The Human Contribution

The purpose of this book is to explore the human contribution to both the
reliability and resilience of complex well-defended systems. The predominant
mode of treating this topic is to consider the human as a hazard, a system
component ...

Author: James Reason

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351888103

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 310

View: 623

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This book explores the human contribution to the reliability and resilience of complex, well-defended systems. Usually the human is considered a hazard - a system component whose unsafe acts are implicated in the majority of catastrophic breakdowns. However there is another perspective that has been relatively little studied in its own right - the human as hero, whose adaptations and compensations bring troubled systems back from the brink of disaster time and again. What, if anything, did these situations have in common? Can these human abilities be ’bottled’ and passed on to others? The Human Contribution is vital reading for all professionals in high-consequence environments and for managers of any complex system. The book draws its illustrative material from a wide variety of hazardous domains, with the emphasis on healthcare reflecting the author’s focus on patient safety over the last decade. All students of human factors - however seasoned - will also find it an invaluable and thought-provoking read.
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The Contribution of Nutrition to Human and Animal Health

This 1992 volume was prepared for the Golden Jubilee of the Nutrition Society and celebrates 50 years of nutrition research.

Author: Elsie M. Widdowson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521420644

Category: Medical

Page: 407

View: 732

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This 1992 volume was prepared for the Golden Jubilee of the Nutrition Society and celebrates 50 years of nutrition research. It details the contribution which nutrition research has made and continues to make to the health of man and animals.
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The Contribution of International Fisheries Law to Human Development

In light of its potential contribution to several developmental concerns, this sector
shall be explored when discussing the contributions of fisheries instruments to
human development. 2. The Contribution of International Fisheries Law to
Human ...

Author: Nienke Van Der Brugt

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9789004196025

Category: Law

Page: 392

View: 228

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The Contribution of International Fisheries Law to Human Development: An Analysis of Multilateral and ACP-EU Fisheries Instruments examines whether and how legal fisheries instruments encompass a normative consensus on human development. Focusing on both multilateral (treaties and soft-law) as well as the ACP-EU bilateral fisheries instruments, Nienke van der Burgt provides a detailed analysis as to whether these different types of legal instruments reflect the principles of equity, poverty eradication and participation, which have been identified as key indicators of human development. Moreover, specific attention is paid to whether explicit reference is made to the small-scale fisheries sector and to the role of women. Concluding that despite increasing evidence of the potential and significant contribution of fisheries towards human development, legal fisheries instruments seem to be struggling with the incorporation of a human development centred approach, The Contribution of International Fisheries Law to Human Development, is essential reading for all those involved in the fields of international environmental law and sustainable human development.
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The faculty of adaptability humour s contribution to human ingenuity

Human. Skill. Adaptability is a remarkable asset. It is the process by which all
evolution occurs and without which all life would ... How does this ability function,
and what has led to its supreme exaggeration in the human race? As research ...

Author: Alastair Clarke

Publisher: Pyrrhic House

ISBN: 9780955936517

Category: Philosophy

Page: 448

View: 329

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The definitive text on the pattern recognition theory of humour. When our species turns inward to analyze itself, the two facets of ingenuity and humour are often held in high regard as examples of its unique abilities, and this theory suggests they are more closely connected than has previously been imagined or acknowledged. While adaptability is a necessary facet of biological evolution, its expression in human beings has become accelerated into an intellectual capacity for inventing non-genetic solutions to environmental challenges, producing a versatility and ingenuity that have come to define the species. How does this ability function, then, and what has led to its unparalleled exaggeration in the human race? According to pattern recognition theory, this abundant resourcefulness has arisen due to the presence of a simple, hardwired faculty that exists precisely to encourage it, operating via the recognition of interesting patterns. This, suggests the author, is known as humour. One of two contrasting theories of humour by Clarke, The Faculty of Adaptability interprets amusement as a creative, adaptive system encouraging the invention and discovery of new information and original ideas. Following a detailed description of a schematic model via which such a system could exist, the book proceeds to suggest a timeframe for the evolution of the faculty before addressing the basis for over 100 common stimuli to humour.
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Conceptual Foundations of Human Factors Measurement

number of detections(blips) number of scans. Obviously, the human, although
contributing to the system index, is completely subsumed by the physical
measure. The question of the human contribution to system operation is a very
practical ...

Author: David Meister

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781410609410

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 256

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David Meister, in his latest volume, sets explores the uncharted depths behind the most common practices and most basic principles of Human Factors (HF) and its measurement process. Seeking to question the status quo, he asks what significant changes have occurred in the discipline since its inception and what capabilities have been developed. To w
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Managing Risk The HR Contribution

2.1 This chapter addresses the changes in mindset required both by Human
Resources professionals and by their line management colleagues about the
contribution of Human Resources professionals to risk management. It also
addresses ...

