The First Philosophers

These first philosophers paved the way for the work of Plato and Aristotle - and hence for the whole of Western thought. This is a unique and invaluable collection of the works of the Presocratics and the Sophists.

Author: Robin Waterfield

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199539093

Category: Philosophy

Page: 400

View: 865

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These first philosophers paved the way for the work of Plato and Aristotle - and hence for the whole of Western thought. This is a unique and invaluable collection of the works of the Presocratics and the Sophists. Waterfield brings together the works of these early thinkers with brilliant new translation and exceptional commentary. This is the ideal anthology for the student of this increasingly appreciated field of classical philosophy.
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The First Philosophers of Greece

This book does a fantastic job of giving histories of the first philosophers of Greece.

Author: Arthur Fairbanks

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015011024828

Category: HISTORY

Page: 300

View: 950

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This book does a fantastic job of giving histories of the first philosophers of Greece. The reader is given insight into the achievements and life of each early philosopher, from Thales in the seventh century B.C. to Anaxagoras in the fifth century B.C.?
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Studies in Ancient Greek Society V2

This is a new release of the original 1955 edition.

Author: George Thomson

Publisher:

ISBN: 1494096455

Category:

Page: 366

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This is a new release of the original 1955 edition.
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The First Philosophers of Greece

From this text I have prepared a translation of the fragments into English, and along with this a translation of the important passages bearing on these early thinkers in Plato and Aristotle, and in the Greek doxographists as collected by ...

Author: Arthur Fairbanks

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 1546718605

Category:

Page: 310

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From the PREFACE. The Hegelian School, and in particular Zeller, have shown us the place of the earlier thinkers in the history of Greek thought, and the importance of a knowledge of their work for all who wish to understand Plato and Aristotle. Since Zeller's monumental work, several writers (e.g. Benn, Greek Philosophers, vol. i. London 1883; Tannery, Science hell�ne, Paris 1887; Burnet, Early Greek Philosophy, London 1892) have traced for us the history of this development, but the student who desires to go behind these accounts and examine the evidence for himself still finds the material difficult of access. This material consists of numerous short fragments preserved by later writers, and of accounts of the opinions of these thinkers given mainly by Aristotle and by the Greek doxographists (i.e. students of early thought who made epitomes of the opinions of the masters). The Greek text of the doxographists is now accessible to students in the admirable critical edition of H. Diels (Berlin 1879). The Greek text of the fragments has been published in numerous short monographs, most of which are not readily accessible to the student to-day; it is contained with a vast deal of other matter in Mullach's Fragmenta Graecorum Philosophorum (Paris 1888-1888, vol. i.-iii.), but the text is in many places so carelessly constructed that it does not serve the purposes of the scholar. In the present work it has been my plan to prepare for the student a Greek text of the fragments of these early philosophers which shall represent as accurately as possible the results of recent scholarship, and to add such critical notes as may be necessary to enable the scholar to see on what basis the text rests. From this text I have prepared a translation of the fragments into English, and along with this a translation of the important passages bearing on these early thinkers in Plato and Aristotle, and in the Greek doxographists as collected by Diels, in order that the student of early Greek thought might have before him in compact form practically all the materials on which the history of this thought is to be based. It has been difficult, especially in the case of Herakleitos and the Pythagoreans, to draw the line between material to be inserted, and that to be omitted; but, in order to keep the volume within moderate limits, my principle has been to insert only the passages from Plato and Aristotle and from the doxographists.
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The First Philosophers Pathways Program C Ancient Philosophy

By delving into the fragments that have been preserved of the theories and writings of these first, 'pre-Socratic' philosophers, such as Thales, Anaximander, Zeno and Parmenides, we shall encounter problems and paradoxes that remain ...

