The Evolution of the British Welfare State

A History of Social Policy Since the Industrial Revolution
Author: Derek Fraser
Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan
ISBN: N.A
Category: Political Science
Page: 448
View: 5165
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Derek Fraser's book has established itself as a classic text on the history of social policy and social ideas in Britain since the Industrial Revolution. This fourth edition features a revised Introduction, incorporates the latest research and extends the coverage of the final chapter, bringing the story right up to the present day.

The Evolution of British Social Policy and the Welfare State, C. 1800-1993


Author: Keith Laybourn
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781853310768
Category: Great Britain
Page: 319
View: 7593
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This thorough and accessible survey of British social policy provides a useful appraisal of the Poor Law, the factory question, education, poverty and philanthropy; the social impact of two world wars, the Attlee years and the challenge to the Welfare State since 1951. Recent developments are covered, analysing the extent to which today's welfare decisions are made on political rather than economic or social grounds.

Bürgerrechte und soziale Klassen

zur Soziologie des Wohlfahrtsstaates
Author: Thomas Humphrey Marshall
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783593346601
Category:
Page: 202
View: 2322
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Family, Dependence, and the Origins of the Welfare State

Britain and France, 1914-1945
Author: Susan Pedersen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521558341
Category: Family & Relationships
Page: 478
View: 9708
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A comparative analysis of social policies in Britain and France between 1914 and 1945.

The “big society” and the british welfare state: a paradigm shift or just incremental policy change?


Author: Giulia Leoni
Publisher: Giulia Leoni
ISBN: 8868551993
Category: Political Science
Page: N.A
View: 7784
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The main topic of the dissertation is the innovative Conservative-Liberal Democratic plan of the Big Society, aiming at liberalizing the public sector from an excessive incidence and influence by public institutions and reaching a new conception of “human needs”, empowering local people and communities. Consequently, after an investigation of the innovative range of the Big Society plan, addressed to understand if it entails a paradigm change for the British Welfare State or just an incremental policy change, following the previous governments’ reforms, the second purpose of this study is to capture the viability of the new policies, located not only in a peculiar welfare state structure, but also in a particular historical time, requesting huge retrenchment. Accordingly, a combined approach involving a comparison among the main OECD countries in the wake of Esping-Andersen analysis and an historical methodology focusing on the last fifties years' social policy, underline an unbroken line among the British social policy, supporting an institutionalist theory. Subsequently, making use of civic involvement survey's figures, it will be evaluate the viability of the plan implied in the willingness of the British citizen to be accountable of the public sector and an analytical study will provide data for the first achievements of the Big Society devolving power to local communities and charities in the sake of fighting for the welfare sustainability, threatened by the red tape cut back. The ensued limitation of the methodology adopted during six months of scrupulous research at the London School of Economics and Political Science, dwells in the short-term of the policy implementation, requesting time to reach a new conception of civic involvement and of public sector accountability. Nevertheless, the comparative and historical approaches revealing continuity in the British social policy allow some forecasts regarding the trend of the plan.

The Origins of the British Welfare State

Society, State and Social Welfare in England and Wales, 1800-1945
Author: N.A
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
ISBN: 1137079800
Category:
Page: N.A
View: 9975
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Over the last 200 years Britain has witnessed profound changes in the nature and extent of state welfare. Drawing on the latest historical and social science research The Origins of the British Welfare State looks at the main developments in the history of social welfare provision in this period. It looks at the nature of problems facing British society in the late-eighteenth and early-nineteenth centuries and shows how these provided the foundation for the growth of both statutory and welfare provision in the areas of health, housing, education and the relief of poverty. It also examines the role played by the Liberal government of 1906-14 in reshaping the boundaries of public welfare provision and shows how the momentous changes associated with the First and Second World Wars paved the way for the creation of the 'classic' welfare state after 1945. This comprehensive and broad-ranging yet accessible account encourages the reader to question the 'inevitability' of present-day arrangements and provides an important framework for comparative analysis. It will be essential reading for all concerned with social policy, British social history and public policy.

Neo-Liberal Ideology


Author: Rachel S Turner
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748688684
Category: Political Science
Page: 256
View: 7785
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An original account of neo-liberalism's intellectual foundations, development and conceptual configuration as an ideology. Newly available in paperback.

Voluntary Agencies in the Welfare State


Author: Ralph M. Kramer,Ralph Martin Kramer,Harold L. Wilensky
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520042902
Category: Social Science
Page: 334
View: 8834
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Homo Deus

Eine Geschichte von Morgen
Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406704026
Category: Social Science
Page: 576
View: 9530
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In seinem Kultbuch „Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit“ erklärte Yuval Noah Harari, wie unsere Spezies die Erde erobern konnte. In „Homo Deus“ stößt er vor in eine noch verborgene Welt: die Zukunft. Was wird mit uns und unserem Planeten passieren, wenn die neuen Technologien dem Menschen gottgleiche Fähigkeiten verleihen – schöpferische wie zerstörerische – und das Leben selbst auf eine völlig neue Stufe der Evolution heben? Wie wird es dem Homo Sapiens ergehen, wenn er einen technikverstärkten Homo Deus erschafft, der sich vom heutigen Menschen deutlicher unterscheidet als dieser vom Neandertaler? Was bleibt von uns und der modernen Religion des Humanismus, wenn wir Maschinen konstruieren, die alles besser können als wir? In unserer Gier nach Gesundheit, Glück und Macht könnten wir uns ganz allmählich so weit verändern, bis wir schließlich keine Menschen mehr sind.

