The Great Age of Discovery


Author: Paul Herrmann,Arnold J. Pomerans
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9781494117986
Category:
Page: 540
View: 1142
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This is a new release of the original 1958 edition.

Age of Exploration DBA


Author: Social Studies School Service
Publisher: Social Studies
ISBN: 1560041692
Category: Discoveries in geography
Page: 53
View: 3474
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Maritime Exploration in the Age of Discovery, 1415-1800


Author: Ronald S. Love
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313320439
Category: History
Page: 195
View: 6077
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European maritime exploration in the Age of Discovery united trade routes and paved the way for the modern global era.

Voyager

Exploration, Space, and the Third Great Age of Discovery
Author: Stephen J. Pyne
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1101190299
Category: Science
Page: 464
View: 5593
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A brilliant new account of the Voyager space program-its history, scientific impact, and cultural legacy Launched in 1977, the two unmanned Voyager spacecraft have completed their Grand Tour to the four outer planets, and they are now on course to become the first man-made objects to exit our solar system. To many, this remarkable achievement is the culmination of a golden age of American planetary exploration, begun in the wake of the 1957 Sputnik launch. More than this, Voyager may be one of the purest expressions of exploration in human history. For more than five hundred years the West has been powered by the impulse to explore, to push into a wider world. In this highly original book, Stephen Pyne recasts Voyager in the tradition of Magellan, Columbus, Cook, Lewis and Clark, and other landmark explorers. The Renaissance and Enlightenment-the First and Second Ages of Discovery- sent humans across continents and oceans to find new worlds. In the Third Age, expeditions have penetrated the Antarctic ice, reached the floors of the oceans, and traveled to the planets by new means, most spectacularly via semi-autonomous robot. Voyager probes how the themes of motive and reward are stunningly parallel through all three ages. Voyager, which gave us the first breathtaking images of Jupiter and Saturn, changed our sense of our own place in the universe.

Turks, Moors, and Englishmen in the Age of Discovery


Author: Nabil Matar
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 023152854X
Category: History
Page: 288
View: 8516
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During the early modern period, hundreds of Turks and Moors traded in English and Welsh ports, dazzled English society with exotic cuisine and Arabian horses, and worked small jobs in London, while the "Barbary Corsairs" raided coastal towns and, if captured, lingered in Plymouth jails or stood trial in Southampton courtrooms. In turn, Britons fought in Muslim armies, traded and settled in Moroccan or Tunisian harbor towns, joined the international community of pirates in Mediterranean and Atlantic outposts, served in Algerian households and ships, and endured captivity from Salee to Alexandria and from Fez to Mocha. In Turks, Moors, and Englishmen, Nabil Matar vividly presents new data about Anglo-Islamic social and historical interactions. Rather than looking exclusively at literary works, which tended to present unidimensional stereotypes of Muslims—Shakespeare's "superstitious Moor" or Goffe's "raging Turke," to name only two—Matar delves into hitherto unexamined English prison depositions, captives' memoirs, government documents, and Arabic chronicles and histories. The result is a significant alternative to the prevailing discourse on Islam, which nearly always centers around ethnocentrism and attempts at dominance over the non-Western world, and an astonishing revelation about the realities of exchange and familiarity between England and Muslim society in the Elizabethan and early Stuart periods. Concurrent with England's engagement and "discovery" of the Muslims was the "discovery" of the American Indians. In an original analysis, Matar shows how Hakluyt and Purchas taught their readers not only about America but about the Muslim dominions, too; how there were more reasons for Britons to venture eastward than westward; and how, in the period under study, more Englishmen lived in North Africa than in North America. Although Matar notes the sharp political and colonial differences between the English encounter with the Muslims and their encounter with the Indians, he shows how Elizabethan and Stuart writers articulated Muslim in terms of Indian, and Indian in terms of Muslim. By superimposing the sexual constructions of the Indians onto the Muslims, and by applying to them the ideology of holy war which had legitimated the destruction of the Indians, English writers prepared the groundwork for orientalism and for the eighteenth- and nineteenth-century conquest of Mediterranean Islam. Matar's detailed research provides a new direction in the study of England's geographic imagination. It also illuminates the subtleties and interchangeability of stereotype, racism, and demonization that must be taken into account in any responsible depiction of English history.

