The Ecology of Adaptive Radiation


Author: Dolph Schluter
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780198505235
Category: Science
Page: 296
View: 1514
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Adaptive radiation, a process that has given rise to much of life's diversity, occurs when a single ancestral speciesies diversifies into an impressive array of species exploiting a variety of environments. Darwin's finches, Hawaiianis silverswords, and East African cichlids are celebratedast examples. The Ecology of Adaptive Radiation is the first full exploration of the causes of this phenomenon intes the decades. Written by one of the world's leading evolutionary biologists, this book focuses on the 'ecological theory' of adaptive radiation, a body of ideas that began with Darwin and was developed through the first half of the 20thof all century. Here the author evaluates the theory and its most significant extensions and challenges in light of all recent evidence.

Fundamentals of Biogeography


Author: Richard John Huggett
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134349688
Category: Science
Page: 456
View: 8917
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Fundamentals of Biogeography presents an accessible, engaging and comprehensive introduction to biogeography, explaining the ecology, geography, history and conservation of animals and plants. Starting with an outline of how species arise, disperse, diversify and become extinct, the book examines: how environmental factors (climate, substrate, topography, and disturbance) influence animals and plants; investigates how populations grow, interact and survive; how communities form and change; and explores the connections between biogeography and conservation. The second edition has been extensively revised and expanded throughout to cover new topics and revisit themes from the first edition in more depth. Illustrated throughout with informative diagrams and attractive photos and including guides to further reading, chapter summaries and an extensive glossary of key terms, Fundamentals of Biogeography clearly explains key concepts in the history, geography and ecology of life systems. In doing so, it tackles some of the most topical and controversial environmental and ethical concerns including species over-exploitation, the impacts of global warming, habitat fragmentation, biodiversity loss and ecosystem restoration.

The East African Great Lakes: Limnology, Palaeolimnology and Biodiversity


Author: Eric O. Odada,Daniel O. Olago
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402007728
Category: Science
Page: 587
View: 3420
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The Second International Symposium on the East African Lakes was held from 10-15 January 2000 at Club Makokola on the southern shore of Lake Malawi. The symposium was organized by the International Decade for the East African Lakes (IDEAL), a research consortium of African, European and North American scientists interested in promoting the investigations of African Great Lakes as archives of environmental and climatic dynamics. Over one hundred African, European and North American scientists with special expertise in the tropical lakes participated in the symposium which featured compelling presentations on the limnology, climatology, palaeoclimatology and biodiversity of the East African Lakes. It is their papers that comprise this book. The large lakes of East Africa are important natural resources that are heavily utilized by their bordering countries for transportation, water supply, fisheries, waste disposal, recreation and tourism. The lakes are unique in many ways: they are sensitive to climatic change and their circulation dynamics, water-column chemistry and biological complexity differ significantly from large lakes at higher latitudes; they have long, continuous, high resolution records of past climatic change; and they have rich and diverse populations of endemic organisms. These unique properties and the significance of the palaeolimnological records demand and attract research interest from around the world.

Serpentine

The Evolution and Ecology of a Model System
Author: Susan Harrison,Nishanta Rajakaruna
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520948459
Category: Nature
Page: 464
View: 5894
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Serpentine soils have long fascinated biologists for the specialized floras they support and the challenges they pose to plant survival and growth. This volume focuses on what scientists have learned about major questions in earth history, evolution, ecology, conservation, and restoration from the study of serpentine areas, especially in California. Results from molecular studies offer insight into evolutionary patterns, while new ecological research examines both species and communities. Serpentine highlights research whose breadth provides context and fresh insights into the evolution and ecology of stressful environments.

