The Jew in English Literature

About the Book Books about Judaism discuss the religion of the Jewish people, whose Abrahamic faith is based on the Torah and belief in a direct covenant with God.

Author: Edward N. Calisch

Publisher: Trieste Publishing

ISBN: 0649618270

Category:

Page: 290

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Jewish Presences in English Literature

Studying the works of Chaucer, Shakespeare, Dickens, Trollope, George Eliot, Joyce, and a selection of texts from the ninth to the sixteenth century, the essays show how constructs of Jewishness fit into a writer's pre-existing concerns and ...

Author: Derek Cohen

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 9780773562622

Category: History

Page: 152

View: 223

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"The image of the Jew in English literature, as in the Western imagination, has at its base the figure of the Christ-killer. All representations of the Jew in Christian culture are constructed in the light of this irreducible definition." -- from the introduction In a collection of insightful critical essays, Derek Cohen, Deborah Heller, and the contributing authors explore the different ways in which writers of English literature have amplified, varied, or denied this archetypical perception. While the authors approach this subject from diverse perspectives, the essays are unified by an awareness of the common tradition out of which representations of Jews have developed and illustrate the tradition's continuity and modifications. Studying the works of Chaucer, Shakespeare, Dickens, Trollope, George Eliot, Joyce, and a selection of texts from the ninth to the sixteenth century, the essays show how constructs of Jewishness fit into a writer's pre-existing concerns and patterns of representation and how even later, more favourable depictions are over-simplified reactions to this attitude. Some of the authors directly address the question of what constitutes anti-semitism in a literary work. All take into account the social and historical contexts in which the individual works took shape. Their main concern, however, is not to produce a social history but to illustrate how even the greatest writers draw on stereotypes embedded in the popular imagination and to focus on the internal dynamics of individual works, thereby recuperating classical portrayals within a contemporary critical perspective.
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Constructions of the Jew in English Literature and Society

Combining cultural theory, discourse analysis and new historicism with readings of the works of major contemporary authors, this study concludes that "the Jew" is characterized unstereotypically as the embodiment of uncertainty within ...

Author: Bryan Cheyette

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521558778

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 301

View: 412

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Combining cultural theory, discourse analysis and new historicism with readings of the works of major contemporary authors, this study concludes that "the Jew" is characterized unstereotypically as the embodiment of uncertainty within English literature and society.
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Images in Transition

The rest of the book examines numerous novels and plays which reflected the current attitude towards Jews.

Author: Abba Rubin

Publisher: Praeger

ISBN: UOM:39015009306021

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 157

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Ch. 1 (pp. 3-46) surveys the history of the return of the Jews to England, from the Marranos in the 16th century to the debate on the readmission of the Jews in Cromwell's time, and the debate on the "Jew Bill" in 1753 which rekindled latent antisemitism. The rest of the book examines numerous novels and plays which reflected the current attitude towards Jews. The negative stereotype predominated at first - e.g. in works by Dryden, Defoe, Smollett (in particular), Richardson, and in the revival of Shakespeare's "Merchant of Venice" in the mid-18th century - but a change occurred in 1793 when Richard Cumberland depicted the Jew as a positive character in his play "The Jew". Thereafter, more favorable portrayals appeared in English literature, based on knowledge and on experience of the Jewish reality rather than on ignorance and prejudice, until by 1830 the numbers of negative and positive portrayals were equal.
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The Jew in English Literature as Author and as Subject

The book is organized chronologically, relating historical events from the 11th century through the 19th, works about the Jews written by non-Jews during that period, both positive and negative, and Jewish writings from the 18th century on.

Author: Edward Nathaniel Calisch

Publisher: Port Washington, N.Y : Kennikat Press

ISBN: STANFORD:36105004727850

Category: English literature

Page: 277

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States that the survey of a millennium of English literature will disclose two general facts: the first is that a broad line of demarcation is drawn between the Jews in biblical times (before the advent of Jesus of Nazareth) and those since that event, and the second is that the treatment accorded the Jews of the latter period has been, up to very recent years, uniformly antagonistic. The book is organized chronologically, relating historical events from the 11th century through the 19th, works about the Jews written by non-Jews during that period, both positive and negative, and Jewish writings from the 18th century on.
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Masculinity Anti Semitism and Early Modern English Literature

Third, Biberman revises the incorrect notion that divorce was not practiced in Renaissance England. Fourth, Biberman argues for the novel claim that serial monogamy in Western culture is a practice understood to possess a Jewish "taint.

Author: Matthew Biberman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351919364

