Christian Theology and Medical Ethics

Gustafson, J.: 1974, Theology and Christian Ethics, United Church Press, Philadelphia. 7.Gustafson, J.:1975, Can Ethics Be Christian?, Universityof ChicagoPress, Chicago. 8.Gustafson, J.:1975, The Contributions of Theologyto Medical ...

Author: James B. Tubbs Jr.

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401586542

Category: Religion

Page: 208

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Contemporary discourse in biomedical ethics has been greatly shaped, sustained and enriched through the insights and perspectives offered by its theologian-contributors. This volume examines the work of four Christian theologians who have significantly influenced the field of bioethics in the U.S.: Richard McCormick, SJ; Paul Ramsey; Stanley Hauerwas; and James M. Gustafson. Each theorist's writings are explored in turn, in order to elucidate, compare and contrast their foundational theological premises, their particular approaches to moral reasoning, and their considered responses to selected medico-moral issues. The final chapter reflects some of the author's own critical responses in dialogue with the study's four subjects, and offers general suggestions about the moral perspective afforded by Christian theology. This volume should be of interest both to those seeking a fuller understanding of contemporary discussions in bioethics and to those studying Christian ethics in the modern era.
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The Contributions of Theology to Medical Ethics

cation of normative moral principles and values will be , in some manner , justified by his theology . ... The Contribution of Theology to Medical Ethics The contribution that theology can make to medical ethics depends upon what claims ...

Author: James M. Gustafson

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015032182167

Category: Religion

Page: 109

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On Moral Medicine

mon language of moral analysis is forged by traditions that are on speaking terms, and which, more importantly, ... James M. Gustafson, The Contributions of Theology to Medical Ethics (Milwaukee: Marquette University Theology Department ...

Author: Stephen E. Lammers

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 9780802842497

Category: Medical

Page: 1004

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Collecting a wide range of contemporary and classical essays dealing with medical ethics, this huge volu me is the finest resource available for engaging the pressin g problems posed by medical advances. '
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Medical Humanities

James Gustafson on the Contributions of Theology to Medical Ethics James Gustafson (1925–) taught theological ethics at various institutions, including Yale University, the University of Chicago, and Emory University.

Author: Thomas R. Cole

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316147948

Category: Philosophy

Page:

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This textbook brings the humanities to students in order to evoke the humanity of students. It helps to form individuals who take charge of their own minds, who are free from narrow and unreflective forms of thought, and who act compassionately in their public and professional worlds. Using concepts and methods of the humanities, the book addresses undergraduate and premed students, medical students, and students in other health professions, as well as physicians and other healthcare practitioners. It encourages them to consider the ethical and existential issues related to the experience of disease, care of the dying, health policy, religion and health, and medical technology. Case studies, images, questions for discussion, and role-playing exercises help readers to engage in the practical, interpretive, and analytical aspects of the material, developing skills for critical thinking as well as compassionate care.
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Covenantal Biomedical Ethics for Contemporary Medicine

In Theological Voices in Medical Ethics, edited by Allen Verhey and Stephen E. Lammers, 178–208. ... In Principles of Health Care Ethics, edited by Raanan Gillon, 319–33. ... The Contributions of Theology to Medical Ethics.

Author: James J. Rusthoven

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781625640024

Category: Religion

Page: 330

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Principles-based biomedical ethics has been a dominant paradigm for the teaching and practice of biomedical ethics for over three decades. Attractive in its conceptual and linguistic simplicity, it has also been criticized for its lack of moral content and justification and its lack of attention to relationships. This book identifies the modernist and postmodernist worldviews and philosophical roots of principlism that ground the moral minimalism of its common morality premise. Building on previous work by prominent Christian bioethicists, an alternative covenantal ethical framework is presented in our contemporary context. Relationships constitute the core of medicine, and understanding the ethical meaning of those relationships is important in providing competent and empathic care. While the notion of covenant is articulated through the richness of meaning taught in the Christian Scriptures, covenantal commitment is also appreciated in Islamic, Jewish, and even pagan traditions as well. In a world of increasing medical knowledge and consequent complexity of care, such commitment can help to resist enticements toward the pursuit of self-interest. It can also improve relationships among caregivers, each of whose specific expertise must be woven into a matrix of care that constitutes optimal medical practice for each vulnerable and needy patient.
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Catholic Perspectives on Medical Morals

JOSEPH FUCHS At the end of his 1975 Père Marquette lecture on the “The Contributions of Theology to Medical Ethics” [2], J. M. Gustafson comes to the conclusion that these contributions are not particularly great.