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit


Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Publisher: DVA
ISBN: 364110498X
Category: History
Page: 528
View: 9325
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

The Politics of State Expansion

War, State, and Society in Twentieth-century Britain
Author: James E. Cronin
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 0415036232
Category: History
Page: 308
View: 2122
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The expansion of the British state was neither automatic nor accidental. Rather, it was the outcome of recurring battles over the proper boundaries of the state and its role in economy and society. The Politics of State Expansion focuses on the interests arrayed on either side of this struggle; providing a new and critical perspective on the growth of the `Keynsian welfare state' and on the more recent retreat from Keynes and from collective provision.

Die Verfassung der Freiheit


Author: Friedrich August von Hayek
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 9783161486289
Category: Social Science
Page: 575
View: 9765
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English summary: In the first part of what is probably his most significant work, Nobel Prize winner Friedrich A. von Hayek provides a comprehensive systematic description of the fundamental principles of a liberal social philosophy which has formed the basis for the development of European civilization in the last centuries. In the second part of the book, the author deals with the origin of the rule of law and its significance for safeguarding personal freedom. In the third part, Hayek shows, using relevant examples, how important principles of the rule of law have been violated with the emergence of the welfare state and how this could lead to the destruction of personal freedom. German description: Wenn alte Wahrheiten ihren Einfluss auf das Denken der Menschen behalten sollen, mussen sie von Zeit zu Zeit in der Sprache und den Begriffen der nachfolgenden Generationen neu formuliert werden. (Hayek). Dies unternimmt F. A. von Hayek in der Verfassung der Freiheit, die nunmehr in 4. Auflage als Band B 3 der deutschen Ausgabe des Hayekschen Werks ( Gesammelte Schriften ) erscheint. Dieses wohl bedeutendste Werk des Nobelpreistragers bietet im ersten Teil eine umfassende systematische Darstellung der wesentlichen Prinzipien einer freiheitlichen Sozialphilosophie - der Grundlage fur die Entwicklung der europaischen Zivilisation in den letzten Jahrhunderten. Der zweite Teil befasst sich mit der Entstehung der rechtsstaatlichen Grundsatze - der rule of law - und ihrer Bedeutung fur die Sicherung der personlichen Freiheit. Im dritten Teil zeigt Hayek, wie mit dem Aufkommen des Wohlfahrtsstaates wichtige rechtsstaatliche Prinzipien verletzt werden und damit die personliche Freiheit zerstort zu werden droht. Dies verdeutlicht er anhand aufschlussreicher Beispiele aus den Bereichen Gewerkschaften und Beschaftigung, soziale Sicherheit, Besteuerung und Umverteilung, Landwirtschaft und Naturschatze, Erziehung und Forschung.

Social Policy and Practice in Canada

A History
Author: Alvin Finkel
Publisher: Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press
ISBN: 1554588863
Category: Political Science
Page: 396
View: 4702
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Social Policy and Practice in Canada: A History traces the history of social policy in Canada from the period of First Nations’ control to the present day, exploring the various ways in which residents of the area known today as Canada have organized themselves to deal with (or to ignore) the needs of the ill, the poor, the elderly, and the young. This book is the first synthesis on social policy in Canada to provide a critical perspective on the evolution of social policy in the country. While earlier work has treated each new social program as a major advance, and reacted with shock to neoliberalism’s attack on social programs, Alvin Finkel demonstrates that right-wing and left-wing forces have always battled to shape social policy in Canada. He argues that the notion of a welfare state consensus in the period after 1945 is misleading, and that the social programs developed before the neoliberal counteroffensive were far less radical than they are sometimes depicted. Social Policy and Practice in Canada: A History begins by exploring the non-state mechanisms employed by First Nations to insure the well-being of their members. It then deals with the role of the Church in New France and of voluntary organizations in British North America in helping the unfortunate. After examining why voluntary organizations gradually gave way to state-controlled programs, the book assesses the evolution of social policy in Canada in a variety of areas, including health care, treatment of the elderly, child care, housing, and poverty.