Author: John Stevens

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136382185

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 534

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This handbook is a one-stop guide that sets out a strategic approach for understanding and managing HR risks. Managing Risk: The HR Contribution will enable the user to understand how managing HR risks will benefit their organisation. It will also assist the user to put into place a practical strategy for managing risks associated with employees from recruitment through to the close of the employee/employer relationship. This book will be of particular interest to organisations looking for a strategic, integrated approach linked to business risk management and corporate governance.
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HRM s Contribution to Hard Work

A Comparative Analysis of Human Resource Management Ivan Svetlik, Branko
Ilič. DANA MESNER ANDOLŠEK , JANEZ ŠTEBE The HRM Function and Line
Management in European Organisations ; How Far Has Devolution Gone ?

Author: Nevenka Černigoj Sadar

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 3039108166

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 429

View: 334

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This book seeks answers to the question - how has Human Resource Management contributed and how could it have contributed to the development of organisations and economy? Based on theories and literature review each contribution compares HRM practices of several thousand European middle and large organisations, with a special focus on Slovenia, one of the new EU member states, which has successfully managed its transition to market economy. The analyses reveal how strategic the role of HRM in organisations is, how it balances between hard and smart work and between more or less friendly forms of work and employment flexibility. Critical observations of traditional managerial practices, including autocratic and non-participative leadership, which have impacts not only on the organisations but also on wider society, are made. The position of youth is particularly accentuated. Clear differences in these respects have been observed in the wider European area. Recommendations for managers on how their organisations and HRM should be shaped on the way to the knowledge economy are elaborated.
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Designing for Human Reliability

Part 4 argued that greater awareness and early challenge of the expectations
and intentions implicit in the controls projects choose to rely on to protect against
major incidents can make a significant contribution to improving human reliability
 ...

Author: Ronald W. McLeod

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 9780081005262

Category: Science

Page: 422

View: 508

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Industry underestimates the extent to which behaviour at work is influenced by the design of the working environment. Designing for Human Reliability argues that greater awareness of the contribution of design to human error can significantly enhance HSE performance and improve return on investment. Illustrated with many examples, Designing for Human Reliability explores why work systems are designed and implemented such that "design-induced human error" becomes more-or-less inevitable. McLeod demonstrates how well understood psychological processes can lead people to make decisions and to take actions that otherwise seem impossible to understand. Designing for Human Reliability sets out thirteen key elements to deliver the levels of human reliability expected to achieve the return on investment sought when decisions are made to invest in projects. And it demonstrates how investigation of the human contribution to incidents can be improved by focusing on what companies expected and intended when they chose to rely on human performance as a barrier, or control, against incidents. Recognise some ‘hard truths’ of human performance and learn about the importance of applying the principles of Human Factors Engineering on capital projects Learn from analysis of real-world incidents how differences between ‘fast’ and ‘slow’ styles of thinking can lead to human error in industrial processes Learn how controls and barrier against major incidents that rely on human performance can be strengthened throughout the design and development of assets and equipment
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Climate Change Damage And International Law

Human Emissions and their Contribution to Climate Change Lastly, before
turning to the legal analysis of climate change damage, some remarks about the
human influence on climate change is warranted. The fact that human activities ...

Author: Roda Verheyen

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9789004146501

Category: Law

Page: 406

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This book is the first comprehensive assessment of the legal duties of states with regard to human induced climate change damage. By discussing the current state of climate science in the context of binding international law, it convincingly argues that compensation for such damage could indeed be recoverable. The author analyses legal duties requiring states to prevent climate change damage, and discusses to what extent a breach of these duties will give rise to state responsibility (international liability). The analysis includes the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol, but also various nature/ biodiversity protection and law of the sea instruments, as well as the no-harm-rule as a key provision of customary international law. The challenge in applying the different aspects of the law on state responsibility, including causation and standard of proof, are discussed in three case studies, and the questions raised by multiple polluters explored in depth. Against this background, the author advocates an internationally negotiated solution to the issue of climate change damage.
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Islamic Perspectives on Management and Organization

As in the past, human contribution has been the result of organized efforts and a
testimony of the human capability to overcome difficulties and to improve the
welfare of the world community. Organized efforts do not take roots in a vacuum.

Author: Abbas J. Ali

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1781958351

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 260

View: 836

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"Scholars and practitioners who specialize in business, economics, international relations, religion, and sociology will find this book a necessary resource for broadening their understanding of the religious and cultural aspects of conducting business across cultures. The comprehensive and original coverage of the book will prove useful in understanding business, cultural, and philosophical issues related to the Islamic World."--BOOK JACKET.
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John Paul II s Contribution to Catholic Bioethics

INTRODUCTION It is well known that at times some Christian thinkers have
adopted implicitly a very dualistic view of the human person – dualistic in the
sense of viewing the self as something which has or inhabits a body, rather than
being a ...

