The Great Acceleration

Author: J. R. McNeill,Peter Engelke
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674545036
Category: History
Page: 275
View: 8662
The pace of energy use, greenhouse gas emissions, and population growth has thrust the planet into a new age—the Anthropocene. Humans have altered the planet’s biogeochemical systems without consciously managing them. The Great Acceleration explains the causes, consequences, and uncertainties of this massive uncontrolled experiment.

Mining North America

An Environmental History since 1522
Author: John R. McNeill,George Vrtis
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520966538
Category: History
Page: 456
View: 2603
Over the past five hundred years, North Americans have increasingly relied on mining to produce much of their material and cultural life. From cell phones and computers to cars, roads, pipes, pans, and even wall tile, mineral-intensive products have become central to North American societies. As this process has unfolded, mining has also indelibly shaped the natural world and the human societies within it. Mountains have been honeycombed, rivers poisoned, forests leveled, and the consequences of these environmental transformations have fallen unevenly across North America. Drawing on the work of scholars from Mexico, the United States, and Canada, Mining North America examines these developments. It covers an array of minerals and geographies while bringing mining into the core debates that animate North American environmental history. Taken all together, the essays in this book make a powerful case for the centrality of mining in forging North American environments and societies.

Culture and the Political Economy of Schooling

What's Left for Education?
Author: John Morgan
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351612603
Category: Education
Page: 220
View: 2865
Since the global financial crisis of 2007-08 the question of the aims of schooling have assumed greater importance. There has been no ‘return to normal’, yet young people are encouraged to ‘Keep calm and go to university’. Culture and the Political Economy of Schooling explores the possibilities for the emergence of a progressive agenda for schooling. Culture and the Political Economy of Schooling provides educators and social scientists with the essential background required to understand changes in schooling since the Second World War. It introduces theories of the economic crisis, and explores their educational implications, before going on to provide accounts of how politics and culture have shaped debates about schooling. This cultural political economy approach is applied to issues such as social class, race, the brave new worlds of work, the dangerous rise of creative education, and the increasingly urgent question of inequality. The final parts of the book explore the educational challenges of the Anthropocene and the changing conceptions of knowledge in schools and finally consider alternatives to contemporary schooling. The students in our schools today will face a future framed by the twin crises of economy and environment, prompting an urgent rethink of education. Written in an accessible and engaging manner, this book is an essential guide for thinking about the past, present and futures of education. It will be of great interest to researchers and graduate students of education studies, curriculum studies, sociology of education, education politics and education policy.

The Mexican Heartland

How Communities Shaped Capitalism, a Nation, and World History, 1500-2000
Author: John Tutino
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691174369
Category: History
Page: 512
View: 5289
A major new history of capitalism from the perspective of the indigenous peoples of Mexico, who sustained and resisted it for centuries The Mexican Heartland provides a new history of capitalism from the perspective of the landed communities surrounding Mexico City. In a sweeping analytical narrative spanning the sixteenth century to today, John Tutino challenges our basic assumptions about the forces that shaped global capitalism—setting families and communities at the center of histories that transformed the world. Despite invasion, disease, and depopulation, Mexico’s heartland communities held strong on the land, adapting to sustain and shape the dynamic silver capitalism so pivotal to Spain’s empire and world trade for centuries after 1550. They joined in insurgencies that brought the collapse of silver and other key global trades after 1810 as Mexico became a nation, then struggled to keep land and self-rule in the face of liberal national projects. They drove Zapata’s 1910 revolution—a rising that rattled Mexico and the world of industrial capitalism. Although the revolt faced defeat, adamant communities forced a land reform that put them at the center of Mexico’s experiment in national capitalism after 1920. Then, from the 1950s, population growth and technical innovations drove people from rural communities to a metropolis spreading across the land. The heartland urbanized, leaving people searching for new lives—dependent, often desperate, yet still pressing their needs in a globalizing world. A masterful work of scholarship, The Mexican Heartland is the story of how landed communities and families around Mexico City sustained silver capitalism, challenged industrial capitalism—and now struggle under globalizing urban capitalism.

Теория когнитивного диссонанса

Author: Леон Фестингер
Publisher: Litres
ISBN: 5040944055
Category: Psychology
Page: N.A
View: 4567
Самая известная работа классика психологии Леона Фестингера в современном изложении. Понятие «когнитивный диссонанс» плотно вошло в нашу жизнь ‒ этот психологический феномен воздействует на наше поведение и восприятие мира. Люди стремятся к внутреннему равновесию между получаемой информацией и личными мотивами своего поведения – иногда даже вопреки здравому смыслу. Стремление снизить диссонанс является важнейшей потребностью в жизни любого человека ‒ автор доказывает это результатами многочисленных экспериментов и удивительными историческими фактами.

