Reading this book will make you less sure of yourself—and that’s a good thing. In The Invisible Gorilla, Christopher Chabris and Daniel Simons, creators of one of psychology’s most famous experiments, use remarkable stories and counterintuitive scientific findings to demonstrate an important truth: Our minds don’t work the way we think they do. We think we see ourselves and the world as they really are, but we’re actually missing a whole lot. Chabris and Simons combine the work of other researchers with their own findings on attention, perception, memory, and reasoning to reveal how faulty intuitions often get us into trouble. In the process, they explain: • Why a company would spend billions to launch a product that its own analysts know will fail • How a police officer could run right past a brutal assault without seeing it • Why award-winning movies are full of editing mistakes • What criminals have in common with chess masters • Why measles and other childhood diseases are making a comeback • Why money managers could learn a lot from weather forecasters Again and again, we think we experience and understand the world as it is, but our thoughts are beset by everyday illusions. We write traffic laws and build criminal cases on the assumption that people will notice when something unusual happens right in front of them. We’re sure we know where we were on 9/11, falsely believing that vivid memories are seared into our minds with perfect fidelity. And as a society, we spend billions on devices to train our brains because we’re continually tempted by the lure of quick fixes and effortless self-improvement. The Invisible Gorilla reveals the myriad ways that our intuitions can deceive us, but it’s much more than a catalog of human failings. Chabris and Simons explain why we succumb to these everyday illusions and what we can do to inoculate ourselves against their effects. Ultimately, the book provides a kind of x-ray vision into our own minds, making it possible to pierce the veil of illusions that clouds our thoughts and to think clearly for perhaps the first time.
Reading this book will make you less sure of yourself—and that’s a good thing.
Author: Christopher Chabris
Author: Christopher F. Chabris
Publisher: HarperCollins Publishers
* Our summary is short, simple and pragmatic. It allows you to have the essential ideas of a big book in less than 30 minutes. *By reading this summary, you will discover that your deepest intuitions are only illusions that push you to overestimate your mental capacities. *You will also discover that : Your brain has many flaws that it is important to be aware of; You rely too much on your own convictions rather than on real facts; The world around you can escape without you realizing it; These illusions can be controlled if you re-evaluate your abilities. *Many illusions influence your mental attitude and prevent you from seeing reality in its entirety. You think you know how your mind works because of these beliefs, when in reality they mislead you. There are six basic illusions that affect you on a daily basis. By becoming aware of them, you can try to partially master them. *Buy now the summary of this book for the modest price of a cup of coffee!
There are six basic illusions that affect you on a daily basis. By becoming aware of them, you can try to partially master them. *Buy now the summary of this book for the modest price of a cup of coffee!
Author: Shortcut Edition
Publisher: Shortcut Edition
Category: Business & Economics
Two experts in psychology and human behavior examine misperception and understanding, explaining why people fail to recognize the evidence right in front of them, and providing a kind of x-ray vision that will enable readers to conquer faulty thinking.
Two experts in psychology and human behavior examine misperception and understanding, explaining why people fail to recognize the evidence right in front of them, and providing a kind of x-ray vision that will enable readers to conquer ...
Author: Christopher F. Chabris
The Ig Nobel Prize in Psychology-winning creators of the famous "gorilla experiment" that demonstrated people's inattention to obvious facts draw on hundreds of creative experiments to whimsically reveal how the human race overrates its mental capacity.
The Ig Nobel Prize in Psychology-winning creators of the famous "gorilla experiment" that demonstrated people's inattention to obvious facts draw on hundreds of creative experiments to whimsically reveal how the human race overrates its ...
Author: Christopher F. Chabris
Publisher: Crown Pub
Freudian Slips presents the essential facts and findings of the fascinating subject of psychology in an accessible and enjoyable way, leaving no slip or phallic symbol unexamined. From psychoanalysis to behaviour therapy, via the subconscious and the unconscious, the book charts a path through the subject's controversial history, and encounters the work of all the big names in the field, such as Freud, Jung, Skinner, Bandura, Piaget and Köhler. There are many phrases and experiments from psychology that have made it into the public consciousness, although the meaning behind such examples is seldom commonly known. Featuring entries such as Milgram's experiment, in which 62 per cent of participants willingly electrocuted another person, cognitive dissonance, the Oedipus and Electra complexes, nature versus nurture and the Rorschach test, Freudian Slips will cover everything you need to know about this mercurial branch of science.
INVISIBLE. GORILLA. The invisible gorilla is a person in a gorilla suit who appears halfway through a video in an experiment exploring a phenomenon called inattentional blindness.
