book provides a critical sociology of religion in Latin America. Its purpose is to discuss the notion of religion as part of social, cultural, and political processes in capitalist societies, drawing on the classics of sociological thought (Marx, Durkheim, Weber, and Gramsci). Thus, churches are analyzed as organized institutions of religious mediation intimately linked to the production of social, cultural, and political hegemony in Latin America. The Catholic Church, the dominant church in the region, is analyzed in terms of its different faces, changes, and transformations from conquest and colonization through the changing winds of Vatican II to the revolutionary experiences of the popular church in the 1970s and 1980s. This work will be of interest to scholars of Latin American studies, politics, religion, culture, and sociology. It also speaks to theologians and philosophers working in Latin America.
This book provides a critical sociology of religion in Latin America.
Author: Carlos Alberto Torres
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
At the heart of this experiment in intellectual synthesis is an effort to clarify differences of method and understanding within a common political trajectory. Through a series of exchanges on the value of the Hegelian and Lacanian legacies, the dilemmas of multiculturalism, and the political challenges of a global economy, Butler, Laclau, and ÄiPek lend fresh significance to the key philosophical categories of the last century while setting a new standard for debate on the Left. --Book Jacket.
The typical example of civil society's hegemony given by Gramsci is the Church during the Middle Ages . Both Marx and Gramsci privilege , against Hegel , civil society over the state , but while Marx's reversal of Hegel involves the ...
Author: Judith Butler
First Published in 1996. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
See Peter Hebblethwaite , The Runaway Church : Post - Conciliar Growth or Decline ( New York : Seabury , 1970 ) . 5. ... for analysis of the role of the Church see Carlos Alberto Torres , The Church , Society and Hegemony : A Critical ...
Author: Charles J. Beirne, S.J.
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
See Carlos Alberto Torres, The Church, Society, and Hegemony: A Critical Sociology of Religion in Latin America, trans. Richard A. Young (Westport, CT: Praeger, 1992), 36. 37. See Antonio Gramsci, Prison Notebooks, ed.
Author: Stephan Bullivant
Publisher: Paulist Press
dominant group exercises throughout society and on the other hand to that of " direct domination " or command ... 4 Here the listing of church and schools as instruments of hegemony within the private associations of civil society puts ...
Author: James Martin
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Category: Political science
An attempt to recapture the liberation philosophy of Kwame Nkrumah, first prime minister of Ghana. Owusu seeks to define a theoretical basis on which a modern socio-political and ethical structure for Ghana can be built and offers a paradigm for developing a role of advocacy to the Ghanaian religious edifice. He also strives to recapitulate Ghana's self-dignity, self-realisation and self-subsistence by highlighting the essential assumptions, dimensions and specificities of African personhood.
18 components of hegemony ( coercion / consent ) and their corresponding two levels of the superstructure ( political / civil society ) , as well as of “ integrating the economic insight of capital into the political analysis of the ...
Author: Robert Yaw Owusu
Publisher: Africa World Press
Category: Church and state
The SAGE Handbook of Political Sociology offers a comprehensive and contemporary look at this evolving field of study. The focus is on political life itself and the chapters, written by a highly-respected and international team of authors, cover the core themes which need to be understood in order to study political life from a sociological perspective, or simply to understand the political world. The two volumes are structured around five key areas: PART 1: TRADITIONS AND PERSPECTIVES PART 2: CORE CONCEPTS PART 03: POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES AND MOVEMENTS PART 04: TOPICS PART 05: WORLD REGIONS This future-oriented and cross-disciplinary handbook is a landmark text for students and scholars interested in the social investigation of politics.
The emerging capitalist classes remained very beholden and subservient to the big seigniorial landowning classes, the state, officialdom, the military and the Church, whose hegemony over Italian society was maintained not only by force ...
Author: William Outhwaite
Category: Political Science
Going beyond electoral politics and government, this volume broadens the scope of the functioning of democracy in India, and explores citizens’ role in the implementation of public policy. It looks at the ways in which extra-parliamentary power monitoring devices such as public institutions, citizens’ associations or assemblies, and the mainstream and emerging forms of the media, permeate through the political order. The volume: • brings participation and communication in governance and policy making to the centrestage; • examines case studies of state and citizen engagement from across India; and • presents perspectives of practitioners, activists and scholars to provide a comprehensive view of the debates surrounding the idea of Indian democracy. This book will be useful to scholars and researchers in politics, political science, media studies, public administration, sociology and social anthropology, as well as the interested general reader.