The Evolutionary Strategies that Shape Ecosystems


Author: J. Philip Grime,Simon Pierce
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118223276
Category: Science
Page: 264
View: 5483
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In 1837 a young Charles Darwin took his notebook, wrote "I think"and then sketched a rudimentary, stick-like tree. Each branch ofDarwin's tree of life told a story of survival and adaptation– adaptation of animals and plants not just to theenvironment but also to life with other living things. However,more than 150 years since Darwin published his singular idea ofnatural selection, the science of ecology has yet to account forhow contrasting evolutionary outcomes affect the ability oforganisms to coexist in communities and to regulate ecosystemfunctioning. In this book Philip Grime and Simon Pierce explain how evidencefrom across the world is revealing that, beneath the wealth ofapparently limitless and bewildering variation in detailedstructure and functioning, the essential biology of all organismsis subject to the same set of basic interacting constraints onlife-history and physiology. The inescapable resulting predicamentduring the evolution of every species is that, according tohabitat, each must adopt a predictable compromise with regard tohow they use the resources at their disposal in order to survive.The compromise involves the investment of resources in either theeffort to acquire more resources, the tolerance of factors thatreduce metabolic performance, or reproduction. This three-waytrade-off is the irreducible core of the universal adaptivestrategy theory which Grime and Pierce use to investigate howtwo environmental filters selecting, respectively, for convergenceand divergence in organism function determine the identity oforganisms in communities, and ultimately how different evolutionarystrategies affect the functioning of ecosystems. This book reflectsan historic phase in which evolutionary processes are finallymoving centre stage in the effort to unify ecological theory, andanimal, plant and microbial ecology have begun to find a commontheoretical framework. Visit ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/grime/evolutionarystrategies"www.wiley.com/go/grime/evolutionarystrategies/ato access the artwork from the book.

The Evolution and Emergence of RNA Viruses


Author: Edward C. Holmes
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: N.A
Category: Medical
Page: 254
View: 9051
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While the study of viral evolution has developed rapidly in the last 30 years, little attention has been directed toward linking the mechanisms of viral evolution to the epidemiological outcomes of these processes. This book intends to fill this gap by considering the patterns and processes of viral evolution at all its spatial and temporal scales.

Mitonuclear Ecology


Author: Geoffrey E. Hill
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198818254
Category: Science
Page: 320
View: 7890
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This novel text provides a concise synthesis of how the interactions between mitochondrial and nuclear genes have played a major role in shaping the ecology and evolution of eukaryotes. The foundation for this new focus on mitonuclear interactions originated from research in biochemistry and cell biology laboratories, although the broader ecological and evolutionary implications have yet to be fully explored. The imperative for mitonuclear coadaptation is proposed to be a major selective force in the evolution of sexual reproduction and two mating types in eukaryotes, in the formation of species, in the evolution of ornaments and sexual selection, in the process of adaptation, and in the evolution of senescence. The book highlights the importance of mitonuclear coadaptation to the evolution of complex life and champions mitonuclear ecology as an important subdiscipline in ecology and evolution.

The Oxford Handbook of African Archaeology


Author: Peter Mitchell,Paul Lane
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191626155
Category: Social Science
Page: 1080
View: 8255
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Africa has the longest and arguably the most diverse archaeological record of any of the continents. It is where the human lineage first evolved and from where Homo sapiens spread across the rest of the world. Later, it witnessed novel experiments in food-production and unique trajectories to urbanism and the organisation of large communities that were not always structured along strictly hierarchical lines. Millennia of engagement with societies in other parts of the world confirm Africa's active participation in the construction of the modern world, while the richness of its history, ethnography, and linguistics provide unusually powerful opportunities for constructing interdisciplinary narratives of Africa's past. This Handbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date synthesis of African archaeology, covering the entirety of the continent's past from the beginnings of human evolution to the archaeological legacy of European colonialism. As well as covering almost all periods and regions of the continent, it includes a mixture of key methodological and theoretical issues and debates, and situates the subject's contemporary practice within the discipline's history and the infrastructural challenges now facing its practitioners. Bringing together essays on all these themes from over seventy contributors, many of them living and working in Africa, it offers a highly accessible, contemporary account of the subject for use by scholars and students of not only archaeology, but also history, anthropology, and other disciplines.

Proceedings


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Biology
Page: N.A
View: 2351
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Sparidae

Biology and Aquaculture of Gilthead Sea Bream and Other Species
Author: Michalis A. Pavlidis,Constantinos C. Mylonas
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781444392203
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 416
View: 506
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The Sparidae, commonly known as breams and porgies, is a family of fishes of the order Perciformes, and includes about 115 species of mainly marine coastal fish of high economic value, exploited and farmed for human consumption, as well as for recreational purposes. This landmark publication brings together a huge wealth of information on the biology and culture of gilthead sea bream and other Sparidae species. Commencing with an overview of the current status of aquaculture of Sparidae, the book continues with comprehensive coverage of the family’s phylogeny, evolution and taxonomy, stress and welfare issues, and reproduction and broodstock management. Further chapters include coverage of early development and metabolism, production systems, nutrition, quality, and health management. A final cutting-edge chapter looks at genomic-proteomic research in Sparidae and its application to genetic improvement. With contributions from Europe, the Middle East, Asia, Australasia and North America, carefully drawn together and edited by Professor M. Pavlidis and Dr C. C. Mylonas, themselves well known for their work in this area, Sparidae is an essential purchase for anyone working with this important family of fishes. Fish biologists, fish farmers, aquaculture researchers, and fisheries managers will all find much of great use and interest within this book’s covers. All universities and research establishments where biological sciences, aquaculture and fisheries science are studied and taught should have copies of this excellent book on their shelves.