Author: Edmund D. Pellegrino

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400925380

Category: Medical

Page: 310

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CATHOLIC PERSPECTIVES AND CONTEMPORARY MEDICAL MORALS A Catholic perspective on medical morals antedates the current world wide interest in medical and biomedical ethics by many centuries[5]. Discussions about the moral status of the fetus, abortion, contraception, and sterilization can be found in the writings of the Fathers and Doctors of the Church. Teachings on various aspects of medical morals were scattered throughout the penitential books of the early medieval church and later in more formal treatises when moral theology became recog nized as a distinct discipline. Still later, medical morality was incorpor ated into the many pastoral works on medicine. Finally, in the contemporary period, works that strictly focus on medical ethics are produced by Catholic moral theologians who have special interests in matters medical. Moreover, this long tradition of teaching has been put into practice in the medical moral directives governing the operation of hospitals under Catholic sponsorship. Catholic hospitals were monitored by Ethics Committees long before such committees were recommended by the New Jersey Court in the Karen Ann Quinlan case or by the President's Commission in 1983 ([8, 9]). Underlying the Catholic moral tradition was the use of the casuistic method, which since the 17th and 18th centuries was employed by Catholic moralists to study and resolve concrete clinical ethical dilem mas. The history of casuistry is of renewed interest today when the case method has become so widely used in the current revival of interest in medical ethics[ll].
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Ethics and Medical Decision Making

References 'James M. Gustafson, The Contributions of Theology to Medical Ethics (Milwaukee, Roles of Theology in Bioethics The role of theology in bioethics is, first of all, to clarify for the religious community itself what the shape ...

Author: Michael Freeman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351807425

Category: Law

Page: 608

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This title was first published in 2001: Ethical thinking about medical decision-making has roots deep in history. This collection of contemporary essays by leading international scholars traces the development of modern bioethics and explores the theory and current issues surrounding this widely contested field.
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Case Studies in Medical Ethics

BIBLIOGRAPHY BASIC WORKS ON MEDICAL ETHICS Cadbury , Henry J. , et al . Who Shall Live ? Man's Control over Birth and Death : A ... Campbell , A. V. Moral Dilemmas in Medicine . ... The Contributions of Theology to Medical Ethics .

Author: Robert M. Veatch

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 067409932X

Category: Medical

Page: 421

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Between Facts and Norms

The moral meaning of religion for bioethics . Bull Pan Am Health Organ 1990 ; 24 ( 4 ) : 386-393 . ( 21 ) Gustafson JM . The contributions of theology to medical ethics . Perspect Biol Med 1976 ; 19 ( 2 ) : 247-270 .

Author: Pascal Borry

Publisher: Leuven University Press

ISBN: 9058674940

Category: Medical

Page: 205

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Methods in Medical Ethics

Politics, medicine and Christian ethics:A dialogue with Paul Ramsey. ... In Theology andbioethics: Exploring thefoundations andfrontiers, ed. ... Life and death with liberty andjustice:A contribution to the euthanasia debate.

Author: Jeremy Sugarman MD, MPH, MA

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 9781589016231

Category: Medical

Page: 376

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Medical ethics draws upon methods from a wide array of disciplines, including anthropology, economics, epidemiology, health services research, history, law, medicine, nursing, philosophy, psychology, sociology, and theology. In this influential book, outstanding scholars in medical ethics bring these many methods together in one place to be systematically described, critiqued, and challenged. Newly revised and updated chapters in this second edition include philosophy, religion and theology, virtue and professionalism, casuistry and clinical ethics, law, history, qualitative research, ethnography, quantitative surveys, experimental methods, and economics and decision science. This second edition also includes new chapters on literature and sociology, as well as a second chapter on philosophy which expands the range of philosophical methods discussed to include gender ethics, communitarianism, and discourse ethics. In each of these chapters, contributors provide descriptions of the methods, critiques, and notes on resources and training. Methods in Medical Ethics is a valuable resource for scholars, teachers, editors, and students in any of the disciplines that have contributed to the field. As a textbook and reference for graduate students and scholars in medical ethics, it offers a rich understanding of the complexities involved in the rigorous investigation of moral questions in medical practice and research.
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On Moral Medicine

Theological Perspectives on Medical Ethics M. Therese Lysaught, Joseph Kotva, Stephen E. Lammers ... The quandaries of medical ethics are not unlike that question. ... The Contributions of Theology to Medical Ethics.

Author: M. Therese Lysaught

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 9780802866011

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1162

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In print for more than two decades, On Moral Medicine remains the definitive anthology for Christian theological reflection on medical ethics. This third edition updates and expands the earlier awardwinning volumes, providing classrooms and individuals alike with one of the finest available resources for ethics-engaged modern medicine.
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Theology and Bioethics

[1] Amundsen,D.and Ferngren, G.: 1982, 'Medicine and Religion: PreChristian Antiquity', in M. Marty and K. Vaux (eds.) ... [6] Gustafson, J.: 1975, The Contributions of Theology to Medical Ethics, Marquette University Press, Milwaukee.

