The Directory for Confessors 1585

"A translation and commentary on the Directory for Confessors of the Third Mexican Provincial Council, a manual intended to compensate for the deficiencies in the educations of priests.

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ISBN: 0806159847

Category: ANTIQUES & COLLECTIBLES

Page: 368

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"A translation and commentary on the Directory for Confessors of the Third Mexican Provincial Council, a manual intended to compensate for the deficiencies in the educations of priests. Never promulgated or published due to intense opposition, it remains an important source for the religious, social, and economic history of Colonial Mexico"--
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The Directory for Confessors 1585

THE DIRECTORY FOR CONFESSORS I585 H Edited and translated by Stafford Poole Contributions by John F. Schwaller THE DIRECTORY FOR CONFESSORS 1585 Implementing the Catholic Reformation in. Implementing the Catholic Reformation in New ...

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Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 9780806161051

Category: Religion

Page: 368

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In the late sixteenth century, after the Council of Trent and the Catholic Reformation, the confessional became a key means to improve morals and religious life—and, for the Catholic clergy of New Spain, a new avenue through which they might reach the consciences of Spaniards and improve their treatment of indigenous peoples. To this end, the bishops of the province of Mexico drafted a directorio in 1585 to guide the priesthood in fulfilling its duty according to current ecclesiastical ideals and social realities. That document, published here in English for the first time, offers an unrivaled view of the religious, social, and economic history of colonial Mexico. Though never widely circulated, the Directorio para confesores (Directory for Confessors) contains an encyclopedic description of life in Mexico three generations after the European invasion. In addition to summarizing sixteenth-century Spanish concerns in the provinces, the Directory offers insight into the Catholic Church’s moral judgments on many aspects of colonial life. Translated by distinguished scholar Stafford Poole, the document embodies a remarkable knowledge of scripture and law and reflects the concerns of the Spanish crown and what was happening in New Spain. The Directory instructs its clergy audience in the proper methods to combat superstition among the Spaniards, helps them navigate the variety of business contracts used in Creole society at the time, and details the obligations of those in various social stations, from viceroys to tavern keepers. It also condemns the forced labor of native people under the repartimiento system, especially in the mines. Rendered in clear prose and illuminated with helpful introductory chapters by Poole and John F. Schwaller, extensive annotations, and a glossary of terms, this volume offers unparalleled insights into life and thought in sixteenth-century New Spain.
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The Fifteenth Month

Focused on one of the most important months in the Mexica year, Schwaller's work marks a new methodology in which traditional sources for Mexica culture, rather than being interrogated for their specific content, are read through for their ...

Author: John Frederick Schwaller

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ISBN: 0806162767

Category: History

Page: 280

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Focused on one of the most important months in the Mexica year, Schwaller's work marks a new methodology in which traditional sources for Mexica culture, rather than being interrogated for their specific content, are read through for their insights into the historical development of the people.
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The Stations of the Cross in Colonial Mexico

This little handbook, Fray Agustin de Vetancurt's Via crucis en mexicano, proved immensely popular, going through two editions, but survives today only in a copy made by a native scribe from Central Mexico.

Author: John F. Schwaller

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ISBN: 0806176539

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Page: 346

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Walking the Stations of the Cross, the Christian faithful re-create the Passion, following the sorrowful path of Jesus Christ from condemnation to crucifixion. While this devotion, now so popular in the Catholic Church and many Protestant denominations, first emerged in Jerusalem and began spreading through Western Europe in the fourteenth century, it did not assume its current form, and earn the Church's formal recognition, until almost three centuries later. It was at this time, in the last decades of the seventeenth century, that a Franciscan friar in colonial Mexico translated a devotional guide to the Stations of the Cross into the native Nahuatl. This little handbook, Fray Agustin de Vetancurt's Via crucis en mexicano, proved immensely popular, going through two editions, but survives today only in a copy made by a native scribe from Central Mexico. Reproduced here in Nahuatl and English, Vetancurt's handbook offers unique insight into the history, the practice, and the meaning of the Stations of the Cross in the New World and the Old. With the Via crucis en mexicano as a starting point, John F. Schwaller explores the history of the development and spread of the Stations of the Cross, placing the devotion in the context of the Catholic Reformation and the Baroque, the two trends that exalted this type of religious expression. He describes how the devotion, exported to New Spain in the sixteenth century, was embraced by Spanish and natives alike. For the native Americans, Schwaller suggests, the Via crucis resonated because of its performative aspects, reminiscent of rituals and observances from before the arrival of the Spanish. And for missionaries, the devotion offered a means of deepening the faith of the newly converted. In Schwaller's deft analysis--which extends from the origins of the devotion, to the processions and public rituals of the Mexica (Aztecs), to the text and illustrations of the Vetancurt manuscript--the Via crucis en mexicano opens a window on the practice and significance of the Stations of the Cross--and of private devotions generally--in Mexico, Hispanic America, and around the world.
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The Fifteenth Month

In The Fifteenth Month, John F. Schwaller offers a detailed look at how the celebrations of Panquetzaliztli changed over time and what these changes reveal about the history of the Aztecs.