Author: Joel Levy
Publisher: Michael O'Mara Books
Psychology is everywhere. Our emotions and desires, the decisions we make on a daily basis - absolutely every aspect of the way we think and feel has been studied by psychologists. Through dozens of interactive puzzles, IQ tests, quizzes, jokes, puns and visual illusions, Ben Ambridge guides us through this wealth of research, showing us how we can better understand ourselves. Debunking tabloid speculation, revisiting old favourites such as the Stanford Prison Experiment and unearthing bleeding edge research unknown to the general reader, renowned psychologist Ben Ambridge blows away the received wisdom to reveal to enthusiasts and novices alike the psychology behind our daily lives. With wit and humour aplenty, he explains whether your blue eyes make you more or less trustworthy, how analogies can help cure cancer, whether Rorschach's famous inkblot tests really work, what your love for heavy metal (or Mozart) says about you, how psychology could help solve the obesity crisis and countless other revealing, entertaining and downright astonishing tests of your Psy-Q. Visit Ben's accompanying website, http://benambridge.wordpress.com/, and test yourself - and your friends.
Although Chabris and Simons created the 'invisible gorilla', this pop-culture phenomenon actually started with a lesser-known study conducted in the 1970s by a psychologist named Ulric Neisser. Participants watched a video of six people ...
Author: Ben Ambridge
Publisher: Profile Books
Why can't we eliminate terrorism by killing terrorists? Why can't we learn anything about climate change by discussing the weather? And what do fishermen in Turkey have to teach us about international relations? Often we compound our problems by focusing on the apparent crux of the matter. In Reframe, Eric Knight encourages us to step back and observe our world from afar. By tackling problems from original perspectives and discarding the magnifying glass, we will discover hidden solutions. A remarkably innovative and compelling book from one of the world's most exciting young thinkers, Reframe illustrates how we can cast a fresh eye on seemingly insoluble difficulties by seeing the wood for the trees.
The invisible gorilla experiment won't work on you now because you know what's coming. If you want to test it, try the YouTube video on an unsuspecting friend. The resultsof the invisible gorilla experiment weresurprising, ...
Author: Eric Knight
Publisher: Biteback Publishing
The way that we interact with the environment on a daily basis is inherently multisensory. Even a simple task such as judging the location of a light in a dark room depends not only on vision but also on proprioceptive cues about the position of our body in space. The way that we experience food can be influenced not just by taste and smell, but by visual and auditory cues. Perception: A multisensory perspective adopts a multisensory approach to understanding perception. Rather than discussing each sense separately, this book defines perception as intrinsically multisensory from the start and examines multisensory interactions as the key process behind how we perceive our own body, control its movements, and perceive and recognise objects, space, and time. But the book delves even deeper. It discusses multisensory processing in conditions such as synaesthesia. It addresses attention and the role of multisensory processing in learning. By focussing on these domains, the authors highlight and identify general principles in the field of perception study and introduce models, experimental methods and pathologies that will be of interest to all those studying within the field of perception. The authors also illustrate applications that will be of interest to professionals whose work takes multisensory processing into account. As an introduction to the topic of multisensory perception, Perception: A multisensory perspective will be essential reading for students, from advanced undergraduate level through to postgraduate level in psychology, philosophy, and neuroscience. Those studying physiotherapy and neurological rehabilitation, human-computer interface development, or the design of products or services will also find this book of interest.
The 'invisible gorilla is one of our favourite demonstrations of inattentional blindness. It was first published in a scientific journal at the end of the past century (Simons & Chabris, 1999), and rapidly became popular in magazines ...
Author: Nicola Bruno
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Human Fatigue Risk Management: Improving Safety in the Chemical Processing Industry teaches users everything they need to know to mitigate the risk of fatigued workers in a plant or refinery. As human fatigue has been directly linked to several major disasters, the book explores the API RP 755 guidelines that were released to reduce these types of incidents. This book will help users follow API RP 755 and/or implement a fatigue risk management system in their organization. Susan Murray, a recognized expert in the field of sleep deprivation and its relation to high hazard industries, has written this book to be useful for HSE managers, plant and project managers, occupational safety professionals, and engineers and managers in the chemical processing industry. As scheduling of shifts is an important factor in reducing fatigue and accident rates, users will learn the benefits of more frequent staff rotation and how to implement an ideal scheduling plan. The book goes beyond API RP 755, offering more detailed understanding of why certain measures for managing fatigue are beneficial to a company, including examples of how theory can be put into practice. It is a simple, digestible book for managers who are interested in addressing human factor issues at their workplace in order to raise safety standards. Covers sleep, sleep disorders, and the consequences of fatigue as related to high-hazard industries Helps improve safety standards at the plant level Provides information on how to comply with API RP 755 and related OSHA 29CFR1910 articles Relates fatigue and human performance to accidents, helping readers make a case for implementing a human fatigue risk management policy, which, in turn, prevents loss of property and life
□□FIGURE6.2 Scene from video used in “invisible gorilla” study. Image provided by Daniel Simons. For more information about the study and to see the video please visit www.dansimons.com or www.theinvisiblegorilla.com.