Author: E.E. Shelp

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401577236

Category: Philosophy

Page: 315

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We who live in this post-modern late twentieth century culture are still children of dualism. For a variety of rather complex reasons we continue to split apart and treat as radical opposites body and spirit, medicine and religion, sacred and secular, private and public, love and justice, men and women. Though this is still our strong tendency, we are beginning to discover both the futility and the harm of such dualistic splitting. Peoples of many ancient cultures might smile at the belatedness of our discovery concerning the commonalities of medicine and religion. A cur sory glance back at ancient Egypt, Samaria, Babylonia, Persia, Greece, and Rome would disclose a common thread - the close union of religion and medicine. Both were centrally concerned with healing, health, and wholeness. The person was understood as a unity of body, mind, and spirit. The priest and the physician frequently were combined in the same individual. One of the important contributions of this significant volume of essays is the sustained attack upon dualism. From a variety of vantage points, virtually all of the authors unmask the varied manifestations of dualism in religion and medicine, urging a more holistic approach. Since the editor has provided an excellent summary of each article, I shall not attempt to comment on specific contributions. Rather , I wish to highlight three 1 broad themes which I find notable for theological ethics.
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Companion Encyclopedia of Theology

Amulree, Lord (Chairman) (1975) On Dying Well: An Anglican Contribution to the Debate on Euthanasia, Westminster: Church ... Gustafson, J.M.(1975) The Contributions of Theology to Medical Ethics, Milwaukee: Marquette University Press.

Author: Peter Byrne

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134922000

Category: Religion

Page: 1120

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The Companion Encyclopedia of Theology provides a comprehensive guide to modern theological thought. An international team of theologians and practitioners of both the Christian and Jewish faiths investigate and consider aspects of theology in 48 self-contained articles. Neither partisan and denominational, nor detached and abstract, this Companion explores the resources and applications of theology in the light of Christianity's place in the modern world. The Structure The Companion Encyclopedia of Theology is divided into six parts. The first three deal with major foundational aspects of Western theological reflection: * the Hebrew and Christian Bible * the Tradition * the contribution of Philosophy The second half of the Companion is concerned with application: * in relation to Spirituality * in relation to contemporary Ethics * in relation to issues in and aspects of present-day theological construction The 48 essays are descriptive, informative and analytical; their wide-ranging content is bound into a unified perspective by the editors' general introduction and the introductions to each of the six parts. At the end of each article, there are suggestions for further reading and the work is concluded with a comprehensive index. This Companion Encyclopedia is a valuable source of reference for students, teachers and both lay and clerical practitioners of Christian and Jewish theology. Key Features * Broad Coverage - contains 48 in-depth essays covering both the history and application of Western theological thought * International Authorship - written in non-technical language by a distinguished team of editors and authors from both Christian and Jewish faiths * Balanced Approach - discusses and analyses the key issues without imposing any single viewpoint * Clearly Presented - at the end of each article, there are suggestions for further reading and the work contains a comprehensive index
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The Body of Compassion

1-2: “A person whose primary field of interest is theology can contribute to literature about ethics and medicine without articulating the theological grounds for the arguments and judgments that are made.

Author: Joel Shuman

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781592441792

Category: Religion

Page: 236

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In 'The Body of Compassion', Joel Shuman presents an important new theological treatment of contemporary bioethics, weaving together personal experience, a critical treatise on bioethics, and an exploration of a Christian theological alternative. The author first draws the reader toward a consideration of the current state of his grandfather, a hardworking man with deep attachments to family and land who died a solitary death, unaccompanied by loved ones, in the unfamiliar and sterile world of a hospital. Troubled by the way his grandfather died, Shuman takes the reader along as he explores how modern medicine has distanced itself from dealing with people as living beings beyond their immediate physicality. He examines how various approaches to bioethics over the past twenty years have tried to remedy this problem by prescribing certain standards for treatment and how each of these ultimately has fallen short due to the lack of a Òteleological concern for the bodyÓ - i.e., a concern for what the body is actually for in a larger context. From this point, Shuman deftly moves to a discussion of the centrality of the body to Christianity, focusing on how baptism, participation in the liturgy, and the partaking of the Eucharist all serve to unite Christians as one in the body of Christ. For Christians, the author argues, the body does not just belong to the individual but rather is one with the community of the Church. With this in mind, Shuman proposes a new kind of bioethics for Christians, where care for the body of Christ becomes the model of how we should care for and receive care from each other. This fresh and thought-provoking book is sure to be of interest to ethicists, medical professionals, and everyone who is troubled by the conflicts between science and religion.
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Religion and Medical Ethics

4 Given the explosion of interest in and literature about medical ethics since then , that there was a time not long ago when such a call was necessary seems strange . In 1993 the Institute of Religion sponsored a conference to ...