Charity, Self-Interest And Welfare In Britain

1500 To The Present
Author: Astor Professor of British History Martin Daunton,Martin Daunton
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135363811
Category: History
Page: 272
View: 3014
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First published in 1996. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Politics of Expertise

How NGOs Shaped Modern Britain
Author: Matthew Hilton,James McKay,Nicholas Crowson,Jean-François Mouhot
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191636916
Category: History
Page: 336
View: 4986
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The Politics of Expertise offers a challenging new interpretation of politics in contemporary Britain, through an examination of non-governmental organisations. Using specific case studies of the homelessness, environment, and international aid and development sectors, it demonstrates how politics and political activism has changed over the last half century. NGOs have contributed enormously to a professionalization and a privatization of politics, emerging as a new form of expert knowledge and political participation. They have been led by a new breed of non-party politician, working in collaboration and in competition with government. Skilful navigators of the modern technocratic state, they have brought expertise to expertise and, in so doing, have changed the nature of grassroots activism. As affluent citizens have felt marginalised by the increasingly complex nature of many policy solutions, they have made the rational calculation to support NGOs, the professionalism and resources of which make them better able to tackle complex problems. Yet in doing so, support rather than participation becomes the more appropriate way to describe the relationship of the public to NGOs. As voter turnout has declined, membership and trust in NGOs has increased. But NGOs are very different types of organisations from the classic democratic institutions of political parties and the labour movement. They maintain different and varied relationships with the publics they seek to represent. Attracting mass support has provided them with the resources and the legitimacy to speak to power on a bewildering range of issues, yet perhaps the ultimate victors in this new form of politics are the NGOs themselves.

The Wages of Sickness

The Politics of Health Insurance in Progressive America
Author: Beatrix Hoffman
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 0807860727
Category: Health & Fitness
Page: 280
View: 5853
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The Clinton administration's failed health care reform was not the first attempt to establish government-sponsored medical coverage in the United States. From 1915 to 1920, Progressive reformers led a spirited but ultimately unsuccessful crusade for compulsory health insurance in New York State. Beatrix Hoffman argues that this first health insurance campaign was a crucial moment in the creation of the American welfare state and health care system. Its defeat, she says, gave rise to an uneven and inegalitarian system of medical coverage and helped shape the limits of American social policy for the rest of the century. Hoffman examines each of the major combatants in the battle over compulsory health insurance. While physicians, employers, the insurance industry, and conservative politicians forged a uniquely powerful coalition in opposition to health insurance proposals, she shows, reformers' potential allies within women's organizations and the labor movement were bitterly divided. Against the backdrop of World War I and the Red Scare, opponents of reform denounced government-sponsored health insurance as "un-American" and, in the process, helped fashion a political culture that resists proposals for universal health care and a comprehensive welfare state even today.

Bread for All

The Origins of the Welfare State
Author: Chris Renwick
Publisher: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0241186692
Category: History
Page: 336
View: 8729
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SHORTLISTED FOR THE LONGMAN-HISTORY TODAY PRIZE 2018 LONGLISTED FOR THE ORWELL PRIZE 2018 'Makes a gripping human story out of the wisest and most progressive policy achievement of any government in the history of the world ... the welfare state deserves books this good' Stuart Maconie, New Statesman, Books of the Year 'A brilliant book, full of little revelations' Jon Cruddas, Prospect 'Carefully argued, deftly balanced and wittily written, with countless lovely details' Dominic Sandbrook, Sunday Times A landmark book from a remarkable new historian, on a subject that has never been more important - or imperilled Today, everybody seems to agree that something has gone badly wrong with the British welfare state. In the midst of economic crisis, politicians and commentators talk about benefits as a lifestyle choice, and of 'skivers' living off hard-working 'strivers' as they debate what a welfare state fit for the twenty-first century might look like. This major new history tells the story of one the greatest transformations in British intellectual, social and political life: the creation of the welfare state, from the Victorian workhouse, where you had to be destitute to receive help, to a moment just after the Second World War, when government embraced responsibilities for people's housing, education, health and family life, a commitment that was unimaginable just a century earlier. Though these changes were driven by developments in different and sometimes unexpected currents in British life, they were linked by one over-arching idea: that through rational and purposeful intervention, government can remake society. It was an idea that, during the early twentieth century, came to inspire people across the political spectrum. In exploring this extraordinary transformation, Bread for All explores and challenges our assumptions about what the welfare state was originally for, and the kinds of people who were involved in creating it. In doing so, it asks what the idea continues to mean for us today.

A Historical Guide to NGOs in Britain

Charities, Civil Society and the Voluntary Sector since 1945
Author: M. Hilton,N. Crowson,J. Mouhot,J. McKay
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137029021
Category: History
Page: 399
View: 4435
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Aiming to furnish the reader with the historical data to engage with the debates surrounding the Cameron government's 'Big Society' and civil society, this book gives the reader a greater and more informed historical consciousness of how the NGO sector has grown and influenced.

Revisiting The Welfare State


Author: Page, Robert
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)
ISBN: 0335213170
Category: Social Science
Page: 162
View: 3844
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In Revisiting the Welfare State, Robert Page provides an account of the British welfare state since 1940. His text re-examines some of the most commonly held assumptions about the post-war welfare state and reignites the debate about its role and purpose. Robert Page starts from the premise that the student of social policy can gain a deeper understanding of the welfare state by studying political and historical accounts of the welfare state, party manifestos, policy documents and political memoirs. Drawing from these sources, he provides a clear guide to the changing role of the state in the provision of welfare since 1940. Each of the five chapters is devoted to a particular theme associated with the post-war welfare state, the last of which focuses on the strategy of the New Labour governments of Tony Blair. It is reading for students of social policy, social work, politics and contemporary history. It will also appeal to the general reader who is seeking an accessible guide to the political history of the post-war welfare state.