Author: Susan L. Murray
Publisher: Academic Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
Humanity's greatest feat is our incredible ability to learn. Even in their first year, infants acquire language, visual and social knowledge at a rate that surpasses the best supercomputers. But how, exactly, do our brains learn? In How We Learn, leading neuroscientist Stanislas Dehaene delves into the psychological, neuronal, synaptic and molecular mechanisms of learning. Drawing on case studies of children who learned despite huge difficulty and trauma, he explains why youth is such a sensitive period, during which brain plasticity is maximal, but also assures us that our abilities continue into adulthood. We can all enhance our learning and memory at any age and 'learn to learn' by taking maximal advantage of the four pillars of the brain's learning algorithm: attention, active engagement, error feedback and consolidation. The human brain is an extraordinary machine. Its ability to process information and adapt to circumstances by reprogramming itself is unparalleled, and it remains the best source of inspiration for recent developments in artificial intelligence. How We Learn finds the boundary of computer science, neurobiology, cognitive psychology and education to explain how learning really works and how to make the best use of the brain's learning algorithms - and even improve them - in our schools and universities as well as in everyday life.
The term is fully appropriate, because many experiments, including the famous “invisible gorilla” experiment,14 demonstrate that inattention can induce a complete loss of sight. In this classic experiment, you are asked to watch a short ...
Author: Stanislas Dehaene
Publisher: Penguin UK
This handbook offers the first comprehensive reference guide to the interdisciplinary field of model-based reasoning. It highlights the role of models as mediators between theory and experimentation, and as educational devices, as well as their relevance in testing hypotheses and explanatory functions. The Springer Handbook merges philosophical, cognitive and epistemological perspectives on models with the more practical needs related to the application of this tool across various disciplines and practices. The result is a unique, reliable source of information that guides readers toward an understanding of different aspects of model-based science, such as the theoretical and cognitive nature of models, as well as their practical and logical aspects. The inferential role of models in hypothetical reasoning, abduction and creativity once they are constructed, adopted, and manipulated for different scientific and technological purposes is also discussed. Written by a group of internationally renowned experts in philosophy, the history of science, general epistemology, mathematics, cognitive and computer science, physics and life sciences, as well as engineering, architecture, and economics, this Handbook uses numerous diagrams, schemes and other visual representations to promote a better understanding of the concepts. This also makes it highly accessible to an audience of scholars and students with different scientific backgrounds. All in all, the Springer Handbook of Model-Based Science represents the definitive application-oriented reference guide to the interdisciplinary field of model-based reasoning.
To illustrate the use of experiments to model social phenomena, consider the case of the invisible gorilla, a famous experiment in psychology [44.25]. The researcher asks a person to observe two teams playing and to count the number of ...
Author: Lorenzo Magnani
Forensic Gait Analysis examines the inter-section of podiatric medicine with forensic investigation—that which links or dissociates a suspect to a crime through analysis of their gait, that is their movement—how an individual walks, runs, and bends. This book provides a concise explanation of how an individual's gait and biomechanics are forensically analysed and compared, using video imagery in the process of human identification and investigations. Along with the presentation and delivery of material with case law references illustrating the use of expert evidence. Gait analysis is a long-standing component of the diagnostic and therapeutic tool set of medical disciplines, although the knowledge goes back much further. The area has also captured the interest of technology engineers and others, as the development and use of forensic gait analysis as an investigative and evidential device continues to widen. Features: • Presents succinct knowledge on forensic gait analysis. • 100+ illustrations with photographs and diagrams; over 850 references. • Considers the technical and scientific basis of the field including, the history of gait, musculoskeletal, neurology, emotions and gait, forensic statistics, photogrammetry, and recognises the trajectory of development into IT and software solutions. • Coverage on CCTV imagery and other video footage for use in the process of identification and investigations. • Details are provided on report writing and giving expert evidence in the legal systems. • Contributors across all subject areas. This definitive fully referenced text on Forensic Gait Analysis is a welcome publication for healthcare professionals, lawyers, counsel, investigators, forensic practitioners, and students wishing to know more on the subject and this growing domain.