Author: Geoffrey Klempner

Publisher: Independently Published

ISBN: 1793372314

Category: Philosophy

Page: 202

View: 504

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How did philosophy begin? Some time around 600 BC in ancient Greece a radically new idea took root. Beliefs about a world derived from religious dogma and often lurid myths handed down from generation to generation gave way to the idea of logos, the notion of a universe structured on rational principles, a structure which human beings could uncover with the aid of reason and logic. Exactly how the idea arose remains a mystery. But it was the seed of all that has subsequently come under the name of 'Philosophy' right up to the present time. By delving into the fragments that have been preserved of the theories and writings of these first, 'pre-Socratic' philosophers, such as Thales, Anaximander, Zeno and Parmenides, we shall encounter problems and paradoxes that remain unsolved to this day, as well as getting a feel for what the enterprise of philosophy is about.
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Introduction to Presocratics

Introduction to Presocratics presents a succinct introduction to Greek thinkers of the 6th and 5th century BCE and a thematic exploration of the topics and enquiries opened by these first philosophers and scientists of the Western tradition ...

Author: Giannis Stamatellos

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470655030

Category: History

Page: 162

View: 578

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Introduction to Presocratics presents a succinct introduction to Greek thinkers of the 6th and 5th century BCE and a thematic exploration of the topics and enquiries opened by these first philosophers and scientists of the Western tradition. Offers a concise, thematically organized introduction to the Presocratics Includes a previously unpublished translation of the main fragments of the Presocratics by Classics scholar Rosemary Wright Covers key figures including Thales, Anaximander and Anaximenes of Miletus, Xenophanes, Heraclitus, Pythagoras, Parmenides and Zeno of Elea, Empedocles, Anaxagoras and Democritus Supplemented with helpful features including a timeline, map of the ancient world, glossary of terms, and index of proper names
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Miletus

Over time, Miletus was ruled by the Minoans, Mycenaeans, Hittites, Ionians, Persians, Seleucids, Attalids, Romans, Byzantines, Seljuk Turks, and Ottomans.

Author: Charles River Charles River Editors

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 1548984922

Category:

Page: 44

View: 642

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*Includes pictures *Includes ancient accounts of Miletus *Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading Miletus was an ancient city located on the west coast of present-day Turkey. It was the main city in the land of Ionia, a territory that stretched over 2,000 square kilometers of western Anatolia. With its four great harbors and a strategic location, Miletus became one of the most important coastal cities of western Anatolia, linking the Hellenistic world with the great civilizations of Babylon, Egypt, and eventually Persia. Over time, Miletus was ruled by the Minoans, Mycenaeans, Hittites, Ionians, Persians, Seleucids, Attalids, Romans, Byzantines, Seljuk Turks, and Ottomans. Western civilization is directly linked to the incredible things that happened in Miletus during the 6th and 5th centuries BCE. In the context of the dynamic political and mercantile interactions between different lands, philosophy and science were able to arise in Miletus because of the presence of a group of rich traders who, as an extremely rare luxury, had spare time to ponder about things beyond the necessities of life - to take an interest in knowledge for knowledge's sake. A revolution in human thinking took place there, most notably thanks to a man named Thales, who is widely recognized as the first philosopher - at least within the Western tradition. Little is known for certain about the life of Thales, other than what was said about him by other philosophers, but he is renowned to this day for being the first recognized pre-Socratic philosopher. He developed a new, incredibly optimistic idea from the conflicting mythologies that existed in Miletus: the belief that human beings can uncover the true workings of nature through their minds and senses. This was the basic premise of the pre-Socratics, who paved the way for the Classical Athenian philosophers that would go on to establish the major themes in Western philosophy. Philosophy is meaningless without science, and science is without direction when devoid of philosophy, but Thales was a polymath, with an interest in describing life as a whole, in its broadest sense. He tried to explain how life is structured according to an over-arching and all-encompassing principle. Considered by Aristotle to be the founder of physical science, Thales was the first named individual in the Western tradition that searched for the ultimate substance of things - in his case, water. This was the basis of the theory of atomism, which was formulated by Democritus 150 years after the life of Thales. Miletus was conquered two generations after Thales, and it was never the same again, but fortunately, the philosophical tradition was passed on to the Greek mainland and survived. After being sacked by the Persians in 494 BCE, the city was rebuilt, and it was during this restoration that one of its most famous town-planners, a native named Hippodamus, made his mark on history. He invented the so-called "Hippodamian grid," which still influences city-planning in the modern age. The Milesians went on to play a key role in the Peloponnesian Wars between Sparta, Athens, and the Persians, but by the end of the conflict Miletus was in a weakened state. It was captured by Alexander the Great after a massive battle in 334 BCE, and following Alexander's death, Miletus was ruled by the Seleucids, but over time Miletus gradually turned its back to the East and became closely influenced by Roman culture. It became an important Christian city in the Byzantine Empire, but by the Seljuk conquests of the 11th century, Miletus had already began to irreversibly decline. Miletus: The History and Legacy of the Ancient Greek City in Anatolia chronicles the history of this oft-forgotten but incredibly consequential city. Along with pictures depicting important people, places, and events, you will learn about Miletus like never before.
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Miletus