Instruments of legitimation and hegemony include social institutions of civil society: the church, the educational system, the media or to put it in the words of Gramsci's Sixth Notebook 'the ethical content of the state' (Gramsci ...
Author: Vipul Mudgal
Category: Political Science
This book examines critically the ideas and performance of Paulo Freire as secretary of education in Brazil in the early 1990s, during the socialist democratic administration of the Workers Party in So Paulo. With an emphasis on theory, the authors discuss the relationships between the state and social movements as well as the relationships between teachers and curriculum reform. In so doing, they thoroughly examine the intersection of politics and education in educational reform in one of the major urban centers of Latin America. This book examines critically the ideas and performance of Paulo Freire as secretary of education in Brazil in the early 1990s, during the socialist democratic administration of the Workers Party in So Paulo. With an emphasis on theory, the authors discuss the relationships between the state and social movements as well as the relationships between teachers and curriculum reform. In so doing, they thoroughly examine the intersection of politics and education in educational reform in one of the major urban centers of Latin America.A central focus of the book is the project of interdisciplinarity in teachers trainingan essential principle of the Freirean proposal. By concentrating on classrooms, schools, and teachers and by use of a detailed empirical analysis, this book constitutes an assessment of an original, far-reaching, and radical process of educational reform. The foundations and methodologies of the So Paulo experience can be implemented in different international contexts. The authors show how students and teachers were engaged in the process of curriculum and governance reform and what kind of political awareness emerged in schools and communities experiencing radical educational reform.
... O Cristo do Povo (Rio de Janeiro: Editera Sabia, 1968); Ruben Alves, "Towards a Theology of Liberation" (Ph.D. dissertation, Princeton Theological Seminary, 1969); Carlos Alberto Torres, The Church, Society, and Hegemony in Latin ...
Author: Pilar O'Cadiz
Category: Political Science
Based on ethnographic research by an interdisciplinary team of scholars and activists, Religion at the Corner of Bliss and Nirvana illuminates the role that religion plays in the civic and political experiences of new migrants in the United States. By bringing innovative questions and theoretical frameworks to bear on the experiences of Chinese, Filipino, Mexican, Salvadoran, and Vietnamese migrants, the contributors demonstrate how groups and individuals negotiate multiple religious, cultural, and national identities, and how religious faiths are transformed through migration. Taken together, their essays show that migrants’ religious lives are much more than replications of home in a new land. They reflect a process of adaptation to new physical and cultural environments, and an ongoing synthesis of cultural elements from the migrants’ countries of origin and the United States. As they conducted research, the contributors not only visited churches and temples but also single-room-occupancy hotels, brothels, tattoo-removal clinics, and the streets of San Francisco, El Salvador, Mexico, and Vietnam. Their essays include an exploration of how faith-based organizations can help LGBT migrants surmount legal and social complexities, an examination of transgendered sex workers’ relationship with the unofficial saint Santisima Muerte, a comparison of how a Presbyterian mission and a Buddhist temple in San Francisco help Chinese immigrants to acculturate, and an analysis of the transformation of baptismal rites performed by Mayan migrants. The voices of gang members, Chinese and Vietnamese Buddhist nuns, members of Pentecostal churches, and many others animate this collection. In the process of giving voice to these communities, the contributors interrogate theories about acculturation, class, political and social capital, gender and sexuality, the sociology of religion, transnationalism, and globalization. The collection includes twenty-one photographs by Jerry Berndt. Contributors. Luis Enrique Bazan, Kevin M. Chun, Hien Duc Do, Patricia Fortuny Loret de Mola, Joaquin Jay Gonzalez III, Sarah Horton, Cymene Howe, Mimi Khúc, Jonathan H. X. Lee, Lois Ann Lorentzen, Andrea Maison, Dennis Marzan, Rosalina Mira, Claudine del Rosario, Susanna Zaraysky
Hence, their “organized action” in society versus dysfunctional policies could definitely be seen as counterhegemonic. ... we gathered historical evidence of both state-church hegemony and the resulting civil society counterhegemony in ...
