“The king at the gate”. Monumental fortifications and the rise of local elites at Arslantepe at the end of the 2nd Millennium

Published in Origini n. XXXIX/2016. Rivista annuale del Dipartimento di Scienze dell’Antichità – “Sapienza” Università di Roma | Preistoria e protostoria delle civiltà antiche – Prehistory and protohistory of ancient civilizations
Author: Federico Manuelli,Lucia Mori
Publisher: Gangemi Editore spa
ISBN: 8849248415
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
View: 9874
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This paper aims at presenting the results of recent investigations on the Early Iron Age at Arslantepe/Malatya (SE Turkey), which yielded important new data on the rise and collapse of a local power that used figurative representation at the town’s gate to express its authority. The 12th century BCE was one of the most relevant periods of transformation in the Syro-Anatolian region, which saw the decline of the Hittite Empire and the emergence of independent polities that re-elaborated the imperial tradition in original ways. The breakdown of the empire was not a generalized event, rather a process developing in an uneven temporal and geographic range. The Arslantepe case shows that the collapse was delayed, as it was contained by the rising of a local elite, which adopted strategies of territorial control and manifestation of power through the use of monumental buildings and sculptured reliefs. The archaeological evidence from Arslantepe will be presented and correlated with the Late Bronze Age epigraphic sources from Emar and the land of Aštata. These texts describe rituals illustrating the importance of city-gates as performance spaces in festivals involving the entire community and document the increasing financial support of the local kings. The festivals might have been also an instrument to establish or legitimate a stronger role of a previous “limited kingship” within the community after the Hittite conquest. The association of visual representations and rituals performed at the city-gates offer some reflections about the development of the Syro-Anatolian societies, as well as the role of the ruling class during the late-2nd millennium BCE.

A “Flame and Frond” ivory plaque from the Neo-Hittite excavations at Arslantepe/Melid. Regionalisms and communities in Iron Age Anatolia

Published in Origini n. XLI/2018. Rivista annuale del Dipartimento di Scienze dell’Antichità – “Sapienza” Università di Roma | Preistoria e protostoria delle civiltà antiche – Prehistory and protohistory of ancient civilizations
Author: Federico Manuelli,Holly Pittman
Publisher: Gangemi Editore spa
ISBN: 8849243790
Category: Social Science
Page: N.A
View: 7326
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This paper presents a new outstanding discovery from 2016 at the site of Arslantepe (Malatya, SE Turkey), a finely made ivory plaque found in an Iron Age context approximately dated at the beginning of the 8th century BCE. The object belongs to the well-known “Flame and Frond” ivory carving school and its discovery at Arslantepe suggests intriguing cross-cultural relationships with the Levantine and northern Mesopotamian worlds. The article describes and discusses the new find within the corpus of the 1st millennium BCE Near Eastern production of ivory and luxury goods. It aims at evaluating innovative aspects of intercultural communication as well as the legacy of ancient traditions in the formation of the new artistic trends at Arslantepe and within the flourishing of the Iron Age societies. | L’articolo presenta una nuova ed importante scoperta avvenuta nel 2016 nel sito di Arslantepe (Malatya, Turchia SO). Si tratta di una placchetta d’avorio finemente realizzata e proveniente da un contesto dell’Età del Ferro, datato grossomodo all’inizio del VIII secolo a.C. L’oggetto appartiene alla famosa scuola eburnea denominata “Flame and Frond”, e la sua presenza ad Arslantepe suggerisce affascinanti relazioni culturali con il Levante e la Mesopotamia settentrionale. L’articolo descrive e discute il nuovo ritrovamento nel contesto degli avori e degli oggetti di lusso vicino orientali del I millennio a.C. L’obiettivo è di esaminare gli aspetti innovativi di scambio interculturale così come il retaggio lasciato dalle più antiche tradizioni nella formazione delle nuove tendenze artistiche ad Arslantepe e nell’ambito dell’evoluzione delle rigogliose società dell’Età del Ferro.