Over time, Miletus was ruled by the Minoans, Mycenaeans, Hittites, Ionians, Persians, Seleucids, Attalids, Romans, Byzantines, Seljuk Turks, and Ottomans.

Author: Charles River Charles River Editors

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 1548984930

Category:

Page: 76

View: 220

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*Includes pictures *Includes ancient accounts of Miletus *Includes online resources and a bibliography for further reading Miletus was an ancient city located on the west coast of present-day Turkey. It was the main city in the land of Ionia, a territory that stretched over 2,000 square kilometers of western Anatolia. With its four great harbors and a strategic location, Miletus became one of the most important coastal cities of western Anatolia, linking the Hellenistic world with the great civilizations of Babylon, Egypt, and eventually Persia. Over time, Miletus was ruled by the Minoans, Mycenaeans, Hittites, Ionians, Persians, Seleucids, Attalids, Romans, Byzantines, Seljuk Turks, and Ottomans. Western civilization is directly linked to the incredible things that happened in Miletus during the 6th and 5th centuries BCE. In the context of the dynamic political and mercantile interactions between different lands, philosophy and science were able to arise in Miletus because of the presence of a group of rich traders who, as an extremely rare luxury, had spare time to ponder about things beyond the necessities of life - to take an interest in knowledge for knowledge's sake. A revolution in human thinking took place there, most notably thanks to a man named Thales, who is widely recognized as the first philosopher - at least within the Western tradition. Little is known for certain about the life of Thales, other than what was said about him by other philosophers, but he is renowned to this day for being the first recognized pre-Socratic philosopher. He developed a new, incredibly optimistic idea from the conflicting mythologies that existed in Miletus: the belief that human beings can uncover the true workings of nature through their minds and senses. This was the basic premise of the pre-Socratics, who paved the way for the Classical Athenian philosophers that would go on to establish the major themes in Western philosophy. Philosophy is meaningless without science, and science is without direction when devoid of philosophy, but Thales was a polymath, with an interest in describing life as a whole, in its broadest sense. He tried to explain how life is structured according to an over-arching and all-encompassing principle. Considered by Aristotle to be the founder of physical science, Thales was the first named individual in the Western tradition that searched for the ultimate substance of things - in his case, water. This was the basis of the theory of atomism, which was formulated by Democritus 150 years after the life of Thales. Miletus was conquered two generations after Thales, and it was never the same again, but fortunately, the philosophical tradition was passed on to the Greek mainland and survived. After being sacked by the Persians in 494 BCE, the city was rebuilt, and it was during this restoration that one of its most famous town-planners, a native named Hippodamus, made his mark on history. He invented the so-called "Hippodamian grid," which still influences city-planning in the modern age. The Milesians went on to play a key role in the Peloponnesian Wars between Sparta, Athens, and the Persians, but by the end of the conflict Miletus was in a weakened state. It was captured by Alexander the Great after a massive battle in 334 BCE, and following Alexander's death, Miletus was ruled by the Seleucids, but over time Miletus gradually turned its back to the East and became closely influenced by Roman culture. It became an important Christian city in the Byzantine Empire, but by the Seljuk conquests of the 11th century, Miletus had already began to irreversibly decline. Miletus: The History and Legacy of the Ancient Greek City in Anatolia chronicles the history of this oft-forgotten but incredibly consequential city. Along with pictures depicting important people, places, and events, you will learn about Miletus like never before.
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Becoming God

A lucid presentation of the first and most influential attempts to weave together philosophical thought on God, reason and happiness.