Author: John F. Schwaller

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 9780806164113

Category: History

Page: 264

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The Mexica (Aztecs) used a solar calendar made up of eighteen months, with each month dedicated to a specific god in their pantheon and celebrated with a different set of rituals. Panquetzaliztli, the fifteenth month, dedicated to the national god Huitzilopochtli (Hummingbird on the Left), was significant for its proximity to the winter solstice, and for the fact that it marked the beginning of the season of warfare. In The Fifteenth Month, John F. Schwaller offers a detailed look at how the celebrations of Panquetzaliztli changed over time and what these changes reveal about the history of the Aztecs. Drawing on a variety of sources, Schwaller deduces that prior to the rise of the Mexica in 1427, an earlier version of the month was dedicated to the god Tezcatlipoca (Smoking Mirror), a war and trickster god. The Mexica shifted the dedication to their god, developed a series of ceremonies—including long-distance running and human sacrifice—that would associate him with the sun, and changed the emphasis of the celebration from warfare alone to a combination of trade and warfare, since merchants played a significant role in Mexica statecraft. Further investigation shows how the resulting festival commemorated several important moments in Mexica history, how it came to include ceremonies associated with the winter solstice, and how it reflected a calendar reform implemented shortly before the arrival of the Spanish. Focused on one of the most important months in the Mexica year, Schwaller’s work marks a new methodology in which traditional sources for Mexica culture, rather than being interrogated for their specific content, are read for their insights into the historical development of the people. Just as Christmas re-creates the historic act of the birth of Jesus for Christians, so, The Fifteenth Month suggests, Panquetzaliztli was a symbolic re-creation of events from Mexica myths and history.
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Theologians and Contract Law

... Short Directory for Confessors and Confessants (Breve directorium ad confessarii ac confitentis munus recte obeundum), ... Romano (1580–1585), at alcalá de henares (1585–1592), at Salamanca (1592–1597), and at coimbra (1597–1616).

Author: Wim Decock

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9789004232846

Category: Law

Page: 724

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In "Theologians and Contract Law," Wim Decock offers an account of the moral roots of modern contract law. He explains why theologians in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries built a systematic contract law around the principles of freedom and fairness.
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Manuscripta

Many of these , e.g. , the Directory for Confessors , 47 are yet to be discovered . Undoubtedly the archives of the various dioceses ... Vera also mentions that the ritual that the Council drew up was sent to Spain in October , 1585.

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ISBN: UOM:39015079922566

Category: Books

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Issues for Feb. 1957-July 1959 include a Checklist of the Vatican manuscript codices available for consultation at the Knights of Columbus Vatican Film Library at St. Louis University, pts. 1-8.
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History Gazetteer and Directory of Northamptonshire Comprising a General Survey of the County and a History of the Diocese of Peterborough

The rateable value of the parish is £ 1,585 . 10s . , and the amount of assessed property £ 1,695 The soil is principally a light loam , the greater part is in pasture ; and the principal proprietors are , William Peareth , Esq .

Author: William Whellan & Co

Publisher:

ISBN: SRLF:A0002533123

Category: Northamptonshire (England)

Page: 962

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History gazetteer and directory of Northamptonshire comprising a general survey of the county and a history of the diocese of Peterborough by William Whellan and co

Directory.- John M. Severne , Esq , Then ford - house ; Eliz . M'Dougall , schoolmistress ; and ... of Gilo de Pinkeney ; in the Confessor's time it was the freehold of Osmond , the Dane , and was valued at 40s . , but afterwards ...

Author: Whellan Francis and co

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ISBN: OXFORD:591045783

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Nottinghamshire History directory and gazetteer of the county and of the town and county of the town of Nottingham To which is added the history and directory of the port of Gainsborough

An Act of Parliament for paving the town was passed so early as 1585, but it seems almost to have been a dead letter till 1798, ... as 7 carucata and 2 bovats of land, which in the Confessor's time had been returned as 26 carucata.