Frontiers of Space Exploration


Author: Roger D. Launius
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780313325243
Category: History
Page: 245
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Provides information and analysis on all aspects of space exploration with a historical overview, profiles of American and Soviet space pioneers, and a timeline of key events.

North American Exploration


Author: John Logan Allen
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
ISBN: 9780803210431
Category: History
Page: 656
View: 8600
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The third volume of North American Exploration, covering 1784 to 1914, charts a dramatic shift in the purpose, priorities, and results of the exploration of North America. As the nineteenth century opened, exploration was still fostered by the growth of empire, but by the 1830s commercial interests came to drive most exploratory ventures, particularly through the fur trade. By midcentury, however, as imperial rivalries lessened and the fur trade declined, exploration was driven by the growing scientific spirit of the age?although the science was often conducted in the service of a search for railroad routes or natural resources linked to military concerns. A clear transition took place as the spirit of the Enlightenment gave way to economic imperatives and to the science of the post-Darwinian age and exploration passed beyond discovery and geographical definition. This volume explores the resultant beginnings of an understanding of the continent and its native peoples.

Travel Narratives from the Age of Discovery

An Anthology
Author: Peter C. Mancall
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780195155976
Category: History
Page: 413
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The fifteenth and sixteenth centuries ushered in a new era of discovery as explorers traversed the globe, returning home with vivid tales of distant lands and exotic peoples. Aided by the invention of the printing press in Europe, travelers were able to spread their accounts to wider audiences than ever before. In Travel Narratives from the Age of Discovery, historian Peter C. Mancall has compiled some of the most important travel accounts of this era. Written by authors from Spain, France, Italy, England, China, and North Africa describing locations that range from Brazil to Canada, China to Virginia, and Angola to Vietnam, these accounts provided crucial insight into unfamiliar cultures and environments, and also betrayed the prejudices of their own societies, revealing as much about the observers themselves as they did about faraway lands. From Christopher Columbus to lesser-known figures such as the Huguenot missionary Jean de Léry, this anthology brings together first-hand accounts of places connected by the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian oceans. Unlike other collections, Travel Narratives from the Age of Discovery offers a global view of travel at a crucial stage in world, and human, history, with accounts written by non-European authors, including two new translations. Included here are the Mughal Emperor Babur's first thoughts of India upon establishing his empire there, the Chinese chronicler Ma Huan's report detailing Chinese travel to the Middle East during the fifteenth century, and an account of Africa written by the man known as Leo Africanus. In addition to these travel narratives, this anthology features rare pictures from sixteenth-century printed books, including images of Brazil, Roanoke, Guiana, and India, which, together with the accounts themselves, provide a detailed understanding of the many ways in which fifteenth and sixteenth century travelers and readers imagined other worlds.

Descriptive Physical Oceanography


Author: M. Affholder,F. Valiron
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203969274
Category: Technology & Engineering
Page: 370
View: 4343
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A translation of "Guide de conception et de gestion des reseaux d'assainissement unitaires", this text looks at the design and management of combined sewerage networks, covering topics such as: data on rainstorm run-off pollution; different types of weirs and accessories; and choice of weir.

The Invention of Discovery, 1500–1700


Author: Dr James Dougal Fleming
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409478688
Category: Science
Page: 228
View: 2423
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The early modern period used to be known as the Age of Discovery. More recently, it has been troped as an age of invention. But was the invention/discovery binary itself invented, or discovered? This volume investigates the possibility that it was invented, through a range of early modern knowledge practices, centered on the emergence of modern natural science. From Bacon to Galileo, from stagecraft to math, from martyrology to romance, contributors to this interdisciplinary collection examine the period's generation of discovery as an absolute and ostensibly neutral standard of knowledge-production. They further investigate the hermeneutic implications for the epistemological authority that tends, in modernity, still to be based on that standard. The Invention of Discovery, 1500–1700 is a set of attempts to think back behind discovery, considered as a decisive trope for modern knowledge.