Author: Lois Ann Lorentzen
Publisher: Duke University Press
By 2025, Latin America's population of observant Christians will be the largest in the world. Nonetheless, studies examining the exponential growth of global Christianity tend to overlook this region, focusing instead on Africa and Asia. Research on Christianity in Latin America provides a core point of departure for understanding the growth and development of Christianity in the "Global South." In The Oxford Handbook of Latin American Christianity an interdisciplinary contingent of scholars examines Latin American Christianity in all of its manifestations from the colonial to the contemporary period. The essays here provide an accessible background to understanding Christianity in Latin America. Spanning the era from indigenous and African-descendant people's conversion to and transformation of Catholicism during the colonial period through the advent of Liberation Theology in the 1960s and conversion to Pentecostalism and Charismatic Catholicism, The Oxford Handbook of Latin American Christianity is the most complete introduction to the history and trajectory of this important area of modern Christianity.
Hagopian posits that Catholic Churches prioritize and choose which interests they will pursue based on four factors: religious hegemony, the Church's capacity to mobilize society, political orientation of the laity, and the political ...
Author: David Thomas Orique
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Brazil is a rapidly emerging country. Brazilian theology, namely the Theology of Liberation, has become well known in the 1970s and 1980s. The politically active Base Ecclesial Communities and the progressive posture of the Roman Catholic Church contrasted with a steadily growing number of evangelicals, mostly aligned with the military regime but attractive precisely to the poor. After democratic transition in the mid-1980s, the context changed considerably. Democracy, growing religious pluralism and mobility, a vibrant civil society, the political ascension of the Worker's Party and growing wealth, albeit within a continuously wide social gap, are some of the elements that show the need of a new approach to theology. It must be a theology that is both critical and constructive, resisting and cooperative, a theology that is able to give orientation to the churches, valuing and encouraging their contribution in society while avoiding attempts of imposition. The Churches and Democracy in Brazil, the fruit of years of interdisciplinary study of the Brazilian context and its main churches and theology, makes its case for an ecumenically articulated public theology. It seeks inspiration mainly in Luther and Lutheran theology, emphasizing human dignity, freedom, trust, the disposition to serve, and the ability to endure the ambiguities of reality, as well as a fresh interpretation of the doctrine of the two regiments. These are the fundamental elements of what makes human beings full members of the body politic: citizenship, their right to have rights and to be able to effectively live them, together with their corresponding duties, in a move of growing political participation conscious of their religious motivation in view of the commonweal.
the State and being determined by structural factors.18 in Past and Present, Gramsci defined civil society as “the political and cultural hegemony which a social group exercises over the whole of society, as the ethical content [sic!]
Author: Rudolf von Sinner
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
Religion and Hip Hop brings together the category of religion, Hip Hop cultural modalities and the demographic of youth. Bringing postmodern theory and critical approaches in the study of religion to bear on Hip Hop cultural practices, this book examines how scholars in religious and theological studies have deployed and approached religion when analyzing Hip Hop data. Using existing empirical studies on youth and religion to the cultural criticism of the Humanities, Religion and Hip Hop argues that common among existing scholarship is a thin interrogation of the category of religion. As such, Miller calls for a redescription of religion in popular cultural analysis - a challenge she further explores and advances through various materialist engagements. Going beyond the traditional and more common approach of analyzing rap lyrics, from film, dance, to virtual reality, Religion and Hip Hop takes a fresh approach to exploring the paranoid posture of the religious in popular cultural forms, by going beyond what "is" religious about Hip Hop culture. Rather, Miller explores what rhetorical uses of religion in Hip Hop culture accomplish for various and often competing social and cultural interests.
He uses the inner workings of the cultural superstructure to draw out this claim, especially formation in the area of civil society (which includes the church). Although Gramsci dissects hegemony into the segments coercion, consent, ...
Author: Monica R. Miller
This title was first published in 2003. This subject area of this work cross-cuts conventional sub-disciplinary boundaries in the study of comparative politics. Connections between religion and and politics can be identified in all of the thematic areas covered by the articles within.
The church in Ireland excerised hegemony over the society in a way unparalleled in a democratic society. The consent of the mass of the population implied by the concept of hegemony was freely given. Although the hegemony exercised by ...