Author: White Francis and co

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ISBN: OXFORD:591047279

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The Universal Dictionary of Biography and Mythology

He was transported by the Directory to Cayenne, where he died in 1797. See Thiers, "Histoirede la Revolution ... Bourgoing, booR'gwaN7, (Francois,) a French theologian and religious writer, born in Paris in 1585, became confessor ...

Author: Joseph Thomas

Publisher: Cosimo, Inc.

ISBN: 9781616400699

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 640

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Once considered the largest and most extensive source of biographies in the English language, The Universal Dictionary of Biography and Mythology contains information on nearly every historical figure, notable name, and important subject of mythology from throughout the world prior to the 20th century. Spanning all fields of human effort-from literature and the arts to philosophy and science-and touching on topics from multiple areas of mythological study, including Norse, Greek, and Roman, this extraordinary reference guide continues to be one of the most thorough and accurate collections of biographical data ever created. Combining mythological and biographical entries into a single, comprehensive list, and incorporating a unique system of indicating pronunciation and orthography, The Universal Dictionary of Biography and Mythology offers readers an unparalleled record of historically significant identities, from the obscure and forgotten newsmakers of yesteryear to the highly celebrated shapers of history that remain influential today. Volume I (A-CLU) of this exquisite four-volume set includes information on such names as John Quincy Adams, Achilles, sop, Napoleon Bonaparte, Julius Caesar, and Cleopatra, as well as a detailed introduction to the entire body of this work. JOSEPH THOMAS (1811-1891) also wrote A Comprehensive Medical Dictionary, various pronouncing vocabularies of biographical and geographical names, and a system of pronunciation for Lippincott's Pronouncing Gazetteer of the World.
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The Americas

These things are declared and explained in the Directory of Confessors approved by this Council and they are well known to the ... Rodríguez , Juan Manuel , La Iglesia en Nueva España , a la luz del Iller Concilio Mexicano ( 1585-1896 ) ...

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ISBN: STANFORD:36105006707199

Category: America

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A quarterly review of inter-American cultural history.
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Universal Pronouncing Dictionary of Biography and Mythology

Died about 1816 . logian and religious writer , born in Paris in 1585 , became See ... confessor to Gaston , Dake of Orléans , and superior - genBourdon de l'Oise , boor'don ' deh lwáz , ( FRANÇOIS eral of the order of the Oratory ...

Author: Joseph Thomas

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112114022434

Category: Biography

Page: 2546

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Divided Loyalties Pushing the Boundaries of Gender and Lay Roles in the Catholic Church 1534 1829

“Barbara Constable's Advice for Confessors and the Tradition of Medieval Holy Women.” In The English Convents in Exile, ... Mary Ward 1585–1648: A Briefe Relation with Autobiographical Fragments and a Selection of Letters.

Author: Lisa McClain

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319730875

Category: History

Page: 282

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This book explores changing gender and religious roles for Catholic men and women in the British Isles from Henry VIII’s break with the Catholic Church in 1534 to full emancipation in 1829. Filled with richly detailed stories, such as the suppression of Mary Ward’s Institute of English Ladies, it explores how Catholics created and tested new understandings of women’s and men’s roles in family life, ritual, religious leadership, and vocation through engaging personal narratives, letters, trial records, and other rich primary sources. Using an intersectional approach, it crafts a compelling narrative of three centuries of religious and social experimentation, adaptation, and change as traditional religious and gender norms became flexible during a period of crisis. The conclusions shed new light on the Catholic Church’s long-term, ongoing process of balancing gendered and religious authority during this period while offering insights into the debates on those topics taking place worldwide today.
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The Palaeotypography of the French Renaissance 2 vols

In 1585 Raimondi summarized the aim of the Medicean printing office as follows: 'Commandò [Ferdinando de Medici] che in ... a directory to instruct confessors, a digest of the most important decrees made by all the general councils, ...

Author: Hendrik Vervliet

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789047442967

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 580

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This collection of thirteen essays examines sixteenth-century type design in France. The papers focus on the great names of sixteenth-century typography, such as Simon de Colines, Robert Estienne, Claude Garamont, Robert Granjon and Pierre Haultin, and also include a number of minor masters of the period.
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The Church History of Britain

Sure I am , he began very well , being an exile and confessor in the days of queen Mary ; but is accused afterwards to be so guilty of oppressions , extortions , and simonies , that a Bill was put up against him in the Star - chamber ...

Author: Thomas Fuller

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015002985409

Category: Great Britain

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