Author: Allen Verhey

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 080280862X

Category: Medical

Page: 152

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Presents papers from a 1993 conference sponsored by the Institute of Religion to celebrate the twenty-fifth anniversary of the first Houston Conference on Medicine and Technology
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The Birth of Bioethics

This study gave Veatch a theological framework within which he could reflect on the moral problems of civil ... In a 1975 lecture , The Contributions of Theology to Medical Ethics , he proposed that theology and theologians had much to ...

Author: Albert R. Jonsen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199759820

Category: Medical

Page: 448

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This book is the first broad history of the growing field of bioethics. Covering the period 1947-1987, it examines the origin and evolution of the debates over human experimentation, genetic engineering, organ transplantation, termination of life-sustaining treatment, and new reproductive technologies. It assesses the contributions of philosophy, theology, law and the social sciences to the expanding discourse of bioethics. Written by one of the field's founders, it is based on extensive archival research into resources that are difficult to obtain and on interviews with many leading figures. A very readable account of the development of bioethics, the book stresses the history of ideas but does not neglect the social and cultural context and the people involved.
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A Companion to Public Theology

Ramsey hoped to 'address the widest possible audience' by in terms of the norms of covenant fidelity and love, drawn from the Christian duty of agape22; Gustafson thought that one 'contribution of theology to medical ethics' is an ...

Author:

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004336063

Category: Religion

Page: 516

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The Companion to Public Theology offers a collection of cutting-edge essays by an international group of scholars that provides a foundation for public theology as well as engagement with a wide range of public issues in dialogue with other disciplines.
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Diverse Voices in Modern US Moral Theology

An Inquiry (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1975); and James M. Gustafson, The Contributions of Theology to Medical Ethics (Milwaukee: University of Marquette Press, 1975). 25. McCormick, Health and Medicine, 59–60. 26.

Author: Charles E. Curran

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 9781626166325

Category: Religion

Page: 264

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In Charles E. Curran’s latest book, Diverse Voices in Modern US Moral Theology, he presents the diverse voices of US Catholic moral theologians from the mid-twentieth century to the present. The book discusses eleven key individuals in the development and evolution of moral theology as well as the New Wine, New Wineskins movement. This diversity, which differs from the monolithic understanding of moral theology that prevailed until recently, comes from the diverse historical circumstances or Sitz im Leben of the authors. Each of these theologians developed her or his approach in light of these circumstances and in response to shifts in the three audiences of moral theology—the Church, the academy, and the broader society. By exploring this diversity, Curran recognizes the deep divisions that exist within Catholic moral theology between the so-called “liberal” and “conservative” approaches and acknowledges the need for greater dialogue between them, providing a deeper understanding of the methods and approaches of these significant figures. This new book from a major figure in the field will be an important resource for students and scholars of US Catholic moral theology and for anyone seeking to understand the current state of moral theology in America today.
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Meta Medical Ethics

The Contribution of Theology to Medical Ethics . Milwaukee : Marquette University Press . Gustafson , J. ( 1990 ) . Moral Discourse About Medicine : A Variety of Forms . Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 : 125-142 .

Author: Michael A. Grodin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402002521

Category: Law

Page: 210

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What is bioethics? What are its goals and theoretical assumptions? Is it a unique discipline? Must medical ethics be grounded in clinical experience? How can ethical inquiry inform medicine's theory and practice? Must one have a definition of medicine before one can have a medical ethic? Does medicine have a unique or demarcating body of knowledge, methodology, or philosophy? These troubling questions are addressed by a distinguished roster of philosophers, theologians, lawyers, social scientists, physicians and scientists. The unifying theme of this text is a philosophical exploration of the history, nature, scope and foundations of bioethics. There is a critical evaluation of principled, communitarian, legal, narrative and feminist approaches. The book's interdisciplinary focus allows for a lively dialogue which includes papers and accompanying commentaries. Meta Medical Ethics will be of interest to philosophers of science and medical ethicists, physicians, lawyers, policy makers.
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Military Medical Ethics

The Contribution of Theology to Medical Ethics . Milwaukee , Minn : Marquette ; 1975 . 40. Jakobovits I. Jewish Medical Ethics : A Comparative and Historical Study of the Jewish Religious Attitude to Medicine and Its Practice .

Author:

Publisher: Department of the Army

ISBN: UOM:39015062555308

Category: Medical ethics

Page: 868

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2 volumes, sold as a set. Textbooks of Military Medicine. Section editors Edmund D. Pelegrino, Anthony E. Hartle, and Edmund G. Howe, et al. Addresses medical ethics within a military context.
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