The Archaeology of Anatolia Volume II

Recent Discoveries (2015-2016)
Author: Sharon R. Steadman,Gregory McMahon
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1527515656
Category: Social Science
Page: 463
View: 8887
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This second volume in the Archaeology of Anatolia series offers reports on the most recent discoveries from across the Anatolian peninsula. Periods covered span the Epipalaeolithic to the Islamic, and sites and regions range from the western Anatolian coast to Van, as well as the southeast. Also included here are both reviews of recent work at ongoing excavations and data retrieved from the last several years of survey projects. This series presents a forum in which scholars report their most recent data to a global audience, allowing for productive engagement with others working in and near Anatolia. Published every two years, The Archaeology of Anatolia: Recent Discoveries Series is an invaluable vehicle through which working archaeologists may carry out their most critical task: the presentation of their fieldwork and laboratory research in a timely fashion.

The Archaeology of Anatolia, Volume III

Recent Discoveries (2017–2018)
Author: Sharon R. Steadman,Gregory McMahon
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1527544028
Category: Social Science
Page: 307
View: 4284
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This third volume in the Archaeology of Anatolia series offers reports on the most recent discoveries from across the Anatolian peninsula. Periods covered here span the Epipalaeolithic to the Medieval, and sites and regions range from the western Anatolian coast to Van, as well as the southeast. The contributors offer nearly real-time updates on their ongoing excavations and surveys across the Anatolian landscape. A new section in this third volume, “The State of the Field,” presents the latest findings in critical areas of Anatolian archaeology. The Archaeology of Anatolia series represents a forum for scholars to report their most recent data to a global audience, allowing for productive engagement with others working in and near Anatolia. Published every two years, it is an invaluable vehicle through which working archaeologists may carry out their most critical task: the presentation of their fieldwork and laboratory research in a timely fashion.

Origini - XXXIX

Preistoria e protostoria delle civiltà antiche - Prehistory and protohistory of ancient civilizations
Author: Giorgia Agresti,Silvia Alaura,Ebru Albayrak,Mario Amore,Magda Bordigoni,Filippo Bozzo,Giorgio Brocato,Isabella Caneva,Patrizia Costa,Gian Maria Di Nocera,Emilia Gallo,Philip Jones,Coskun Köysu,Cristina Lemorini,Federico Manuelli,Francesco Marano,Azzurra Mascelloni,Naomi F. Miller,Federico Moresi,Lucia Mori,Davide Nadali,Marco Pacciarelli,Fabio Parenti,Giancarlo Pastura,Claudia Pelosi,Holly Pittman,Elena Pizzo,Andrea Polcaro,Fabio Rossi,Ulderico Santamaria,Antonio Tagliacozzo,Halil Tekin,Flavia Venditti,Daniela Zampetti,Nadine Mine Yar
Publisher: Gangemi Editore spa
ISBN: 8849248296
Category: Social Science
Page: 304
View: 2306
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THIS ISSUE CONTAINS THE ROLE OF BURINS AND THEIR RELATIONSHIP WITH ART THROUGH TRACE ANALYSIS AT THE UPPER PALAEOLITHIC SITE OF POLESINI CAVE (LATIUM, ITALY) Flavia Venditti, Cristina Lemorini, Magda Bordigoni, Daniela Zampetti, Mario Amore, Antonio Tagliacozzo THE STATE OF THE LATE NEOLITHIC POTTERY OF DOMUZTEPE IN THE TURKISH EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN Halil Tekin SIGN AND IMAGE: REPRESENTATIONS OF PLANTS ON THE WARKA VASE OF EARLY MESOPOTAMIA Naomi F. Miller, Philip Jones, Holly Pittman THE EARLY STAGES OF THE SUMERIAN CITY AT TELL ZURGHUL: NEW RESULTS FROM RECENT EXCAVATIONS Davide Nadali, Andrea Polcaro DOMESTIC LIVESTOCK, PASTORAL NOMADISM AND COMPLEX SOCIETIES IN THE NILE VALLEY: REFLECTIONS ON OLD QUESTIONS Isabella Caneva THE FONDARCA CAVE AND CAVITIES USED AS A CULT PLACE DURING THE BRONZE AGE IN CENTRAL ITALY Gian Maria Di Nocera – POTTERY IN GROTTA DELLE NOTTOLE Patrizia Costa, Francesco Marano, Elena Pizzo, Fabio Rossi – GEOLOGY AND TOPOGRAPHY AT GROTTA DELLE NOTTOLE Giorgio Brocato, Filippo Bozzo, Federico Moresi, Giancarlo Pastura, Emilia Gallo – FAUNAL ANALYSIS Azzurra Mascelloni – SPECTROSCOPIC INVESTIGATION OF METAL AND AMBER OBJECTS FROM THE BRONZE AGE SITE OF FONDARCA Giorgia Agresti, Claudia Pelosi, Ulderico Santamaria THE EARLIEST PROCESSES TOWARD CITY-STATES, POLITICAL POWER AND SOCIAL STRATIFICATION IN MIDDLE TYRRHENIAN ITALY Marco Pacciarelli “THE KING AT THE GATE”. MONUMENTAL FORTIFICATIONS AND THE RISE OF LOCAL ELITES AT ARSLANTEPE AT THE END OF THE 2ND MILLENNIUM BCE Federico Manuelli, Lucia Mori THE ELEPHANT REMAINS FROM GAVUR LAKE (SOUTH-EASTERN TURKEY). RESTORATION AND DISPLAY Nadire Mine Yar, Fabio Parenti, Ebru Albayrak, Coskun Köysu – SIGNIFICANCE OF THE GAVUR LAKE ELEPHANT FOR THE HISTORY OF BRONZE AND IRON AGE ANATOLIA Silvia Alaura