A famous exercise demonstrating the optical illusion of selective attention was constructed by Chabris and Simons77 and the 'Invisible Gorilla' experiment. This builds on Posner and Presti's original work on orientation of attention.78 ...
Author: Haydn D. Kelly
Publisher: CRC Press
A social psychologist focuses on a very common yet rarely discussed bias called the "fundamental attribution error," showing how being aware of this bias can improve our day-to-day understanding of others. Social life involves making judgments about other people. Often these snap judgments turn out to be wrong when we overlook context. Social psychologists call this pervasive bias the "fundamental attribution error." This book explores the many ways in which this error creeps into our social interactions, frequently causing misunderstanding, hurt feelings, and negative treatment of others. Psychologist Daniel R. Stalder examines common examples of this error, from road rage and misinterpreting facial expressions to "gaydar," victim blaming, and prejudice. The common denominator in these diverse examples is that we falsely assume inherent traits or intentions while overlooking situational factors that might explain a person's behavior. Conversely in the actor-observer bias, we explain our own sometimes questionable behaviors by appealing to situational factors. For example, when you tailgate others, there's always a good reason, but when others tailgate you, they are obviously in the wrong. Stalder also reveals little-known information about classic studies of context, considers both the upsides and downsides to bias, and shares numerous strategies to reduce bias. Filled with interesting examples, new insights, and an abundance of research, this informative and entertaining book will help us understand each other and reduce conflict.
A more striking example of a broad brush is in Christopher Chabris and Daniel Simons's The Invisible Gorilla. The authors made several excellent points, such as how co-occurrence does not imply causation and how science cannot ...
Author: Daniel R. Stalder
Publisher: Prometheus Books
The world of science has been transformed. Where once astronomers sat at the controls of giant telescopes in remote locations, praying for clear skies, now they have no need to budge from their desks, as data arrives in their inbox. And what they receive is overwhelming; projects now being built provide more data in a few nights than in the whole of humanity's history of observing the Universe. It's not just astronomy either - dealing with this deluge of data is the major challenge for scientists at CERN, and for biologists who use automated cameras to spy on animals in their natural habitats. Artificial intelligence is one part of the solution - but will it spell the end of human involvement in scientific discovery? No, argues Chris Lintott. We humans still have unique capabilities to bring to bear - our curiosity, our capacity for wonder, and, most importantly, our capacity for surprise. It seems that humans and computers working together do better than computers can on their own. But with so much scientific data, you need a lot of scientists - a crowd, in fact. Lintott found such a crowd in the Zooniverse, the web-based project that allows hundreds of thousands of enthusiastic volunteers to contribute to science. In this book, Lintott describes the exciting discoveries that people all over the world have made, from galaxies to pulsars, exoplanets to moons, and from penguin behaviour to old ship's logs. This approach builds on a long history of so-called 'citizen science', given new power by fast internet and distributed data. Discovery is no longer the remit only of scientists in specialist labs or academics in ivory towers. It's something we can all take part in. As Lintott shows, it's a wonderful way to engage with science, yielding new insights daily. You, too, can help explore the Universe in your lunch hour.
invisible gorilla strikes again'. (Astronomers need to have more fun with paper titles.) The invisible gorilla teaches us not only that experts make mistakes, but that they're more likely to do so than the rest of us in some ...
Author: Chris Lintott
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Your story is important. It’s your opportunity to captivate readers and deliver a message that will change their lives forever. But somehow, it's just not working. You’ve written multiple drafts and tried lots of “tips and tricks.” But time and again, readers aren’t connecting with your characters and the ideas you want to share. You want readers to care deeply about your story. You want to capture their hearts and change their minds. Whether you’re writing a mystery, romance, epic fantasy, or coming-of-age memoir, Story Grid Certified Editor Danielle Kiowski has what you need: a proven approach to construct a story arc that connects readers with your characters to deliver the message at the heart of your story. This approach is called The Five Commandments of Storytelling. And just what are the Five Commandments? Inciting Incident Turning Point Progressive Complication Crisis Climax Resolution Each commandment works with the others to create an arc that reveals character and elicits empathy. Through that connection, readers will find themselves transformed by the power of your story long after they’ve turned the final page. Kiowski doesn’t simply define the Five Commandments, she shows you precisely how they work in classic novels—including Pride and Prejudice, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, and The Silence of the Lambs—and in the beloved film, It’s a Wonderful Life. “To tell your story well, you need to know what makes a story work,” says Kiowski. The Five Commandments of Storytelling is your guide to what makes a great story work. Isn’t it time to take your story to the next level and change some lives?