Author: Christopher Tollefsen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402031297

Category: Philosophy

Page: 191

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Any list of the most influential figures of the second half of the twentieth century would arguably have to begin with the name of Pope John Paul II. From 1978, when he was inaugurated, to the present, over a quarter of a century later, the Pope has been a dominant force in the world, both within the Catholic and Christian Church, and in the larger international community. Among the areas in which the Pope has been of signal importance to contemporary discussion, argument, and policy has been the field of bioethics. This collection brings together for the first time in an accessible and readable form a summary and assessment of John Paul II's contribution to bioethical issues and theories. It includes discussion of the Pope's views on the dignity of the person and the sanctity of human life, and the application of these views to various difficulties in medical ethics such as abortion and embryo research, the right to health care and the problem of suffering. Throughout, attention is paid to the way in which the Pope stands as a recognizably authentic voice for the Catholic faith in the medical arena.
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Viktor Frankl s Contribution to Spirituality and Aging

Gerkin actually develops an entire schema which depicts three levels of time: “
time within the human life cycle, time within the process of human history, and
time within the structure of the life of God in relation to creation—eschatological
time.

Author: Melvin A. Kimble

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317825869

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 182

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Use Frankl's insights and techniques to improve life for your aging clients or parishioners. Viktor Frankl, a holocaust survivor who experienced firsthand the horrors of Auschwitz, saw man as “a being who continuously decides what he is: a being who equally harbors the potential to descend to the level of an animal or to ascend to the life of a saint. Man is that being, who, after all, invented the gas chambers; but at the same time he is that being who entered into those same gas chambers with his head held high and with the 'Our Father’or the Jewish prayer of the dying on his lips.” Dr. Frankl's insights led him to found the therapeutic system of logotherapy, which views man as a spiritual being rather than simply as a biological construct. Logotherapy has come to be called the Third Viennese School of Psychotherapy (after Freud's psychoanalysis and Adler's individual psychology). He left a rich legacy of theory and insights especially relevant to the search for meaning in later life. The tenets of logotherapy provide many clues and approaches to what an ever-increasing body of evidence suggests regarding the crisis of aging as a crisis of meaning. Frankl’s insightful work increased man’s understanding of the spiritual dimension of humanity and the dignity and worth of every person in the face of what he called “the tragic trial of human existence: pain, guilt, and death.” Viktor Frankl's Contribution to Spirituality and Aging presents an essential overview of logotherapy and explores: the search for and the will to meaning in later life the connection between logotherapy and pastoral counseling—bringing psychology and theology together to effectively counsel the aging the role of logotherapy in the treatment of adult major depression aspects of meaning and personhood in dementia the search for meaning in long-term care settings Viktor Frankl's Contribution to Spirituality and Aging represents varying professional perspectives on the application of Frankl's logotherapy for ministry with older adults. The chapter authors represent diverse professional backgrounds in medicine, pastoral theology, the behavioral sciences, and pastoral ministry. They address issues such as death and dying, dementia and depression, and the spiritual meaning of aging, as well as Frankl's conception of the nature of humanity. Everyone interested in the connection between theology and psychology in the context of the aging will want to own this book.
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Human Reliability Assessment Theory and Practice

The change is thought to be associated with increased understanding of the
human contribution, but steps have also been taken to reduce the equipment
contribution to risk by better maintenance, better selection of materials, and better
 ...

Author: Anthony J. Spurgin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420068520

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 304

View: 991

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A continually evolving discipline, human reliability assessment (HRA) has elements of controversy from the definition of terms to the application of appropriate methods for the representation of human failure probability. The idea that human error is a random event is falling out of favor and the concept that humans can be set up to fail or succeed depending on context is gaining credibility. An in-depth exploration of current theories, Human Reliability Assessment Theory and Practice demonstrates how to model, change, and apply new approaches to a number of different high-risk industries. The book covers data and data sources, choice of methods, training of individuals, use of simulators for HRA purposes, and the relationship between psychology, human factors, accident analyses, and human reliability. Author Anthony Spurgin has been in the forefront of HRA development for the past 20 years and has contributed to developing human reliability methods and tools that have been applied to the enhancement of nuclear power plant and space vehicle safety. He explores reactor performance and the demands it makes on operators to ensure plant safety. He also covers the roles of plant management in the decision-making applied to both design and operation. The book includes a number of accident studies that illustrate the key roles of operators and managers in accident mitigation and control. The heart of HRA will always be to find creative ways of helping designers, management, operators, and authorities increase the safety and profitability of technological systems. Drawing on his personal experience, Spurgin reviews HRA from the viewpoint of the operator. The book uses examples from the nuclear industry, always on the forefront of safety, and translates how to apply the concepts to other high risk industries.
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The Prevention of Human Rights Violations

1. The UN Special Rapporteurs.

Author: Linos-Alexandros Sisilianos

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9041116729

Category: Political Science

Page: 303

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1. The UN Special Rapporteurs.
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