The Oxford Companion to Archaeology


Author: Brian M. Fagan,Charlotte Beck,George Michaels,Christopher Scarre,Neil Asher Silberman
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: N.A
Category: Religion
Page: 844
View: 5970
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Features articles written by archaeology scholars on such topics as bog bodies, underwater archaeology, the Pyramids of Giza, and the Valley of the Kings

Geschichte Alt-Vorderasiens


Author: Hans J. Nissen
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3486713922
Category: History
Page: 329
View: 6381
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Jeder, der bei den Hochkulturen Vorderasiens nur an Mesopotamien denkt, wird durch Hans J. Nissen eines Besseren belehrt: Er konzentriert seinen Blick nicht starr auf Mesopotamien. Die gesamte Region wird als dynamisches Gebilde, dessen Einzelteile in intensiver Abhängigkeit zueinander stehen, erfasst. Innerhalb eines Zeitraums von 8000 Jahren - von ihren Anfängen bis zum Ende durch die Kriegszüge Alexanders des Großen - zeichnet er die Entwicklung dieses Großraumes nach, dessen Außengrenzen und Machtschwerpunkte sich ständig verschieben. Der offene Blick auf den gesamten vorderasiatischen Raum wirkt dem traditionellen Bild einer mesopotamischen Hochkultur entgegen. Es wird deutlich, dass erst durch die Wechselbeziehung zwischen den Kleinregionen eine der ältesten Hochkulturen der Welt entstehen konnte. Für die zweite Auflage hat der Autor sein Buch völlig überarbeitet und stark erweitert. Neben der Einbeziehung neuer Funde und Literatur wie der Fundkomplexe von Qatna (Syrien) und Jiroft (Iran) wurde vor allem die Geschichte der Nachbarländer des alten Mesopotamien stärker herausgestellt. Dadurch werden die gegenseitigen Verflechtungen noch deutlicher. Eine ausführliche, thematisch gegliederte Bibliographie kommt in bewährter Weise hinzu.

