The Extended Organism

However counterintuitive the idea might first seem, physiological ecologist Scott Turner demonstrates in this book that many animals construct and use structures to harness and control the flow of energy from their environment to their own ...

Author: J Scott Turner

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674044495

Category: Science

Page: 256

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Can the structures that animals build--from the humble burrows of earthworms to towering termite mounds to the Great Barrier Reef--be said to live? However counterintuitive the idea might first seem, physiological ecologist Scott Turner demonstrates in this book that many animals construct and use structures to harness and control the flow of energy from their environment to their own advantage. Building on Richard Dawkins's classic, The Extended Phenotype, Turner shows why drawing the boundary of an organism's physiology at the skin of the animal is arbitrary. Since the structures animals build undoubtedly do physiological work, capturing and channeling chemical and physical energy, Turner argues that such structures are more properly regarded not as frozen behaviors but as external organs of physiology and even extensions of the animal's phenotype. By challenging dearly held assumptions, a fascinating new view of the living world is opened to us, with implications for our understanding of physiology, the environment, and the remarkable structures animals build.
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The Perception of Space and Matter

with , ” the extended sensorium or organism . “ The soul , as it were , occupies
and pervades the sensorium as extended in all directions . ” 1 “ In sensation
proper the soul knows itself as united with the extended sensorium . ” 2 “ If the
soul , in ...

Author: Johnston Estep Walter

Publisher:

ISBN: HARVARD:HNU5IX

Category: Matter

Page: 451

View: 669

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The Elements of Intellectual Science

How is it shown to be correlative so far as to be extended , except it is taken to be
the analogon of the extended organism , i . e . , like it in being spatial in many
percepts , etc. , etc. , but unlike it in respect to other sense - percepts , as we have
 ...

Author: Noah Porter

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112062905853

Category: Intellect

Page: 565

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The Perceptionalist

... defines sensation “ a subjective experience of the soul as animating an
extended sensorium , " and when he says that “ in each sensation the soul knows
itself to be affected in some separate part of the extended organism which it
pervades ...

Author: Edward John Hamilton

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:24503316049

Category: Perception

Page: 416

View: 329

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"The general system of doctrine in the service of which both "The Human Mind" and "Mental Science" have been composed, might be styled Perceptionalism. For some such term may properly designate a form of philosophy which maintains, from an analytical and theoretical point of view, that mankind are not deluded in claiming that they perceive fact and truth, and that what they call their perceptions are true perceptions of those very things which they say that they perceive. The word "perception" is sometimes limited in its application: we now use it in its most unrestricted meaning. For we have perceptions of simple fact and perceptions of necessary relations; presentational perceptions and inferential perceptions; the perceptions of sense and of consciousness, and perceptions concomitant of these; the perceptions of the intuitive, and those of the discursive, reason: we perceive what is true actualistically and what is true hypothetically; we perceive the possible and the necessary, and the contingent and the probable. Our doctrine is that all these perceptions, when made by a sound mind and under proper conditions, are trustworthy; and our philosophy finds justification for this doctrine in the critical investigation of every mode of human cognition or conviction. Perceptionalism does not assert that the mind of man is infallible. On the contrary, recognizing the frequent recurrence of error, it seeks to understand the sources and laws of mistaken belief as well as those of correct belief. But it emphasizes the truth that man is capable of knowledge, or well-grounded certainty, about many things; and that where this is not attainable, he may often wisely form a judgment of probability"--Preface. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved).
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Mental Science

... defines sensation " & subjective experience of the soul as animating an
extended sensorium , ” and when he says that " in each sensation the soul knows
itself to be affected in some separate part of the extended organism which it
pervades ...

Author: Edward John Hamilton

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015026309917

Category: Psychology

Page: 416

View: 101

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""Mental Science," therefore, is now offered as an educational manual, and as a compend for the reading of those who would inform themselves respecting the doctrines of an earnest philosophy without entering upon non-essential details. The majority of the discussions have been not merely abridged, but simplified; a considerable number have been entirely re-written. Some chapters, too, which are devoted to logical questions, and which may prove serviceable in connection with some future effort, have been omitted. It has, however, been the aim to present a true theory of every normal activity of the intellect"--Preface.
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Selections from Berkeley

Yet both Mill and Dr. Bain seem to allow that when the extended area is very
small ( less than to of an inch in diameter ) ... of intensity — and that we are
originally and properly sentient and percipient of our own extended organism
and of that ...