The American Naturalist


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Natural history
Page: N.A
View: 7411
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Nestling Mouth Markings and Colors of Old World Finches Estrildidae

Mimicry and Coevolution of Nesting Finches and Their Vidua Brood Parasites
Author: Robert B. Payne
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Estrildidae
Page: 45
View: 6292
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Ecology and evolution of flowers


Author: Lawrence D. Harder,Spencer Charles Hilton Barrett
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780198570868
Category: Nature
Page: 370
View: 5939
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Floral biology, floral function, sexual systems, diversification.

Fish Cognition and Behavior


Author: Culum Brown,Kevin Laland,Jens Krause
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444342517
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 472
View: 5561
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In the second edition of this fascinating book an international team of experts have been brought together to explore all major areas of fish learning, including: Foraging skills Predator recognition Social organisation and learning Welfare and pain Three new chapters covering fish personality, lateralisation, and fish cognition and fish welfare, have been added to this fully revised and expanded second edition. Fish Cognition and Behavior, Second Edition contains essential information for all fish biologists and animal behaviorists and contains much new information of commercial importance for fisheries managers and aquaculture personnel. Libraries in all universities and research establishments where biological sciences, fisheries and aquaculture are studied and taught will find it an important addition to their shelves.

Molecular Ecology and Evolution of Intertidal Sculpins


Author: Marina L. Ramon
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category:
Page: 250
View: 5304
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Metabolic Ecology

A Scaling Approach
Author: Richard M. Sibly,James H. Brown,Astrid Kodric-Brown
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119968518
Category: Science
Page: 256
View: 6429
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One of the first textbooks in this emerging important field of ecology. Most of ecology is about metabolism: the ways that organisms use energy and materials. The energy requirements of individuals – their metabolic rates – vary predictably with their body size and temperature. Ecological interactions are exchanges of energy and materials between organisms and their environments. So metabolic rate affects ecological processes at all levels: individuals, populations, communities and ecosystems. Each chapter focuses on a different process, level of organization, or kind of organism. It lays a conceptual foundation and presents empirical examples. Together, the chapters provide an integrated framework that holds the promise for a unified theory of ecology. The book is intended to be accessible to upper-level undergraduate, and graduate students, but also of interest to senior scientists. Its easy-to-read chapters and clear illustrations can be used in lecture and seminar courses. Together they make for an authoritative treatment that will inspire future generations to study metabolic ecology.

Australian Journal of Botany


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Botany
Page: N.A
View: 4673
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Quantitative Genetics in the Wild


Author: Anne Charmantier,Dany Garant,Loeske E. B. Kruuk
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191655961
Category: Science
Page: 288
View: 7216
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Although the field of quantitative genetics - the study of the genetic basis of variation in quantitative characteristics such as body size, or reproductive success - is almost 100 years old, its application to the study of evolutionary processes in wild populations has expanded greatly over the last few decades. During this time, the use of 'wild quantitative genetics' has provided insights into a range of important questions in evolutionary ecology, ranging from studies conducting research in well-established fields such as life-history theory, behavioural ecology and sexual selection, to others addressing relatively new issues such as populations' responses to climate change or the process of senescence in natural environments. Across these fields, there is increasing appreciation of the need to quantify the genetic - rather than just the phenotypic - basis and diversity of key traits, the genetic basis of the associations between traits, and the interaction between these genetic effects and the environment. This research activity has been fuelled by methodological advances in both molecular genetics and statistics, as well as by exciting results emerging from laboratory studies of evolutionary quantitative genetics, and the increasing availability of suitable long-term datasets collected in natural populations, especially in animals. Quantitative Genetics in the Wild is the first book to synthesize the current level of knowledge in this exciting and rapidly-expanding area. This comprehensive volume also offers exciting perspectives for future studies in emerging areas, including the application of quantitative genetics to plants or arthropods, unraveling the molecular basis of variation in quantitative traits, or estimating non-additive genetic variance. Since this book deals with many fundamental questions in evolutionary ecology, it should be of interest to graduate, post-graduate students, and academics from a wide array of fields such as animal behaviour, ecology, evolution, and genetics.

Bulletin


Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Ecology
Page: N.A
View: 2659
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Proceedings of the Royal Society

Biological sciences
Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Biology
Page: N.A
View: 608
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