Keramikassemblagen der Späten Bronzezeit aus dem Königspalast von Qatna und eine vergleichende Betrachtung zeitgleicher Keramik Westsyriens und der Levante


Author: Stephanie Döpper
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783447109574
Category:
Page: 568
View: 3750
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Stephanie Döpper präsentiert in Band 7 der Qatna-Studien die spätbronzezeitliche Keramik der Bereiche G, DK, BU und Tombeau II des Königspalastes von Qatna, Syrien. In zahlreichen Tabellen, Diagrammen und einem Katalog der Keramikzeichnungen werden die Keramikassemblagen umfassend vorgestellt und detailliert ausgewertet. Besonderes Augenmerk liegt dabei neben der Darstellung der angewandten Methodik auf dem Vergleich der Keramikassemblagen untereinander sowie auf ihrer funktionalen und chronologischen Einordnung. 0Bislang wurde angenommen, dass die Ähnlichkeit von Keramikassemblagen durch eine ähnliche chronologische Stellung begründet ist und darauf aufbauend Keramikassemblagen verschiedener Fundorte miteinander in Beziehung gesetzt werden können. Diese Annahme wird auf der Grundlage einer einheitlichen Klassifikation von mehr als 20.000 diagnostischen Keramikscherben aus über 50 Fundorten Westsyriens und der Levante hinterfragt. Anhand des umfassenden Keramikkorpus wurden Korrespondenzanalysen durchgeführt, um den Grad der Ähnlichkeit zwischen den typologisierten Assemblagen festzustellen. Dabei hat sich gezeigt, dass innerhalb eines relativ kurzen zeitlichen Rahmens wie der Spätbronzezeit Westsyriens und der Levante Ähnlichkeiten und Unterschiede zwischen Keramikassemblagen vorwiegend auf regionale und funktionale und kaum auf chronologische Aspekte zurückzuführen sind.

Fest und Eid

Instrumente der Herrschaftssicherung im Alten Orient
Author: Doris Prechel
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: 9783899136340
Category: Authority
Page: 197
View: 3261
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Religionsgeschichtliche Beziehungen zwischen Kleinasien, Nordsyrien und dem Alten Testament

internationales Symposion Hamburg, 17.-21. März 1990
Author: Bernd Janowski,Klaus Koch
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht
ISBN: 9783525537640
Category: Religion
Page: 550
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Papers from the symposium Religionsgeschichtliche Beziehungen zwischen Nordsyrien, Kleinasien und dem Alten Testament im 2. und 1. Jahrtausend.

Ausgrabungen in Tell Chuēra in Nordost-Syrien: Vorbericht über die Grabungskampagnen 1986 bis 1992


Author: Winfried Orthmann
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Akkadian language
Page: 324
View: 1211
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Ausgrabungen in Tell Sheikh Hassan


Author: Johannes Boese
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
ISBN: 9783925036781
Category: Excavations (Archaeology)
Page: 272
View: 6196
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Geschichte des Hethitischen Reiches


Author: N.A
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004102019
Category: Religion
Page: 428
View: 9870
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Klengel's "Geschichte des Hethitischen Reiches" is the first modern handbook encompassing the whole of the political history of the Hittite Empire (ca. 1700-1200 B.C.). Organized in a strict chronological order, with separate sections on sources and secondary literature preceding each chapter, with chronological tables, a bibliography, and a separate section on political structure, this will be a standard reference work in the field for years to come.

Beiträge zur Kulturgeschichte Vorderasiens

Festschrift für Rainer Michael Boehmer
Author: Rainer Michael Boehmer,Reinhard Dittmann,Harald Hauptmann
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: Middle East
Page: 707
View: 2985
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Akkade-Zeit und Ur III-Zeit


Author: Walther Sallaberger,Aage Westenholz
Publisher: Saint-Paul
ISBN: 9783525533253
Category: History
Page: 414
View: 3101
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Mond, Stier und Kult am Stadttor

die Stele von Betsaida (et-Tell)
Author: Monika Bernett,Othmar Keel,Stefan Münger
Publisher: Saint-Paul
ISBN: 9783727811760
Category: Bethsaida (Extinct city)
Page: 175
View: 5651
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Gordion.


Author: Gustav Korte,Alfred Korte,Rudolf Kobert
Publisher: Wentworth Press
ISBN: 9780341484745
Category: History
Page: 284
View: 3168
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This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

Alt-Smyrna


Author: Ekrem Akurgal
Publisher: N.A
ISBN: N.A
Category: İzmir (Turkey)
Page: 398
View: 3565
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