Author: George Berkeley

Publisher:

ISBN: UVA:X000528534

Category: Idealism

Page: 402

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Critical Zones

Moreover , finding Hence the conclusion drawn by physiologist Scott Turner : the
" life " on Mars or Venus would mean that a new individual Life termite mound
corresponds to the extended organism . " exists , but not necessarily that a Gaian
 ...

Author: Bruno LaTour

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780262044455

Category:

Page: 560

View: 120

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Artists and writers portray the disorientation of a world facing climate change. This monumental volume, drawn from a 2020 exhibition at the ZKM Center for Art and Media, portrays the disorientation of life in world facing climate change. It traces this disorientation to the disconnection between two different definitions of the land on which modernizing humans live: the sovereign nation from which they derive their rights, and another one, hidden, from which they gain their wealth--the land they live on, and the land they live from. Charting the land they will inhabit, they find not a globe, not the iconic "blue marble," but a series of critical zones--patchy, heterogenous, discontinuous. With short pieces, longer essays, and more than 500 illustrations, the contributors explore the new landscape on which it may be possible for humans to land--what it means to be "on Earth," whether the critical zone, the Gaia, or the terrestrial. They consider geopolitical conflicts and tools redesigned for the new "geopolitics of life forms." The "thought exhibition" described in this book can opens a fictional space to explore the new climate regime; the rest of the story is unknown. Contributors include Dipesh Chakrabarty, Pierre Charbonnier, Emanuele Coccia, Vinciane Despret, Jerôme Gaillarde, Donna Haraway, Joseph Leo Koerner, Timothy Lenton, Richard Powers, Simon Schaffer, Isabelle Stengers, Bronislaw Szerszynski, Jan A. Zalasiewicz, Siegfried Zielinski Copublished with ZKM - Center for Art and Media Karlsruhe
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The Living Age

An extended organism is the condition of our passing into a state where there is
no extension. A human being is an extended and material thing, attached to
which is the power of becoming alive to feeling and thought, the extreme remove
from ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B2895070

Category:

Page:

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The World s Cyclopedia of Science

... relation between outward manner , we must yet deprive it of the almost agents
and the human feelings that renders invincible association of union in place , it
possible to discuss human interests from An extended organism is the condition
of ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015077820648

Category: Science

Page:

View: 910

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Humboldt library of science no 7 1880

... relation between outward manner , we must yet deprive it of the almost agents
and the human feelings that renders invincible assuciation of union in place . it
possible to discuss human interests from An extended organism is the condition
of ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:24504225126

Category:

Page:

View: 873

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Evolutionary Causation

The Extended Organism: The Physiology of Animal-built Structures. Cambridge,
MA: Harvard University Press. Turner, P. E., E. S. C. P. Williams, C. Okeke, V. S.
Cooper, S. Duffy, and J. E. Wertz. 2014. “Antibiotic Resistance Correlates with ...

Author: Tobias Uller

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262039925

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 752

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A comprehensive treatment of the concept of causation in evolutionary biology that makes clear its central role in both historical and contemporary debates. Most scientific explanations are causal. This is certainly the case in evolutionary biology, which seeks to explain the diversity of life and the adaptive fit between organisms and their surroundings. The nature of causation in evolutionary biology, however, is contentious. How causation is understood shapes the structure of evolutionary theory, and historical and contemporary debates in evolutionary biology have revolved around the nature of causation. Despite its centrality, and differing views on the subject, the major conceptual issues regarding the nature of causation in evolutionary biology are rarely addressed. This volume fills the gap, bringing together biologists and philosophers to offer a comprehensive, interdisciplinary treatment of evolutionary causation. Contributors first address biological motivations for rethinking evolutionary causation, considering the ways in which development, extra-genetic inheritance, and niche construction challenge notions of cause and process in evolution, and describing how alternative representations of evolutionary causation can shed light on a range of evolutionary problems. Contributors then analyze evolutionary causation from a philosophical perspective, considering such topics as causal entanglement, the commingling of organism and environment, and the relationship between causation and information. Contributors John A. Baker, Lynn Chiu, David I. Dayan, Renée A. Duckworth, Marcus W Feldman, Susan A. Foster, Melissa A. Graham, Heikki Helanterä, Kevin N. Laland, Armin P. Moczek, John Odling-Smee, Jun Otsuka, Massimo Pigliucci, Arnaud Pocheville, Arlin Stoltzfus, Karola Stotz, Sonia E. Sultan, Christoph Thies, Tobias Uller, Denis M. Walsh, Richard A. Watson
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The Conservation of Energy