Научная мысль как планетное явление

Author: Владимир Вернадский
Publisher: Мультимедийное издательство Стрельбицкого
Category: Philosophy
Page: N.A
View: 716
Книга представляет собой своеобразный итог творческих исканий академика Владимира Ивановича Вернадского, итог его глубоких размышлений о судьбах научного познания, о взаимоотношениях науки и философии, о будущем человечества. Детально прослеживая пути и этапы развития научной мысли в разные исторические эпохи, автор подчеркивает неравномерность этого развития. Анализируя идеалистические философские системы не только европейские, но и Древнего Востока, он ставит их в один ряд с религией, противопоставляя их научному знанию. Раскрывая ведущую преобразующую роль науки и социально организованного человеческого труда в настоящем и будущем нашей планеты, подчеркивая все большую независимость власти разума над биосферой, ученый предупреждает, что по мере развития ноосферы эта независимость может быть реализована лишь при условии сохранения равновесных сил, сложившихся в биосфере.


The Evolution of a Science
Author: L. Ron Hubbard
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781403144812
Page: N.A
View: 6334

Climate-Challenged Society

Author: John S. Dryzek,Richard B. Norgaard,David Schlosberg
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191510831
Category: Political Science
Page: 168
View: 9841
This book is an original, accessible, and thought-provoking introduction to the severe and broad-ranging challenges that climate change presents and how societies can respond. It synthesizes and deploys cutting-edge scholarship on the range of social, economic, political, and philosophical issues surrounding climate change. The treatment is introductory, but the book is written "with attitude", for nobody has yet charted in coherent, integrative, and effective fashion a way to move societies beyond their current paralysis as they face the challenges of climate change. The coverage begins with an examination of science, public opinion, and policy making, with special attention to organized climate change denial. The book then moves to economic analysis and its limits; different kinds of policies; climate justice; governance at all levels from the local to the global; and the challenge of an emerging "Anthropocene" in which the mostly unintended consequences of human action drive the earth system into a more chaotic and unstable era. The conclusion considers the prospects for fundamental transition in ideas, movements, economics, and governance.

Australian Literary Studies

Author: N.A
Publisher: N.A
Category: Australian literature
Page: N.A
View: 4479

La biosphère de l'anthropocène

climat et pétrole, la double menace : repères transdisciplinaires (1824-2007)
Author: Jacques Grinevald
Publisher: Georg Editeur
Category: Climate and civilization
Page: 293
View: 1731
Quiconque possède un brin d'esprit philosophique (et scientifique) et n'est pas trop aveuglé par les problèmes quotidiens et le dogme politico-économique de la croissance, ne peut qu'être frappé par cette lancinante rumeur qui semble à la fois tomber du ciel et remonter des entrailles de la Terre : une espèce zoologique singulière, Homo sapiens faber (V.Vernadskv), est devenue une nouvelle force géologique. L'humanité "civilisée", depuis la révolution thermo-industrielle, est désormais capable d'accélérer et de prendre la direction de l'évolution de toute la Biosphère. Mais n'est-ce pas jouer aux apprentis sorciers ? Avant Hiroshima, pratiquement personne - parmi les "civilisés" - ne remettait en question l'optimisme historique qui s'attachait à l'idéologie du Progrès. A l'Est comme à l'Ouest, au Sud comme au Nord, la Guerre froide n'a guère permis de faire triompher la "non-violence" pas plus qu'elle n'a permis d'aller plus loin que la création de "réserves de la biosphère" et autres aires protégées. La biologie moderne, en faisant triompher une conception moléculaire du vivant, a fait de l'ombre à l'essor, tout aussi fondamental, de la biologie environnementale et de l'écologie globale, la science de la Biosphère, ignorée par les sciences économiques et sociales. Malgré l'immense espérance internationale de "l'atome pour la paix" et les illusions du Développement, contemporaines de l'âge d'or du pétrole, l'expansion de la civilisation scientifico-militaro-industrielle heurte de plus en plus les limites de la Biosphère dont les sociétés humaines dépendent tout autant que n'importe quelles autres formes de vie.