At the same time, the invisible gorilla challenges the unconscious cognitive frame that limits the protagonist—the limited perspective the protagonist must break in order to grow. To process the phere, the protagonist has to break ...
Author: Danielle Kiowski
Publisher: Story Grid Publishing LLC
Category: Business & Economics
Two leading experts on "strategic conversation design" present creative methods for enabling teams to address issues while minimizing resource-depleting workshops and meetings, providing diagnostic questions, best practices, and advice.
Have you ever seen the invisible gorilla? A few years ago, Harvard psychologist Daniel Simons had a group of graduate students create a rough, one-minute video clip that would soon become famous. In it, two groups of three players pass ...
Author: Chris Ertel
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
Category: Business & Economics
Visual illusions are compelling phenomena that draw attention to the brain's capacity to construct our perceptual world. The Compendium is a collection of over 100 chapters on visual illusions, written by the illusion creators or by vision scientists who have investigated mechanisms underlying the phenomena. --
In one variant of the studies—the one that inspired the invisible gorilla study—people monitored players passing basketballs and often failed to notice a woman with an open umbrella who walked through the scene (Neisser, 1979; ...
Author: Arthur G. Shapiro
Publisher: Oxford University Press
The fast-track MBA in presenting Imagine having instant access to the world's smartest thinking on presentations - and being shown exactly what to do to guarantee that you get your own presentations right, every time. Presentation Genius makes it easy to apply what researchers know about brilliant presentations to the real world. 40 chapters based on hundreds of cutting-edge business and psychology research projects reveal what works and what doesn't work when you're presenting. Each of the 40 chapters is a mini-masterclass in presentations, explaining the research and showing you how to apply it next time you present. In business, conventional wisdom often says one thing while research says another. Presentation Genius cuts through the noise to bring you proven research and techniques for applying it that will simply make you a better presenter. Quick to read and intensely practical, this book will bring a little presentation genius into your day. 'This book will make you a better presenter' Paul McGee - The Sumo Guy. International speaker and bestselling author 'What a great little book! There is something here for everyone. Experts will find new ideas (and some science) to test and polish their performances; novices will get a flying start with a whole range of presentation skills, which the rest of us had to learn by trial and error' Peter Judge, MBE, Attorney General of the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands 'An invaluable aid to anyone who wants to be sure to get information of any type across to audiences of all sizes' Dr Joanna Berry, Director of External Relations at Newcastle University Business School
Subtlety has very little place in a presentation, sometimes. Source Chabris, Christopher & Simons, Daniel, The Invisible Gorilla And Other Ways Our Intuition Deceives Us (Harper Collins, New York, ...
Author: Simon Raybould
Publisher: Hachette UK
Category: Business & Economics
Translate the science of learning into strategies for maximum learning impact in your classroom. The content, skills, and understandings students need to learn today are as diverse, complex, and multidimensional as the students in our classrooms. How can educators best create the learning experiences students need to truly learn? How Learning Works: A Playbook unpacks the science of how students learn and translates that knowledge into promising principles or practices that can be implemented in the classroom or utilized by students on their own learning journey. Designed to help educators create learning experiences that better align with how learning works, each module in this playbook is grounded in research and features prompts, tools, practice exercises, and discussion strategies that help teachers to Describe what is meant by learning in the local context of your classroom, including identifying any barriers to learning. Adapt promising principles and practices to meet the specific needs of your students—particularly regarding motivation, attention, encoding, retrieval and practice, cognitive load and memory, productive struggle, and feedback. Translate research on learning into learning strategies that accelerate learning and build students’ capacity to take ownership of their own learning—such as summarizing, spaced practice, interleaved practice, elaborate interrogation, and transfer strategies. Generate and gather evidence of impact by engaging students in reciprocal teaching and effective feedback on learning. Rich with resources that support the process of parlaying scientific findings into classroom practice, this playbook offers all the moves teachers need to design learning experiences that work for all students!
According to Simons and Chabris (1999), if individuals have never heard of “the invisible gorilla,” about 50% of participants never notice his entrance or exit in the video clip. For more resources related to the original Simons and ...
Author: John Almarode
Publisher: Corwin Press