Die Entdecker

Das Abenteuer des Menschen, sich und die Welt zu erkennen
Author: BOORSTIN
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 303486650X
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Page: 826
View: 5610
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The Age of Reconnaissance

Discovery, Exporation and Settlement, 1450-1650
Author: J H Parry
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 0297865951
Category: History
Page: 416
View: 8647
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An enthralling account of the greatest adventure in European history - the discovery of the rest of the world The Age of Reconnaissance, as J. H. Parry so aptly named it, was the period in which Europe discovered the rest of the world. It began with Henry the Navigator and the Portuguese voyages in the mid-fifteenth century and ended 250 years later when the 'reconnaissance' was all but complete. This book is less concerned with the voyages of discovery themselves than with an analysis of the factors that made the voyages possible in the first place. Dr Parry examines the inducements - political, economic, religious - to overseas enterprises at the time, and analyses the nature and problems of the various European settlements in the new lands. At the beginning of the period central to this book, the middle of the fifteenth century, the normal educated man believed that the Ancients were more civilized, more elegant, wiser and, except in religious matters, better informed than his contemporaries. But gradually as the reconnaissance proceeded, the European picture became fuller and more detailed and with it the idea of continually expanding knowledge became more familiar and the links between science and practical life became closer. The unprecedented power which it produced would eventually lead Europe from reconnaissance to worldwide conquest.

Renaissance, Reformation and the Age of Discovery, 1450-1700


Author: Tom Monaghan
Publisher: Heinemann
ISBN: 9780435320904
Category: Scotland
Page: 64
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Written for S1 and S2, and endorsed by the Scottish Association of Teachers of History, this text covers key aspects of study recommended in the 5-14 guidelines. Skills questions help develop and monitor students' understanding and thinking.

The Decline of Nature

Environmental History and the Western Worldview
Author: Gilbert F. LaFreniere
Publisher: Academica Press,LLC
ISBN: 1933146516
Category: History
Page: 457
View: 6084
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“No book could be more timely then The Decline of Nature. LaFreniere offers an in-depth analysis of the fundamental issues that must be faced if solutions for environmental crisis are to be found. His arguments are a refreshing alternative to the superficial policy proposals of politicians and the glib reporting of the mass media. — The Decline of Nature is a masterful critique of the stories that own us. LaFreniere's analytical effort is a veritable tour de force.” From the Foreword by Professor Max Oelschlaeger, Northern Arizona University “The virtue of his book is threefold: it ingeniously connects the latest findings of environmental science to the broad stream of cultural history; exposes the flaws inherent in western attitudes about nature, especially the destructive, providential "idea of nature; and revives the much neglected field of speculative philosophy of history” From an appreciation by Professor Klaus Fischer, author of “Oswald Spengler and the Decline of the West” and “Nazi Germany: A New History” “…Sweepingly brilliant!” Dr. J.Donald Hughes Description: This work is a radical rethinking of the key currents of intellectual and environmental history. The Decline of Nature is an account of Western attitudes and behavior toward nature, from the deforestation of Western Europe during the High Middle Ages through the Scientific Revolution and the technological exploitation of nature in the 19th and 20th centuries, and on to the Environmental Movement. The destruction of European and colonial ecosystems parallels the rise of modern mechanistic science and a science-based idea of progress which has been perverted by economic ideologies into a belief in unlimited development of nature-as-resources into the amenities of the consumer society. Ecosystems and species diversity have declined to isolated and shrinking remnants subject to further degradation due to global warming resulting from human intervention in global climate cycles. These massive changes will have a catastrophic effect upon evolutionary processes, mankind and the survival of the Earth. The Decline of Nature is an environmental history of ideas embedded in a compact account of Western civilization's ecological impact upon the planet, particularly in Europe and its colonies. The major thesis presented is the idea that two speculative philosophies of history (attempts to understand the meaning of history) and their associated worldviews have been largely responsible for destructive attitudes and behaviors towards nature. They include the idea of providence (i.e. the Christian worldview) and the idea of progress (the science and technology-based vision of unrestrained economic development and material accumulation since the 17th century). Some scholars understand the idea of progress as a secularization of the Christian millennium, the creation of a new Eden through science and technology.A third, alternative philosophy of history, the idea of history as multiple cycles of civilizations rising, flourishing, and declining, was popular in both classical Greco-Roman and ancient Asian civilizations, but was rejected by Western civilization until its revival during the Renaissance and in 19th and 20th century. Oswald Spengler's Decline of the West was the founding work of cyclical philosophy of history in the 20th century. Spengler, Arnold Toynbee, and other 20th century speculative philosophers of history have been criticized by postmodern philosophers for creating logically indefensible “grand narratives”. However, Spengler's mysterious cycles of civilization have found at least a partial scientific explanation in the new discipline of environmental history. Environmental degradation played a major role in the decline of ancient Mesopotamian, Greco-Roman, Mayan and Asian civilizations. Spengler was also perceptive in distinguishing the nature-destroying tendencies of humanity in general, and Western (Faustian) civilization in particular. This monograph reflects on the position of global societies facing environmental, social and economic destruction and the historical processes that have resulted in this crisis of both man and nature.Market: Environmental History, Environmental Studies, Intellectual History Release Date: 5/25/2008 Copyright: 2008 ISBN/Price: PAPER:1933146-51-6; $44.95 Trim Size: 6 x 9 Pages: 457 Index: Yes Bibliography: Yes Illustrations: Yes CIP: Yes Publisher: Academica Press, LLC Box 60728 Cambridge Station Palo Alto,CA. 94306 Contact: Robert Redfern-West (650)329-0685;[email protected] See our website for more information: www.Academic