Author: Patrick Lee Miller

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781847061645

Category: Philosophy

Page: 179

View: 862

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A lucid presentation of the first and most influential attempts to weave together philosophical thought on God, reason and happiness.
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The First Philosophers of Greece

It is said that Thales of Miletos , one of the seven wise men , was the first to
undertake the study of physical philosophy . He said that the beginning ( the first
principle ) and the end of all things is water . All things acquire firmness as this ...

Author: Arthur Fairbanks

Publisher:

ISBN: WISC:89094323888

Category: HISTORY

Page: 300

View: 660

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This book does a fantastic job of giving histories of the first philosophers of Greece. The reader is given insight into the achievements and life of each early philosopher, from Thales in the seventh century B.C. to Anaxagoras in the fifth century B.C.?
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Syllabus in Junior Philosophy

About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work.

Author:

Publisher: Forgotten Books

ISBN: 1390752615

Category:

Page: 42

View: 368

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Excerpt from Syllabus in Junior Philosophy: First Term, Lectures and Books The first philosophers of the race were Ionians in distinction to Do rians. There is a mental line of cleavage between these two branches. The group of men in the island of Miletus were the first philosophers recorded. They were not closet philosophers but leaders of their race. Classification of Greek Philosophy: I. Pre-socratic (600 The subject matter of this school was largely cosmological, investigating the order and course of nature. The three earliest schools, the physicists of the sth century and the sophists are the subdivisions. II. Socratic (430 This period marks a transition of study from nature to man as subject. It is humanistic and anthropological. Soc rates, Plato and Aristotle (of the Peripatetics) are the representative schools. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
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Retrieving the Ancients

Retrieving the Ancients tells the story of the first philosophers in the West. A clear and engaging introduction to ancient Greek philosophy. Tells the story of the first philosophers in the West, from Thales to Aristotle.

Author: David Roochnik

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 1405108622

Category: Philosophy

Page: 248

View: 813

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Retrieving the Ancients tells the story of the first philosophers in the West. A clear and engaging introduction to ancient Greek philosophy. Tells the story of the first philosophers in the West, from Thales to Aristotle. Has a strong sense of narrative drive. Treats the history of ancient Greek philosophy dialectically, as a conversation in which each thinker responds to and moves beyond his predecessors. Argues that the works of the ancients are as valuable today as ever.
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Philosophy Without Women

Yet the first philosophers of antiquity were hardly agreed on first principles. Songe-M°ller shows how the Greeks made intellectual choices that would prove fateful for half of humankind.

Author: Vigdis Songe-Møller

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441153721

Category: Philosophy

Page: 198

View: 421

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For most of its history, western philosophy has regarded woman as an imperfect version of man. Like so many aspects of western culture, this tradition builds on foundations laid in ancient Greece. Yet the first philosophers of antiquity were hardly agreed on first principles. Songe-M°ller shows how the Greeks made intellectual choices that would prove fateful for half of humankind.
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Meno and Other Dialogues

This is an essential volume for understanding the brilliance of the first Western philosopher. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe.

Author: Plato

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191604577

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 799

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Meno Charmides Laches Lysis 'Do please try to tell us what courage is...' In these four dialogues Plato considers virtue and its definition. Charmides, Laches, and Lysis investigate the specific virtues of self-control, courage, and friendship; the later Meno discusses the concept of virtue as a whole, and whether it is something that can be taught. In the conversations between Socrates and his interlocutors, moral concepts are debated and shown to be more complex than at first appears, until all the participants in the conversations are reduced to bafflement. The artistry as well as the philosophy of these dialogues has always been widely admired. The introduction to this edition explains the course of the four dialogues and examines the importance of Socrates' questions and arguments, and the notes cover major and minor points in more detail. This is an essential volume for understanding the brilliance of the first Western philosopher. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.
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