An extended organism is the condition of our passing into a state where there is
no extension . A human being is an extended and material thing , attached to
which is the power of becoming alive to feeling and thought , the extrenie remove
 ...

Author: Balfour Stewart

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B4253142

Category: Force and energy

Page: 239

View: 214

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The Conservation of Energy

An extended organism is the condition of our passing into a state where there is
no extension. A human being is an extended and material thing, attached to
which is the power of becoming alive to feeling and thought, the extreme remove
from ...

Author: The International Scientific Series

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category:

Page:

View: 492

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The Conversation of Energy

An extended organism is the condition of our passing into a state where there is
no extension . A human being is an extended and material thing , attached to
which is the power of becoming alive to feeling and thought , the extrenie remove
 ...

Author: Balfour Stewart

Publisher:

ISBN: HARVARD:HN1UZM

Category:

Page:

View: 433

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Mind and Body

An extended organism is the condition of our passing into a state where there is
no extension . A human being is an extended and material mass , attached to
which is the power of becoming alive to feeling and thought , the extreme remove
 ...

Author: Alexander Bain

Publisher:

ISBN: HARVARD:32044101200426

Category: Mind and body

Page: 200

View: 739

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Mind and Body The theories of their relation

An extended organism is the condition of our passing into a state where there is
no extension . A human being is an extended and material mass , attached to
which is the power of becoming alive to feeling and thought , the extreme remove
 ...

Author: Alexander BAIN (Professor of Logic in the University of Aberdeen.)

Publisher:

ISBN: BL:A0025117377

Category:

Page: 196

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Psychology

... pressure there is directly revealed space of two dimensions. Whether the
cause of the sensation is externalized, projected beyond the surface of the
extended organism, or not, the conscious state aroused immediately presents
extension.

Author: Michael Maher

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015063916095

Category: Psychology

Page: 569

View: 556

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On Gaia

... the notion of the “Extended Organism” (Turner 2000) too far. 46. Colonies of
some species have multiple queens; in other species each colony has a single
queen, but she mates with multiple males. 47. Haplodiploidy is a curious system
of ...

Author: Toby Tyrrell

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691121581

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 795

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One of the enduring questions about our planet is how it has remained continuously habitable over vast stretches of geological time despite the fact that its atmosphere and climate are potentially unstable. James Lovelock's Gaia hypothesis posits that life itself has intervened in the regulation of the planetary environment in order to keep it stable and favorable for life. First proposed in the 1970s, Lovelock's hypothesis remains highly controversial and continues to provoke fierce debate. On Gaia undertakes the first in-depth investigation of the arguments put forward by Lovelock and others--and concludes that the evidence doesn't stack up in support of Gaia. Toby Tyrrell draws on the latest findings in fields as diverse as climate science, oceanography, atmospheric science, geology, ecology, and evolutionary biology. He takes readers to obscure corners of the natural world, from southern Africa where ancient rocks reveal that icebergs were once present near the equator, to mimics of cleaner fish on Indonesian reefs, to blind fish deep in Mexican caves. Tyrrell weaves these and many other intriguing observations into a comprehensive analysis of the major assertions and lines of argument underpinning Gaia, and finds that it is not a credible picture of how life and Earth interact. On Gaia reflects on the scientific evidence indicating that life and environment mutually affect each other, and proposes that feedbacks on Earth do not provide robust protection against the environment becoming uninhabitable--or against poor stewardship by us.
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Choice

The extended organism : the physiology of animal - built structures . Cambridge ,
2000 . 235p bibl index afp ISBN 0 - 674 - 001516 , $ 47 . 50 Drawing on a wealth
of examples , from the silken webs of diving spiders to the huge mound nests ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015079402478

Category: Academic libraries

Page:

View: 728

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