Ottoman Seapower and Levantine Diplomacy in the Age of Discovery


Author: Palmira Brummett
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 0791497836
Category: History
Page: 285
View: 9774
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This work reframes sixteenth-century history , incorporating the Ottoman empire more thoroughly into European, Asian and world history. It analyzes the Ottoman Empire’s expansion eastward in the contexts of claims to universal sovereignty, Levantine power politics, and the struggle for control of the oriental trade. Challenging the notion that the sixteenth-century Ottoman Empire was merely a reactive economic entity driven by the impulse to territorial conquest, Brummett portrays it as inheritor of Euro-Asian trading networks and participant in the contest for commercial hegemony from Genoa and Venice to the Indian Ocean. Brummett shows that the development of seapower was crucial to this endeavor, enabling the Ottomans to subordinate both Venice and the Mamluk kingdom to dependency relationships and providing the Ottoman ruling class access to commercial investment and wealth.

The Age of Discovery, 1400-1600


Author: David Arnold
Publisher: Psychology Press
ISBN: 9780415279956
Category: History
Page: 69
View: 8079
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The Age of Discovery explores one of the most dramatic features of the late medieval and early modern period: when voyagers from Western Europe led by Spain and Portugal set out across the world and established links with Africa, Asia and the Americas. This book examines the main motivations behind the voyages and discusses the developments in navigation expertise and technology that made them possible. This second edition brings the scholarship up to date and includes two new chapters on the important topics of the idea of "discovery" and on biological and environmental factors which favoured or limited European expansion.

Inventing Americans in the Age of Discovery

Narratives of Encounter
Author: Michael Householder
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 9780754667605
Category: Literary Criticism
Page: 228
View: 9382
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Through an in-depth analysis of writings by John Mandeville, Richard Eden, George Best, Ralph Lane, John Smith and John Underhill, this study traces the selection, combination, adaptation and invention of rhetorical strategies that English-speaking Europeans used to make sense of their encounters with the Americas. The author explores how these rhetorical strategies enabled European colonists to form new ways of understanding themselves and their relationship to the indigenous inhabitants.