The Grammatical Structures of English and Spanish

This series is designed to provide a detailed account of one of the major problems in the teaching of a second language—the interference caused by structural differences between the native language of the learner and the foreign language ...

Author: Robert P. Stockwell

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226775046

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 328

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DIVThis series is designed to provide a detailed account of one of the major problems in the teaching of a second languagéthe interference caused by structural differences between the native language of the learner and the foreign language he is studying. The similarities and differences between English and the language being taught are described in two volumes, one on the sound systems and one on the grammatical systems, for some of the foreign languages most in demand in the United States today. /div
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Bilingual Grammar of English Spanish Syntax

This third edition of this text presents the major grammatical contrasts between English and Spanish in a simple and direct manner that is ideal for teachers of either language.

Author: Sam Hill

Publisher: University Press of Amer

ISBN: 0761863761

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 412

View: 687

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This third edition of this text presents the major grammatical contrasts between English and Spanish in a simple and direct manner that is ideal for teachers of either language. This book addresses difficult grammatical topics for the English speaker, such as the question of aspect (preterit/imperfect) and the Spanish indicative/subjunctive; the English modal auxiliary system; and other challenging topics for the Spanish speaker. This reworked and expanded edition presents a complete inventory of all the major inter-lingual contrasts, emphasizing those contrasts that pose difficulties for teachers and students alike. The text features numerous exercises and, new with this edition, an extensive glossary of grammatical terms."
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The Syntax Information Structure Interface

In the last decade, the notions of topic and focus have come to play an increasingly relevant role in theoretical linguistics.

Author: Eugenia Casielles-Suárez

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135876692

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 248

View: 960

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In the last decade, the notions of topic and focus have come to play an increasingly relevant role in theoretical linguistics. Although these notions are often taken for granted, they are still poorly understood. This study offers a detailed analysis of the precise definitions of these and related terms (theme, topic, background, given information, focus, contrast, etc.) as well as of their combination into information structures such as the topic-focus and background-focus articulations. It recommends pursuing a feature-based typology of topics and argues against a dual nature of focus (i.e. presentational vs. contrastive). Central questions addressed are the analysis of subjects in Spanish and English (DP vs NP and null vs. preverbal vs. postverbal) and the nature of constructions such as topicalization, left-dislocation, and focus preposing. Further, it is proposed that in Spanish information structure can be read off the syntax: while an overt DP in the preverbal specifier subject position is interpreted as the topic in a topic-focus articulation, one or more left-or right-dislocated phrases are interpreted as part of the background in background-focus/focus-background structures.
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Bilingual People

-------------- Landa Marik is owner of copyrights for the following books: USA copyrights, 2006, Maya Latin and Caribbean Routes, travel discount book. Canada copyrights, 2006, The Key to English Grammar as a second language.

Author: Landa Marik

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 9781453501535

Category: Reference

Page: 143

View: 753

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Distance Language Education: The “Bilingual People, English-Spanish” dictionary contains one book with six language units. Unit 1- Words classified by topics contains more than 700 words classified by topics. 200 of these words were selected because of the similar spelling making them easy to remember. Unit 2- Conversation Practice introduces the most common everyday expressions allowing you to practice daily while at your office, or traveling abroad. Unit 3- Entertaining Readings Learn about the necessary ingredients you need in life to become successful, healthy and happy. Unit 4- Similarities of the English and Spanish Languages Unit 5- Major differences of the English Language Unit 6- Major differences of the Spanish Language The last three units are designed to help adult language learners grasp both, the Parts of Speech and the grammatical structures of English and Spanish. -------------- Landa Marik is owner of copyrights for the following books: USA copyrights, 2006, Maya Latin and Caribbean Routes, travel discount book. Canada copyrights, 2006, The Key to English Grammar as a second language. USA copyrights, 1986, Bilingual People English/Spanish Adult language kit. Sounds Performance Arts, 1987, Bilingual English and Spanish Audio CD’s. USA copyrights, 1986, “Eternal Life” (Vida Eterna) fiction short stories, and poems. 2007, Publisher of the “Bilingual People Kit”, for language Distance Education of English, and Spanish; containing one book and 3 audio CD's. 2007, Publisher of the “Key to English Grammar”, English as a second language. 2006, Author of the Travel Book, “The Maya Latin and Caribbean Routes”; edited in English/Spanish and French, “International spots of Belize, Central America, and the Southeast States of Mexico (Peninsula de Yucatan and Quintana Roo). 2004, Duke Cross Foundation, President Founder, British Columbia, Language Distance Education Research. 1986-2003, Publisher of the Maya Route Magazine, and the INTERANET Newspaper.
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Sentence Generation

Therefore, cognition and language have the same origin. We the human beings have language to recognize and dominate the world, including our own mind. This is the reason why we have reason and language.