Author: John T. S. Madeley
Category: Social Science
First published in 2006. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Through organisations like the Church, the press and political parties(organs of civilsociety)and throughthe State ... 32 In the organisation of hegemony in capitalist society, theruling bloc mobilises the organs both ofcivilsociety ...
It is communion Sunday at a mixed-race church. A black pastor and white head elder stand before the sanctuary as lay leaders pass out the host. An African-American woman sings a gospel song as a woman of Asian descent plays the piano. Then a black woman in the congregation throws her hands up and yells, over and over, "Thank you Lawd!" A few other African-Americans in the pews say "Amen," while white parishioners sit stone-faced. The befuddled white head elder reads aloud from the Bible, his soft voice drowned out by the shouts of praise. Even in this proudly interracial church, America's racial divide is a constant presence. In The Elusive Dream, Korie L. Edwards presents the surprising results of an in-depth study of interracial churches: they help perpetuate the very racial inequality they aim to abolish. To arrive at this conclusion, she combines a nuanced analysis of national survey data with an in-depth examination of one particular church. She shows that mixed-race churches adhere strongly to white norms. African Americans in multiracial settings adapt their behavior to make white congregants comfortable. Behavior that white worshipers perceive as out of bounds is felt by blacks as too limiting. Yet to make interracial churches work, blacks must adjust their behavior to accommodate the predilections of whites. They conform to white expectations in church just as they do elsewhere. Thorough, incisive, and surprising, The Elusive Dream raises provocative questions about the ongoing problem of race in the national culture.
How Do Interracial Churches Work? Hegemony is often used to describe how an entire society is controlled. But hegemony is the outcome of many microlevel projects taking place across society. These projects together sustain hegemony.
Author: Korie L. Edwards
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Social Science
Since the end of state repression against religion, two major processes have taken place in the formerly socialist countries: historically dominant churches strive to reassert their position in society, while new religious groups and ideas from various parts of the world are proliferating. This generates pluralism of religious communities and individual religious attitudes. Religious Diversity in Post-Soviet Society presents the first collection of ethnographies of this new religious diversity for Lithuania, a country that has a long history of a dominant Catholic Church. The authors reveal how Catholicism has become increasingly diversified and other religions (Charismatic Protestantism, Baltic Paganism, Eastern religions and other alternative spiritualities) are claiming their space in the religious field.
Religious Diversity in Post-Soviet Society presents the first collection of ethnographies of this new religious diversity for Lithuania, a country that has a long history of a dominant Catholic Church.
Author: Milda Ališauskiene
An examination of how, during the period 1700-1850, Anglican Christian understanding of the British Empire powerfully shaped the identities both of the people living in British colonies in North America, Bengal, Australia, and New Zealand - including colonists, indigenous peoples, and Negro slaves - and of the English in Britain.
This willingness of these Anglicans to formulate a theology of baptism that oVered no threat to slave-owning society demonstrates the dominance of a landed and commercial hegemony in English society and its colonies to which the Church ...
Author: Rowan Strong
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
An Introduction to Theories of Popular Culture is widely recognized as an immensely useful textbook for students taking courses in the major theories of popular culture. Strinati provides a critical assessment of the ways in which these theories have tried to understand and evaluate popular culture in modern societies. Among the theories and ideas the book introduces are: mann culture, the Frankfurt School and the culture industry, semiology and structuralism, Marxism, feminism, postmodernism and cultural populism. This new edition provides fresh material on Marxism and feminism, while a new final chapter assesses the significance of the theories explained in the book.
The prevailing and dominant hegemony of socialdemocratic reformism was breaking down under the strain of class, ... This is a fairly simple and direct equation whereby the state exercises repression and civil society exercises hegemony.
Author: Dominic Strinati
Category: Social Science
Coutinho offers an analysis of the evolution of the political thought of Antonio Gramsci. Focusing on central concepts of the 'Prison Notebooks' and relating them to the history of modern political ideas, this book also demonstrates that his ideas continue to be relevant resources for understanding the present controversies.
... an equilibrium between political society and civil society (or hegemony of a social group over the entire national society exercised through the so-called private organisations, like the Church, the trade unions, the schools, etc.) ...
Author: Carlos Nelson Coutinho
Category: Political Science