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 280

View: 973

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Offering a profound re-assessment of the conceptual, rhetorical, and cultural intersections among sexuality, race and religion in English Renaissance texts, this study argues that antisemitism is a by-product of tensions between received Classical conceptions of masculinity and Christianity's strident critique of that ideal. Utilizing works by Shakespeare, Milton, Marlowe and others, Biberman illustrates how modern antisemitism develops as a way to stigmatize hypermasculine behavior, thus facilitating the transformation of the culture's gender ideal from knight to businessman. Subsequently, the function of antisemitism changes, becoming instead the mark of effeminate behavior. Consequently, the central antisemitic image changes from Jew-Devil to Jew-Sissy. Biberman traces this shift's repercussions, both in renaissance culture and what followed it. He also contends that as a result of this linkage between Jewishness and the limits of masculine behavior, the image of the Jewish woman remains especially unstable. In concluding, Biberman argues that the Gothic resurrects the Jew-Devil (bequeathing it to the Nazis), and that the horror genre is often a rewriting of Renaissance discourse about Jews. In the course of making this larger argument, Biberman introduces a series of more limited claims that challenge the conventional wisdom within the field of literary studies. First, Biberman overturns the assumption that Jewishness and femininity are always associated in the cultural imagination of Western Europe. Second, Biberman provides the historical context needed to understand the emergence of the stereotype of the pathological Jewish woman. Third, Biberman revises the incorrect notion that divorce was not practiced in Renaissance England. Fourth, Biberman argues for the novel claim that serial monogamy in Western culture is a practice understood to possess a Jewish "taint." Fifth, Biberman contributes a major advance in scholarship devoted to T. S. Eliot, illustrating how Eliot's famous critical argument against Milton is an expression of his antisemitism, and a coherent compliment to the antisemitic touches in his poetry. Sixth, in his discussion of Gothic literature, Biberman introduces novel readings of Frankenstein and Dracula, persuasively arguing that Mary Shelley's monster bears the mark of the Jew according to modern antisemitic discourse; and that, in Stoker, both the vampire and the vampire-killer represent Jews executing a scenario of self-policing that was realized in the ghettos and the concentration camps. Biberman's final contribution in this study is to provide a definition for postmodern antisemitism and to apply it to various contemporary incidents, including September 11th and the Arab-Israeli conflict.
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The Jew in English Literature

Excerpt from The Jew in English Literature: As Author and as Subject There is no one, perhaps, who realizes the possible limitations of this work more than the writer.

Author: Edward Nathaniel Calisch

Publisher: Forgotten Books

ISBN: 0666443858

Category: Religion

Page: 280

View: 224

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Excerpt from The Jew in English Literature: As Author and as Subject There is no one, perhaps, who realizes the possible limitations of this work more than the writer. I freely confess that, when I undertook it, I had no adequate con ception of the vastness of its scope, or of the fertility of the ground I sought to cover. Why I did undertake it, or indeed why at all an American Rabbi, fully occupied with his professional duties, and in a city of limited library facilities, should have attempted to cover this phase of English literature, with the Atlantic Ocean between him and the source of his material, is a ques tion apart. The attempt has been made, and if it will but somewhat open the eyes of others to the no small part the Jews have taken, both subjectively and objec tively, in English literature, the attempt is not in vain. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
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The Jew in the Medieval Book

Bale examines the ways in which English writers, artists and readers used and abused the Jewish image in the period following the Jews' expulsion from England in 1290.

Author: Anthony Bale

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521863544

Category: History

Page: 266

View: 418

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This interdisciplinary study explores images of Jews and Judaism in late medieval English literature and culture. Using four main categories - history, miracle, cult and Passion - Anthony Bale demonstrates how varied and changing ideas of Judaism coexisted within well-known anti-semitic literary and visual models, depending on context, authorship and audience. He examines the ways in which English writers, artists and readers used and abused the Jewish image in the period following the Jews' expulsion from England in 1290. The texts are analysed in their manuscript and print contexts in order to show local responses and changing meanings. This important work opens up new texts, sources and approaches for understanding medieval anti-semitism and shows how anti-semitic stereotypes came to be such potent images which would endure far beyond the Middle Ages.
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Jewish Presences in English Literature

The memorable Jews of English literature discussed in this volume — Fagin, Riah, Melmotte, and even Daniel Deronda and Leopold Bloom — are in some way ...

Author: Derek Cohen

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 0773507817

Category: History

Page: 142

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In a collection of insightful critical essays, Derek Cohen, Deborah Heller, and the contributing authors explore the different ways in which writers of English literature have amplified, varied, or denied this archetypical perception.
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Between race and Culture

As a result, readers may not read any of these works the same way again. Even the canonically enforced distinction between the two national literatures begins to break down in the face of these contributors exciting new work.

Author: Bryan Cheyette

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804728539

Category: Social Science

Page: 222

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Jøden i engelsk og amerikansk litteratur
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The Dual Image

Author: Harold Fisch

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015009290332

Category: American literature

Page: 149

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Jewish Representation in British Literature 1780 1840

Describing Jewish representation by Jews and Gentiles in the British Romantic era from the Old Bailey courtroom and popular songs to novels, poetry, and political pamphlets, Scrivener integrates popular culture with belletristic writing to ...

Author: M. Scrivener

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230120020

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 270

View: 279

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Describing Jewish representation by Jews and Gentiles in the British Romantic era from the Old Bailey courtroom and popular songs to novels, poetry, and political pamphlets, Scrivener integrates popular culture with belletristic writing to explore the wildly varying treatments of stereotypical Jewish figures.
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The Jew in English Fiction

These are written by Jews and constitute a distinct genre. It is proper, aye even necessary, that these tales be given full and careful consideration in a work on the Jew in English fiction.

Author: Rabbi David Philipson

Publisher: Forgotten Books

ISBN: 133039366X

Category: Religion

Page: 215

View: 281

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Excerpt from The Jew in English Fiction Since the year of the first publication of this study on the Jew in English fiction, quite a number of novels have appeared having Jews as prominent characters. I need mention only such books as Hall Caine's Scapegoat, Walter Besant's Rebel Queen and Lew Wallace's Prince of India. The temptation was great to include studies of these and other novels in this new edition, but many of the statements and criticisms already made in the chapters of this work apply also to these books, and, therefore, I concluded that it would be wiser not to dull the pages by repetition. However, another class of novels based on Jewish life has made its appearance in English literature during the past decade, viz., the so-called ghetto stories. These are written by Jews and constitute a distinct genre. It is proper, aye even necessary, that these tales be given full and careful consideration in a work on the Jew in English fiction. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
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