Author: Yuko Sakai

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 1545429006

Category:

Page: 54

View: 595

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Many define the language, in various phrases with various modifiers, as a tool of communication. However, not all the language is communicated and the language is generated before the communication. We have no words to communicate without thinking, whose concrete act is to choose the words. Therefore, cognition and language have the same origin. We the human beings have language to recognize and dominate the world, including our own mind. This is the reason why we have reason and language. Language is not merely a tool of communication, but it is indispensable to have reason and to be a Homo sapiens. The reason is based on the outside world composed of space-time. We perceive the outside world and recognize it by naming or classifying in our each vocabulary. Accordingly, a linguistic theory, which explains how and why the sentences are, should start with the cognition. The method is opposite to that of Aristotle's tradition, which begins in the form and the contents are interpreted from the form based on the view that language is a tool of communication regarding only the communicated words as language. The same view is also found in F. de Saussure, who regarded language as a given and socially approved system of signs. Language is not a system of signs, but, what we generate just in the next moment. If we shut up, language does not exist. The system or grammar may change with our usage of words moment by moment, thus, language continues to change as long as it is spoken. Consequently, this work finds the DEEP and UNIVERSAL STRUCTURE of sentence in the structure of the four-dimensional cognition. First, we deduce what structure is necessary to express the four-dimensional cognition. Secondly, we see how we generate the surface structures in five languages; English, Spanish, Chinese, Japanese and Ainu. We define each word in syntactic tree diagrams just like chemical formulas to verify the deep structure in the surface structure.
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Practice in Spanish Grammar

Practice in Spanish Grammar is both a practical workbook and a useful work of reference, providing help in dealing with individual difficulties and enabling students to check for themselves how a particular structure works.

Author: Mark Cholij

Publisher: Nelson Thornes

ISBN: 0748723765

Category: Spanish language

Page: 256

View: 191

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Grammatical structures are introduced by means of dialogues, setting the language in an everyday context. Grammatical rules are explained clearly and methodically in English and are then practised in a series of exercises in which the language is kept relatively simple. Practice in Spanish Grammar is both a practical workbook and a useful work of reference, providing help in dealing with individual difficulties and enabling students to check for themselves how a particular structure works.
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Bilingual Grammar of English Spanish Syntax

There he completed the predecessor to the current text titled Contrastive English - Spanish Grammatical Structures . Professor Hill has been awarded two sabbatical leaves , one in Brazil ( 1980 ) and the other in Puerto Rico ( 1991 ) .

Author: Sam Hill

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 0761817190

Category: Social Science

Page: 366

View: 964

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This comparative analysis of the inter-lingual differences between English and Spanish allows instructors to comprehend and analyze the linguistic behaviors of their students and thereby help them achieve bilingualism. Intended for advanced upper-division and graduate students intending to teach Spanish-to-English speakers, English-to- Spanish speakers, and translators of both languages. Plastic comb binding. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.
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Research in Education

Knowledge about first language acquisition helps the teacher of English avoid those structures that the student cannot ... of the Spanish language within the grammatical theory originated by Noam Chomsky in his " Syntactic Structures ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015023534244

Category: Education

Page:

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Forum

The Grammatical Structures of English and Spanish , by Robert P. Stockwell , J. Donald Bowen , and John W. Martin . ( Contrastive Structure Series . ) Chicago : The University of Chicago Press , 1965. xi , 238 pp .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:30000010769812

Category: English language

Page:

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Practical Spanish Grammar

Combiningthe quick- reference virtues of a phrase book with the learningtools of a full-fledged language course, this popular guide givesyou a solid start.

Author: Marcial Prado

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471134466

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 368

View: 775

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The fast, easy way to master the essentials of Spanish Now, learning Spanish can be as easy as uno, dos, tres! Combiningthe quick- reference virtues of a phrase book with the learningtools of a full-fledged language course, this popular guide givesyou a solid start. Completely revised and updated for today'susage, Practical Spanish Grammar gives you: * A proven interactive format that has been tested, rewritten, andretested to ensure you can teach yourself at your own pace * Exercises to reinforce what you've learned * Clear explanations of approximately 80 percent of Spanishgrammatical structures * Over 1,000 of the most frequently used Spanish words * Sample dialogues with cultural notes and lists of terms
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